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The Apoftle Paul proves the refurrection at large, 1 Cor. xv. and thews it to be a fundamental article, the denial whereof is subvira
five of Christianity, ver, 13, 14. “ If there be no resurrection of 1 "the dead, then is Christ not sisen. And if Chrill be not rilanka * " then is our preaching vain, and your faith also in vain ”
Toffint us in conceiving of ir, the scripture gise us types of rie resurrection of the dead; as the dry bones living, Ezek. xxxvị. Jonah's coming out of the whale's belly, Mat, xii. 40. Ard nature al. fords us emblems and resemblances of it, as the sun's setti:g and rising again; night and day, winter and summer, A ceping and awah ing; swallows in winter lying void of all appe.sance of lute, in ruinous buildings, and subterraneous caverns, and reviving agair in the spring season; the feeds dying under the clod, and thereafte I Springing up again: all which, and the like, may juilly be adipitied:
as deligned by ihe God of nature, though not for proofs, yet for, memorials, of the refurrection; whereof we have a susance from the scripture, Cor. xv. 36. “Thou fool, thai which thou sowel " is not quickned, except is die "*
III fall enquire into the nature of the refurrection, shewing ft, Who Thall be raifed. 2dly, Wbat fhall be railid. 3dly, How the dead shall be raised.
First, Who sball be raised. Our text tells us who they are; namely All that are in the graves, i.e. all mankind, who are dead. As foi 1 those persons who shall be found alive at the second coming of
Christ; they fail noi die, and foon thereafter ber iled again: but such a change Mall suddenly pass upon them; as Mall be co thensis Itead of dying and rising again; so that their bodies shall become like to those bodies which are raised out of the graves, 1 Cor. xv
51, 52. "We shall not all fleep, but we shall all be changed; int y“ a moment, in the twinkling of an eye.” Hince chese who are j to be judged at the great dar', are distinguished into quick and dead, Ads x 42. All the dead Mall arise, whether godly or wicked, juff or unjuft, (Acts xxiv. 15.) old or young: the whole race of inao. kind, even these who never saw che fun, but died in their mother's belly, Rev. xx 12." And I saw the dead fmall and great stand before God." The sea and earth shall give up their dead, without reserve none ihall be kept back.
Secondly, What shall be raised? The bodies of mankind. A man is said co die when the soul is separa i ed from the body, and returns unto God who gave it, Eccles. xii 7 But it is the body only' which is laid in the grave, and can be properly faid to be raised: where. fore the refurrection is, ftri&tly speaking, competent to the body only. Moreover, it is the fame body chat dies, which full rise again. At the resurrection, men mall not appear with other bodies for substance, than these which they now have, and which are laid down in the grave: but with the relf-fame bodies endowed with other qualities. The very notion of a refurrection implies this;
fin«e nothing can be said ro rise again, but that which falls. But toillustrate it a litle, First, it is plain from lcripcure.rest:wony. Tle A oftle cells, it is this mortal which must put on immortality, I Cor. xv. 5' a d that Chrilt fall change our vile body thout it may befashioned like unto his glorious body, Philip.iii, 21. Dearn i loripa tire language, is an ep, and the relurrection an awaking out of tlar Ne p, Job xiv. 12 which news the body riling up, to be the sdf lame that died. Secondly, The equity of the divine procedure, byth with respect to che godly and the wicked, evinces this. It is mot reckoned <qual among men, that one do the work, and another et the reward. Though the glorifying of the body of laints, is nor, properly speakiig, and in a frict enle, the reward of their firvices or suffering on earth: yer this is evident, chat it is not at al agreeable to the manner of the divine difpenfation, that one lody serve him, and another be glorified: that one fight, and an. viher receive the crown. How can ir be imagined that the temples f the Holy Ghoff (as thef, bodies of believers are termid, Cr. vi. 9.) Kould always lv in rubbish; and others be reared up in their tead; Tha these members of Chrift (ver. 15.) Mall, per th utterly, ind other bodies come in their room? Nay, surely, a: thefe bodies of the saints now bear a part in glorifyng Gud, and some of them iffer in his cause; so they mall partake of the glory that is to be Jevealed. And these bodies of the wicked, which are laid in the duit, shall be raised again; that the lame body, which finned, may fuffer. Shall one body fin bere, and another suffer in hell for that In ? Shall that body, which was ihe soul's companion in li , ly for ver hid in the dust; and another body, which did not act a: y part in finning, be its companion in corment? No, ro; it is that body, which now takes up all their thoughts to provide for iis bick and heily, that Mall be raised up, to luffer in hell. li is that congue that is now the swearing, lying tongue, which will neco wares to cool is, in eternal flames. These lame teet, thar now land in the vay of finners, and carry me! in their ungod!y cuusles, thallit nd! in the burning lake. And these now covi tous and lascivious eyes," fall r ke pirt in the fire and limoak of the pit.
Thirdly How the dead shall be raised The same Jesus, who was crucified without the gare of Jerusalim, mall, at the last day, 'to the có viction of all, be declared bith Lord and Chrift: appear ng as Judge of the world, atrended with his mighty angels. 2 Thell.1.7. he Tall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the arch. angel, and with the trump of God. i Thell. iv. 16. The trumpet Mall found, and the dead shall be raised, and there who are slive, changed; 1 Cor. xv. 52 Whether this shout, voice and trumpat do denote some audible voice, or only the workings of divine power, for the raising of the dead, and other awful purposes of that day, (tho' the former seems probable) I will not posicively determine. There is no question but this coming of the Judge of the world will be in
hd terror, tha fhich was dilpha thick clamor greater mal majesty and her fe, lightning, bole mount quatenusud.
greater majesty and terror, than we can conceive: yet that awful grandeur, majesty, and state, which was displayed at the giving of che law, viz. thunders heard, lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount seeo, the Lord defcending in fire, the whole mount quakinggreatly, and the voice of the trumpet waxing louder, and louder, (Exod. xix." ; 16, 18, 19.) may help forward a becoming thought of it. However, the found of this trumpet shall be heard all the world over; it shall reach to the depths of che sea, and into the bowels of the earth. At this loud alarm, bones shall come together, bone to his bone : the scattered dust of all the dead shall be gathered together, duft to his duft, neither Mall one thrust another, they foall walk every one in his path: and meeting together again, thall make up that very same bochy, which crumbled into dust in the grave. And at the same * alarming voice, shall every soul come again into its own body, never more to be separated. The dead can say no longer in their graves, but must bid an eternal farewel to their long-homes. They hear his voice, and muft come forth, and receive their final sentence. ;
Now, as there is a great difference betwixt che godly and the wicked in their life, and in their death; fo will there be also in their resurrection's
The godly, fall be raised up out of their graves, by virtue of the Spirit of Christ, the blessed bond of their union with him, Rom. viii. 11. “ tie that raised up Christ from the dead, shall also quic“ken youş niortal bodies, by his Spirit, that dwelleth in you."
Jesus Christ arose from the dead, as the first-fruits of them that Nept, 'i Cor. XV.: 20. So they that are Christ's thall follow at his coming, ver: 23. The myftical Head having got above the waters of death, he cannot but bring forth the members after hiin in due time.
They mall come forth with unexpreffible joy; for chen fhall that passage of scripture, which, in its immediate fcope, refpected the | Babylonis captivity, be fully accomplifhed in its exiensive spiritual
view, Ila. xxvi. 19. Awake and sing, je that dwell in the dust. As a i - bride, adorned for her husband, goes forch of her bed-chamber - unto the marriage; fo fhall the saints go forth of their graves, unto !
the marriage of the Lamb. Foseph had a joyful out.going from the prison, Daniel from the lion's den, and Jonah from the whale's belley ; yet those are but faint representations of the saints out-going from the grave at the resurrection. Then shall they fing he.. fong of Mofes and of the Lamb, in highest strains; death being quite swallowed up in victory. They had, while in life, sometimes surg, by faith, the triumphant fong over death and the grave, o death, where is thy sting? Ograve, where is thy victory" (1 Cor. xv. 55.) But when they sing the lame, from fight and fenfe; the black band of doubes and fears, which frequently disturbed them, and dilquicted . their minds, is for ever cashiered."
May we not suppole che soul and body of every saint, as in muthal essabraces, to rejoice in each other, and triumph in their happy.
meeting again. And may not one imagine the body to address the foul thuis? “ , my soul, have we got together again, after so long " a separation! art thou come back into tbire old habitacion, ne* ver more to remove! O joyful meeting! how unlike is, our pre« sent state to what our case was, when a separation was made " betwixt us at deach! now is our mourning turned into joy; the « light and gladness sometimes sown, are now (prung up; and there " is perpetual spring in Immanuel's land. Blessed be the day, in 66. which I was united so thee; whose chief care 'was to get Chrift
« in us the hope of glary, and to make me a temple for his Holy L" Spirit. O blessed Soul, which, in the time of our pilgrimage,
“ kept thine eye on the land then afar off, but now,near a hand! 66 thou tookest me up into secret places, and there mad'a me bow *6. these knees before the Lord, that I might bear à part in our "huoliations before him: and now is the due time, and I am lift«ted up. Thou dist employ this congue, in confeffions, petitions " and thankfg vings; which henceforth shall be employed in praising * for evermore. Thou mad'It these (sometimes) weeping eyes low 46. that feed of tears, which is now sprung up in joy that thall never 66 end. I was happily beat down by thee, and kept in subjection;
while others pampered their ficth, and made their bellies their 46 gods, io their own destruction: and, now I gloriously arise, to 66 take my place in the mansions of glory; whilft they are dragged 4-6 out of their graves, to be cast into fiery flames. Now, my Soul, 146 thou shalt complain no more of a sick and pained body ; thou “ fhalt be no more clogged with weak and weary flesh: I shall now 66 bold pace with shee in the praises of our God for evermore," And may not the Soul fay? " O happy day in which I return to dwell 66 in that blefled Body, which was, and is, and will be for ever, a * member of Chiift, a temple of the Holy Spirit! now all I be 66 eternally knit to thee: the silver cord Thall never be laored.more: 4. death fhall never make anorber feparation betwixt us. Arise “ hen, my Body, and come away: and let these eyes, which ler. *6 ved to weep over my fins, behold now, with joy, the face of our * glorious Redeemer; lo ! this is our God, and we have waired for 6 him. Let these ears, which served to hear the word of life, in 6 the temple below, come now and hear the hallelujahs in the
temple above. Let there feet, that carried me to the congrega. 66 tion of saints on earth, take their place now among there who 6 stand by. And let that tongue, which confessed Christ before 6, men, and used to be fill dropping something to his cominenda. 66 cion, join the choir of the upper-house in his prailes for ever. 66 more. Thou shalt fast no more, but keep an everlasting feast:
thou Thale weep no more, neither shall thy countenance be over66 clouded; but thou shalt shine for ever, as a star in the firmament. 66 We took part together in the fight, come now, let us go toge. 6. cher to receive and wear the crown."
Head III.' The Nature of the Refurrection.
259' But, on the other hand, the wicked Mall be raised by the power, of Christ, as a just Judge, who is to render vengeance to his enemies. The same divine power, which shut up their souls in hell, and kept their bodies in a grave, as in a prison, shall bring them forth, that foal and body together may receive the dreadful sentence of etere nal damnation, and be shut up together in the prison of hell! "
They shall come forth of iheir graves, with unspeakable horror and confternation. They fhall be dragged forth as' so many malefactors out of a dyngeon, to be led to execucion; crying to the mountains and to the rocks, to fall on them, and hide item fron . the face of the Lamb. Fearful was the cry in Egypt, that night the destroying angel went through, and flew their first-boro... Dreadful were the shouts, at the earth opening her mouth, and swallowing up Dathan and Abiram, and all that appertained to them. What hideons crying then muft there be, when, at the sound of the last trumpet, the earth and sea fall open wheir mouths, and cast forth all the wicked world, delivering them up to the dreadful Judge? How will they cry, roar, and rear chemlelves! how will the jovial companions weep and howl, and curse one another! how will the earth be filled with their doleful shrieks and lamentations while they are pulled out like sheep for the suughter? They who, while they lived in the world, were prophane debauchees, covet. ous worldlings, or formal hypocrites, shall then, in anguish of mind, wring their hands, bear their breasts, and bitterly lament their cafe: roaring forth their complaints, and calling themselves beasts, fools and madmen, for having acted lo mad a part in this life, and not having believed what they then see. They were driven away in their wickedness at death: and now all their lios rise with them, and, like so many serpenes, ewift themselves about their wretched fouls, and bodies too, which now have a frightful meeting, after a long separation :
Then we may suppose the miserable body thus to-accet the foul: “ Haft thou again found me, O mine enemy, my worst enemy, lavage. “ foul, more cruel than a thousand tygers? Cursed be the day that 4 ever we met. O that I had remained a lifeless lump, rotten in the 66 belly of my mother; and had never received sense, life, rior motion. " that I had rather been the body of a toad or serpent, than thy « body; for then I had lain still, and had not seen this terrible day: “ If I behoved to be thine, that I had been thy ass, or one of thy 66. dogs, rather than thy body; for then wouldst thou have taken more “ true care of me than thou didit. O cruel kindness! haft thou thus « hugged me to death, thus nourished me to the slaughter? Is this " the effect of thy tenderness for me? Is this what I am to reap of « thy pains and concern about me! What do riches and pleasure
* avail now, whey this fearful reckoning is come, of which thou 756 hadít fair warning! O cruel grave, why didft thou not close thy s mouth upon me forever? Why didst thou nog hold fast thy prisoner?