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SEC. 4. The legislature shall provide for the establishment of a state; university, which shall embrace departments for agriculture, mechanic arts and mining, to be controlled by a board of regents, whose duties shall be pre scribed by law.
SEC. 5. The legislature shall have power to establish normal schools and such different grades of schools, from the primary department to the university, as in their discretion they may deem necessary, and all professor in said university, or teachers in said schools, of whatever grade, shall be required to take and subscribe to the oath as prescribed in article XV of this constitution. No professor or teacher who fails to comply with the provision of any law framed in accordance with the provisions of this section shall entitled to receive any portion of the public moneys set apart for schoo purposes.
SEC. 6. The legislature shall provide a special tax, which shall not excee two mills on the dollar of all taxable property in the state, in addition the other means provided for the support and maintenance of said university and common schools,12
SEC. 7. The governor, secretary of state. and superintendent of publi instruction shall, for the first four years and until their successors are electe and qualified, constitute a board of regents, to control and manage the affai of the university and the funds of the same, under such regulations as ma be provided by law. But the legislature shall at its regular session next pre ceding the expiration of the term of office of said board of regents, provide the election of a new board of regents, and define their duties.
SEC. 8. The board of regents shall, from the interest accruing from first funds which come under their control, immediately organize and mainta the said mining department in such manner as to make it most effective a useful; provided, that all the proceeds of the public lands donated by act Congress approved July second, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-two, for college for the benefit of agriculture, the mechanic arts, and including militan tactics, shall be invested by the said board of regents in a separate fund. be appropriated exclusively for the benefit of the first-named departments the university, as set forth in section four above; and the legislature s provide that if, through neglect or any other contingency, any portion of fund so set apart shall be lost or misappropriated, the State of Nevada sha replace said amount so lost or misappropriated in said fund, so that the prin cipal of said fund shall remain forever undiminished.
SEC. 9. No sectarian instruction shall be imparted or tolerated in school or university that may be established under this constitution.
the United States to this state, and also the five hundred thousand acres of land grante to the new states under the act of Congress distributing the proceeds of the public lan among the several states of the Union, approved A. D. eighteen hundred and forty-one provided, that Congress make provision for or authorize such diversion to be made for the purpose herein contained; all estates that may escheat to the state; all of se per centum as may be granted by Congress on the sale of lands; all fines collecti under the penal laws of the state; all property given or bequeathed to the state for educational purposes, and all proceeds derived from any or all of said sources shall * and the same are hereby solemnly pledged for educational purposes, and shall not * transferred to any other fund for other uses; and the interest thereon shall, from tire to time, be apportioned among the several counties as the legislature may provide law; and the legislature shall provide for the sale of floating land warrants to cover the aforesaid lands, and for the investment of all proceeds derived from any of the above-mentioned sources, in United States bonds, or the bonds of this state, or the bonds of other states of the Union, or the bonds of any county in the State of Nevad provided, that the interest only of the aforesaid proceeds shall be used for education. purposes, and any surplus interest shall be added to the principal sum; and provide further, that such portion of said interest as may be necessary may be appropriat2 for the support of the state university.
12 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1885, re-adopted by the legislature of 1887, and ratified at the special election of February 11, 1889. The text of the original section is as follows: Sec. 6. The Legislature shall provide a special tax of one-half of one mill on the dollar of all taxable property in the State, in add tion to the other means provided for the support and maintenance of said Universit; and common schools; provided, that at the end of ten years they may reduce said tax to one-quarter of one mill on each dollar of taxable property.
SEC. 10. No public funds of any kind or character whatever, state, ounty, or municipal, shall be used for sectarian purposes. 13
SECTION 1. The legislature shall provide by law for organizing and displining the militia of this state, for the effectual encouragement of voluner corps, and the safe keeping of the public arms.
SEC. 2. The governor shall have power to call out the militia to execute e laws of the state, or to suppress insurrection or repel invasion.
Institutions for the benefit of the insane, blind and deaf d dumb. and such other benevolent institutions as the public good may quire, shall be fostered and supported by the state, subject to such regutions as may be prescribed by law.
SEC. 2. A state prison shall be established and maintained in such manras may be prescribed by law; and provision may be made by law for the tablishment and maintenance of a house of refuge for juvenile offenders. SEC. 3. The respective counties of the state shall provide, as may be escribed by law, for those inhabitants who, by reason of age and infirmity, misfortunes, may have claim upon the sympathy and aid of society.
SECTION 1. The boundary of the State of Nevada shall be as follows: mmencing at a point formed by the intersection of the thirty-eighth degree longitude west from Washington with the thirty-seventh degree of north itude; thence due west along said thirty-seventh degree of north latitude to è eastern boundary line of the State of California; thence in a northwesterly rection along said eastern boundary line of the State of California to the rty-third degree of longitude west from Washington; thence north along said rty-third degree of west longitude and said eastern boundary line of the ate of California to the forty-second degree of north latitude; thence due st along the said forty-second degree of north latitude to a point formed its intersection with the aforesaid thirty-eighth degree of longitude west om Washington; thence due south down said thirty-eighth degree of st longitude to the place of beginning. And whensoever Congress shall thorize the addition to the Territory or State of Nevada of any portion of e territory on the easterly border of the foregoing defined limits, not exeding in extent one degree of longitude, the same shall thereupon be emaced within and become a part of this state. And furthermore provided. at all such territory lying west of and adjoining the boundary line herein escribed, which the State of California may relinquish to the Territory or ate of Nevada, shall thereupon be embraced within and constitute a part this state.
SECTION 1. The seat of government shall be at Carson City, but no apopriation for the erection or purchase of capitol buildings shall be made iring the next three years.
SEC. 2. Members of the legislature, and all officers, executive, judicial
Section 10 is a new section; it was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 77, re-adopted by the legislature of 1879, and ratified at the election of November 2,
and ministerial, shall, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, take and prescribe to the following oath:
do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support. prod tect and defend the constitution and government of the United States, and the constitution and government of the State of Nevada. against all enemies, whether domestic or foreign, and that I will bear true faith, allegiance and loyalty to the same, any ordinance, resolution or law of any state notwith standing, and that I will well and faithfully perform all the duties of the office of‒‒‒ on which I am about to enter; (if oath) so help me God; (if an affirmation) under the pains and penalties perjury."14
SEC. 3. No person shall be eligible to any office who is not a qualifie elector under this constitution. No person who, while a citizen of this state has, since the adoption of this constitution, fought a duel with a dead weapon, sent or accepted a challenge to fight a duel with a deadly weapon either within or beyond the boundaries of this state, or who has acted second, or knowingly conveyed a challenge, or aided or assisted in any manne in fighting a duel, shall be allowed to hold any office of honor, profit or trust or enjoy the right of suffrage under this constitution. The legislature sha provide by law for giving force and effect to the foregoing provisions of thi section; provided, that females over the age of twenty-one years, who ha resided in this state one year, and in the county and district six month next preceding any election to fill either of said offices, or the making such appointment, shall be eligible to the office of superintendent of pub instruction, deputy superintendent of public instruction, school trustee. a notary public. 15
SEC. 4. No perpetuities shall be allowed except for eleemosynary pu
SEC. 5. The general election shall be held on the Tuesday next after t first Monday in November.
SEC. 6. The aggregate number of members of both branches of the leg lature shall never exceed seventy-five.
SEC. 7. All county officers shall hold their offices at the county-seat their respective counties.
SEC. 8. The legislature shall provide for the speedy publication of statute laws of a general nature, and such decisions of the supreme court it may deem expedient; and all laws and judicial decisions shall be free publication by any person; provided, that no judgment of the supreme com shall take effect and be operative until the opinion of the court in such ca shall be filed with the clerk of said court.
SEC. 9. The legislature may, at any time, provide by law for increasi or diminishing the salaries or compensation of any of the officers whose aries or compensation is fixed in this constitution; provided, no such chang of salary or compensation shall apply to any officer during the term for whic he may have been elected.
SEC. 10. All officers whose election or appointment is not otherwise vided for shall be chosen or appointed as may be prescribed by law.
SEC. 11. The tenure of any office not herein provided for may be
14 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1911, re-adopted by legislature of 1913, and ratified at the election of November 3, 1914.
15Section 3 has been amended twice; the first amendment was proposed and adoptal by the legislature of 1887, re-adopted by the legislature of 1889, and ratified at the special election of February 11, 1889; the present amendment was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1909, re-adopted by the legislature of 1911, and ratified by the electors on November 5, 1912. The text of the original section is as follows: Sec No person shall be eligible to any office who is not a qualified elector under this Con stitution. No person who while a citizen of this State has since the adoption of tha Constitution, fought a duel with a deadly weapon, sent, or accepted a challenge t fight a duel with a deadly weapon, either within or beyond the boundaries of this State, or who has acted as second or knowingly conveyed a challenge, or aided or as sisted in any manner in fighting a duel, shall be allowed to hold any office of horor profit, or trust, or enjoy the right of suffrage under this Constitution. The Legislature shall provide by law for giving force and effect to this Section.
red by law, or, when not so declared, such office shall be held during e pleasure of the authority making the appointment, but the legislature all not create any office the tenure of which shall be longer than four ars, except as herein otherwise provided in this constitution.
SEC. 12. The governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, state controller, d clerk of the supreme court shall keep their respective offices at the seat government.
SEC. 13. The enumeration of the inhabitants of this state shall be taken, der the direction of the legislature, if deemed necessary, in A. D. eighteen ndred and sixty-five, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, A. D. eighteen ndred and seventy-five, and every ten years thereafter; and these enumerans, together with the census that may be taken under the direction of › Congress of the United States in A. D. eighteen hundred and seventy, 1 every subsequent ten years, shall serve as the basis of representation in h houses of the legislature.
SEC. 14. A plurality of votes given at an election by the people shall stitute a choice, where not otherwise provided by this constitution.
SECTION 1. Any amendment or amendments to this constitution may be posed in the senate or assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by ajority of all the members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed ndment or amendments shall be entered on their respective journals, with yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred to the legislature then next be chosen, and shall be published for three months next preceding the * of making such choice. And if, in the legislature next chosen as aforesuch proposed amendment or amendments shall be agreed to by a maty of all the members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to people in such manner and at such time as the legislature shall prescribe; if the people shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments a majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legislature ng thereon, such amendment or amendments shall become a part of the stitution.
SEC. 2. If at any time the legislature, by a vote of two-thirds of the ubers elected to each house, shall determine that it is necessary to cause a sion of this entire constitution, they shall recommend to the electors, at next election for members of the legislature, to vote for or against a contion, and if it shall appear that a majority of the electors voting at such tion shall have voted in favor of calling a convention, the legislature 1, at its next session, provide by law for calling a convention to be holden hin six months after the passage of such law; and such convention shall sist of a number of members not less than that of both branches of the slature. In determining what is a majority of the electors voting at such tion, reference shall be had to the highest number of votes cast at such tion for the candidates for any office or on any question.
SECTION 1. That no inconvenience may arise by reason of a change from erritorial to a permanent state government, it is declared that all rights. ons, prosecutions, judgments, claims, and contracts, as well of individuals of bodies corporate, including counties, towns and cities, shall continue if no change had taken place; and all process which may issue under the hority of the Territory of Nevada, previous to its admission into the Union one of the United States, shall be as valid as if issued in the name of State of Nevada.
SEC. 2. All laws of the Territory of Nevada, in force at the time of the
admission of this state, not repugnant to this constitution, shall remain force until they expire by their own limitations, or be altered or repealed the legislature.
SEC. 3. All fines, penalties and forfeitures accruing to the Territory Nevada, or to the people of the United States in the Territory of Nevada shall inure to the State of Nevada.
SEC. 4. All recognizances heretofore taken, or which may be taken befor the change from a territorial to a state government, shall remain valid, an shall pass to, and may be prosecuted in the name of the state, and all bond executed to the governor of the territory, or to any other officer or court his or their official capacity, or to the people of the United States in Territory of Nevada, shall pass to the governor, or other officer, or cou and his or their successors in office, for the uses therein respectively pressed, and may be sued on, and recovery had accordingly; and all propert real, personal or mixed, and all judgments, bonds, specialties, choses in tion, claims, and debts of whatsoever description, and all records and publ archives of the Territory of Nevada, shall issue to and vest in the State Nevada, and may be sued for and recovered in the same manner and to same extent by the State of Nevada, as the same could have been by Territory of Nevada. All criminal prosecutions and penal actions, whi may have arisen, or which may arise before the change from a territorial to state government, and which shall then be pending, shall be prosecuted judgment and execution in the name of the state. All offenses commit against the laws of the Territory of Nevada, before the change from a te torial to a state government, and which shall not be prosecuted before change, may be prosecuted in the name and by the authority of the of Nevada with like effect as though such change had not taken place; all penalties incurred shall remain the same as if this constitution had been adopted. All actions at law and suits in equity, and other legal proce ings, which may be pending in any of the courts of the Territory of Nevada the time of the change from a territorial to a state government, may be tinued and transferred to and determined by any court of the state which s have jurisdiction of the subject-matter thereof. All actions at law and suits equity, and all other legal proceedings, which may be pending in any of courts of the Territory of Nevada at the time of the change from a territo to a state government, shall be continued and transferred to, and may prosecuted to judgment and execution in any court of the state, which have jurisdiction of the subject-matter thereof; and all books, papers records relating to the same shall be transferred in like manner to court.
SEC. 5. For the first term of office succeeding the formation of a government, the salary of the governor shall be four thousand dollars annum; the salary of the secretary of state shall be three thousand hundred dollars per annum; the salary of the state controller shall be the thousand six hundred dollars per annum; the salary of the state treasut shall be three thousand six hundred dollars per annum; the salary of surveyor-general shall be one thousand dollars per annum; the salary the attorney-general shall be two thousand five hundred dollars per annu the salary of the superintendent of public instruction shall be two thous dollars per annum; the salary of each judge of the supreme court shall seven thousand dollars per annum. The salaries of the foregoing officers ste be paid quarterly, out of the state treasury. The pay of state senators a members of assembly shall be eight dollars per day, for each day of actu service, and forty cents per mile for mileage going to and returning from t place of meeting. No officer mentioned in this section shall receive any fee perquisites to his own use for the performance of any duty connected w his office, or for the performance of any additional duty imposed upon h by law.
SEC. 6. Until otherwise provided by law. the apportionment of senato and assemblymen in the different counties shall be as follows, to wit: Store