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ventum. The clergyman had negleBed to register the baptism.
Having several years ago become a dissenter, and not considering any religious service as of use to the dead, (though it may be instructive to the living) on the decease of a dear child of mine, who had been baptised in the dissenting Form, I wrote to the clergyman of the parish, requesting the child might be interred in the parish burying-ground without the church service; the request was refused, and conse
Smently"the clergyman performed the usual rites, as the disenters of the place have no separate burying place. This Opposes the dofclrine of Wheatley, who thinks dissenters should be " content to put their dead into the ground (of the church-yard) without requiring the prayers of a minister."
With respect to the burial of DeiJIs, I have no concern. But many conscientious and good ministers of the church have an awful concern, at being compelled to read the service over such characters, who may have died, as they fear, in such opinions ; as they have also in the case of the death of profligates, who have given no evidences of repentance.
I have only fartliAr to add, that the sentiments and conduct of such writers as your correspondent, remind one of the description of the Orthodox Churchman, as given by the pen of the late Rev. Mr. Gilpin, a much respected clergyman, who, in his "Dialogues on various Subjects,'' fays, "The Orthodox Churchman makes it his business (tooth and nail, as they fay,) to defend every thing that is established. The government of the Church of England is faultless.—The education of its members in our universities, such as cannot be improved.—Its liturgy is perfect; creeds and articles cannot be amended; pluralities are defensible; and the unequal provision of the clergy right, and as it should be. Now, though I should despise the man who should become a member of our church, without thinking it good on the whole, yet I could not but suspect the sincerity of him, who would persuade you there is nothing but good in it." pp. 299, 300.
Wishing to appeal to the public, before whom your correspondent has brought forward the subject through the medium of your work, I have to request the favour ofvour inserting the above remarks in your magazine, which will manifest your regard to impartiality and justice, and will also oblige yours, &c.
Bq/tngstokn, '%th Dec. 1807. A Dissenter.
QUEEN ELIZABETH AND ARCHBISHOP
To The Editor Of The Orthodox Churchman I
AMONGST other articles very frequently of a similar description, and said to be extracts from the port folio of a man of letters, the Monthly Magazine tor November, page 369, contains the following respecting queen Elizabeth. —" The archbishop of Canterbury attended the queen in her last moments: he endeavoured to console her, by saying, she had every thing to hope from the mercy of the Almighty, for her piety, her zeal, and the admirable reformation which she had so happily established. The queen, who had turned to the other side of the bed, interrupted the archbishop by saying, ' My lord, the crown which I wore for so many years, made me sufficiently vain while I lived; I beg you will not now increase my vanity when I am so near death.' After this her respiration failed, she fell into an agony, which lasted eighteen hours, and then expired."
Now, Mr. Editor, with whatever view this anecdote may have been recqrded, or however just and necessary, if the occasion had called forit, wouldhave been the dying princess's reproof, I think it but due to the memory of the venerable prelate, and (it may be) to that ol the queen herself, to observe, that there is rather better authority than the anonymous evidence of this man of letters in support of it, for saying that the story is not, and cannot be true.
• Asa proof allow me to refer to Strype, who in his " Life of Archbishop Whitgift," p. 558, has preserved an extract from a latin letter, written the very day after the queen's death to one Edmund Lambert, (MSS. D. Mich. Hicks, Esq. Aur.) in which the writer, who is unknown, fays, " that though sensible to the last, she was deprived of the power of speech for three days before her death." " Intelligendi vim ad extremum usque spiritum retineret; lingtiæ vero facultate tribus ante obitum diebus fuisset privata." That any such re« ply therefore as is here stated, could have been made, no more than eighteen hours previous to that event, is utterly impossible. And that the archbishop, or any of her spiritual adviseis, at
Val. XIII. Churchm. Nlag.for December 1807.
that awful moment, ever gave such occasion for it, is, on the fame authority, equally untrue. "She was impatient, (fays Strype, for which he refers to Cott. Librar. Julius. F. 6) of any speeches of others with her, yet she was ever well pleased to hear the archbishop, and the bishop of London give her comfort and counsel to prepare herself God-ward: and most heartily and devoutly prayed continually with them, and making signs and shews to her last remembrance, of the sweet comfort she took in their presence and assistance, and of the unspeakable joy she was going unto."
"Her di>ath drawing near, the archbishop exhorted her to fix her thoughts upon God, the better to draw off her mind from other secular things concerning her kingdom and succes. for, that some then of her court propounded to her. To which good advice to stay her at that hour, she answered him, she did so, nor did her mind wander from God. And as a sign thereof, when she could not speak, she was observed much to lift up her eyes and hands to heaven." Camd. Eliz.
"We have, (he also adds) this further passage of her religious belief, as it was related in the Paul's Cross sermon, preached by John Hayward, March 27th, being,the Lord's day next ensuing her death, from Psalm xxiv. verse 1. wherein he shewed his auditors '' How her almoner rehearsing to her the grounds of the Christian faith, and requiring her assent unto them by some sign, she readily gave it both •with hand and eye, and that when he proceeded to tell her, that it was not enough generally to believe that those articles of faith were true, but that every Christian man was to believe them true to them, and that they themselves were members of the true church, and redeemed by Jesus Christ ; and that their fins were forgiven to them; she did again with great shew of faith lift up her eyes and hands unto Heaven, and so stayed them long as a testimony she gave of applying the same unto herself."
In all this there certainly appears but little or nothing that I can fee to give a shadow of pretence for that rebuke, which the archbishop is said to have received; and which how he deserved for endeavouring " to draw off her mind from other secular things" ; or her almoner, (who was Watson, bishop of Chichester) for expressly requiring a testimony of her individual faith, at the lame time declaring the inefficacy of all other, even to his dying sovereign, is to be explained by those who like this man os letters, and many other contributors to the Monthly Magazine, are availing themselves of
every every possible means, by sarcasm, obloquy, and falsehood, to traduce the memory of our venerable reformers, andto revile the doctrines and ministers of the established church ';• and not unoften of Christianity in general.
If not trespassing too much on your limits, it may not perhaps be unacceptable to some of your readers, nor an improf>er supplement to his life, which lately appeared in your vauable miscellany, to insert the prayer that was made for the queen but the day before her death, and being preserved in the archbishop's register, was probably composed by the primate himself.
A Prayer for queen Elizabeth, March 23, 1608. Regist. Whitg. vol. iii. p. 148.
"O most Heavenly Father, and God of all mercy, we most humbly beseech thee to behold thy servant our queen with the eyes of pity and compassion. Give unto her the comforts of thy Holy Spirit, work in her a constant and lively faith; grant unto her true repentance, and restore unto her, if it be thy will, her former health and strength, both of body and soul. Let not the enemy nor his wicked instruments have any power over her to do her harm. O Lord, punish her not for our offences, nor us in her. Deal not with us, O Lord, as we have deserved : but for thy mercies fake, and for thy Christ his fake forgive us all our fins; and prolong her days, that we may still enjoy her to the glory of thy holy name, and joy of all such as truly fear thee» through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen."
* If any doubt can be entertained on this head, though my memory will not serve me for all the instances I have occasionally observed, it may be sufficient to mention two letters, a few months ago, signed "An Anti Bucerist," in which that reformer is represented as an apostate Jew, Cranmer as a pimp to Henry VIII. and the indignity offered to the bones of Wickliffe, so many years after his burial, is urged as a proof, valeat • we may well say of such a proof as this quantum valere potest!—that he was looked upon as a persecutor, (the writer surely must have meant heretic); whilst almost the only character at all concerned in the reformation, that is spoken of with any degree of respect, i? that of the unfortunate and misguided Mary, for having the spi* rit, when it was in her power to resent and retaliate upon them, the cruelties exercised by the Protestants. These letters however, should not be noticed without at the same time referring to the very complete and Satisfactory answers they have received in the same work, from, I beiieve, the very able defender (in your pages) of Charles I. and Archbishop Laud.
3 I at I do