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the term of his predecessor, one district judge in each of the respective icial districts (except in the first district, as in this section hereinafter vided). The district judges shall be elected by the qualified electors their respective districts, and shall hold office for the term of four years cepting those elected at said first election) from and including the first day of January next succeeding their election and qualification; prod, that the first judicial district shall be entitled to, and shall have three rict judges, who shall possess coextensive and concurrent jurisdiction, and shall be elected at the same times, in the same manner, and shall hold e for the like terms as herein prescribed in relation to the judges in other cial districts. Any one of said judges may preside on the empaneling rand juries, and the presentment and trial on indictments, under such rules regulations as may be prescribed by law.
SEC. 6. The district courts in the several judicial districts of this state I have original jurisdiction in all cases in equity; also, in all cases at which involve the title or the right of possession to, or the possession of, property or mining claims, or the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, or municipal fine, and in all other cases in which the demand (exclusive terest) or the value of the property in controversy exceeds three hundred ars; also, in all cases relating to the estates of deceased persons, and the ons and estates of minors and insane persons; and of the action of forcible y and unlawful detainer; and also in all criminal cases not otherwise ided for by law; they shall also have final appellate jurisdiction in cases ing in justices courts and such other inferior tribunals as may be established aw. The district courts and the judges thereof shall have power to issue s of mandamus, injunction, quo warranto, certiorari, and all other writs er and necessary to the complete exercise of their jurisdiction; and also I have power to issue writs of habeas corpus on petition by, or in behalf any person held in actual custody in their respective districts.
SEC. 7. The times of holding the supreme court and district courts shall ixed by law. The terms of the supreme court shall be held at the seat overnment; and the terms of the district courts shall be held at the countys of their respective counties; provided, that in case any county shall be after divided into two or more districts, the legislature may by law desigthe places of holding courts in any such districts.
SEC. 8. The legislature shall determine the number of justices of the peace e elected in each city and township of the state, and shall fix, by law, their ers, duties and responsibilities; provided, that such justices courts shall have jurisdiction of the following cases, viz: First-Of cases in which the ter in dispute is a money demand or personal property, and the amount he demand (exclusive of interest) or the value of the property exceeds e hundred dollars. Second-Of cases wherein the title to real estate or Ing claims, or questions of boundaries to land, is or may be involved; or ases that in any manner shall conflict with the jurisdiction of the several ts of record in this state; and provided further, that justices courts shall e such criminal jurisdiction as may be prescribed by law; and the legislamay confer upon said courts jurisdiction concurrent with the district ts, of actions to enforce mechanics' liens wherein the amount (exclusive of rest) does not exceed three hundred dollars; and also of actions for the ession of lands and tenements, where the relation of landlord and tenant ts, or when such possession has been unlawfully or fraudulently obtained withheld. The legislature shall also prescribe by law the manner and -rmine the cases in which appeals may be taken from justices and other rts. The supreme court, the district court, and such other courts as the slature shall designate, shall be courts of record.
SEC. 9. Provision shall be made by law prescribing the powers, duties and Donsibilities of any municipal court that may be established in pursuance section one of this article; and also fixing by law the jurisdiction of said rt, so as not to conflict with that of the several courts of record.
SEC. 10. No judicial officer, except justices of the peace and city recorders shall receive to his own use any fees or perquisites of office.
SEC. 11. The justices of the supreme court and the district judges shal be ineligible to any office, other than a judicial office, during the term for whic they shall have been elected; and all elections or appointments of any se judges by the people, legislature, or otherwise, during said period, to any oflij other than judicial, shall be void.
SEC. 12. Judges shall not charge juries in respect to matters of fact, may state the testimony and declare the law.
SEC. 13. The style of all process shall be "The State of Nevada," all prosecutions shall be conducted in the name and by the authority of
SEC. 14. There shall be but one form of civil action, and law and equ may be administered in the same action.
SEC. 15. The justices of the supreme court and district judges shall receive quarterly for their services a compensation to be fixed by law. which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which shall have been elected, unless in case a vacancy occurs, in which case successor of the former incumbent shall receive only such salary as may provided by law at the time of his election or appointment; and provis shall be made by law for setting apart from each year's revenue a suffici amount of money to pay such compensation; provided, that district już shall be paid out of the county treasuries of the counties composing their res tive districts.
SEC. 16. The legislature at its first session, and from time, to time the after, shall provide by law that upon the institution of each civil action other proceedings, and also upon the perfecting of an appeal in any civila tion or proceeding in the several courts of record in this state, a special c fee or tax shall be advanced to the clerks of said courts, respectively, by party or parties bringing such action or proceeding, or taking such appeal; the money so paid in shall be accounted for by such clerks, and applied tow the payment of the compensation of the judges of said courts, as shall directed by law.
SEC. 17. The legislature shall have no power to grant leave of absens a judicial officer, and any such officer who shall absent himself from the for more than ninety consecutive days shall be deemed to have vacated office.
SEC. 18. No judicial officer shall be superseded, nor shall the organiza of the several courts of the Territory of Nevada be changed until the tion and qualification of the several officers provided for in this article.
IMPEACHMENT AND REMOVAL FROM OFFICE.
SECTION 1. The assembly shall have the sole power of impeaching. concurrence of a majority of all the members elected shall be necessary" an impeachment. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate, and, wh sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be upon oath or affirmation to justice according to law and evidence. The chief justice of the supreme c shall preside over the senate while sitting to try the governor or lieutenai governor upon impeachment, No person shall be convicted without the en currence of two-thirds of the senators elected.
SEC. 2. The governor and the other state and judicial officers, exen justices of the peace, shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor or feasance in office; but judgment in such case shall not extend further th removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, pros or trust, under this state. The party. whether convicted or acquitted, st nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment acco ing to law.
SEC. 3. For any reasonable cause, to be entered on the journals of es
se, which may or may not be sufficient grounds for impeachment, the chief ice and associate justices of the supreme court and judges of the district ts shall be removed from office on the vote of two-thirds of the members ted to each branch of the legislature, and the justices or judge complained shall be served with a copy of the complaint against him, and shall have opportunity of being heard in person, or by counsel, in his defense; prod, that no member of either branch of the legislature shall be eligible to the vacancy occasioned by such removal.
SEC. 4. Provision shall be made by law for the removal from office of any officer other than those in this article previously specified, for malfeasance onfeasance in the performance of his duties.
MUNICIPAL AND OTHER CORPORATIONS.
SECTION 1. The legislature shall pass no special act in any matter relating corporate powers except for municipal purposes; but corporations may be ned under general laws, and all such laws may, from time to time, be red or repealed.
SEC. 2. All real property and possessory rights to the same, as well as sonal property in this state, belonging to corporations now existing or herer created, shall be subject to taxation the same as property of individuals; vided, that the property of corporations formed for municipal, charitable, gious, or educational purposes may be exempted by law.
SEC. 3. Dues from corporations shall be secured by such means as may prescribed by law; provided, that corporators in corporations formed under laws of this state shall not be individually liable for the debts or liabilities such corporation.
SEC. 4. Corporations created by or under the laws of the Territory of ada shall be subject to the provisions of such laws until the legislature Il pass laws regulating the same, in pursuance of the provisions of this stitution.
SEC. 5. Corporations may sue and be sued in all courts, in like manuer individuals.
SEC. 6. No bank-notes or paper of any kind shall ever be permitted to ulate as money in this state, except the federal currency and the notes banks authorized under the laws of Congress.
SEC. 7. No right of way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporaì until full compensation be first made or secured therefor.
SEC. 8. The legislature shall provide for the organization of cities and ns by general laws, and restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borring money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, except for procursupplies of water.
SEC. 9. The state shall not donate or loan money or its credit, subscribe or be interested in the stock of any company, association, or corporation, ept corporations formed for educational or charitable purposes.
SEC. 10. No county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall beBe a stockholder in any joint-stock company, corporation, or association atever, or loan its credit in aid of any such company, corporation, or assotion, except railroad corporations, companies, or associations,
FINANCE AND STATE DEBT.
SECTION 1. The fiscal year shall commence on the first day of January of ch year.
The legislature shall provide by law for an annual tax sufficient defray the estimated expenses of the state for each fiscal year; and whener the expenses of any year shall exceed the income, the legislature shall ovide for levying a tax sufficient, with other sources of income, to pay the ficiency, as well as the estimated expenses of such ensuing year or two years.
SEC. 3. The state may contract public debts; but such debts shall never in the aggregate, exclusive of interest, exceed the sum of one per cent the assessed valuation of the state, as shown by the reports of the county assessors to the state controller, except for the purpose of defraying extraord nary expenses, as hereinafter mentioned. Every such debt shall be authorize by law for some purpose or purposes, to be distinctly specified therein; an every such law shall provide for levying an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest semi-annually, and the principal within twenty years from the pas sage of such law, and shall specially appropriate the proceeds of said taxes the payment of said principal and interest; and such appropriation shall ne be repealed, nor the taxes postponed or diminished until the principal an interest of said debts shall have been wholly paid. Every contract of indebte ness entered into or assumed by or in behalf of the state, when all its debt and liabilities amount to said sum before mentioned, shall be void and of effect, except in cases of money borrowed to repel invasion, suppress insurre tion, defend the state in time of war, or, if hostilities be threatened, provi for the public defense.9
SEC. 4. The state shall never assume the debts of any county, town, cit or other corporation whatever, unless such debts have been created to rep invasion, suppress insurrection, or to provide for the public defense.
SECTION 1. The legislature shall provide by law for a uniform and equ rate of assessment and taxation, and shall prescribe such regulations as sh secure a just valuation for taxation of all property, real, personal and poss sory, except mines and mining claims, when not patented, the proceeds alo of which shall be assessed and taxed, and when patented, each patented mi shall be assessed at not less than five hundred dollars ($500), except when hundred dollars ($100) in labor has been actually performed on such patent mine during the year, in addition to the tax upon the net proceeds, and, a excepting such property as may be exempted by law for municipal, education literary, scientific, or other charitable purposes,10
SECTION 1. The legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the motion of intellectual, literary, scientific, mining, mechanical, agricultural moral improvements, and also provide for the election by the people. at general election, of a superintendent of public instruction, whose term office shall be two years from the first Monday of January, A. D. eighte hundred and sixty-five, and until the election and the qualification of his s cessor, and whose duties shall be prescribed by law.
SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide for a uniform system of comme schools, by which a school shall be established and maintained in each school district at least six months in every year; and any school district neglectin to establish and maintain such a school, or which shall allow instruction @ a sectarian character therein, may be deprived of its proportion of the interes of the public school fund during such neglect or infraction; and the legislature may pass such laws as will tend to secure a general attendance of the children in each school district upon said public schools.
SEC. 3. All lands, including the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in any township donated for the benefit of public schools in the act of the thirtyeighth Congress, to enable the people of Nevada Territory to form a state
Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1913, re-adopted by the legislature of 1915, and ratified on November 7, 1916.
10 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1903, re-adopted by the legislature of 1905, and ratified at the election of November 6, 1906.
overnment, the thirty thousand acres of public lands granted by an act of ugress, approved July second, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-two, for each nator and representative in Congress, and all proceeds of lands that have een or may hereafter be granted or appropriated by the United States to this ate, and also the five hundred thousand acres of land granted to the new ates under the act of Congress distributing the proceeds of the public lands mong the several states of the Union, approved A. D. eighteen hundred and orty-one; provided, that Congress make provision for or authorize such diveron to be made for the purpose herein contained; all estates that may escheat the state; all of such per centum as may be granted by Congress on the ale of lands; all fines collected under the penal laws of the state; all propty given or bequeathed to the state for educational purposes, and all proeds derived from any or all of said sources shall be and the same are hereby lemnly pledged for educational purposes, and shall not be transferred to any ther funds for other uses; and the interest thereon shall, from time to time. è apportioned among the several counties as the legislature may provide by w; and the legislature shall provide for the sale of floating land warrants cover the aforesaid lands and for the investment of all proceeds derived from y of the above-mentioned sources, in United States bonds, or the bonds of is state, or the bonds of other states of the Union, or the bonds of any unty in the state of Nevada, or in loans at a rate of interest of not less an six per centum per annum, secured by mortgage on agricultural lands in is state of not less than three times the value of the amount loaned, excluve of perishable improvements, of exceptional title and free from all encumances, said loans to be under such further restrictions and regulations as ay be provided by law; provided, that the interest only of the aforesaid proeds shall be used for educational purposes, and any surplus interest shall · added to the principal sum; and provided further, that such portion of id interest as may be necessary may be appropriated for the support of the ate university.11
"Section 3 has been amended three times; the first amendment was proposed and opted by the legislature of 1885, re-adopted by the legislature of 1887, and ratified the special election of February 11, 1889; the second amendment was proposed and lopted by the legislature of 1909, re-adopted by the legislature of 1911, and ratified the election of November 5, 1912; the present amendment was proposed and adopted the legislature of 1913, re-adopted by the legislature of 1915, and ratified at the ection of November 7, 1916. The text of the original section is as follows: Sec. 3. lands, including the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in every township, donated r the benefit of public schools in the Act of the thirty-eighth Congress, to enable the ople of Nevada Territory to form a State Government, the thirty thousand acres of blic lands granted by an Act of Congress, approved July second, A. D. eighteen huned and sixty-two, for each Senator and Representative in Congress, and all proceeds lands that have been, or may hereafter be granted, or appropriated by the United ates to this State, and also the five hundred thousand acres of land granted to the w States under the Act of Congress distributing the proceeds of the public lands hong the several States of the Union, approved A. D. eighteen hundred and forty-one; ovided, that Congress makes provision for, or authorizes such diversion to be made or the purpose herein contained, all estates that may escheat to the State, all of such er cent. as may be granted by Congress on the sale of land, all fines collected under ie penal laws of the State, all property given or bequeathed to the State for educaonal purposes, and all proceeds derived from any or all of said sources, shall be and e same are hereby solemnly pledged for educational purposes, and shall not be transrred to any other fund for other uses; and the interest thereon shall, from time to me, be apportioned among the several counties in proportion to the ascertained numers of the persons between the ages of six and eighteen years in the different counes, and the Legislature shall provide for the sale of floating land warrants to cover e aforesaid lands, and for the investment of all proceeds derived from any of the bove mentioned sources, in United States bonds, or the bonds of this State; provided hat the interest only of the aforesaid proceeds shall be used for educational purposes, nd any surplus interest shall be added to the principal sum; and, provided further, hat such portions of said interest as may be necessary may be appropriated for the upport of the State University. The text of the amendment of 1912 is as follows: ec. 3. All lands, including the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in any township onated for the benefit of public schools in the act of the thirty-eighth Congress, to nable the people of Nevada Territory to form a state government, the thirty thousand cres of public lands granted by an act of Congress, approved July second, A. D. Ighteen hundred and sixty-two, for each senator and representative in Congress, and ill proceeds of lands that have been or may hereafter be granted or appropriated by