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of como translations from the Greek poets, in investigation, and the payment of some purses consequence of the Institute having awarded him to the Divan, it has been permitted to continue. the prize-version of Hippocrates Tepi udarwy," The principal professor, named Veniamin (i. e. to the disparagement, and consequently displeá- Benjamin), is stated to be a man of talent, but sure, of the said Gail. To his exertions, liter- a free-thinker. He was born in Lesbos, studied ary and patriotic, great praise is undoubtedly in Italy, and is master of Hellenic, Latin, and due, but a part of that praise ought not to be some Frank languages; besides a smattering of withheld from the two brothers Zosimado (iner- the sciences. chants settled in Leghorn) who sent him to Though it is not my intention to enter further Paris, and maintained him, for the express on this topic than may allade to the article in purpose of elucidating the ancient, and adding question, cannot but observe that the reviewer's to the modern, researches of his countrymen. lamentation over the fall of the Greeks appears Coray, however, is not considered by his coun- singular, when he closes it with these words : trymen equal to some who lived in the two last "the change is to be attributed to their missor. centuries; more particularly Dorotheus of Mi- tunes rather than to any physical degradation." tylene, whose Hellenic writings are so much It may be true that the Greeks are not physicesteemed by the Grecks, that Miletius teris him ally degenerated, and that Constantinople con« Μέτα τον Θουκυδιδην και Ξενοφώντα αρί

tained on the day when it changed masters as

many men of six feet and upwards as in the στος Ελλήνων.”

hour of prosperity ; but ancient history and moPanagiotes Kodrikas, the translator of Ponte-dern politics instruct us that something more nelle, and Kamarases, who translated Ocellus Lu-than physical perfection is necessary to preserve canus on the Universe into French, Christodou a state in vigour and independence; and the lus, and more particularly Psalida, whom I have Greeks, in particular, are a melancholy example conversed with in Yanina, are also in high re- of the near connection between moral degradapate among their literati.

The last mentioned tion and national decay. has published in Romaic and Latin a work on “True Happiness," dedicated to Catherine II. by Potemkin for the purification of the Romaic,

The reviewer mentions a plan “we believe" But Polyzois, who is stated by the Reviewer to and I have endeavoured in vain to procure any be the only modern except Coray who has dis- tidings or traces of its existence. There was tinguished himself by a knowledge of Hellenic, an academy in St. Petersburg for the Greeks ; if he be the Polyzois Lampanitziotes of Yanina, but it was suppressed by Paul, and has not been who has published a number of editions in Ro- revived by his successor. maic, was neither more nor less than an itiner

There is a slip of the pen, and it can only be ant vender of books; with the contents of which a slip of the pen, in p. 58, No. 31, of the Edinhe had no concern beyond his name on the title- burgh Review, where these words occur "We page, placed there to secure his property in the

are told that when the capital of the East publication, and he was, inoreover, a man utterly yielded to Solyman."—It may be presumed that destitute of scholasticacquirements. As the name, this last word will, in a future edition, be alterhowever, is not uncommon, some other Polyzois ed to Mahomet II. *) The “ladies of Constanmay have edited the Epistles of Aristænatus.

tinople," it seems, at that period spoke a diaIt is to be regretted that the system of con- lect," which would not have disgraced the lips tinental blockade has closed the few channels of an Athenian." I do not know how that might through which the Greeks received their public- be, but am sorry to say the ladies in general, ations, particularly Venice and Trieste. Even

and the Athenians in particular, are much alterthe common graminars for children are become ed; being far from choice either in their dialect too dear for the lower orders. Amongst their or expressions, as the whole Attic race are baroriginal works the Geography of Meletius, Arch-barous to a proverb: bishop of Athens, and a multitude of theological quartos and poetical pamphlets are to be met

«Ω Αθηνα προτη χώρα with : their grammars and lexicons of two, three, Τι γαι δαρους τρεφεις τωρα.and four languages are numerous and excellent. Their poetry is in rhyme. The most singular In Gibbon, vol. x. p. 161, is the following sentence piece I have lately_seen is a satire in dialogue between a Russian, English, and French traveller, and the Waywode of Wallachia (or Blackbey, *) In a former number of the Edinburgh as they terın him), an archbishop, a merchant, Review, 1808, it is observed, “Lord Byron and Cogia Bachi (or primate), in succession; to passed some of his early years in Scotland, all of whom under the Turks the writer attri- where he might have learned that pibroch butes their present degeneracy. Their songs are does not mean a bagpipe, any more than duet sometimes pretty and pathetic, but their tunes means a fiddle." Query,–Was it in Scotland generally unpleasing to the ear of a Frank: the that the young, gentlemen of the Edinburgh beat is the famous “Δεύτε παίδες των Ελλήνων,” Review learned that Solyman means Mahoby the unfortunate Riga. But from a catalogue met Il. any more than criticism means inof more than sixty authors, now before me, only fallibility ?—but thus it is, fifteen can be found who have touched on any

“Cædimus inqne vicem præbemus crura sagittis." theme except theology.

I am entrusted with a commission by a Greek The mistake seemed so completely a lapse of of Athens named Marmarotouri to make arrange- the pen (from the great similarity of the two ments, if possible, for printing in London a words, and the total absence of error from the translation of Barthelemi's Anacharsis in Romaic, former pages of the literary leviathan), that as he has no other opportunity, unless he des- I should have passed it over as in the text, patches the MS. , to Vienna by the Black Sea had I not perceived in the Edinburgh Review and Danube.

much facetions exultation on all soch detecThe reviewer mentions a school established tions, particularly a recent one, where words at Hecatonesi, and suppressed at the instigation and syllables are subjects of disquisition and of Sebastiani: he means Cidonies, or in Turkish, transposition; and the abovementioned paHaivali; a town on the continent where that rallel-passage in my case irresistibly institution for a hundred students and three propelled me to hint how much easier it is to professors still exists. It is true that this esta- be critical than correct. The gentlemen, having blishment was disturbed by the Porte, under the enjoyed many a triumph on such victories, ridiculous pretext that the Greeks were

will hardly begrudge me a slight ovation for structing a fortress instead of a college ; but on

the present.

Own

con

“The vulgar dialect of the city was gross and the fault is in the man rather than in his motherbarbarous, though the compositions of the church tongue, which is, as it ought to be, of the greatand palace sometimes affected to copy the purity est aid to the native student. Here the Reviewer of the Attic models." Whatever may be asserted proceeds to business on Straboos translators, and on the subject, it is difficult to conceive that here I close my remarks. the "adies of Constantinople," in the reign of Sir W. Drummond, Mr. Hamilton, Lord Aber. the last Cæsar, spoke a purer dialect than Ănna deen, Dr. Clarke, Captain Leake, Mr. Gell, Mr. Comnena wrote three centuries before : and Walpole, and many others now in England, have those royal pages are not esteemed the best all the requisites to furnish details of this fallen models of composition, although the princess people. The few observations I have offered I γλωτταν ειχεν ΑΚΡΙΒΩΣ' Αττικιζουσαν. | should have left where I made them, had not In the Fanal, and in Yanina, the best Greek is the article in question, and above all the spot spoken: in the latter there is a flourishing where I read it, induced me to advert to those school under the direction of Psalida.

pages which the advantage of my present situaThere is now in Athens a pupil of Psalida's, the attempt.

tion enabled me to clear, or at least to make who is making a tour of observation through Greece: he is intelligent, and better educated ings, which rise in despite of me in touching

I have endeavoured to wave the personal feelthan a fellow-commoner of most colleges. I mention this as a proof that the spirit of inquiry is from a wish to conciliate the favour of its wri

upon any part of the Edinburgh Review; not not dormant amongst the Greeks.

ters, or to cancel the remembrance of a syllable The Reviewer mentions Mr. Wright, the au- I have formerly published, but simply from a thor of the beautiful poem “Horæ lonicæ," as sense of the impropriety of mixing up private qualified to give details of these nominal Ro- resentments with a disquisition of the present mans and degenerate Greeks, and also of their kind, and more particularly at this distance of language: but Mr. Wright, though a good poet time and place. and an able man, has made a mistake where he states the Albanian dialect of the Romaic to

IV. approximate nearest to the Hellenic: for the

The difficulties of travelling in Tarker bare Albanians speak a Romaic as notorionsly cor- been much exaggerated, or rather have considerrupt as the Scotch of Aberdeenshire, or the Ita- ably diminished of late years. The Mussullian of Naples. Yanina (where, next to the Fa- mans have been beaten into a kind of sollen nal, the Greek is purest) although the capital civility, very comfortable to yoyagers. of Ali Pacha's dominions, is not in Albania but It is hazardous to say much on the subject of Epirus : and beyond Delvinachi in Albania Pro- Turks and Turkey; since it is possible to live per up, to Argyrocastro and Tepaleni (beyond amongst them twenty years without acquiring which I did not advance) they speak worse Greek information, at least from themselves. As far than even the Atheniang. I was attended for a

as my own slight experience carried me I have year and a half by two of these singular moun- no complaint to make; but am indebted for taineers, whose mothertongue is Wlyric, and many civilities (I might almost say for friendnever heard them or their countrymen (whom I ship), and much hospitality, to Ali Pacha, his have seen, not only at home, but to the amount

son Veli Pacha of the Morea, and sereral others of twenty thousand in the army of Vely Pacha) of high rank in the provinces. Suleyman Aga, praised for their Greek, but often laughed at late Governor of Athens, and now of Thebes, for their provincial barbarisms.

was a bon vivant, and as social a being as I have in my possession about twenty-five let-ever sat crosslegged at a tray or a table. Ďarters, amongst which some from the Bey of Co-ing the carnival, when our English party were rinth,

written to me by Notaras, the Cogia Bachi, masquerading, both himself and his successor and others by the dragoman of the Caimacan were more happy to "receive masks" than any of the Morea (which last governs in Vely Pacha's dowager in Grosvenor-square. absence) which are said to be favourable specimens

On one occasion of his supping at the convent, of their epistolary style. I also received some at his friend and visitor, the Cadi of Thebes, was Constantinople from private persons, written in carried from table perfectly qualified for any a most hyperbolical style, but in the true an- club Christendom; while the worthy Waytique character.

wode himself triumphed in his fall. The Reviewer proceeds, after some remarks In all money-transactions with the Moslems, I on the tongue in its past and present state, to ever found the strictest honour, the highest disa paradox (page 59) on the great mischief' the interestednegs. In transacting business with knowledge of his own language has done to Co-them, there are none of those dirty peculations, ray, who, it seems, is less likely to understand under the name of interest, difference of erthe ancient Greek, because he is perfect master change, commission, uniformly found in applying of the modern! This observation follows a pa- to a Greek consul to cash bills, even on the first ragraph, recommending, in explicit terms, the houses in Pera. stody of the Romaic, as “a powerful auxiliary," With regard to presents, an established ensnot only to the traveller and foreign merchant, tom in the East, you will rarely find yourself a but also to the classical scholar; in short, tó loser; as one worth acceptance is generally reevery body except the only person who can be turned by another of similar value-a horse, or thoroughly acquainted with its uses : and by a a shawl. parity of reasoning, our old language is conjec- In the capital and at court the citizens and jured to be probably more attainable by “fo- courtiers are formed in the same school with reigners" than by ourselves! Now I am inclined those of Christianity ; but there does not exist to think, that a Dutch tyro in our tongue (al- a more honourable, friendly, and high-spirited beit himself of Saxon blood) would be sadly per- character than the true Turkish provincial Aga, plered with "Sir Tristrem," or any other given or Moslem country-gentleman. It is not meant “Auchinlech MS." with or without a grammar here to desiguate the governors of towns, but or glossary; and to most apprehensions it seems those Agas who, by a kind of feudal tenure, evident, that none but a native can acquire a possess lands and houses, of more or less extent, competent, far less complete, knowledge of our in Greece and Asia Minor. obsolete idioms. We may give the critic credit The lower orders are in as tolerable discipline for his ingenuity, bnt no more believe him than | as the rabble in countries with greater pretenwe do Smollet's Lismahago, who maintains that sions to civilization. A Moslem, in walking the the purest English is spoken in Edinburgh. That streets of our country-towns, would be more inOoray pray err is very possible; but if he does, commoded in England than a Prank in a similer

ор

situation in Turkey. Regimentals are the best find so few publications on general subjects than travelling dress.

that we find any at all. The whole number of The best accounts of the religion, and differ- the Grecks, scatiered up and down the Turkish ent sects of Islamism, may be found in D'Ohs- empire and elsewhere, may amount, at most, to son's French; of their manners, perhaps, in three millions ; and yet, for so scanty a number, Thornton's English. The Ottomans, with all it is impossible to discover any nation with so their defects, are not a people to be despised. great a proportion of books and their authors, Equal, at least, to the Spaniards, they are su- as the Greeks of the present century. “Ay," but perior to the Portuguese. If it'be difficult to say the generous advocates of oppression, who, pronounce what they are, we can at least say while they assert the ignorance of the Greeks, what they are not : they are not treacherous, wish to prevent them from dispelling it, “ay, but they are not cowardly, they do not burn here- these are mostly, if not all, ecclesiastical tracts, tics, they are not assassins, nor has an enemy and consequently good for nothing." Well! and advanced to their capital. They are faithful to pray what else can they write about? It is pleatheir sultan till he becomes unfit to govern, and sant enough to hear a Frank, particularly an devout to their God witbout an inquisition. Were Englishman, who may abuse the government of they driven from St. Sophia to-morrow, and the his own country; or a Frenchman, who may French or Russians, enthroned in their stead, it abuse every government except his own, and would become a question, whether Europe would who may range at will over every philosophical, gain by the exchange ? England would certainly religious, scientific, sceptical, or moral subject, be the loser.

sneering at the Greek legends. A Greek must With regard to that ignorance of which they not write on politics, and cannot touch are so generally, and sometimes justly, accused, science for want of instruction; if he doubts, it may be doubted, always excepting France and he is excommunicated and damned; therefore his England, in what useful points of knowledge countrymen are not poisoned with modern philothey are excelled by other nations. Is it in the sophy; and as to morals, thanks to the Turks! common arts of life? In their manufactures ? Is there are no such things. What then is left, & Turkish sabre inferior to a Toledo? or is a him, if he has a turn for scribbling? Religion Turk worse clothed or lodged, or fed and taught, and holy biography: and it is natural enough than a Spaniard? Are their Pachas worse edu- that those who have so little in this life should cated than a Grandee? or an Effendi than a look to the next. It is no great wonder then Knight of St. lago? I think not.

that in a catalogue now before me of fifty-five I remember Mahmout, the grandson of Ali Greek writers, many of whom were lately living, Pacha, asking whether my fellow-traveller and not above fifteen should have touched on any myself were in the upper or lower House of thing but religion. The catalogue alluded to is Parliament. Now this question from a boy of contained in the twenty-sixth chapter of the ten years old proved that his education had not fourth volume of Meletius': Ecclesiastical History, been neglected.

It

may be doubted if an Eng- I have in MS. a long dramatic satire on the lish boy at that age knows the difference of the Greek priesthood, princes, and gentry. The comDivan from a College of Dervises ; but I am mencement is, as follows: very sure a Spaniard does not. How little Mahmout, surrounded, as he has been, entirely by

TRANSLATION. his Turkish tators, had learned that there was a Russian, Englishman, and Frenchman making such a thing as a Parliament it were useless to the tour of Greece, and observing the miserconjecture, unless we suppose that his instruct- able state of the country, interrogate, in turn, ors did not confine his studies to the Koran.

a Greek Patriot, to learn the cause ; afterwards In all the mosques there are schools established, an Archbishop, then a Prince of Wallachia, a which are very regularly attended; and the

Merchant, and Cogia Bachi or Primate. poor are taught without the church of Turkey being put into peril. I believe the system is

Thou friend of thy country! to strangers record not yet printed (though there is such a thing as

Why bear ye the yoke of the Ottoman Lord ? & Turkish press, and books printed on the late

Why bear ye these fetters thus tamely display'd, military institution of the Nizam Gedidd); nor

The wrongs of the matron, the stripling, and have I heard whether the Mufti and the Mollas

maid? have subscribed, or the Caimacan and the 'Tef

The descendants of Hellas'g race are not ye! terdar taken the alarm, for fear the ingenuous

The patriot sons of the sage and the free, youth of the turban should be taught not to

Thus sprung from the blood of the noble and spray to God their way." The Greeks also-a

brave, kind of Eastern Irish papists-havo a college of

To vilely exist as the Mussulman slave! their own at Maynooth-no, at Haivali, where

Not such were the fathers your annals can boast, the heterodox receive much the same kind of

Who conquer'd and died for the freedom you countenance from the Ottoman as the Catholic

lost! college from the English legislature. Who shall

Not such was your land in her earlier hour, then affirm, that the Turks are ignorant bigots,

The day-star of nations in wisdom and power! when they thus evince the exact proportion of

And still will you thus unresisting increase, Christian charity which is tolerated in the most

Oh shameful dishonour! the darkness of Greece? prosperous and orthodox of all possible king

Then tell us, beloved Achæan! reveal doms? But, though they allow all this, they will

The cause of the woes which you cannot conceal. not suffer the Greeks to participate in their pri- The reply of the Philellenist I have not transvileges : no, let them fight their battles, and lated, as it is no better than the question of the pay their haratch (taxes), be drubbed in this travelling triumvirate ; and the above will suffiworld, and damned in the next. And shall we ciently show with what kind of composition the then emancipate our Irish Heloty ? Mahomet Greeks are now satisfied. I trust I have not forbid! We should then be bad Mussulmans, much injured the original in the few lines given and worse Christians; at present we unite the as faithfully, and as near the “Oh, Miss Bailey! best of hoth-jesuitical faith, and something not unfortunate Miss Bailey!" measure of the Romuch inferior to Turkish toleration.

maic, as I could make them. Almost all their

pieces, above a song, which aspire to the name V.

of poetry, contain exactly the quantity of feet of

“A captain bold of Halifax who lived in Amongst an enslaved people, obliged to have

country-quarters' recourse to foreign presses even for their books which is in fact the present heroio couplet of of religion, it is less to be wondered at that wol the Romaic.

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NOTES TO CANTO III. For sceptred cynios earth were far too wide a den

(p. 28. St. 41. In "pride of place" here last the eagle fleu. The great error of Napoleon, "if we have

(p. 26. St. 18. writ our annals true," was a continued obtrusion “Pride of place" is a term of falconry, and on mankind of his want of all community of feelmeans the highest pitch of flight.-See Macbeth: ing for or with them; perhaps more offensive An Eagle towering in his pride of place

to human vanity than the active cruelty of more

trembling and suspicious tyranny. Was a mousing Owl hawked at and killed.

Such were his speeches to public assemblies

as well as individuals: and the single expression Such as Harmodius drew on Athens' tyrant lord. which he is said to have used on returning to

(p. 26. St. 20. Paris after the Russian winter had destroyed See the famous Song on Harmodius and Aris- his army, rubbing his hands over a fire, “This togiton.—The best English translation is in Bland's is pleasanter than Moscow,". would probably Anthology, by. Mr. Denman.

alienate more favour from his cause than the “With myrtle my sword will I wreathe." destruction and reverses which led to the remark. And all went merry as a marriage-bell.

What want these outlaws conquerors should here ? [p. 26. St. 21.

[p. 29. St. 4.

"What wants that knave On the night previous to the action, it is said

That a king should have ?" that a ball was given at Brussels.

was King James's question on meeting Johnny

Armstrong and his followers in full accoutreAnd Evan's, Donald's fame rings in each clans- ments-See the Ballad. man's ears.

(r. 26. St. 26. Sir Evan Cameron, and his descendant Donald, The castled crag of Drachenfels. the “gentle Lochiel of the “forty-five."

[p. 29. St. 53. The castle of Drachenfels stands on the highest

the And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves. summit of “the Seven Mountains," over

[p. 26. St. 27.

Rhine banke ; it is in ruins, and connected with The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a

some singular traditions: it is the first in view remnant of the "forest of Ardennes," famous of the river ; on this bank, nearly facing it, are

on the road from Bonn, but on the opposite side in Boiardo's Orlando,and immortal in Shakspeare's "As you like it." It is also celebrated in Taci- the remains of another called the Jew's castle, tus as being the spot of successful defence by of a chief by his brother: the number

of castles

and a large cross commemorative of the murder the Germans against the Roman encroachments. I have ventured to adopt the name connected

and cities along the course of the Rhine on both with nobler associations than those of mere

sides is very great, and their situations remarkslaughter.

ably beautiful.

The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o'er him I turn'd from all she brought to those she could

wept.

(p. 30. St. 57. not bring.

(p. 27. St. 30.

The monument of the young and lamented My guide from Mont St. Jean over the field General Marceau (killed by a rifle-ball at Altenseemed intelligent and accurate. The place kirchen on the last day of the fourth year of the where Major Howard fell was not far from two French republic) still remains as described. tall and solitary trees (there was a third cut

The inscriptions on his monument are rather down, or shivered in the battle) which stand a too long, and not required: his name was enough; few yards from each other at a pathway's side.- France adored, and her enemics admired; both Beneath these he died and was buried. The body wept over him.-His funeral was attended by has since been removed to England. A small the generals and detachments from both armies. hollow for the present marks where it lay; but In the same grave general Hoche is interred, a will probably soon be effaced; the plough has gallant man also in every sense of the word, but been upon it, and the grain is.

though he distinguished himself greatly in battle, After pointing out the different spots where he had not the good fortune to die there ; his Picton and other gallant men had perished; the death was attended by suspicions of poison. guide said, “here Major Howard lay; I was near

A separate monument (not over his body, which him when wounded."'I told him my relationship, is buried by Marceau's) is raised for him near and he seemed then still more anxious to point Andernach, opposite to which one of his most out the particular spot and circumstances. The memorable exploits was performed, in throwing place is one of the most marked in the field a bridge to an island on the Rhine. The shape from the peculiarity of the two trees above- and style are different from that of Marceau's, mentioned.

and the inscription more simple and pleasing : I went on horseback twice over the field, com- "The Army of the Sambre and Meuse paring it with my recollection of similar scenes.

to its Commander in Chief As a plain, Waterloo seems marked out for the

Hoche." scene of some great action, though this may be mere imagination. I have viewed with attention esteemed among the first of France's earlier

This is all, and as it should be. Hoche was those of Platxa, Troy, Mantinea, Leuctra, Chæronca, and Marathon ; and the field around Mont generale before Buonaparte monopolized her St. Jean and Hougoumont appears to want little triumphs.-He was the destined commander of but a better cause, and that undefinable but im

the invading army of Ireland. pressive halo which the lapse of ages throws around a celebrated spot, to vie in interest with

Here Ehrenbreitstein, with her shatter'd wall. any or all of these, except perhaps the last

[p. 30. St. 58.

Ehrenbreitstein, i. e. “the broad Stone of Honmentioned.

our," one of the strongest fortresses in Europe,

was dismantled and blown up by the French at Like to the apples on the Dead Sea's shore. the truce of Leoben.-It had been and conld only

[p. 27. St. 34. be reduced by famine or treachery. It yielded The fabled apples on the brink of the lake to the former, aided by surprise. After having Asphaltes were said be fair without, and seen the fortifications of Gibraltar and Malta, within ashes.--Vide Tacitus, Histor. I, 5. 7. it did not much strike by comparison, but the

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ance.

situation is commanding. General Marceau be- was the common salutation of French acqnaintsieged it in vain for some time, and I slept in a :- Rousseau's description of his feelings on room where I was shown a window at which he this occasion may be considered as the most pasis said to have been standing observing the pro- sionate, yet not impure, description and expresgress of the siege by moonlight, when a ball sion of love that ever kindled into words; which struck immediately below it.

after all must be felt, from their very force, to

be inadequate to the delineation : a painting can Unsepulchred they roam'd, and shriek'd each give no sufficient idea of the ocean.

wandering ghost. [p. 31. St. 63. The chapel is destroyed, and the pyramid of of earth-o'er

gazing mountains. bones diminished to a small number by the Bur

[p. 33. St. 91. gundian legion in the service of France, who It is to be recollected, that the most beautiful anxiously effaced this record of their ancestors' and impressive doctrines of the divine Founder less successful invasious. A few still remain, of Christianity were delivered, not in the Temple, notwithstanding the pains taken by the Burgun- but on the Mount. dians for ages (all who passed that way removing To wave the question of devotion, and turn to a bone to their own country), and the less just- human eloquence, the most effectual and splendid ifiable larcenies of the Swiss postillions, who specimens were not pronounced within walls. carried them off to sell for knifehandles, a pur- Demosthenes addressed the public and popular pose for which the whiteness imbibed by the assemblies. Cicero spoke in the forum. That bleaching of years had rendered them in great this added to their effect on the mind of both request. of these relics I ventured to bring orator and hearers, may be conceived from the away as much as may have made the quarter of difference between what we read of the emotions & hero, for which the sole excnse is, that if I then and there produced, and those we onrselves had not, the next passer by might have pervert-experience in the perasal in the closet. It is ed them to worse uses than the careful preserv- one thing to read the Niad at Sigæum and on ation which I intend for them.

the tumuli, or by the springs with mount Ida

above, and the plain and rivers and Archipelago Levell d Aventicum hath strew'd her subject lande. around you ; and another to trim your taper over

(p. 31. St. 65. it in a snug library-this I know. Aventicum (near Morat) was the Roman capi- Were the early and rapid progress of what is tal of Helvetia, where Avenches now stands. called Methodism to be attributed to any cause

beyond the enthusiasm excited by its vehement And held within their urn one mind, one heart, faith and doctrines (the truth or error of which one dust.

[p. 31. St. 66. I presume neither to canvas nor, to question) ! Julia Alpinula, a young Aventian priestess, should venture to ascribe it to the practice of died soon after a vain endeavour to save her preaching in the fields, and the unstudied and father, condemned to death as a traitor by Au-extemporaneous effusions of its teachers. lus Cæcina. Her epitaph was discovered many The Mussulmans, whose erroneous Jevotion years ago ;-it is thus

(at least in the lower orders) is most sincere, Julia Alpinula

and therefore impressive, are accustomed to reHic jaceo,

peat their prescribed orisons and prayers whereInfelicis patris infelix proles,

ever they may be at the stated hours-of course Deæ Aventiæ Sacerdos.

frequently, in the open air, kneeling upon a light Exorare patris necem non potui;

mat (which they carry for the purpose of a bed Male mori in fatis illi erat.

or cushion as required); the ceremony lasts romo Vixi annos XXIII.

minutes, during which they are totally absorbed,

and only living in their supplication; nothing I know of no human composition so affecting can disturb them. On me the simple and entire as this, nor a history of deeper interest. These sincerity of these inen, and the spirit which are the names and actions which ought not to appeared to be within and upon them, made a perish, and to which we turn with a true and far greater impression than any general rite healthy tenderness, from the wretched and glit- which was ever performed in places of Worship, tering detail of a confused mass of conquests of which I have seen those of almost every perand battles, with which the mind is roused for a suasion under the sun; including most of our time to a' false and feverish sympathy, from own sectaries, and the Greek, the Catholic, the whence it recurs at length with all the nausea Armenian, the Lutheran, the Jewish, and the consequent on such intoxication.

Mahometan. Many of the negroes, of whom there

are numbers in the Turkish empire, are idolaIn the sun's face, like yonder Alpine snow.

ters, and have free exercise of their belief and

(p. 31. St. 67. its rites : some of these I had a distant view of This is written in the eye of Mont Blanc at Patras, and from what I could make out of (June 30, 1816) which even at this distance daz- them, they appeared to be of a truly Pagan dezles mine.

scription, and not very agreeable to a spectator. (July 20th.) I this day observed for some time the distinct reflection of Mont Blanc and Mont The sky is changed and such a change! Oh night. Argentière in the calm of the lake, which I was

(p. 33. St. 92. crossing in my boat; the distance of these moun- The thunder-storms to which these lines refer tains from their mirror is 60 miles.

occurred on the 13th of June, 1816, at midnight.

I have seen among the Acroceraunian mountains By the blue rushing of the arrowy Rhone. of Chimari several more terrible, but none more

(p. 31. St. 71. beautiful. The colour of the Rhone at Geneva is blue, to a depth of lint which I have never seen equalled And sun-set into rose-hues sees them wrought. in water, salt or fresh, except in the Mediter

(p. 34. St. 99 ranean and Archipelago.

Rousseau's Heloise, Letter 17, part 4, note.

“Ces montagnes sont si hautes, qu'une demiThan vulgar minds may be with all they seek heure après le soleil couché leurs sommets sont possent.

(p. 32. Št. 79.' encore éclairés de ses rayons, dont le rouge This refers to the account in his Confessions forme sur ces cimes blanches une belle couleur of his passion for the Comtesse d'Houdetot (the de rose qu'on apperçoit de fort loin.". mistress of St. Lambert) and his long walk every This applies inore particularly to the heights morning for the sake of the single kiss which over Meillerie.

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