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third and fonrth lines of the thirty-eighth | tributed my recovery. I had left my last restanza. I do not know whether I am correct in maining English servant at Athens; my dragomaking Scanderbeg the countryman of Alexander, man was as ill as myself, and my poor Arnauts who was born at Pella in Macedon, but Mr. nursed me with an attention which would have Gibbon terms him so, and adds Pyrrhus to the done honour to civilization. list, in speaking of his exploits.

They had a variety of adventures; for the of Albania Gibbon remarks, that a country Moslem, Dervish, being a remarkably handsome "within sight of Italy is less known than the man, was always squabbling with the husbands interior of America." Circumstances, of little of Athens; insomuch that four of the principal consequence to mention, led Mr. Hobhouse and Turka paid me a visit of remonstrance at the myself into that country before we visited any Convent, on the subject of his having taken a other part of the Ottoman dominions; and with woman from the bath-whom he had lawfully the exception of Major Leake, then officially bought, however-a thing quite contrary to etiresident at Yanina, no other Englishmen have

quette. ever advanced beyond the capital into the inte

Basili also was extremely gallant amongst his rior, as that gentleman very lately assured me. Ali Pacha was at that time (October, 1809) carry for the church, mixed with the highest contempt

owo persuasion, and had the greatest veneration ing on war against Ibrahiin Pacha, whom he of churchmen, whom he cuffed upon occasion in had driven to "Berat, a strong fortress which he

a most heterodox manner. Yet he never passed was then besieging: on our arrival at Yanina a church without crossing himself; and I rewe were invited to Tepaleni, his Highness's member the risk he ran in entering St. Sophia, birth-place, and favourite Serai, only one day's in Stambol, because it had once been a place distance from Berat ; at this juncture the Vizier of his worship. On remonstrating with him on had made it his head-quarters.

his inconsistent proceedings, he invariably anAfter some stay in the capital, we accordingly swered, sour church is holy, our priests are followed; but though furnished with every, ac- thieves:" and then he crossed himself as usual, commodation and escorted by one of the Vizier's and boxed the ears of the first papa who secretaries, we were nine days (on account of refused to assist in any required operation, as the rains) in accomplishing a journey which, on

was always found to be necessary where a our return, barely occupied four. On our 'route we passed two cities, Argyro- of his villageIndeed a more abandoned race

priest had any influence with the Cogia Bashi castro and Libochabo, apparently little inferior of miscreants cannot exist than the lower orders to Yanina in size; and no pencil or pen can of the Greek clergy. ever do justice to the scenery in the vicinity of Zitza and Delvinachi, the frontier-village of

When preparations were made for my retarn,

my Albanians were summoned to receive their Epirus and Albania proper:

On Albania and its inhabitants I am unwilling pay. Basili took his with an awkward show of to descant, because this will be done so much regret at my intended departure, and marched better by my fellow-traveller, in a work which away to his quarters with his bag of piasters.

I sent for Dervish, but for some time he was may probably precede this in publication, that I as little wish to follow as I would to antici- Signor Logotheti, father to the ci-devant An

not to be found; at last he entered, just as pate him. But some few observations are ne-glo-consul of Athens, and some other of my cessary to the text. The Arnauts, or Albanese, struck me forcibly took the money, but on a sudden dashed it to

Greek acquaintances, paid me a visit. Dervish by their resemblance to the Highlanders of the ground; and clasping his hands, which he Scotland, in dress, figure, and manner of living. raised to his forehead, rushed out of the room Their very mountains seemed Caledonian with a kinder climate.

From that moment to the The kilt, though white; the hour of my embarkation he continued his la

weeping bitterly. spare, active form; their dialect, Celtic in its mentations, and all our efforts to console him sound, and their hardy habits, all carried me

"Má back to Morven. No nation are so detested and only produced this answer, φεινει,

«Не dreaded by their neighbours as the Albanese : leaves me." Signor Logotheti, who never wept the Greeks hardly regard them as Christians, before for any thing less than the loss of or the Turks as Moslems; and in fact they are para, melted; the padre of the conveut, my a mixture of both, and sometimes neither. Their attendants, my visitors-and I verily believe habits are predatory: all are armed; and the that even “Sterne's foolish fat scullion," would red-shawled' Arnauts, the Montenegrins, Chi- have left her "lish-kettle," to sympathize with mariots, and Gegdes are treacherous; the others the unaffected and unexpected sorrow of this differ somewhat in garb, and essentially in cha- barbarian. racter. As far as my own experience goes, 1

For my own part, when I remembered that, can speak favourably. I was attended by two, a short time before my departure from England, an Infidel and a Mussulman, to Constantinople a noble and most intimate associate had excuand every other part of Turkey which sed himself from taking leave of ine because he within my observation; and more faithful in had to attend a relation "to a milliner's," I felt peril, or indefatigable in service, are rarely no less surprised than humiliated by the preto be found. The Infidel was named Basilius, sent occurrence and the past recollection. the Moslem, Dervish Tahiri; the former a man That Dervish would leave me with some reof middle age, and the latter about my own. gret was to be expected : when master and man Basili was strictly charged by Ali Pacha in have been scrambling over the mountains of a person to attend us; and Dervish was one of dozen provinces together, they are unwilling fifty who accompanied us through the forests to separate; but his present feelings, contrasted of Acarnania to the banks of Achelous, and with his native ferocity, improved my opinion onward to Messalunghi in Ætolia. There I took of the human heart. I believe this almost feuhim into my own service, and never had occa- dal fidelity is frequent amongst them. One day, sion to repent it till the moment of my departure. on our journey over Parnassus, an Englishman

When in 1810, after the departure of my in my service gave him a push in some dispate friend Mr. H. for England, I was seized with a about the baggage, which he unluckily mistook severe fever in the Morea, these men saved my for a blow; he spoke not, but saw down leaning life by frightening away my physician, whose his head upon his hands. Foreseeing the consethroat they threatened to cut if I was not cured quences, we endeavoured to explain away the within a given time. To this consolatory assu- affront, which produced the following answer: rance of posthumous retribution, and a resolute _“I have been a robber, I am a soldier : no refusal of Dr. Ronanelli's prescriptions, I at- I captain ever struck me ; you are my master, I


have caten your bread, but by that bread! (a

Monastio Zitza!

(p. 18. St. 18. usual oath) had it been otherwise, I would have The convent and village of Zitza are four stabbed the dog, your servant, and gone to the hours journey from Joannina, or Yanina, the mountains." So the affair ended, but from that capital of the Pachalick. In the valley the river day forward he never thoroughly forgave the Kalamas (once the Acheron) flows, and not far thoughtless fellow who insulted him.

from Zitza foring a fine cataract. The situation Dervish excelled in the dance of his country, is perhaps the finest in Greece, though the apconjectured to be a remnant of the ancient proach to Delvinachi and parts of Acarnania Pyrrhic: be that as it may, it is manly, and and Ætolia may contest the palm. Delphi, Parrequires wonderful agility. It is very distinct nassus, and, in Attica, even Cape Colonna and from the stupid Romaika, the dull round-about Port Raphti, are very inferior; as also every of the Greeks, of which our Athenian party had scene in "Ionia, or the Troad. I am almost in80 many specimens.

clined to add the approach to Constantinople; The Albanians in general (I do not mean the but from the different features of the last, a cultivators of the earth in the provinces, who comparison can hardly be made. have also that appellation, but the mountaineers) have a fine cast of countenance ; and the most Here dwells the calnyer. (p. 18. St. 49. beautiful women I ever beheld, in stature and The Greek monks are so called. in features, we saw levelling the road broken down by the torrents between Delvinachi and

Nature's volcanic amphitheatre. Libochabo. Their manner of walking is truly

(p. 18. St. 61. theatrical; but this strut is probably the effect The Chimariot mountains appear to have been of the capote, or cloak, depending from one volcanic. shoulder. “Their long hair reminds you of the Spartans, and their courage in dcsultory war

-Behold black Acheron ! (p. 18. St. 51. fare is unquestionable. Though they have some

Now called Kalamas. cavalry amongst the Gegdes, never saw a good Arnaut horseman: my own preferred the Eng

-In his white capotem

[p. 18. St. 62. lish saddles, which, however, they could never

Albanese cloak. keep. But on foot they are not to be subdued by fatigue.

The Sun had sunk behind vast Tomerit.

(p. 19. St. 55. And pass'd the barren spot,

Anciently Mount Tomarus.
Where sad Penelope o'erlook'd the wave.

[p. 17. St. 39.
And Laos wide and fierce came roaring

by. Ithaca.

[p. 19. St. 55.

The river Laos was full at the time the auActium, Lepanto, fatal Trafalgar.

thor passed it; and, immediately above Tepa

[p. 17. St. 40. leni, was to the eye as wide as the Thames at Actium and Trafalgar need no further men

Westminster ; at least in the opinion of the aution. The battle of Lepanto, equally bloody thor, and his fellow-traveller, Mr. Hobhouse. and considerable, but less known, was fought in In the summer it must be much narrower. It the gulph of Patras ; here the author of Don certainly is the finest river in the Levant; Quixote lost his left hand.

neither Achelous, Alpheus, Acheron, Scamander

nor Cayster, approached it in breadth or beauty. And haild the last resort of fruitless love.

[p. 17. St. 41. And fellow-countrymen have stood aloof. Loucadia, now Santa Maura. From the pro

(p. 20. St. 66. montory (the Lover's Leap) Sappho is said to

Alluding to the wreckers of Cornwall. have thrown herself.

-The red wine circling fast. - Many a Roman chief and Asian king.

[p. 20. St. 71. The Albanian Mussulmans do not abstain from

[p. 18. St. 45. It is said, that on the day previous to the wine, and indeed very few of the others. battle of Actium Anthony had thirteen kings at his levee.

Each Palikar his sabre from him cast.

[p. 20. St. 71. Look where the second Cæsar's trophies rose!

Palikar, shortened when addressed to a single

(p. 18. St. 45. person, from Ilahıxapı, a general name for a Nicopolis, whose ruins are most extensive, is soldier amongst the Greeks and Albanese who at some distance from Actium, where the wall speak Romaic-it means properly “a lad." of the Hippodrome survives in a few fragments.

Tambourgi! Tambourgi! thy 'larum afar. -Acherusia's lake. [p. 18. St. 47.

[p. 20. Song, Stanza 1. According to Pouqueville the Lake of Yanina; Albanese songs, as far as I was able to make

These stanzas are partly taken from different but Pouqueville is always out.

them out by the exposition of the Albanese in

Romaic and Italian. To greet Albania's chief. [p. 18. St. 47. The celebrated Ali Pacha. of this extraordi- Remember the moment when Previsa fell. nary man there is an incorrect account in Pou

(p. 21. Song, St. 8. queville's Travels.

It was taken by storm from the French. Yet here and there some daring mountain-band Fair Greece! sad relic of departed worth. Disdain his power, and from their rocky hold

[p. 21. St. 73. Hurl their defiance far, nor yield, unles to gold. Some thoughts on this subject will be found

(p. 18. St. 47. in the subjoined papers. Five thousand Suliotes, among the rocks and in the castle or Suli, withstood 30,000 Albanians Spirit of freedom ! when on Phyle's brou for eighteen years: the castle at last was taken Thou sat'st with Thrasybulus and his train. by bribery In this content there were several

[p. 21. St. 74. acts performed not unworthy of the better days Phyle, which commands a beautiful view of of Greece.

Athens, has still considerable remains; it way

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seized by Thrasybulus previous to the expulsion | rain is extremely rare, snow never lies in the of the Thirty.

plains, and a cloudy day is an agreeable rarity.

In Spain, Portugal, and every part of the east Receive the fiery Frank, her former guest. which I visited, except Ionia and Attica, I per

(p. 21. St. 77. ceived no such superiority of climate to our When taken by the Latins, and retained for own; and at Constantinople, where I passed several years.

May, June, and part of July (1810), you might

“damn the climate, and complain of spleen," five The prophet's tomb of all its pious spoil. days out of seven.

[p. 21. St. 77. The air of the Morea is heavy and unwholeMecca and Medina were taken some time ago some, but the moment you pass the isthmus in by the Wababees, a sect yearly increasing. the direction of Megara the change is strikingly

perceptible. But I fear Hesiod will still be Thy vales of ever-green, thy hills of snou- found correct in his description of a Bæotian

[p. 22. St. 85. winter. On many of the monntains, particularly Lia- We found at Livadia an "esprit fort" in a kura, the snow never is entirely melted, not- Greek bishop, of all free-thinkers! This worthy withstanding the intense heat of the summer; but hypocrite rallied his own religion with great I never saw it lie on the plains even in winter. intrepidity (but not before his flock), and talked

of a mass as a “Coglioneria." It was impossible Save where some solitary column mourns to think better of him for this : but, for a BæoAbove its prostrate brethren of the cave. tian, he was brisk with all his absurdity. This

(p. 22. St. 86. phenomenon (with the exception indeed of TheOf Mount Pentelicus, from whence the marble bes, the remains of Chæronea, the plain of Plawas dug that constructed the public edifices of tea, Orchomenus, Livadia, and its nominal caro Athens. The modern name is Mount Mendeli. of Trophonius) was the only remarkable thing An immense cave formed by the quarries still we saw before we passed Mount Cithæron. remains, and will till the end of time.

The fountain of Dirce turns a mill: at least

my companion (who, resolving to be at once When Marathon became a magic word- cleanly and classical, bathed in it) pronoanced

[p. 23. St. 89. it to be the fountain of Dirce, and any body “Siste Viator-heroa calcas!" was the epi- who thinks it worth while may contradict him. taph on the famous Count Merci ;-what then At Castri we drank of half a dozen stteamlets, must be our feelings when standing on the tu- some not of the porest, before we decided to mulus of the two hundred (Greeks) who fell on our satisfaction which was the true Castalian, Marathon? The principal barrow has recently and even that had a villanous twang, probably been opened by Fauvel; few or no relics, as from the snow, though it did not throw us into vases, etc.

were found by the excavator. 'The an epic fever, like poor Dr. Chandler. plain of Marathon was offered to me for sale at From Fort Phyle, of which large remains still the sum of sixteen thousand piastres, about nine exist, the Plain of Athens, Pentelicus, Hymethundred pounds! Alas!—“Expende--quot libras tus, the Ægean, and the Acropolis, burst upon in duce summo-invenies !" was the dust of the eye at once; in my opinion, a more glorious Miltiades worth no more? it could scarcely prospect than even Cintra or Istambol. Not the have fetched less if sold by weight.

view from the Troad, with Ida, the Hellespont, and the more distant Mount Athos, can equal

it, though so superior in extent. PAPERS REFERRED TO BY THE NOTE

I heard much of the beauty of Arcadia, but TO STANZA 73.

excepting the view from the monastery of Me

gaspelion which is inferior to Zitza in a com1.

mand of country), and the descent from the

mountains on the way from Tripolitza to Argos, Before I say any thing about a city of which Arcadia has little to recommend it beyond the every body, traveller or not, has thonght it necessary to say something, will request Miss “Sternitur, et dulces moriens reminiscitur Owenson, when she next borrows an Athenian

Argos." heroine for her four volumes, to have the good - Virgil could have put this into the mouth of ness to marry her to somebody more of a gen- none but an Argive; and (with reverence be it tleman than a “Disdar Aga” (who by the by is spoken) it does not deserve the epithet. And if not an Aga), the most impolite of petty officers, the Polynices of Statius, “In mediis audit duo the greatest patron of larceny Athens ever saw litora campis," did actually hear both shores in (except Lord E.), and the unworthy occupant crossing the isthmus of Corinth, he had better of the Acropolis, on a handsome annual stipend ears than have ever been worn in such a journey of 150 piastres (eight pounds sterling), out of since. which he has only to pay his garrison, the most “Athens," says a celebrated topographer, “is ill-regulated corps in the ill-regulated Ottoman still the most polished city of Greece." Perhaps Empire. I speak it tenderly, seeing I was once it may of Greece, but not of the Greeks; for the cause of the husband of “Ida of Athens " Joannina in Epirus is universally allowed, nearly suffering the bastinado; and because the amongst themselves, to be superior in the wealth, said “Disdar is a turbulent husband, and beats refinement, learning, and dialect of its inhabithis wife, so that I exhort and beseech Miss ants. The Athenians are remarkable for their Owenson to sue for a separate maintenance in cunning; and the lower orders are not improbehalf of “Ida." Having premised thus much, on perly characterized in that proverb, which classa matter of such import to the readers of ro- es them with “the Jews of Salonica, and the mances,

I may now leave Ida, to mention her Turks of the Negropont." birth-place.

Among_the various foreigners resident in Setting aside the magic of the name, and all Athens, French, Italians, Germans, Ragusang, those associations which it would be pedantic there was never a difference of opinion in their and superfluous to recapitulate, the very situa-estimate of the Greek character, though on all tion of Athens would render it the favourite of other topics they disputed with great acrimony. all who have eyes for art or nature. The cli- Mr. Fauvel, the French consul, who has passmate, to me at least, appeared a perpetualed thirty years principally at Athens, and to spring; during eight months I never passed a whose talents as an artist and manners as ! day without being as many hours on horseback: gentleman nono who have known him can refuse



their testimony, has frequently declared in my, inhabitants, however divided in religion and hearing, that the Greeks do not deserve to be manners, almost all agree in oppression. emancipated ; reasoning on the grounds of the r The English have at last compassionated their “national and individual depravity," while he Negroes, and under a less bigoted government, forgot that such depravity is to be attributed may probably one day release their Catholic to causes which can only be removed by the brethren: but the interposition of foreigners measure he reprobates.

alone can emancipate the Greeks, who, otherMr. Roque, a French merchant of respectabi- wise, appear to have ag small a chance of relity long settled in Athens, asserted with the demption from the Turks, as the Jews have most amusing gravity: “Sir, they are the same from mankind in general. canaille that existed in the days of Themistocles !" of the ancient Greeks we know more than an alarming remark to the Laudator temporis enough; at least the younger men of Europo acti." The ancients banished Themistocles; the devote much of their time to the study of the moderns cheat Monsieur Roque : thus great men Greek writers and history, which would be have ever been treated !

much more usefully spent 'in mastering their In short, all the Franks who are fixtures, own. of the moderns are perhaps more and most of the Englishmen, Germans, Danes. neglectful than they deserve; and while cvery of passage, came over by degrees to their man of any pretension to learning is tiring out opinion, on much the same grounds that a Turk his youth, and often his age, in the study of In England would condemn the nation by whole- the language and of the harangues of the Athensale, because he was wronged by his lacquey, ian demagogues in favour of freedom, the real and overcharged by his washerwoman.

or supposed descendants of these sturdy repabe Certainly it was not a little staggering when licans are left to the actual tyranny of their the Sieurs Fauvel and Lusieri, the

two greatest masters, although a very slight effort is required demagogues of the day, who divide between to strike off their chaing. them the power of Pericles and the popularity To talk, as the Greeks themselves do, of their of Cleon, and puzzle the poor Waywode with rising again to their pristine superiority, would perpetual differences, agreed in the utter con- be ridiculous ; as the rest of the world must demnation, “nulla virtute redemptum," of the resume its barbarism, after re-asserting the soGreeks in general, and of the Athenians in vereignty of Greece : but there seems to be no particular.

very great obstacle, except in the apathy of the For my own humble opinion, I am loth to Pranks, to their becoming an useful dependency, hazard it, knowing, as I do, that there be now or even a free state with a proper guarantee ;iu MS. no less than five tours of the first mag- under correction, however,' be it spoken, for nitude and of the most threatening aspect, all many and well-informed men doubt the practicain typographical array, by persons of wit, and bility even of this. honour, and regular common-place books : bat, The Greeks have never lost their hope, though if I may say this without offence, it seems to they are now more divided in opinion on the me rather hard to declare so positively and per- subject of their probable deliverers. Religion tinaciously, as almost every body has declared, recommends the Russians; but they have twice that the Greeks, because they are very bad, will been deceived and abandoned by that power, never be better.

and the dreadful lesson they received after the Eton and Sonnini have led us astray by their Muscovite desertion in the Morea has never panegyrics and projects; but, on the other hand, been forgotten. The French they dislike; alDe Pauw and Thornton have debased the Greeks though the subjugation of the rest of Europe beyond their demerits.

will, probably, be attended by the deliverance The Greeks will never be independent; they of continental Greece. The islanders look to will never be sovereigns as heretofore, and God the English for succour, as they have very lately forbid they ever should! but they may be sub-possessed themselves of the lonian republic, jects without being slaves. Our colonies are Corfu excepted. But whoever appear with arms not independent, but they are free and indus- in their hands will be welcome ; and when that trious, and such may Greece be hereafter. day arrives, Heaven have mercy on the Otto

At present, like the Catholics of Ireland and mans, they cannot expect it from the Giaours. the Jews throughout the world, and such other But instead of considering what they have cudgelled and heterodox people, they suffer all been, and speculating on what they may be, let the moral and physical ills ihat can afflict hu- us look at them as they are. manity. Their life is a struggle against truth; And here it is impossible to reconcile the they are vicious in their own defence. They contrariety of opinions : some, particularly the are so unused to kindness, that when they oc- merchants, decrying the Greeks in the strongcasionally meet with it they look upon it with est language; others, generally travellers, turnsuspicion, as a dog often beaten snaps at your ing periods in their eulogy, and publishing very fingers if you attempt to caress him. “İ'hey curious speculations grafted on their former are ungrateful, notoriously, abominably ungrate- state, which can have no more effect on their ful!"--this is the general cry. Now, in the present lot, than the existence of the Incas on name of Nemesis! for what are they to be grate- the future fortunes of Peru. ful? Where is the human being that ever One very ingenious person terms them the conferred a benefit on Greek or Greeks? They "natural allies“ of Englishmen; another, no are to be grateful to the Turks for their fetters, less ingenious, will not allow them to be the and to the Franks for their broken promises and allies of any body, and denies their very descent lying connsels. They are to be grateful to the from the ancients ; a third, more ingenious than artist who engraves their ruins, and to the an- either, builds a Greek empire on a Russian tiquary who carries them away to the traveller foundation, and realizes (on paper) all the chiwhose janissary flogs them, and to the scribbler meras of Catherine II. As to the question of whose journal abuses them! This is the amount their descent, what can it import whether the of their obligation to foreigners.

Mainnotes are the lineal Laconians or not? or the present Athenians as indigenous as the bees

of Hymettus, or as the grasshoppers, to which II.

they once likened themselves ? What EnglishFranciscan Convent, Athens, January 23, 1811. man cares if he be of a Danish, Saxon, Norman,

or Trojan blood? or who, except a Welchian, Amongst the remnants of the barbarous policy is afflicted with a desire of being descended of the earlier ages are the traces of bondage from Caractacno ? which yel erinin different countries, whose The poor Greeks do not so much abound in

the good things of this world, as to render even However defective these may be, they are
their claims to antiquity an object of envy; it preferable to the paradoxes of men who have
is very cruel then in År. Thornton, to disturb read superficially of the ancients, and seen
them in the possession of all that time has left nothing of the moderns, such as De Pauw; who,
them; viz. their pedigree, of which they are when he asserts that the British breed of horses
the more tenacious, as it is all they can call is ruined by Newmarket, and that the Spartans
their own. It would be worth while to publish were cowards in the field, betrays an equal
together, and compare, the works of Messrs. knowledge of English horses and Spartan en
Thornton and De Pauw, Eton and Sonnini; pa- His “philosophical observations " have a much
radox on oue side, and prejudice on the other. better claim to the title of "poetical." It could
Mr. Thornton conceives himself to have claims not be expected that he who so liberally con-
to public confidence from a fourteen years' resid- demns some of the most celebrated institutions
ence at Pera; perhaps he may, on the subject of the ancient, should have mercy, on the mo-
of the Turks, but this can give him no more dern Greeks ; and it fortunately happens, that
Insight into the real state of Greece and her the absurdity of his hypothesis on their fore-
inhabitants, than as many years spent in Wap- fathers refutes his sentence on themselves.
ping into that of the Western Highiands. Let us trust, then, that in spite of the pro-

The Greeks of Constantinople live in Fanal ; phecies of De Pauw, and the doubts of Mr.
and if Mr. Thornton did not oftener cross the 'Thornton, there is a reasonable hope of the re-
Golden Horn than his brother-merchants are demption of a race of men, who, whatever may
accustomed to do, I should place no great re- be the errors of their religion and policy, have
liance on his information. I actually heard one been amply punished by three centuries and a
of these gentlemen boast of their little general half of captivity.
intercourse with the city, and assert of himself
with an air of triumph, that he had been but
four times at Constantinople in as many years.

As to Mr. Thorntou's voyages in the Black
Sea with Greek vessels, they gave him the

Athens, Franciscan Convent, March 17, 1811 same idea of Greece as a cruise to Berwick in “I must have some talk with this learned Theban." a Scotch smack Would of Johnny Grot's house.

Some time after my return from ConstantiUpon what grounds then does he arrogate the nople to this city I received the thirty-first right of condemning by wholesale a body of men, number of the Edinburgh-Review as a great faof whom he can know little? It is rather a ca

vour, and certainly at this distance an acceptrious circumstance that Mr. Thornton, who so lavishly dispraises Pouqueville on every occasion

able one, from the Captain of an English friof mentioning the Turks, has yet recourse to gate off Salamis. In that number, Art. 3. conhim as anthority on the Greeks, and terms him taining the review of a French translation of an impartial observer. Now Dr. Pouqueville is Strabo, there are introduced some remarks on as litile entitled to that appellation, as Mr. the modern Greeks and their literature, with Thornton to confer it on him.

a short account of Coray, a co-translator in the

French version. On those remarks I mean to The fact is, we are deplorably in want of information on the subject of the Greeks, and in 1 now write will, I hope, be sufficient excuse for

ground a few observations, and the spot where particular their literature, nor is there any pro- introducing them in a work in some degree conbability of our being better acquainted, till our intercourse becomes more intimate or their in

nected with the subject.

Coray, dependence confirmed; the relations of passing brated of living Greeks, at least among the travellers are as little to be depended on as the Franks, was born at Scio (in the Review sinyrna invectives of angry factors ; but till something and, besides the translation of Beccaria and

to think, incorrectly), more can be attained, we must be content with other works mentioned by the reviewer, has pubthe little to be acquired from similar sources *). lished a lexicon in Romaic and French, if I

may trust the assurance of some Danish travel*) A word, en passant, with Mr. Thornton and lers lately arrived from Paris; but the latest Dr. Pouqueville; who have been guilty between of Gregory Zolikogloou "). Coray has recently

we have seen here in French and Greek is that them of sadly clipping the Sultan's Turkish. been involved in an unpleasant controversy with

Dr. Pouqueville tells a long story of a Mos- M. Gail *), a Parisian commentator and editor

who swallowed corrosive sublimate in euch quantities that he acquired the name of "Suleyman Yeyen," i. e. quoth the Doctor,

out before he sang such pæans over Dr. Suleyman, the eater of corrosive sublimate.'

Pouqueville. "Aha," thinks Mr. Thornton (angry with the

After this, I think “Travellers versus FaeDoctor for the fiftieth time) “have I caught

tors" shall be our motto, though the above you?"-Then, in a note twice the thickness

Mr. Thornton has condemned "hoc genus of the Doctor's anecdote, he questions the

omne," for mistake and misrepresentation. “Ne Doctor's proficiency in the Turkish tongue,

Sutor ultra crepidam." “No merchant beyond and his veracity in his own.- For," observes

his bales." N. B. For the benefit of Mr. Mr. Thornton (after inflicting on us the tough

Thornton, “Sutor" is not a proper name. participle of a Turkish verb), “it means no

*) I have in my possession an excellent Lexicon thing more than Suleyman the eater," and quite Wrocy.wooov” which I received in exchange cashiers the supplementary "sublimate." Now from S. G-Esq. for a small gem: my antiboth are right and both are wrong. If Mr. quarian friends have never forgotten it, or Thornton, when he next resides fourteen forgiven me. years in the factory," will consult his Turkish *) In Gail's pamphlet against Coray he dictionary, or ask any of his Stamboline ac- talks of "throwing the insolent Hellenist out quaintance, he will discover that “Suleyma'n of the window." On this a French critic yeyen," put together discreetly, mean the exclaims, “Ah, my God! throw an Hellenist Swallower of sublimate," without any “Suley- out of the window! what sacrilege!". It cerman" in the case ; "Suleyma" signifying cor- tainly would be a serious business for those rosive sublimate," and not being a proper authors who dwell in the artics: but I have name on this occasion, although it be an or- quoted the passage merely to prove the simithodox name enough with the addition of n. larity of style among the controversialists of After Mr. Thornton's frequent hints of pro- all polished countries ; London or Edinburgh found Orientalism, he might have found this could hardly parallel this Parisian ebullition.

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