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this city; and your unanimous voice afterwards raised him to a still higher dignity. In the office of chief magistrate he was happy in the approbation of his sovereign, and the universal applause of his fellow-citizens. He K'lircd from public life to pass a quiet and comfortable old age in tie midst of his friends and relaions; and died full of years and of honours. His general 'character was sa well known among you, that it is unnecessary to expatiate much upon it He was asincere, I may say, a devout Chrisuan; and I believe never neglecisd the duty of worship public or private. He seems early to have imbibed serious opinions—He thought much upon religion, and thought for himself. The goodness of Providence was with him a favourite topic, and he entertained the most enlarged notions upon this subjpct. He did not confine his views to a general Providence, but always asserted in the fullest extent a particular Providence, which guided and directed every event in this world, agreeably to the expression of our Lord and Saviour— "That the hairs of our heads are all numbered, and not a sparrow falleth to the ground without our heavenly Father. "— Hence he attributed every success in life to the Divine Providence, and his expressions of gratitude to that Good Being «' who gave him all things richly to enjoy," were both fervent and frequent. Yet his religion was not of a morose or austere character. His temper was social, and many of you know that he
entered with ease and pleasantry into scenes of innocent and temperate conviviality. His cheer. fulness rendered him an agreeable companion, and conciliated a numerous circle of private friends. But if there was a feature particularly conspicuous in his character,iit was his'charity and active beirefi cence, of which a noble monument stands in this parish, and another in a distant part of the kingdom, where he had some connection in trade.* Not to speak of.his private cha-. rities, which I have reason to think were very extensive, you all know and must remember his great and well directed charity to the poor in ail times of scarcity, even while he was a liberal subscriber to public institutions for their relief. As a magistrate, he was active and attentive; and as a private man, this parish has many obligationi to him, some of which are publicly recorded. Such was the man whose loss we at present deplore. We will now draw some practical inferences from what I have advanced on this subject; and as being of less importance, I shall commence with the moral qualifies. First, From the rise and progress of this good man, all young persons must see the inestimable value of industry. It is our happiness to live in a country, where the road to wealth, honours, and prosperity, is open to every one who will be steady, active, and
* Alms-houses built and endowed by him in his life-time in Cripplegate parish, and at his quarries in Yorkshire,
Industrious. Let no young man, however obscure his origin, with whatever difficulties he tnay have to contend, after such an example as this, despair of success; but let him remember, that if he trusts iu God, and uses the proper means, even the blessings of this life will ultimately be not denied him. Secondly, We may see from what has been said, the value of a good character. It was character that raised the person in question to opulence and rank; and indeed I believe without it there is no chance of success. It was characterthatrecommended him to your favour and your suffrages. Character attended him through life, and rendered him respectable in every station. Lastly, Let it impress you with the absolute necessity of religious principle, not only with regard to that great object of all our hopes and wishes, that salvation which was wrought for us by Christ Jesus, but even with a view to worldly success. That lively faith which was ever predominant in the mind of our departed friend, unquestionably brought down a blessing upon all his endeavours. That trust in Providence which he so strongly felt and expressed, might probably (even in a moral view) invigorate his endeavours; and the earnest hope of success, which he grounded on the hopes of the Divine Favour, might be a means of achieving it. Thus far at least is evident, that a firm belief in all the doctrines and precepts of the Gospel, is the most certain means of escaping *ia and temptation, and infallibly
keeps the profession of Christianity out of that dissipation and profligacy which commonly lead to ruin in this world and the next."
At Mire Syke, in Loweswater, Cumberland, Mr. John Mirehouse, 101. On the 19th of October, 1805, on which day he completed his 100th year, he received a very numerous party of his neighbours, seated in a new oak chair, and clothed in a new coat, which he pleasantly observed, might, with caretaking, serve his life time. He possessed, in an eminent degree, all his faculties; sight excepted.' His memory seemed perfect to the last; for he occasionally spoke with the same accuracy of recent transactions, as he had been accustomed to do in relating occurrences of former times, which he had either witnessed himself, or heard detailed by contemporaries of a period so remote as that of at least ninety years. He was married in the 31 st year of his age, and was the father of five sons and one daughter. He possessed a strong and vigorous constitution. He was also of a remarkably chearful disposition; and during the course of so long a life, it is not known that he ever had the least disagreement with his neighbours or acquaintance. His funeral was attended by an immense concourse of people; all emulous of shewing their respect to the memory of one whom they had, individually, esteemed whilst living, and whose death, though in full time, deprived their vicinity of so venerable an ornament; and also
bf the example of one who had '« kept innocency, and taken heed unto the thing that is right; such as alone shall bring a man to peace at last."
At Bishopsbourne, in Lincolnshire, the Rev. Montague Davis, Rector of that parish, and Vicar of Fynsford, in Kent.
At Castle Hedingham, in Essex, aged 70, the Rev. George Caswall, Curate of that parish.
At Chilenden, in Kent, aged $4, the Rev. Mr. Pettman, many years Rector of that place.
At Westntcrton, Sussex, the Rev. Thomas Carter, of Longwith, Nottinghamshire. • Aged 61, the Rev. Richard Wainman, Rector of Boddington, in Northamptonshire. He was of St. John's College, Cambridge, LL. B. 1765, and presented to this living by William Wainman, Esq. for that turn.
Sir Brooke Watson, bart. Alderman of London, and late Commissary General. When young he lost his leg while swimming in the harbour of Port Royal, Jamaica, by the devouring jaws of a shark.
At an advanced age, the Rev. Mr. Woodburn, Vicar of Romsey, in Hampshire, which living is in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Winchester.
Capt. Percy Burrell, of the sixth dragoon guards, youngest son of the late Sir Wm. Burrell, bart. of the county of Sussex, and nearly related to the noble families of Northumberland and Gwydir. This gallant but unfortunate officer was educated at Westminster school. His genius leading him to embrace a military life, he obiained a commission in the 13 th regiment of
foot in 17 9?, aha! served with that regiment in Ireland during the rebellion in 1798j being present in every affair of consequence in the county of Wexford. He was subsequently appointed aid-de camp to major general Sir Charles Asgill, bart. and having been promoted to a troop of dragoons iil January 1800, remained on the staff of the army in Ireland, till the general peace. In October 1806, he sailed from Falmouth with the forces under brigadier general Craufurd, which division (after having been on board ship nearly twelve months) finally joined the army under general Whitelock in South America, where, at the ill-concerted and ill-conducted attack upon Buenos Ayres, he fell while gallantly leading and animating his men against the enemy, the command of the two squadrons of his regiment having devolved on him in consequence of lieut. col. Kingston's being severely wounded. To the character of a meritorious and promising officer, in Captain Burrell were united the disposition and excellent qualities of an accomplished gentleman, which justly acquired the well merited affection and esteem of all his friends and acquaintance.
The Rev. Mr. Woodford, Archdeacon and Prebendary of Winchester, and Rector of Crawley and Calbourn, Hampshire.
The Rev. Rob. Wright,D. D. formerly Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford, and Vicar of Whitechapel, London, which is in the gift of that College.
MAGAZINE And REVIEW,
For NOVEMBER, 1807.
,S' No publick Establishment can justify a sinful Communion; but if there be nothing sinful in the Communion o^thc National Church, which is established by publick aulBfitv, to separate from such a Church is both disobedient, to thSSUpreu\eJiulhority in the State, and a Schism from the'ChurSj,,,
The Life os the Most Reverend THOMAS TENISON.
ON the lamented death of archbishop Tillotson, there seemed to be some difficulty respecting the choice of his successor. Dr. Compton, bishop of London, claimed the vacant seat, oh account of his seniority and services; and many of the best friends of the church were anxious to fee it filled by that great man Dr. Stjlling'fleet, bishop of Worcester. The king, howctpejv bought proper to confer the y&aht dignity upjoti a't&yine, wliohiadalso distinguished himself greatly by his zealaoainst popery, and by an ardent attach- . ment to the principles of the revolution. This was Dr. Tenifon, who was translated from Lincoln, to the see of Canterbury, in about a fortnight after the death of archbishop Tillotson.
■ m ■ T T He
; Vol. XIII. Churchm. Mag.for November 1807.
He was born at Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, September 29, 1636, and educated at the grammar school of Norwich, from whence he removed to Corpus Christi college, in Cambridge, where he had a scholarship on archbishop Parker's foundation. He took his first degree in arts in 1656, after which he obtained a Norwich fellowship of his college, and then began to study physic, on account of the fanatical cast of the times. By the advice of some friends, however, he resumed his application to theology, and in 16,59, was or* dained privately, by Dr. Duppa, bishop of Salisbury. After the restoration, he became minister of St. Andrew's church in Cambridge, where he continued to officiate to the sick inhabitants when the place was visited by the plague in 1665, for which he had a handsome piece os plate presented to him by the parishioners in 1667. The fame year he proceeded to the degree of bachelor in divinity, and after serving the church of St. Peter, Mancroft, in the city of Norwich, he obtained the rectory of Holywell, in Huntingdonshire, to which he was presented by the earl of Manchester. During his residence at Norwich he contracted a great intimacy with the celebrated physician Sir Thomas Browne, some of Whose posthumous works he published. He also was the editor of a curious volume, entituled Baconiana, containing some papers of the great Lord Verulam; to which he added an elaborate discourse upon the writings and discoveries of that illustrious philosopher.
In 1680, being then doctor in divinity, he was presented by king Charles II. to the living of St. Martin in the Fields, to which parish he was a liberal benefactor, founding and endowing a free school therein, and building a very handsome library, which he supplied with a valuable stock of books.
In the year 1685, and in the first parliament of James II. an act pasted for making part of St. Martin's a paristi by itself, by the name of St. James's parish, of which Dr. Tenison was by the fame act constituted the first rector, and he held the fame, together with his vicarage of St. Martin's, some time after his advancement to the episcopal dignity.
During that reign he displayed considerable powers as a controversialist, against the errors of the church of Rome.and held a conference with one Pulton, a Jesuit, the particulars of which were published. He also (hewed equal zeal and abi. lity against the nonconformists, and joined with some other eminent divines in the metropolis, in publishing that excellent collection of discourses, entituled The London Ca/es,