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and glory, suited to the quality of him who shall fit on it. Never
had a judge such a chrone, and never had a throne such a judge on it. "

Leaving the discovery of the nature of the throne until that day, it concerns us more nearly to consider what a Judge will lit upon it ; a point in which we are not left to uncer:ain conjectures. The Judge on the throne will be (1.] Avisible Judge, vilible to our bodily eyes, Rev. 1. 7. Every eye shall see him. Whet God gave the law on mount Sinai, the people faw no similitude, only they heard a voice: but when he calls the world to an account, how they have obierved his law; the man Christ being Judge, we shall fee our Judge with our eyes, either to oor eternal comfort or confusion ; according to the entertainment we give him ouw That very body which was crucified without the gates of Jerusalsm, bet wixt two thieves,

hall then be seen on the throne, shining in glory. We now fee ,
bion symbolically in the sacrament of his supper: the saints see him
by the eye of faith: then, all fhall see him with these eyes now in
their heads. (2.) A Judge having full authority and power, to render
unto every one according to his works. Christ, as God, harh au-
thority of himself; and as Mediator, he hath a judicial power and
authority, which his Father has invested him with, according to
the covenant betwixt the Father and the Son, for the redemption
of liners. And his divine glory will be a light, by which all men
Mall see clearly to read his commission for this great and honourable :
employment. All power is given unto him in heaven and in earth,
Matth. xxviii. 18. He hath the keys of hell and of death, Rev. i. 18.
There can be no appeal from his iribunal: lentence once past
there, inust stand for ever; there is no reverfing of it. All appeals
are from an inferior court to a superior one; but when God gives
Sentence against a man, where can he find a higher court to bring
his process roo? This judgment is the Mediator's judgment; and
therefore the last judgment. If the Interceffor be avainst us, who
ein be for us? If Christ condemn us, who will abfolve us? (3.) A
Judge of infinite wisdom. His eyes will pierce into and clearly dir-
cern, the molt intricate cares. His omniscience qualifies him for
judging of the most retired thoughts, as well as of words and works.
The n'oft subtle finner, fhall not be able to oulwii hin, nor, by
any ariful-management, to paliate the crime. He is the searcher
of hearts, to who'n no-hing can be hid or perplexed, but all things
are naked and open unto his eyes, Heb, iv. 13. (4.) A noft juft Judge;
a Judge of periect integrity. He is the righteous Judge, (2 Tim. iv.
& ) and his throne, a great white throne (Rev: XX. 11 ) from whence
no judgment shall proceed, but what is most pure and sporless. The
Thebans painted justice blind, and without bands: for j:idges ought
not to respect persons, nor take bribes. The Areopagites judged in
the dark; that they might not regard who spoke, b : what was
spoken. With the Judge on this throne, there will be no respect
of persons; he will neither regard the persons of the rich, nor of


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the poor; but jult judgment shall go forth in every one's cause. Luftly, An omnipotent Judge, able to put his sentence in execution. The united force of devils and wicked men will be altogether unable to withstand him. They cannot retard the execution of the fentence against them, one nioment; far less can they stop it altogether, Thousand thousands (cf angels) minister unto him, Dan. vii. 10. And, by the breath of his mouch, he can drive the cursed herd whither he pleaseth.

Fifthly, The parties fall compear. These are men and devils. Although these last, the fallen angels, were, from the first moment of their finning, subjected to the wrath of God, and were cast down to hell; and wherefoever they go, they carry their hell about with them: yet, it is evident, that they are reserved unto judgment, (2 Pet. ii. 14.) namely, unto the judgment of the great day, Jude 6. And then they fall be folemnly and publickly judged, 1 Cor vi. 3. Know ye not that we shall judge angels? At that day they shall answer for their trade of sinning and tempting to fin, which they have been carrying on from the beginning. Then many a hellish brat, which Satan has laid down at the saints door, but not adopted by them, shall be Laid at the door of the true father of it, that is, the devil. And he shall receive the due reward of all the dishonour he has done to God, and of all the mischief he has done to men. Those wicked spirits now in chains (though not in such-strait custody, but that they go about, like roaring lions, seeking whom they may devour) shall then receive their final fentence, and be shut up in their den, namely, in the prison of hell; where they thall be held in extreme and unspeakable torment through all eternity, Rev. xx. 10. 5 And the devil that decieved " them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast 6 and the false prophet are, and thall be tormented day and niglit 6 for ever and ever.” Iñ prospect of which, the devils said to Chrift,

Art thou come hiiher to torment us before the time.Matth. viii. 29.' · But what we are chiefly concerned to take notice of, is the case of men at that day. All men must compear before this tribunal. All of each sex, and of every age, quality and condition; the great and (mall, poble and ignoble; none are excepted. Adam and Eve, with all their fons and daughters; every one who has had, or, to the end of the world, shall have a living foul united to a body; will make up this great congregation. Even those, who refused to come to the throne of grace, shall be forced to the bar of justice: for there can be no hiding from the all-seeing Judge, no flying from him who is present every where, no resisting of him who is armed with almighty power. He must all stand before the judgment feat of Chrift, 2 Cor. v. 10. Before him shall be gathered all nations, says the text. This is to be done by the ministry of angels. By them all the elect be gathered,

Mark xiii. 27: “Then thall he send his argels, and thall gather toge-66 ther his elect from the four winds.” Lind they also shall gather the reprobate, Marth. xiii. 40, 41. “ So Thall it be in the end of this


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« world, The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they fall « gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which « do iniquity.” From all corners of the world shall the inhabitants thereof be gathered into the place where he shall set his throne for judgment.

Sixthly, There shall be a separation made betwixt the righteous and the wicked; the fair company of the elect sheep being set on Christ's right hand, and the reprobate goats on his left. There is no neceflity to wait for this feparation, till the trial be over; fince the parties do rise out of their graves, with plain outward marks of distinction, as was cleared before. The separation seems to be effected by that double gathering before mentioned; the one of the ele67, Markxiii. 27. the other of them that do iniquity, Matth. xiii. 41. The elect, being caught up together in the clouds, meet the Lord in ihe air (1 Thess iv. 17.) and so are set on his right hand: and the reprobate left on the earth (Matth. xxv. 42 ) upon the Judge's left hand Here is now a total separation of two parties, who were always opposite to each other, in their principles, aims, and muner of life; who, when together, were a burden the one to the other, under which the one groaned, and the other raged: but now they are freely parted, never to come together any inore. The iron and clay (allude to Daniel ii. 41, 43.) which could never mix, are quite separated: the one being drawn up into the air, by the attractive virtue of th fton2 cut out of the mountain, namely, Jesus Christ: the other left upon its earth, to be trod under foot.

Now let us look to the right hand, and there we will see a glorious company of faints, ilıining is so many stars in their orbs: and with a chearful countenance beholding hin, who littech upon the throne. Here will be two wonderful lights, which the world used not to see. (1.) A great congregation of fui is, in which not fo much as one hypocrite, There was a bloody Guin in Aduin's family, a cursed Ham in Noah's family, in the ark; a treacherous Judus, in Christ's own family: but in that company thall be none but sealed ones, members of Christ, having all one Father. And this is a fight reserved for that day. (2.) AIL the godly upon one file. Seldon or never do the saints on earth make such a harmony, but there are some jarring strings ainong them. It is not to be expected, that men who see buc in part, though they be all going to one city, will agree as to every itep in the way: no, we need not look for it in this state of imperfection. But at that day, Paul and Barnabas shall meet in peace and unity, though once the contention wis o Sharp between them, ihat they departed afinder, the one from the other, Alts xv. 39. There shall be no more divisions, no more separate standing, amongst those who belong to Christ. All the godly of the different parties shall then be upon one side; seeing, whatever were their differences in lesser things, while in the world, yet, even then, they met and concentred all in one Lord Jesus Christ, by a true and lively fuish, and in the one way of koliness or practical godliness,



And the naughty hypocrites, of whatfoever party, shall be led forth with the workers of iniquity.

Look to the lift hand, and there you will see the cursed goats (all the wicked ones from Cain to the last ungodly person, who shall be in the world) gathered together into one molt miserable congregation. There are many assemblies of the wicked now; then there fhall be but one. But all of thein shall be present there, brought together as one herd for the slaughter, bellowing and roaring. weeping and howling for the miseries come, and that are coming to them. (And remember thou shalt not be a mere fpectator, to look at these two so different companies; but must thyself take thy place in one of the two, and shalt Share with the conpany whatever hand it be upon.) These who now abhor no society fo much, as that of the saints, would then be glad to be allowed to get in among them, though it were but to ly among their feet. But then not one tare shall be found with the wheat ; he will throughly purge his floor. Many of the right-hand men of this world, will be left-hand men in that day. Many, who must have the door and the right hand of these, who are better than they, (if the righteous be more excellent than his neighbour) fhall then be turned to ithe left hand, as most despicable wretches. O how terrible will this feparation be to the ungodly! how dreadful will this gathering cheni together into one company be! what they will not believe, they will then see, namely, that but few are saved. They think it enough now, to be neighbour-like, and can securely follow the multitude: but the multitude on the left hand will yield them no comfort. How will it sting the ungodly Christian, to see himself set on the same hand with Turks and Pagans! how will it gall men to find themselves standing, profane Protestants with idolatrous Papifts ; praying people with their profane neighbours, who mocked at religious exercises : formal professors, strangers to the new-birth and the power of godliness, with persecutors! now there are many opposite societies in the world, but then all the ungodly shall be in one fociety.' And how dreadful will the faces of companions in sin be to one another there! what doleful shrieks, when the whorenouger and his whore shall meet; when the drunkards, who have had many a jovial day together, thall see one another in the face: when the husband and wife, the parents and children, the master and servants and neighbours, who have been snares and stunıbling-blocks to one another, to the ruin of their own fouls, and these of their relatives, shall meet again in that miserable fociety! Tlien will there be curses instead of falutations; and tearing of themselves, and raging against one another, instead of the wonted embraces.

Seventhly, The parties shall be tried. The trial cannot be difficult, in regard the Judge is omniscient, and nothing can be hid from him. But, that his righteous judgment may be made evident to all, he will let the bidden things-of darkness in clearest light at that trial, 1 Cor iv. 5.



Men shall be tried, First, Upon their works: for “God shall bring " every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be * good, or whether it be evil,” Ecclef. xii. 14. The judge will try every man's conversation, and fet his deeds, done in the body, with all the circumstances thereof, in a true light. Then will many, actions, commended and applauded of men, as good and juft, be discovered to have been evil, and abominable, in the light of God: and many works,

now condeinned by the world, will be approven and commended by in the great Judge, as good and just. Secret things will be brought

to light: and what was hid from the view of the world, shall be laid
open. Wickedness, which hath kept its lurking-place in spite of all
human feareh, will then be brought forth to the glory of God, and
the confusion of impenitenit sinners who hid it. The world appears
now very vile, in the eyes of those who are exercised to godliness:
but it will then appear a thousand times more vile, when that, whicla
is done of men in secret, comes to be discovered. Every good action
Thall then be remembred; and the hidden religion and goal works,
most industriously concealed by the saints, from the eyes of men, hali
no more ly hid: for though the Lord will not allow men to proclaim
every man his own goodness; yet he himself will do it in due time.
Secondly, Their words shall be judged, Matth. xii. 37. “ For by thy
« words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be con
« demned."" Not a word spoken for God, and his cause in the world,
from love to himself,, shall be forgotten. They are all kept in re.
membrance, and shall be brought forth as evidences of faith, and of
an interest in Chrift, Mal, iii. 16." Then they that feared the Lord,
i spake often one to another, and the Lord hearkned and heard it :
66 and a book of remembrance was written before him. Ver. 17.

And they shall be mine, faith the Lord of hosts, in that day when
« I make up my jewels." And the tongue, which did run at random,
fhall then confess to God: and the speaker shall find it to have been
followed, and every word noted that dropped from his unsanctified
lips. " Every idle word that men mall speak, they thall give account
" thereof in the day of judgment,” Matth. xii. 36. And if they shall
give account of idle words, that is, words spoken to no good purpose,
neither to God's glory, one's own, or oure's neighbour's good: how
much more shall men's wicked words, their sinful oaths, curses, lies,
filthy communications, and bitter words be called over again, that day?
The tongues of many shall then fall upon themselves, and ruin them.
Thirdly, Men's thoughis thall be brought irito judgment: the Judge
I will make manifest the counsel of the hearts,"' I Cor. iv. 5. Thoughts
go free from man's judgment, but not from the judgment of the heart-
searching God, who knows men's thoughts, without the help of signs
to discern them by. The secret springs of men's actions will then
be brought to light; and the fins, that never came further than the
heart, will then be laid open. O what a figure will man's corrupt
nature make, when his inside is turned out, and all his fpeculative


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