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spirit, abusive in his language, and turbulent and inconsistent in hie conduct, the followers of such a prophet will be ugarded with pity, and the system he established be treated with contempt, by every man who has any respect for rational religion, and the enlarged interests of human society.
We cannot help remarking in this place, that George fox when be commenced his mission, was nothing more than a poor journeyman shoemaker; but at his death he possessed considerable property, which was neither acquired by inheritance, nor in the way of business.
the spreading of the Gospel after so long night of apostace since the Aposels days that now Christ rein es as he did in the hearts of bis people glory to the lord for ever amen, G.F.
(To be continued.}
^timber VI. of the Churchman's Remembrancer, being * Collection ofscarce and valuable Tracts in defence ojthe Dficlrine ana Discipline of the Church of England, 8vo, pp. 134, Rivingtons,
I^HE Editors of this truly valuable collection, have commenced their second voluTfce with a republication of that excellent performance " The Faith And Practice ** or A Church or England-man," written by Dr« William Stanley, formerly Dean of St. Afaph.
A biographical account of the author is prefixed to the tract, from which we learn, that
"Dr. Stanley was the son of William Stanley, Gentle^ man, of Hinckley in Leicestershire; was educated at Ashley in Lancashire, and in 1663, at the age of sixtpep, he was sent to St. John's College, Cambridge. In 1669, he was elected fellow of Corpus Christi College. He was ordained in 1672, became an University Preacher in 1676, and commenced B. D. in 1678. From the University he removed to the curacy os Much-Hadham in Hertfordshire, that ..eminent divine Dr. Goodman, being then Rector; and he was soon after presented by the earl of Essex to the rectory of Raine-Parva in Essex, which living he resigned in i68«,
fdr St. Mary Magdalen, old Fift-iftrtet, London; and this he also qtlitted ih 1690, On befog collated by bishop Comp. trin to the rectory of Mueh-Hadham. In 1684, he was collated to the prebend of Caddington major, in St. Paul's cathedral, Of which church he afterwards became canon-refidehtiaryi About 1687, he went to Holland as chaplain to tlM princess of Orange, On Which appointment the archbifliop of CJahterbriry conferred oh him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. He Was much esteemed by the Princess, who, oh her advancement to the Throne, promoted him to be Clerk Of the closet, bestowed several other favours on him, and made ohe or two offers of episcopal dignity, which, however, he declined.
In 1691, he was promoted to the archdeaconry of London; and On the death of Dr. Spencer in 1695, he was chosen without his knowledge to the mastership of Corpus Chrfsti College. On his being elected vice-chancellor, the University passed an extraordinary grace to admit hint tt> the degree of D. D. with all its academical privileges to which the arthiepifcopal faculty could not entitle him. In 1698, he resigned the mastership of the College, finding it to be incompatible with his other duties. But during his continuance there, he employed himself in making a Catalogue of the valuable manuscript library bequeathed to the College by archbishop Parker, which he afterwards printed at his oV'n expettfe, in folio. He also presented the College with a set Of -silver gilt Communion Plate, which had belonged to qtteen Mary s private chapel, when she was princess of Orange; Sod which (he gave to Dr. Stanley on her coming to "the crdwn of England, as a memorial of her favour and esteem. Ih 1706, his uncle bishop BeVeridge, advanced him to the deanry of St. Asaph, which dignity he held till his death in 1731, in the 85th year of his age. 'He was buried In the vaulting of St. Paul's Cathedral, under the South whig of the choir, among his old friends, bishop Beveridge, dean Sherlock, dean Younger, Dr. Holder, and Sir Christopher Wrfen. Dr. Stanley married the daughter of Sir'FTahcisPefflbertoti, chief justice of the King's Bench, by Whbhi he had three sons, William, Francis, and Thomas. "Many extensiveadd1 important benefactions are recorded Of Dt. Stanley,-ahd'marty excellent designs in-which he was actively concerned. 'In t$t)*,h<t exerted himself to forward tfte Wrihtidg ofian edition of the Co'tiHeils with Protestant annotations,'not only subscribing to the-work, but'obtaining ty'his'iifterest at court; i grant to import what paper should
-be be wanting for it, Cu/fotn-sree. This design howeyef, wa* laid aside. When dean of St. Asaph, he procured at hi» sole expense, an act to annex certain prebends and sinecures to the bifhopricks of Bangor, Llandaff, St. Davids', and St. Asaph, in order to relieve the widows and orphans of the Welsh Clergy from paying mortuaries to the bishops on the death of every incumbent within their respective dioceses and jurisdictions. He also rebuilt the larger part of his deanery house; settled a leasehold estate on a charity school in St. Asaph, and joined in augmenting the perpetual curacy of St. George in its neighbourhood. His gifts towards the augmentation of small livings in aid of queen Anne's bounty, were extended to different parts of the kingdom. Several other instances of his munificence might be mentioned; nor ought it to be omitted that he was a zealous promoter of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and first moved archbilhop Tenison and bishop Compton to obtain for it the Royal Charter."
Dr. Stanley published but few things. Two sermons on particular occasions, and two anonymous pieces, one •* a Comparison between the Devotions of the Church of Rome and those of the Church of England," and the other, the tract now reprinted, are the only productions of his pen that can be ascertained. ,
The Faith and Practice of a Church of England-Man, appeared in 1688, and pasted through three editions in that year. The fourth was printed in 1692; and the fifth in 1707. With regard to this excellent tract, we cordially unite with the Editors in "recommending it to general perusal, in a full persuasion that it will be found admirably adapted to confirm and strengthen in all who give it due attention, the soundest principles of Church-government, the pure doctrines of the Christian faith, and that con-, fistent regard to Christian obedience, with respect both to doctrine and discipline, which are the genuine characteristics of a faithful son of the Church of England."
The subjects treated of generally, according to the divisions of the chapter^aTe, '* 1. Of the Church; 2. Of Chris, tian Belief; 3. Of Gospel Obedience; 4. Of the Service of God in publick; 5. Of additions to the Faith; 6. Of Civil Conversation; 7. An earnest Persuasive to continue in the Church of England." But it should be observed, that the author considers under these heads a variety of incidental topics. Thus for instance in the chapter " Of Christian Belief," we have the following ingenious and pleasant re« fuution of the Papal claim to Infallibility.
•* If there were an infallible Judge at Rome, according to their way of reasoning, it would not be much to the advantage of the Church, especially of us that live so far from Rome. For seeing I cannot hear the Pope himself speak, they must all be infallible, that to the fourth or fifth hand perhaps, convey what he saith to me; for if any of these mistake, or wilfully deceive me, what must I do? Nay if I were at Rome, the Pope cannot be spoke to at all hours; for he takes state on himself sometimes, and sometimes hath the gout, and other infirmities incident to old men, and doth not love to be disturbed by every one. And yet if I should speak with him, I perhaps should not be much the wiser. For to make a full use of such an infallible Judge, we must be as infallible as he; for we may mistake him without an infallible spirit; and if he doth tell me true, and I do not apprehend, or receive it so, I am still in a bad case. And yet it is evident that the words f an infallible Judge, or interpreter, may be mistaken. For our Blessed Saviour himself was misunderstood, both by the Jewsand by his disciples sometimes. And what shall we say then. of this pretended infallible Judge on the seven hills, who is often ■ a man of the weakest understanding, and not always of the greatest clearness of expression, and who doth not know truth himself? For sometimes he hath excused himself from judging i na case in Divinity, by alledging that he was not bred a Di-, rine, and therefore did not understand the question.' And yet methinks knowledge is somewhat necessary in order to Infallibility. Besides, if a man should by chance speak a very true sentence, but doth not know what it means, and therefore cannot explain it to me, I may easily mistake him,- or apply what he saith to an improper purpose. For words are ambiguous, and some men's notions are found to fit things so well, that they often take the one for the other. And yet if there be any need of this infallible Judge, there will be constant need of him ; it will not be enough for him to speak now and then iu a general council, but very often or always to sit, and have application made to him, according to their own principles, and ways of arguing, because there are new disputes and questions, and heresies that are raised almost daily (for if the Pope can Jive, any one standing rule for resolving all doubts and defining doc-, trines, we shall be apt to think that God may have given this himself iij Scripture : and this would spoil his trade) and if a man. hath not this infallible Judge ready to resolve him, be he never so desirous of knowing truth, he may die in heresy, and his case then must be very bad, so that there is an absolute necessity of a man's living very near the Pope, or else he can have no tolerable security of himself, but he may be in some considerable error. And the people of Rome must be the only happy people in this life, that ftnly are sure of the true Catholic Religion, as living so under the
VoK XIII. Churchm. Mag. for July, 1807.
constant droppings of Infallibility. And yet I believe Rome is the last place in the world to which the priest would send you, to make you a good Catholic. But how if it happen after all this, that this old gentleman at Rome, dare not speak even what he thinks, for fear of angering this or that party, French, or Spanish ? or when a question is put to him, as concerning the immaculate conception of the Blessed Virgin, he sees that if he determine it either way, he shall lose, or at least disoblige, a very powerful and qumerous order, and therefore useth all the tricks of tergiversation and delay that can be, that he may not be forced to decide the controversy; as we know it happened within these seventy years?" "If this gentleman did know more than other men, what would his knowledge signify if he be afraid to cwn or declare what he knows? Therefore let them decide their own controversies first, by this their infallible Judge, before they pretend to impose him upon us. Will any man believe me that I have an infallible cure for the gout, when he sees me lie groaning under it all the year round? And therefore not till they have determined among themselves the question of the Immaculate Conception, of the Power of the Pope besides or without council, and convinced the French king and clergy of the Pope's Infallibility, and absolute unlimited Authority, and of the nullity of the liberties of the Gallican Church, shall we ever thirk they believe themselves, when they say the Pope is infallible ; or if he be, I am sure it is to as little purpose as if he were not. So that Infallibility is only a long word to amyse people."
G The following excellent remarks on the Duty of attending our own Parish Churches are particularly seasonable at this time, when too many members of the Church are in the habit of going with their families to hear popular preachers, thus making religion little better than a matter of amusea mene.
* And as I thus conscientiously forbear the going to any irregular inlawful Assemblies, though only out of curiosity, because my very being there but once, and out of po bad design, is a give ing thein countenance and encouragement (for number and company is always encouraging) and is also a putting myself out of Gas proterod, by tempning him in running myselfinto evil and farger, which he may hustly suffer me to fall into : So also, I am Veraruputkeus of hearing my own church at all, or going to any ier dhuruh or regular congregation. For the thus running to
por chwebe's gemily ergures a vanny of mind; sis of the mother an d erd het ind rather tends to advance popubaride i n our refinans; it geres 2 Petr bad ex umuple, it discouragoed vows panish cunguany, and I # not think it is so likele
av Nexwers from oth Frau will give this blessing to es