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or under we have any war, that men areod; that t

Fall state, unde, as it were man; who

| language, is very significant. And as it is evident, that the Apostle

calling natural men, the children of disobedience, (ver. 2.) means more, than that they were disobedient children; for such may the Lord's own children be : fo to be children of wrath, is more than simply to be liable to, or under wrath. Jesus Christ was liable to, and under wrath: but I doubt we have any warrant to say, he was a child of wrath. The phrase seems to intimate, that men are, whatsoever they are in their natural state, under the wrath of God; that they are wholly under wrath: wrath is, as it were, woven into their very nature, and mixech itself with the whole of the man'; who is (if I may so speak) a very lump of wrath, a child of hell, as the iron in the fire is all fire. For men naturally are children of wrath, come forth, so to speak, out of the womb of wrath; Jonah's gourd was the fon of a night, (which we render came up in a night, Jonah iv. 10.) as if it had coine out of the womb of the night; (as we read of the womb of the morning, Pfal. cx. 3.) and so, the birth following the belly whence it came, was soon gone. The sparks of fire are called fons of the burning coal, Job v. 7. marg. Isa, xxi, 1o. O my threshing,

and the corn (or fon) of my floor, threshen in the floor of wrath, and, - as it wit brought forth by it. Thus the natural man is a child of

comes into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones, 3. For, tho' Judas was the only son of perdition amongst ; yet all men, by nature, are of the same family. .

is the rise of this misery; men have it by nature. They heir nature: not to their substance or offence: for that 10r was sin, and therefore cannot make them children of

for sin it may be under wrath: not to their nature as It man's creation, by his Maker: but to their nature as id corrupted by the fall. "To the vicious quality, or cor

their nature, (whereof before) which is their principle of nd ceasing from action, the only principle is an unregenerate Now by this nature, men are children of wrath; as in time of itial infection, one draws in death together with the disease then g. Wherefore seeing from our first being, as children of Adam,

be corrupt children, shapen in iniquity, conceived in sin; we are Fallo, from that moment, children of wrath.

3. The university of this misery. All are by nature children of -wrath; We, faith the Apostle, even as others; Jews as well as Gentiles.

Those that are now, by grace, the children of God, were, by nature, 7,in no better case, than those that are still in their natural state.

i Lastly, There is a glorious and happy change intimated here ; we "'were children of wrath, but are not so now; grace has brought us out

of that fearful state. This the Apostle says of himself and other believers. And thus, it well becomes the people of God to be often standing on the shore looking back to the red-Tea of the state of wrath, they were sometimes weltering in, even as others. ,

if the brittle thread of your life, which may be broke with a touch, ere you are aware, be indeed broken while you are in this state; you are ruined for ever, and without remedy. . But come speedily to Jesus Christ: he has cleansed as vile souls as yours; and he will yet cleanse the blood that he hath cleansed, Joel iii. 21. Thus far of the sinfulness of man's natural state.

• H E A D II.
The MISERY of MAN's Natural State.

ii Ephesians ii. 3.
We were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

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L AVING Thewed you the finfulness of man's natural state, I 11 come now to lay before you the misery of it. A sinful state cannot be but a miserable state. If sin go before, wrath follows of course. Corruption and destruction are so knit together, that the Holy Ghost calls destruction, even 'eternal destruction, corruption, Gal. vi. 8. He that foweth to his flesh, Mall of the flesh reap corruption, that is, everlasting destruction; as is clear from its being opposed to life everlasting, in the following clause. And so the Apostle having fhown the Ephesians their real state by nature, to wit, that they were dead in fins and trespasses, altogether corrupt; he tells them in the words of the text, their relative state, namely, that the pit was digged for them, while in that state of corruption: being dead in sins, they were by nature children of wrath, even as others. I

In the words we have four things,

1. The misery of a natural state; it is a state of wrath, as well as a state of fin. We were, says the Apostle, children of wrath, 'bound over, and liable to the wrath of God; under wrath in some measure; and, in wrath, bound over to more, even the full measure of it in hell, where the floods of it go over the prisoners for ever. Thus Saul, in his wrath, adjudging David to die, (1 Sam. xx. 31.) and David, in his wrath, paffing sentence of death against the man in the parable, (2 Sam. xii. 5.) say each of them, of his supposed criminal, He shall furely die : or, as the words in the first language are, he is a son of death. So the natural man is a child of wrath, a son of death. He is a malefactor dead in law, lying in chains of guilt: a criminal held fast in his fetters, till the day of execution : which will not fail, unless a pardon be obtained from his God, who is his judge and party too. By that means, indeed, children of wrath may becoine children of the kingdom. The phrase in the text, however common it is in holy

over, in wrathoods of oing Devie of death his fupponce are, of death,

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language, is very significant. And as it is evident, that the Apostle calling natural men, the children of disobedience, (ver. 2.) means more, than that they were disobedient children; for such may the Lord's own children be : fo to be children of wrath, is more than simply to be liable to, or under wrath. Jesus Christ was liable to, and under wrath: but I doubt we have any warrant to fay, he was a child of wrath. The phrase seems to intimate, that men are, whatsoever they are in their natural state, under the wrath of God; that they are wholly under wrath: wrath is, as it were, woven into their very nature, and mixeth itself with the whole of the man'; who is (if I may so speak) a very lump of wrath, a child of hell, as the iron in the fire is all fire. For men naturally are children of wrath, come forth, so to speak, out of the womb of wrath; Jonah's gourd was the son of a night, (which we render came up in a night, Jonah iv. 10.) as if it had coine out of the womb of the night; (as we read of the womb of the morning, Pfal.cx. 3.) and so, the birth following the belly whence it came, was soon gone. The sparks of fire are called fons of the burning coal, Job v. 7. marg. Isa. xxi. 1o. O my threshing, and the corn (or fon) of my floor, threshen in the floor of wrath, and, as it were brought forth by it. Thus the natural man is a child of wrath: it comes into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones, Psal. cix, 18. For, thoJudas was the only son bf perdition amongst the Apostles; yet all men, by nature, are of the same family. i

2. There is the rise of this misery; men have it by nature. They owe it to their nature: not to their substance or offence: for that neither is for was sin, and therefore cannot make them children of wrath; tho’ for fin it may be under wrath: not to their nature as qualified, at man's creation, by his Maker: but to their nature as vitiated and corrupted by the fall. To the vicious quality, or cor. ruption of their nature, (whereof before) which is their principle of action, and ceasing from action, the only principle is an unregenerate ftate. Now by this nature, men are children of wrath; as in time of pestilential infection, one draws in death together with the disease then raging. Wherefore seeing from our first being, as children of Adam, we be corrupt children, shapen in iniquity, conceived in sin; we are allo, from that moment, children of wrath.

3. The university of this misery. All are by nature children of wrath; We, faith the Apostle, even as others; Jews as well as Gentiles.

Those that are now, by grace, the children of God, were, by nature, i in no better case, than those that are still in their natural state. | Lastly, There is a glorious and happy change intimated here; we were children of wrath, but are not so now; grace has brought us out of that fearful state. This the Apostle says of himself and other Hlievers. And thus, it well becomes the people of God to be often

nding on the shore looking back to the red-sea of the state of wrath, tey were sometimes weltering in, even as others. :..

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their fati DOCTRINE, The state of nature is a state of wrath. Every one in : a natural unregenerate state, is in a state of wrath. We are born children of wrath, and continue so, until we be born again. Nay,

at to do as soon as we were children of Adam, we were children of wrath.

aceless m I shall usher in what I am to say on this point, with a few observe's wearead touching the universality of this state of wrath; which may serve to prepare the way of the word into your consciences. .

Wrach has gone as wide as ever sin went. When angels sinned, the wrath of God brake in upon them as a flood; God fpared not the

And angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, 2 Pet. i. 4. And thereby mie fromno it was demonstrated, that no natural excellency in the creature will I sefe thir fhield it from the wrath of God; if once it becomes a sinful creature. - Itate of The finest and the nicest piece of the workmanship of heaven, if once the Creator's image upon it be defaced by sin, God can and will dash sa to thew it in pieces, in his wrath; unless satisfaction be made to justice, and

the wrath that image be repaired; weither of which the finner himself can do. ubedilcov Adam finned ; and the whole lump of mankind was leavened, and of fleeing bound over to the fiery oven of God's wrath And from the text yesapallion, may learn, (1.) That ignorance of that state cannot free men from tire to re it; the Gentiles that knew not God, were by nature children of wrath, stone's sp; even as others. A man's house may be on fire, his wife and children i properly perishing in the flames; while he knows nothing of it, and therefore sableness. is not concerned about it. Such is your case, O) ye that are ignorant tave them of these things! wrath is silently linking into your souls, while you li them, are blessing yourselves, saying, Te shall have peace. Ye need not a Wrath more certain token, that ye are children of wrath, than that ye nevera of wart yet faw yourselves such. Ye cannot be the children of God, that of a mi never yet faw yourselves children of the devil Ye cannot be in in Go the way to heaven, that never saw yourselves by nature in the high and hann road to hell. Ye are grolly ignorant of your state by nature ; and ved at so ignorant of God, and of Christ, and your need of him: and tho’ye wewe look on your ignorance as a covert froin wrath; yet take it out of his na the mouth of God himself, that it will ruin you if it be not removed, theref Ila. xxvii. u. It is a people of no understanding: Therefore he that suizion made them will not have mercy on them. See 2 Thess. i. 8. Hor. iv. 6. (2.) No outward privileges can exempt men from this state of wrath; eleda for the Jews, the children of the kingdom, God's peculiar people, three were children of wrath even as others. Tho' ye be church-nembers, partakers of all church privileges; 'tho' you be descended of godly seshin parents, of great and honourable families; be what ye will; ye are Hertha by nature, heirs of hell, children of wrath. (3.) No profeflion, nors À attainments in a profesion of religion, do or can exempt a man from him in this state of wrath. Paul was one of the straitest set of the Jewish is religion, Acts xxvi. 5. yet a child of wrath, even as others, till he was sve

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Head II. Man's natural state is a State of Wrath. 972 converted. The close hypocrite, and the profane, are alike as to their state ; however different their conversations be: and they will be alike in their fatal end, Psal. cxxv. 5. As for such as turn afide unto their crooked ways, the Lord shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity. (4.) Young ones that are yet but setting out into the world, have not that to do, to make themselves children of wrath, by following the graceless multitude. They are children of wrath by nature: so it is done already: they were born heirs of hell; they will indeed make themselves more so, if they do not, while they are young, flee from the wrath they were born to, by fleeing to Jesus Christ. Lastly, Whatever men are now by grace, they were even as others, by nature. And this may be a' sad meditation to them, that have been at ease froin their youth, and have had no changes..

Now, these things being premised, I shall, in the first place, shew what this state of wrath is; next, confirm the doctrine; and then apply it.

1. I am to shew what this state of wrath is. But who can fully . describe the wrath of an angry God? None can do it. Yet so much of it must be discovered, as may serve to convince men of the absolute necessity of Aeeing to Jesus Christ, out of that si ate of wratb. Anger in men is a passion, and commotion of the fpirit for an injury received, with a desire to resent the same. When it comes to a height, and is fixed in one's spirit, it is called wrath. Now' there are no passions in God, properly speaking: they are inconsistent with his absolute unchangeableness, and independency; and therefore Paul and Barnabas (to remove the mistake of the Lycaonians, who thought they were gods) tell them, they were men of like passions with themselves, Acts xiv. 15. Wrath then is attributed to God, not in respect of the affection of wrath, but the effects thereof. Wrath is a fire in the bowels of a man, tormenting the man himself: but there is no per- turbation in God. His wrath does not in the least mar that infinite repose and happiness, which he hath in himself. It is a most pure undisturbed act of his will, producing dreadful effects against the finner. It is little we know of an infinite God: but condescending to our weakness, he is pleased to speak of himself to us, after the manner of men. Let us therefore notice man's wrath, but remove every thing in our confideration of the wrath of God, that argues imperfection: and so we may attain to some view of it, however scanty. By this means we are led to take up the wrath of God against the natural man in these three.

First, There is wrath in the heart of God against him. The Lord approves him not, but is displeafed with him. Every natural man lies under the displeasure of God, and that is heavier than mountains of brass. Altho? he be pleased with himself, and others be pleased with him too; yet. God looks down on him, as displeased. First, His person is under God's displeasure; Thou hatest all workers of iniquiiy, Plül. v. 5. A godly man's sin is displeasing to God, yet his person is

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