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of four thousand pounds provided for the young lady by that time she grows marriageable, and her father's estate not charged with a penny towards raising it.
The same thing being done, only changing the kind of tree, planted at every new birth of a daughter or son, would effectually provide for them all as fast as they grow up, like a plow kept at work for their benefit, even while they were sleeping : there is, we may hope, no elder brother in England who will dislike this particular part of this essay, whatever his opinion may be of the other.
A Letter to Lord Grenville upon the repeated Publication of his Letter to the Secretary of the Society for Promoting Chirijlxan Knowledge, in consequence of their Resolution with refpeli to his Majesty's late Conducl. By the Rev. H. B. Wilson, M. A. 8vo. pp. 21. Rivingtons. 6d.
THIS is a spirited rebuke of his Lordship, by one of the members of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and must make him feel, if indeed he be capable of feeling, concern for his most unwarrantable and insolent attack upon that venerable body. The following is a home thrust:
"But my lord, the true reason of your hostility to the measure, seems to be the alarm which you entertain, lest the opinion of such a respectable body, as the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, comprising more than sixteen hundred bishops and inferior clergy, and six hundred of the peers and gentry, and thus forming a truly ecclesiastical union of churchmen and laics, should bias the opinion of the country in favour of their King, and those ho
nester men whom he has lately called to his Councils *. You affect to believe that this measure was designed to answer electioneering purposes. But without communicating with the respectable quarter from which it proceeded, I can take upon myself to say, so far as one man can answer for another, that it originated in no such unworthy motive. It originated, I am persuaded, in a sincere wish to gratify the Royal Feelings, and to discharge one of the noblest duties of which we are capable, gratitude for mercies received. And never, surely, was there a time when thanks were more due from men of all ranks and degrees in the Protestant Church to the earthly Head of their Communion, and Defender of their Faith, than when the exalted Personage who stands to us in those interesting relations, though at first imposed upon by his Privy Counsellors, and afterwards accused by them at the tribunal of his people in Parliament assembled, stood forth the undaunted champion of our holy faith, and vindicator of our real liberties.
"But having said this, my Lord, which it is not in your Lordship's power to disprove, I will go a step farther, and declare, that since matters have been thus injudiciously brought by you to this crisis, if the resolutions c5f the Society, in the first instance, or any vindication of them in the sequel, should tend but in one place to open the eyes of electors to the danger in which you have involved the Protestant Establishment, and induce them to return men, whose opinions are decidedly adverse to the party of which I fear you are to be considered the head and chief support, I should rejoice. It is my earnest prayer to that Beneficent Being, who rescued us in the loins of our forefathers from the dominion of the Court of Rome, that our next Parliament may be a truly Protestant Parliament. And would to God that a man of your Lordship's ability had not so far implicated himself in the views and interests of the Romanists, as to render it almost unreasonable to hope that he should ever contradict and oppose them, in any future scheme of innovation."
* On the dishonesty of the leading Members of the late Ca. binet, see those excellent Letters addressed to Lord Grenville, and Lord Howick, upon their Removal from the Councils of the King, in Consequence of their attempting the total Repeal of the Test Laws, now in Force, with respect tb His Majesty's Army and Navy, by a Protestant, which appeared at first in the Morning Post, and have been Since collected, and republished in a more permanent form.
* Mr. Wilson has recently published a judicious "Address to Men of all Orders and Degrees in the United Church of England and Ireland, respecting the Papists," which shews him to be a found member and a zealous minister of the Church. He is also about to print a Volume of Sermons, by subscription, to which, from the specimens of his abilities afforded in these tracts, we heartily wish encouragement.
Preparation for the Holy Order of Deacons: or, the First Question proposed to Candidates for the Holy Order of Deacons, elucidated, in a Charge delivered previously to am Ordination. By George Isaac Huntingford, D. D, F. R. S; Bifkop of Gloucester, and Warden of Winchester College, Cadell and Dayies. 8vo. is. 6d,
IN the epistolary address to, the Rev. Archdeacon Vigor,# prefixed to this admirable Charge, the learned prelate gives the following account of his design.
*' To elucidate avery material part in It^e Service appointed for the Ordering of Deacons, and thus to facilitate a right conception of it, is the principal object of the following work. If either; in the manner, which it has pursued, or in the matter, which it has introduced, it should -be inadequate to i,he purpose intended; still however on account of the design, with which it was delivered, and is new published, this Charge relies with.confidence on your candour and goodness for a favourable reception.
"Although this is not the place to enlarge on the interpretation which the sequel will give to the question before us; yet a brief intimation of it may not here be improper. Itis then to be observed, that the compilers of our-Liturgy and of vu'r other religious Formularies, were accustomed to adopt language emphatical and of »vide acceptation. The restricted sense, in which their terms were.to be taken, they concluded would bfe obvious lo all who were conversant with the Holy Scriptures. The " Confession," for instance, acknowledges the general corruption of human nature, and the moral depravity of man, in these words: "There is no health in us." An expression this, which does not mean to. say, there absolutely is not in man any virtue or goodness of any sort,
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• Son of the late venerable and exemplary Sir J. Stonhouse, Bt, kind, or degree whatever. Its import is this: strictly speaking, no man is perfect: speaking comparatively, and with reference to the all-perfect and adorable attributes of God most Holy, every man is sinful. This one example will be sufficient to illustrate and justify the opinion, that in many passages where the diction is strong, a qualified construction is to be admitted. And such, it is apprehended, may be the case, in the Question which the following Charge considers.
"It cannot be conceived, that those who are legally appointed and ap»stolically authorised to ordain ministers in our established Church, should expect in their candidates extraordinary designations, which even St. Paul himself did not expect. By him wererequired those attainments only, which to diligent cultivation of the understanding, to moral discipline, and to habitual prayer, the grace of God will usually impart. In addition to approved and •yell-attested character, he required ability and inclination to teach others; command of irascible and concupiscible passions; circumspect conduct; humane and devout affections. Recommendations and endowments more than these, by no Bishop can reasonably be demanded. Acquirements and virtues less than these, by none can be wished; consistently at least with that solicitude which he ought to feel, for the right knowledge of Scripture, the due preaching of the Word, the example, credit, and consequent utility of the clerical order."
These two points, as connected with the question proposed, are first considered, viz.
1. It is compatible with the power and consistent with the wisdom of God, to influence the human mind.
2. The imperfection of man's nature requires Divine aid.'
On the question itself the learned bishop ds^es not give any new explanation of his own, but contents himself with stating the opinions of some of the most eminent divines of our church, as Tillotson, Nicholls, Collier, Burnet, Seeker, thejpre sent bishop of Meath, and Mr. Gifborne.
The following is a summary of the whole Charge:
"You are not asked, '* if you think yourselves inspired, or constrained, or borne away, by an irresistible power of divine grace V You are asked only, • if you trust you are inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost?' How, with respect to the Precise circumstance of your wishing to be ordained, the Holy Spirit may have influenced your minds; whether immediately, or remotely; whether directly or indirectly; whether in a primary or secondary way; the question does uot demand of you to declare. On this points
ai ts applicable to the express instance of discernible excitation to engagement in our ministry, every one is left to judge for himself. It is However presumed, that for the purpose of forming a correct judgment, he has considered what can be collected from the New. Testament, on that equally difficult and momentous subject. If he has followed that guide", on the on« hand he will have avoided the high claims of enthusiasm: on the other, he will have deemed it irrational and unscriptural to exclude the interposition of supernal grace, and to deny its actual operation on the human mind, in some or other manner.
"Expressions in one passage are best interpreted by similar and, analogous expressions in other parts of any work referring to the. same subject. Let us look into our liturgy. In the collect for Easter Sunday, our prayer is, 'We humbly beseech thee, that as by thy special grace preventing us, thou dost put into our hearts Good Desires; so by thy continual help, we may bring the same to good effect.' The collect for the First Sunday in Lei t directs us to pray thus: 'Give us grace to use such abstinence, that our flesh being subdued to the spirit, we may ever obey thy Godly MOTfONs, in righteousness and true holiness.' The words 'good desires' in the collect first mentioned, and ' godly motions' in the second, have one and the same meaning. Apply those words to the question proposed. On a comparison of the three passages together, you may infer, it is in effect put to yon, 'whether you trust that good desires direct your minds in the choice of this sacred ministry ; and whether you think that such good desires proceed from divine assistance?' So that if a paraphrase were given of the question, it might run thus: 'In proposing to undertake this sacred ministry, are you actuated by a religious inclination; and do you refer this inclination to the influence of the Holy Spirit?' It would indeed be the height of hypocrisy; or rather it would be an act of the grossest falsehood and most shocking depravity, if a candidate were to answer in the affirmative, when at the very time of answering he did not intend to discharge clerical duties; he did not design to lead a clerical life, but meant to consult only his interest or ambition, without any degree of regard for the concerns of religion, or for propriety of behaviour. In the earnest hope that cases of this description very seldom occur, let us proceed to observe, that whoever is really and sincerely disposed to perform the religious offices of his sacred ministry, and ascribes his right and pious intention to that admonitory and persuasive influence of the Holy Spirit, wliich in a general and tacit way suggests all those purposes of heart, and leads us to all' that rectitude of conduct, which become us as Christians; such a person may as confidently answer this question, as he usually joins in the prayers of our liturgy. For, in the course of oiir public service, he professes, it is from God that 'all
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Vol. XIII. Churckm. Mag. for November 1807.