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God halhat a stage of a man int while the

thing; even as heaven appeared before while the soul was immersed in the earth. Grace brings a man into a new world ; while this world is reputed but a stage of vanily, an howling wilderness, a valley of tears God hath hung the rign of van ty at the door of all created enjoyments; yet how do men throng into the honse, calling and look. ing for fomewhat thit is satisfying; even after it has been a thoutand times told them, there is no such thing in it, it is not to be got there, Ifa. lvi. 10. Thou a t weari d in te greatn:/s of hy ways; vel járaft 'thou nnt, 'Th re is no hope. Why are men fo foolish? The truth of

the natier bes here, they do not see by the light of gra.e, then do not fpiritually discern, that sign of vanity They have often indeed made a rational discovery of it: but can that truly wean the heart froin the world? Nay, no more than palted fire can burn off the prisoner's bands. But the light of grace is the light of life, powerful and efficacious

Lufily, (To sum up all in one word) In regeneration the mind is enlightned in the knowledge of spiritual things, I John i 20 Y: have ian unction from the holy on (that is, from Jesus Christ, Rev ji 18.

It is an allusion to the sanctuary, whence the holy oil was brought to Anoint the prieit) und ve kn w ill h ngs, viz necessary to ialvation. Tho' mep be not book-learned if they be born again, they are Spiritlearned; for ali su h are taught of God, John vi. 45. i he Spirit of regeneration teach. th then what hey knew not before ; and what they did know, as by the ear only, he teacheth them over again as by the eye The light of grace is an overco'ning light, determming men to assent to divine trutis on the incre testimony of God. It is no easy thing for the mind of man to acquielce in divine revelation Many pretend great respect to the scriptures, whum, nevertheless, the clear scripture-teiti,nonry will not divorce fron their pre-conceived opinions. But this illu:uination will make men's minds run,' as captives, after Christ's chariot wheels; which, for their part, thall be allewed to drive over, and cait down their own imaginatives, und every high thing that exa'teth ivjelfa and the Answiege of God, 2 Cor. x 5. It will make thein receive the kingdom of Gnid as a little child, Mark x 15. who thinks he has sufficient ground to believe any thing, if his father do but say it is fo.

Secondly, The willis renewed. The Lord takes away the ftony heart, and gives a heart of fielii, Ezek. xxxvi 26. And io, of stones raiseth up children to Abraham Regenerating grace is powerful and efficacious, and gives che will a new iet It does not indeed force it: but sweetly, vet powerfully drzws it, so that his people are willing in the way of his power, Pfal.cr. 3 There is heavenly oratory in the Mediator's lips, to persuade finners, Pal xlv. 2 Grace is poured into thy sips. There are cords of a man, and bands of love in his hands, to draw them after him, Hof si. 4. Love makes a net for elect fouls, which will mfilii'iy catch them, and hale them to land. The cords of Christ's love ars strong cords: and they need to be fo; for every

sinner is heavier than a mountain of brass : and Satan, together with the heart itself, draw the contrary way. But love is strong as death; and the Lord's love to the soul he died for, is ilrongest love; which acts so powerfully, that it must come off victorious.

I. The will is cured of its utter inability to will what is good. ; While the opening of che prison to them that are bound, is proclaimed in the gospel : The Spirit of God comes to the prison door, opens it, goes to the prisoner; and by the power of his grace makes his chains fall off ; breaks the bond of iniquity, where with he was held in fin, so as he could neither will nor do any thing truly good; brings him forth into a large place, Working in him both to will and to do, of his good pleasure, Phil. ij. 13. Then it is that the soul, that was fixed to

the earth, can move heavenward ; the withered hand is restored, and I can be stretched out.

2. There is wrought in the will a fixed aversion to evil. In re. generation, a man gets a new spirit put within him, Ezek. xxxvi. 26. and that fpirit lufteth against the flere, Gal. v. 17. The sweet morsel of fin, so greedily swallowed down, he now lothes, and would fain be rid of it ; even as willingly as one, that had drunk a cup of poison, would throw it up again. When the spring is stopt, the mud lies in the well unmoved: but when once the spring is cleared, the waters {pringing up, will work the mud away by degrees Even so, while a man continues in an unregenerate state, fin lies at ease in the heart: but as soon as the Lord strikes the rocky heart, with the rod of his Strength in the day of conversion, grace is in him a well of water, Springing up into everlasting life, John iv. working away natural corruption, and gradually purifying the heart, Acts xv.9. The renewed will riseth up against sin, strikes at the root thereof, and the branches ton. Lusts are now grievous, and the soul endeavours 'to starve them: the corrupt nature is the source of all evil, and therefore the soul will be often laying it before the great Physician. O what sorrow, shame and self-loathing fill the heart, in the day that grace makes its triumphant entrance into it? For now the madman is come to himself, and the remembrance of his follies cannot but cut him to the heart.

Lastly, The will is endued with an inclination, bent, and propensity to good. In its depraved state, it lay quite another way ; being prone and bent to evil only: but now, by a pull of the omnipotent,

all.conquering arm, it is drawn from evil to good, and gets another a | let. And as the former set was natural; fo this is natural too, in

respect of the new nature given in regeneration, which has its own holy luitings, as well as the corrupt old natüre hath its finful lustings, Cal. v. 17. The will, as renewed, inclines and points towards God

and godliness. When God made man, his wilt, in respect of its in. i tention, was directed towards God, as his chief end; in respect of its

choice, it pointed towards that which God willed. When man unalade himself, his will was framed into the very reverfe hereof; he made himself his chief end, and his own will his law, But when inan

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is new made, in regeneration, grace rectifies this disorder in some measure, tho' not perfectly indeed ; because we are but renewed in part, while in this world. It brings back the finner, out of himself, to God as his chief end, truly, tho' not perfectly, Psal. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee. Philip. i. 21. For to me to live is Chrift. It makes him to deny himself, and whatever way he turns, to point habitually towards God; who is the center of the gracious soul, its home, its dwelling-place in all generations, Psal. xc. 1. By regenerating grace, the will is framed into a conformity to the will of God. It is conformed to his preceptive will, being endued with holy inclinations, agreeable to every one of his commands. The whole law is impressed on the gracious soul : every part of it is written over on the renewed heart. And altho' remaining corruption makes such blots in the writing, that ofc-times the man himself cannot read it : yet he that wrote it can read it at all times; it is never quite blotted out, nor can be. What he has wristen, he has written, it shall stand : For this is the covenant, - I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts, Heb. viii. 10. And it is a covenant of salt, a perpetual covenant. It is also conformed to his providential will; so that the man will no more be master of his own process ; nor carve out his lot for himself. He learns to lay, from his heart, The will of the Lord be done, he shall chuse our inheritance for us, Pfal. xlvii. 4. Thus the will is disposed to fall in with those things, which, in its depraved state, it could never be reconciled to.

Particularly, (1.) The Lord is reconciled to the covenant of peace. The Lord God promiseth a covenant of peace to sinners; a covenang which he himself hath framed, and registrated in the Bible : but they are not pleased with it: nay, an unrenewed heart cannot be pleased " with it. Were it put into their hands, to frame it according to their mind; they would blot many things out of it, which God has put in; and put in many things, God has kept out. But the renewed heart is, entirely satisfied with the covenant, 2 Sam. xxiii. 5. He hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and fare; this is all my salvation, and all my desire. Tho' the covenant could not be brought down to their depraved will, their will is, by grace, brought up to the covenant; they are well-pleased with it: there is nothing in it they would have out; nor is any thing left out of it, which they would have in. (2.) The will is disposed to receive Christ Jesus their Lord. The soul is content to submit to him. Regenerating grace undermines, and brings down the tow'ring imaginations of the heart, raised up against its rightful lord: it breaks the iron finew, which kept the finner from bowing to him, and disposed him to be no more llitt mocked, but to yield to himself. He is willing to take on the yoke of Christ's commands, to take up the cross and to follow him. He is content to take Christ on any terms, Pfal. xc. 3. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power.


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Now, the mind being savingly enlightened, and the will renewed; enewed :

the sinner is thereby determined and enabled to answer the gospel-
call. So the main work in regeneration is done; the fort of the heart
is taken: there is room made for the Lord Jesus Christ, in the inner-.
most parts of the soul ; the outer-door of the will being now opened
to him, as well as the inner-door of the understanding. In one word,
Christ is passively received into the heart; he is conie into the foul bý '
his quickning spirit, whereby spiritual life is given to the man, who in
himself was dead to fin. And his first vital act we may conceive to be
an active receiving of Jesus Christ discerned in his glorious excellen-
cies; that is, a believing on him, a closing with him, as discerned,
offered, and exhibited in the word of his grace, the glorious golpel:
the immediate effect of which is union with him, John i. 12, 13,
To as many as received him, to them gave he power (or privilege) to
become the fons of God, even to them that believe or his Name; which
were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of
man, but of God. Eph. iii. 17. That Christ may dwell in your hearts
by faith. Christ having taken the heart by storm, and triumphantly
entered into it, in regeneration, the soul by faith yields itself to him,
as it is expressed, 2 Chron. XXX. 8. Thus, this glorious King, who
came into the heart by his Spirit; dwells in it by faith. The soul
being drawn, rus; and being effectually called, comes.

Thirdly, In regeneration; there is a happy change made on the 3 depan affections; they are both rectified and regulated. .

1' 1. This change rectifies the affections, placing them on suitable :09 pel objects, 2 Theff. iii. 5. The Lord' direct your hearts into the love of God. att The regenerate man's desires are rectified; they are set on God

himself, and the things above. He who before, cried with the world, Who will show us any good ? he changes his note, and says, Lord lift up the light of thy countenance upon us, Pfal. iv. Sometimes he faw no beauty in Christ, for which he was to be desired ; * but now he is all defires, he is altogether lovely, Cant. V, 16. The main stream of

his desires is turned to run towards God : for there is the one thing * he desireth, Pfal. xxvii. 4. He desires to be holy, as well as to be

happy; and rather to be gracious than great. His hopes, which ce, traum before were low, and staked down to things on earth, are now raised,

and set on the glory which is to be revealed. He entertains the hope
of eternal life, founded on the word of promise, Tit. i. 2. Which hope
he has, as an anchor of the soul, fixing the heart under trials, Heb.vi. 18.
And it puts him upon purifying himself, even as God is pure, John iii. 3.
For he is begotten again unto a lively hope, 1 Pet. i. 3. His love is
raifed, and set on God himself, Pfal. xxviii. 1. On his holy law,
Pfal.cxix. 97. Tho' it strike against his most beloved lust, he says,
The law is holy, and the commandment boly, and just, and good, Rom.
vii. 12. He loves the ordinances of God, Plal. Ixxxiv. 1. How ami-
ahle are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosto? Being passed from death unto :
life, he loves the brethren, (1 John iii. 14.) the people of God, as they

are called, 1 Pet. i. 10. He loves God for himself, and what is God's,

for his sake. Yea, as being a child of God, he loves his own enemies. • His heavenly Father is compaflionate and benevolent: he maketh his

sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the juft, and on the unjuft: and therefore he is in the like manner disposed Matth. v. 44, 45. His hatred is turned against sin in himself and others, Psal. ci. 3. I hate the work of them that turn aside, it shall not cleave to me. He groans under the remains of it, and longs for deliverance, Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I am!. Who mall deliver me from the body of this death? His joys and delights are in God the Lord, in the light of his countenance, in his law, and in his people; because they are like him. Sin is what he chiefly fears; it is a fountain of forrow to him now, tho' formerly a spring of pleasure.

2. It regulates the affections placed on suitable objects. Our affections, when placed on the creature, are naturally exorbitant: when we joy in it, we are apt to over-joy; and when we forrow, we are ready to sorrow over-much: but grace bridles these affections, clips their wings, and keeps them within bounds, that they overflow not at all their banks. It makes a man hate his father and mother, and wife and children,-yea, and his own life also, comparatively; that is, to love them less than he loves God, Luke xiv. 26. It also sanctifies lawful affections ; bringing them forth from right principles, and directing them to right ends. There may be unholy delires after Christ and his grace; as when men delire Chrilt, not from any love to him, but merely out of love to theinfelves. Give us of your oil, said the foolish virgins, for '07* lamps are gone out, Matth. xxy. 8. There may be an uníanctified sorrow for fin; as when one forroweth for it, not because it is displeasing to God, but, only because of the wrath annexed to it, as did Pharach, Judas, and others. So a man may love his father and mother, from mere natural principles, without any respect to the command of God binding him thereto. But grace sanctifies the affections in such cases, making them to run in a new channel of love to God, respect to his comniands, and regard to his glory. Again, grace screws up the affections where they are too low: It gives the chief seat in them to God: and pulls down all other rivals, whether persons or things, making them ly at his feet, Píal. }xxiii. 25. W'hom have I in heaven, but thee? And there is none upon earth, that I defire bcfide thee. He is loved for himself; and other persons or things, for his sake. What is lovely in them, to the re. newed heart, is fome ray of the divine goodness appearing in then: for unto gracious souls they thine only by borrowed light. This accounts for the saints loving all men, and yet hating those that hate God, and conternning the wicked as vile persons. They hate and #ontemn them for their wickedness: there is nothing of God in that, and therefore nothing lovely or honourable in it: but they love thein for their commendable qualities, or perfections, whether natural or poral; because, in whomsoever chele are, they are from God, and

e beside thee. aven, but ihee? andy at his feet, Place


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