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the year 17.50, he was appointed head master of Westminster school, and in 1752 hcaccumulated the degrees of bachelor and doctor in civil law at Oxford. In 1759 he was promoted to the second stall in the cathedral of Durham, and in 1765 to the deanerv of Rochester, having resigned the mastership of Westminster school, the year before.—In 1767 he vacated the deanery of Rochester, on being preferred to that of ChristChurch.—In 1771 he was advanced to the bishoprick of Chester, and in the same year appointed preceptor to tie Prince of Wales.—In 1777 he was translated lo the arch bishoprick of York, in which elevated situation he conducted himself with equal dignity and urbanity.
Dr. Markham, though eminently qualified to shine in the sphere of literature, never published any thing but a sermon at the consecration of James Bishop of Gloucester, in 1753; a Latin sermon before (he convocation in 1769, aud a few others on publick occasions.
The right hon. earl Grey, of Howick. This veteran was born in 1729 in Northumberland, and at an early age entered upon a military life. In 1755 he obtained permission to raise an independent company, and in 1761 was promoted to the rank of a field officer. It was in this capacity that he accompanied general Hudson to the attack and capture of Bellisle. In the unfortunate American war colonel Grey distinguished
himself greatly by his services, and was invested with the local rank of major general. On the restoration of peace he retired to his seat near Alnwick, occupied in the education of his children, and the amusements of a country life. In 1783 he received the order of the Bath, and obtained about the same time a seat in the house of commons. In 1793 he was employed as commander in chief of the forces destined for an attack on the French West India Islands. Here he took Martinico, St. Lucia, and Guadaloupe, but the latter being recaptured by a French force, Sir Charles determined torrgain it, in which however he failed, owing chiefly to a mortalityamongst his troops. Soon after his return to England he was made governor of ti:c island of Guernsey, and colonel of the king's own regiment of dragoons. In June 1801 he was advanced to the peerage, by the title of baron Grey de Howie, in the county of Northumberland, and afterwards he was created earl Grey. He is succeeded in his title by his son Charles Grey, commonly called viscount Howick, and the celebrated leader of opposition in the house of commons.
At Stanmore, in consequence of a contusion in his head, from a fall down the cliffs in the Isle of Wight, aged 80, William Roberts, erq. formerly master of a very respectable boarding school at Wandsworth, from which he had retired several years. He was brother to the Rev. Richard Aoberts, D. D. head master of St. Paul's school, and first cousin to the late Rev. William Hayward Roberts, D. D. provost of Eton. His wife died four days before him. His son is vicar of St. Peters, in St. Albans.
At Kilvington near Thirsk, aged 70, the Rev. Francis Heuson, D. D. 31 years rector of that place, and formerly fellow of Sidney College, Cambridge.
At Canterbury, the Rev. Joseph Price, B. D. vicar of Littlebourn, in Kent.
At his seat at Waterstock, in Oxfordshire, in the 83d year of his age, Sir William Henry Ashhurst, knt. late one of his majesty's justices of the court of King's Bench.
. At his apartments in Edgeware road, the Rev. Nathaniel Gilbert, vicar of Bledlow in Buckinghamshire, to which liv-' ing he succeeded on the decease of Dr. Davie, master of Baliol College, Oxford, in 1738. He was a native of the island of Antigua, and related to several of the first families in this kingdom. Some years since he went out chaplain lo the British setllement at Sierra Leone, and on his return to this country, was presented by Mr. Whitbread to the vicarage of Bledlow ; where, both by precept and example, he approved himself a faithful pastor over the flock committed to his charge, as well as an able and successful minister of that gospel, which was his own support through various trials in life, and happily in his experience, proved a source of unfailing consolation under the struggles of dissolving nature.
At Bristol Hot-wells, aged 17, Henry George Pretyman, se
cond son of the Rev. Dr. Pretyman, archdeacon and residentiary of Lincoln.
Aged 52, the Rev. John Walker, one of the minor canons of Norwich cathedral. He was perpetual curate of St. Peter per Mountergate and of St. John Timberhill in Norwich, vicar of Stoke Holy Cross in Norfolk, and vicar of Bavvdsey in Suffolk. The three first are in the gift of the dean and chapter of Norwich and the last in that of the crown.
At Bristol, the Rev. John Gent, Vicar of Stoke Nayland, in Suffolk, and formerly of Caius College, B. A. 1763.
At Bath, the Rev. Edmund Goodenough, Vicar of Swindon in Wiltshire, and brother to the Dean of Rochester.
At Withington in Herefordshire, the Rev. Corbet Browne, 56 years rector of Withington and Upton, and formerly of Queen's College, Cambridge, B.A. 1753, M. A. 1754-.
At Bridlington, in his 43rd year, the Rev.Thomas Plummer, formerly of Sidney College, Cambridge, B. A. 1788.
The Rev. Joseph Williamson, rector of Thakeham, Sussex, and formerly vicar of Si. Dunstan, in the West, Fleet-Street.
Aged 58, the Rev. Edward Tymewell Brydges, (he late claimant to the Barony of Chandos. He had been long in a declining state of health, and bore msnv bodilv sl|tfotj^s with exemplary patience Iffid cheerfulness. His good qualities were striking and attractive : a warmth, of heart; a generosity of temper; an elegance and eloquence of manners, and a certain playfulness and originality of humour, engaged the approbation of most people, and the interest of all. Though occasionally fond of retirement, he had mixed widely with the world; and if his ductile spirit did not always profit of his experience, it arobe from a venial confidence, which, if not prudent, was at least engaging. He was a good scholar; of quick apprehension, keen natural taste, and much irregular reading; but his wit was sometimes too sarcastic to be relished; and his Irony too doubtful to be perfectly understood. There was one subject, on which his just indignation never subsided; and which aggravated the sufferings of ill health: had lie obtained his birthright, he would have enjoyed the elevated rank to which he knew himself entitled;' of which the suspension did not in the smallest degree alter his claim; and of which he was so far from being discouraged (like imbecile minds) at the assertion, that he only insisted on his right with the more dignity. The case, simple in itself, became a most
extraordinary one from tbemode in which the opposition to it was conducted. The discussion lasted more than thirteen years, from October 17 S9 to June'l 803. Many of the particulars are both too delicate and too tedious for detail. The petitioner claimed in right of a descent from a third son of the first Peer in 1551. He had a vast field of prior branches to clear away; and he had six or seven generations, in his own line to establish. There are certain pieces of evidence which the experience and wisdom of the Law has long established as proofs of certain facts, which are not to be disputed: these are just and necessary barriers against the caprice of individual opinion. Even if we could suppose that these rules will sometimes lead to a worong conclusion, it is better that human affairs should be subjected to this occasional and rare error, than to the fluctuation and uncertainty of each man's private conviction. (To be continued in our next.)
The Letter on the Paraclete shall appear in our next. The Review of Clarkson's Portraiture, and several other articles in that department, have been necessarily deferred this month, but will certainly be resumed in our next number.
MAGAZINE And REVIEW,
For DECEMBER, 1807.
ICfirjis a cause of some moment: It is the cause of plainness and sincerity, in opposition to wiles and subtleties.
The Life of the Most Reverend WILLIAM WAKE, D.D. Lord Archbishop of Canterbury.
THIS learned and exemplary prelate was born at Blandford, in Dorsetshire, in 16,57, and educated at ChristChurch, Oxford, where he took his degrees in arts, and entering into orders became preacher to the honourable society of Gray's Inn. In the reign of James II. he attended lord Preston, ambassador to the French court, as his chaplain.; and soon aster his return to England distinguished himself in the controversy with the Papists. His performances in this dispute were, 1. An Exposition._of the Doctrine of the Church of England, in the several articles proposed by Monsieur de Meaux, late bishop of Coudom, in his Exposition of the Doctrine of the Catholic Church. To which is prefixed, a particular account of Monsieur de Meaux's Book. 2. A Defence of the fame against de Meaux and his Vindicator, 3. A second Defence, &c. 4. A Discourse of the Holy
3 F Eucharist
Vol. XIII. Churthm. Mag. for Dicember 1807.
Eucharist, in the two great points of the Real Presence and the Adoration of the Host. 5. A Discourse concerning the nature of Idolatry, in which a late Author's true and only notion of Idolatry is considered and confuted. This was written against the " Reasons for abrogating the Test," written by bishop Parkar\ 6. Sure and honest means for the Conversion of all Heretics, translated from the French. 7. Two Discourses os Purgatory, and Prayer for the Dead. -8. A continuation of the present state of the Controversy between the Church of England and the Church of Rome: being a full Account of the Books published on both sides. In 1689, ha took t-be degree of doctor in divinity; and was appointed deputy clerk of the closet, and chaplain in ordinary to King William and Queen Mary. The sane year he was made canon ol Christ-Church; and in 1694, preferred to the rectory of St. James's.
In the controversy respecting the rights and powers of the Convocation, Dr. Wake took a leading part. His first performance in this, famous dispute was entituled "The Authority of Christian Princes over their Ecclesiastical Synods asserted *ith particular respect to the Convocations of the Clergy of the Realm and Church of England;" 8vo. 1697. and this book being attacked with some asperity soon after its appearance, he defended it in "An Appeal to all the true Members of the Church of England, in behalf of the King's Ecclesiastical Supremacy, as by law established, by our Convocations appointed, and by our most eminent bishops and clergymen stated and defended, against both the Popish and Fanatical opposers of it;" 1698. 8vo.'
'This drew Dr. Attcrbury into tlie field, in a book entituled " The Rights, Powers and Privileges of an English Convocation stated and defended ;" 8vo. 1700; and a new edition coming out in 1701, with additions, which making a considerable impression upon the minds of those who were particularly interested in the question, caused Dr. Wake to draw up his great work, "The State of the Church and Cler
?y of England, in their Councils, Synods, Convocations, Jonverttions and other public Assemblies, historically deduced from the Conversion of the Saxons to the present times;" primed in 1703, folio. This volume evinces uncommon industry and great ingenuity; yet perhaps the impartial reader will now, if he has patience to go through it, be disposed to think that the learned author began his researches with 2