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e IX. Now the saints having received their own sentence, they shall

judge the world, i Cor. vi 2. This was not fulfilled, when the empire became Christian, and Christians were made magistrates. No, the Pfalinist tells us, This hooour have all the suints, Pral, cxlix. 9. And the Apostle in the forecited place, adds, “And if the world shall “ be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 6. Ver. 3. Know ye not that we shall judge angels?” Being called, they come to receive their kingdom, in the view of angels and men: they go, as it were, from the bar to the throne; “ To him that overa “ cometh, will I grant to fit with me on my throne," Rev. iii. 21. They shall not only judge the world, in Christ their head, by way of communion with him ; by their works compared with these of the ingodly; or, by way of testimony against them; but they shall be all lors to Jesus Christ the Judge, giving their voice against them, confenting to his judginent as just, and saying Amen, to the doom pronounced against all the ungodly: as is said of the saints, upon the judgment of

the great whore, Rey, xix. 1, 2. “ Hallelujah, for true and righteous 1. “ are his judgments.” Thus “the upright shall have dominion over

“ them, in the morning,” of the resurrection, Pfal. xlix. 14. Then, and not till then, shall that fully be accomplished, which ye may read, Psal. cxlix. 6, 7, 8, 9, “ Let the high praises of God be in their « mouth, and a two-edged sword in their hand, to execute vengeance cupon the heathen, and punishments upon the people,--this honour « have all his saints.” O! what a strange turn of affairs, will apa, pear here! what an astonishing fight will it be, to fee wicked churchmen and statesmen standing as criminals before the saints, whoin fometimes, they condemned as hereticks, rebels and traitors! to see men of riches and power stand pale-faced before these whom they oppressed! to see the mocker stand trembling before these he mocked: the worldly-wise man before these whoin he accounted fools! then thall the despised faces of the saints be dreadful faces to the wicked: and those who sometimes were the fong of the drunkards, shall then be a terror to them. All wrongs must be righted at length, and every one set in his proper place.

Tenthly, The judge shall pronounce the sentence of damnation on all the ungodly multitude. 16 Then thall he say also unto them on o the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, "s prepared for the devil and his angels," ver. 41. Fearful doom! and that from the same mouth, from whence proceeded the sentence of abfolution before. It was an aggravation of the milery of the Jews, when their city was destroyed, that they were ruined by one, who was accounted the darling of the world. 0! what an aggrava. tion of the misery of the wicked will it be, that h: fhalt pronounce this sentence al/0! to hear the curse from mount Zion, must needs be most terrible. To be damned by him, who came to save finners, must be double damnation. But thus it shall be. The Lamb of God thall rore, as a lion, against them! he shall excommunicate, and cait them

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out of his presence for ever, by a sentence from the throne, saying, Depart from me je cursed: he Thall adjudge them to everlasting fire, and the society of devils for evermore. And this sentence also, we suppose, Thall be pronounced with an audible voice, by the man Chrift. And all the saints shall say, “ Hallelujah, true and righteous are his « judgments.None were so compassionate as the saints, when on earth during the time of God's patience. But now that cime is at an end; their compassion on the ungodly is swallowed up in joy, in the Mediator's glory, and his executing of juft judgment, by which his enemies are made his footstool. Though sometinies the righteous man did weep in secret places for their pride, and because they would not hear; yet then he “ shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance; ** he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked," Pfal. lviii. 10. No pity thall then be thewn to them, from theit neareft 'relations. The godly wife thail applaud the justice of the Judge, in the condemnation of her ungodly hufband: the godly husband thall fay Am n to the damnation of her who lay in his borom: the godly parents fhall say Hallelujah, at the passing of the sentence against their ungodly child; and the godly child shall, from his heart approve the damnation of his wicked parents, the father who begat hiin, and the mother who bore him. The sentence is just : they are judged according to their works, Rev xx 12.

There is no wrong done them. “ For I was an hungry,” faith our Lord, “ and ye gave me no meat: I was thirity, and ye gave me no u drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye

clothed me not : fick, and in prison, and ye visited me not," Ver. 42, 43. These are not only evidences of their ungodly and curled state, but most proper causes and grounds of their condemnation: for though good works do not merit salvation, yet evil works merit damnation. Sins of one kind only, namely, of omission, are here mentioned; not that these alone shall then be discovered. (for the oening of the books lay all open) but because these, though there were no more, are fufficient to damn unpardoned sinners. And if men shall be condemned for sins of omillion, much more for sins of commission. The omiffion of works of charity and inercy, is conde. fcended on particularly, to stop the mouths of the wicked ; for it is most just, that he “ have judgment without inercy, that hath shewed o no mercy," James il 13 The mentioning of the omission of acts of charity and mercy towards the distressed membels of Christ, intimates, that it is the judgment of those who have heard of Christ in the gospel, that is principally intended here, in this portion of Scripture, and that the flighting of Christ will be the great cause of the ruin of those who hear the gospel : but the enmity of the hearts of the wicked against himself, is discovered by the entertainment they now give to his members.

In vain will they say, “ When faw we thee an hungred, or a. third? &c,” ver. 44. For the Lors reckons, and will reckon, the

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" as ye did it not to one of the least of thefe, ye did it not to me," Ver. 45. O meat and drink unhappi.y spared, when a member of Chrift was in need of 1! O wretched neglect, that the stranger saint was not taken in! it had been better for ihen, they had quitted their own roon, and their own bed thaa he had wanted lodging. O cursed cloathing, may the wicked say, that was in my house, locked up in my cbeit, or hanging in my wardrobe, and was not brought out. to clothe fuch a one! oihat I had itripped myself, rather than he had gone away witbout cloathing? Cwled bewels, that diverted me from vifitig such a fuck faint? 0 that I had rather watched whole nights with him is retch that I was! why do I Git at ease in my house, when he was in prifca, and did not vitit him? But now the tables are turned: Chrut s fervants fall eat, but I hall be hurity; his fervans shale drink, but I thall be thirity; they rejoice, but I am alhamed, Ifa. lxv 13. Tbey are taken in, but I au cait out, and bid depart: they are cloached with robes of glory, but I wille sided, and they see my soume, Rev. xvi 15. They are now raised up on high, beyond the reach of fickness or pain; but I must now ly down in farrow, Ifa. I 11. Now thall they go to the paiace of heaven, but I must go to the prison of hell. · Bat if our Lord thus reden's men's negleding to help his people under these, and the like distrežes; what may they expect, who are the authors and initrurnents of them? It they thail be fed with wrath, who fed them not, when they were hungry; what shall become of those, who robbed and fouild them, and took their own bread away , from them? Wha: a full cup of wrath thall be the portion of thoić who were so far from gning them meat or drink, when hangry or thirsty, that they made it a crin for others to entertain them, and made themselves drunken with their blod! they muut lodge with devils for ever-more, who took cot in the Lord's people, when itrangers: then what a lodging fhail those hive, who drave them out of their own houses, out of their native land, and mad: them itrangers! Vlen will be condenned for 1100 cloathing then, when naked: then, how heavy murt the sentence of those be, who have itript them, and made them go without cloathing? Surely, if not viditing of them in tickness, or in a prison thall be so ieverely punibed; th y fhall not escape a most heavy doon who have cast them into prisons, and have put then under such hardhips, as have impired their health, brought fickness on then, and cut their days in prison, or out of prison,

To put a face upon such wicked practices. men will pretend ta retain an honour for Christ and relig on, while they thus treat his memoars, walking in his ways, and keeping the truth They are here represented to say, “ When saw we thee an hungred, or a-thirit, 6 or a stranger, or naked, or fick, or in prison ani did not minister « unto thee.” Ver. 44. And if they fhould say. Our bread, drink, lodging; cleathing, and visits, were indeed refused, but not to Chrift;

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bet to a set of men, of a bad character, men who turned the world up-file-down. (Acts xvii. 6 ) who troubled Ifracl (2 Kings xviii. 17.) an humorous and fantastic fort of people, having laws diverse from all people; factious and rebellious, (they did not keep the king's laws) and therefore a very dangerous set of men 4 it was not for the king's profit 'to suffer th m, Esther iii. 8. But although men caft iniquity, upon the godly, and give them ill names, that they may treat them as criminals; all these pretences will avail them nothing, in the great day, before the righteous Judge, nor before their own consciences neither, but the real ground of their enmity against the saints, will be found (to their own conviction) to be their enmity against Christ himself. This seems to be the import of the objection of the damned, (ver. 44. and of the answer to it, ver. 45 ) " In as much as ye did it * 120€ to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me." .

Lastly, Sentence being past on both parties, follows the full execution of the fame, ver. 46. And these shall go away into everlasting punish. ment, but the righteou's into life eternal. The damned shall get no reprieve, but go to their place without delay; they shall be driven away from the judgment-leat into hell: and the faits shall enter into the king's palace, Pfal. xlv. 15.) namely, into heaven the seat of the blessed. But our Lord Christ, and his glorious company, shall keep the field that day, and see the backs of all their enemies; for the damned go off fiift.

In this day of the Lord, the great day, shall be the general conflagration ; by which those visible heavens, the earth, and sea thall pass away. Not that they shall be annihilated, (or reduced to nothing) that is not the operation of fire: but they shall be dissolved, and purged by that fire, from all the effects of sin, or of the curse, upon them; and then renewed, and made more glorious and stable. Of cbis conflagration, the Apostle Peter speaks, 2 Pet. iii. io. " But « the day of the Lord will come, as a thief in the night: in the « which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the « eleinents hall melt with fervent heat: the earth also, and the 66 works that are therein fhall be burnt up." See also ver. 7, 12. And of the renewing of the world, he adds, „ver. 13 “Neverche. less we, according to his promise, look for new heavens, and a new earch, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

It seems molt agreeable to the scriptures, and to the nature of the thing, to conceive this conflagration to follow after the general judgment; sentence being part on both parties betore it. And I judge it probable, that it will fall in with the purting of the len. tence in execution against the damoed; fo as they shall (according to their sentence) depart, and the heavens and the earth pass away, together and at once, at chat furious rebuke from the throne, driving away the damned out of the world (in this fire) to che everJasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels. Even as, in the deluge, with which the Apostle Peter compares the conflagration, or

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burning of the world, (2 Pei.i.6.7.) the world itself, and the wicked upon it, perished together; the same water which defroyed the earth, sweeping away the inhabitants. For it is not likely, that the wicked Thall at all ftand on the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, (2 Peç. iii. 13.) and as for this earth, it th all flee away, (which seeins to denote a very quick difpatch) and it hall flee from his face, who ' fits on the throne, Rev. XX. II. And I saw a great white throne, and him that fat on it, from whose face the earth and the heavensified away. The execution of the sentence on the wicked, is also thu's expressed; they thall be punished with everlasting deftruction from the prefence, or from the face of the Lord. 2 Theft i.9. The original word is the same in boch texts, the which, being compared, seem to say, that these creatures abused by the wicked, being left to stand, as witnesses against them in the judgmeni, are, afier fentence past on their abusers, made to pass away with them from the face of the Judge. it is true, the fleeing away of the earth and heaven is nar. Tated (Rev, XX. II.) before the judgment: but that will not prove its going before the judgment, ver. 12. before the resurrection, ver. 13 will prove the judgment to be before it. Further, it is remarkable, in che execution of the sentence, Rev. xx. 14, 15chat not only the reprobate are cast into the lake, but death and hell are cast into it likewile: all effects of fin, and of the curse, are removed out of the world; (for which very cause shall the conflagration be) and they are confined to the place of the damned. Besides all this, it is evidene the end of the world is by the conflagration : and the Apostle tells us, (1 Cor xv. 24, 25.) that “Then cometh the end, .. 66 when he Thall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the " Father: when he shall have put down all rule, and all authority, " and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies un« der his feet.” The which last, as it must be done before the end: ,

so it seems not to be done, but by putting the sentence in execu{ tion, part in the day of judgment, against the wicked. ... ! : Now if the burning of Sodom and Gommorrah, that are set forth

for an exumple, (Jude 7.) was so dreadful: how terrible will that day, be, when the whole world shall be at once in flames ! how will wretched worldlings look, when their darling world thall be.all on fire? Then Thall trong castles, and towering palaces, with all their rich furniture, go up together in one flame with the lowest cottages. What heart can fully conceive the terror of that day to the wicked, when the whole fabric of heaven and earth shall at once be disolved by that fire! when that miserable company shall be driven from the tribunal to the pit, with fire within them, and fire without them; and fire behind them, and on every hand of them; and fire before

them, awaiting then in the lake: whither this fire (for ought ap: . 'pears) may follow them! :

As for the particular place of this judgment, though some point us to the valley of Jehofhaphat for it, yes our Lord, who infallibly

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