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unt of capital stock subscribed, and by whom, the names of the ock, and the amount owned by them respectively, the amount and by whom, the transfers of said stock, the amount of its ties, and the names and places of residence of its officers. The y railroad corporation or other parties having control of its ally make a report, under oath, to the auditor of public acofficer to be designated by law, of the amount received from freight, and such other matters relating to railroads as may law. And the legislature shall pass laws enforcing by suitable visions of this section.

rolling stock and all other movable property belonging to any 7 or corporation in this state, shall be liable to execution and manner as the personal property of individuals, and the legiss no law exempting any such property from execution and ailroad corporation, or telegraph company, shall consolidate its franchises, or earnings in whole or in part, with any other tion or telegraph company owning a parallel or competing case shall any consolidation take place except upon public st sixty days, to all stockholders, in such manner as may be

Iways heretofore constructed, or that may hereafter be cons state are hereby declared public highways, and shall be sons for the transportation of their persons and property uch regulations as may be prescribed by law. And the legistime to time pass laws establishing reasonable maximum for the transportation of passengers and freight on the difin this state. The liability of railroad corporations as comI never be limited.

ailroad corporation shall issue any stock or bonds, except for property actually received and applied to the purposes for oration was created; and all stock, dividends, and other fictif the capital stock or indebtedness of any such corporaid. The capital stock of railroad corporations shall not be y purpose, except after public notice for sixty days, in such e provided by law.

exercise of the power and the right of eminent domain shall trued or abridged as to prevent the taking by the legislature, and franchises of incorporated companies, already organized, e organized, and subjecting them to the public necessity the iduals.

legislature shall pass laws to correct abuses and prevent tion and extortion in all charges of express, telegraph and es in this state and enforce such laws by adequate penalties necessary for that purpose, of forfeiture of their property

railroad corporation organized under the laws of any other 'nited States and doing business in this state shall be entitled ight of eminent domain or have power to acquire the right estate for depot or other uses, until it shall have become a ursuant to and in accordance with the laws of this state.



No city, county, town, precinct, municipality, or other subtate, shall ever become a subscriber to the capital stock, or tock, or any portion or interest therein of any railroad, or on, or association,

ticle XII in Code of 1911. In the original rolls none of the articles

SEC. 2. Any city having a population of more than five thousand (5,000 inhabitants may frame a charter for its own government, consistent with an subject to the constitution and laws of this state, by causing a conventi of fifteen freeholders, who shall have been for at least five years, qualif electors thereof, to be elected by the qualified voters of said city at any gener or special election, whose duty it shall be within four months after such tion, to prepare and propose a charter for such city, which charter, when pleted, with a prefatory synopsis, shall be signed by the officers and memb of the convention, or a majority thereof, and delivered to the clerk of city, who shall publish the same in full, with his official certification, in official paper of said city, if there be one, and if there be no official pa then in at least one newspaper published and in general circulation in said three times, and a week apart, and within not less than thirty days after publication it shall be submitted to the qualified electors of said city at a gen or special election, and if a majority of such qualified voters, voting the shall ratify the same, it shall at the end of sixty days thereafter, become charter of said city, and supersede any existing charter and all amendm thereof. A duplicate certificate shall be made, setting forth the charter posed and its ratification (together with the vote for and against) and certified by the City Clerk, and authenticated by the corporate seal of city and one copy thereof shall be filed with the secretary of state and other deposited among the archives of the city, and shall thereupon be and be the charter of said city, and all amendments to such charter, shal authenticated in the same manner, and filed with the secretary of state deposited in the archives of the city.

SEC. 3. But if said charter be rejected, then within six months after, the Mayor and council or governing authorities of said city may a special election at which fifteen members of a new charter convention be elected to be called and held as above in such city, and they shall pr as above to frame a charter which shall in like manner and to the like be published and submitted to a vote of said voters for their approva rejection. If again rejected, the procedure herein designated may be repe until a charter is finally approved by a majority of those voting thereon certified (together with the vote for and against) to the secretary of as aforesaid, and a copy thereof deposited in the archives of the city, upon it shall become the charter of said city. Members of each of charter conventions shall be elected at large; and they shall complete labors within sixty days after their respective election. The charter shall proper provision for continuing, amending or repealing the ordinances city.

SEC. 4. Such charter so ratified and adopted may be amended, or a d convention called, by a proposal therefor made by the law-making body of city or by the qualified electors in number not less than five per cent next preceding gubernatorial vote in such city, by petition filed with council or governing authorities. The council or governing authorities submit the same to a vote of the qualified electors at the next general or cial election not held within thirty days after such petition is filed. In su ting any such charter or charter amendments, any alternative article or set may be presented for the choice of the voters and may be voted on separ without prejudice to others. Whenever the question of a charter conve is carried by a majority of those voting thereon, a charter convention be called through a special election ordinance, and the same shall be stituted and held and the proposed charter submitted to a vote of the qual electors, approved or rejected, as provided in Section two hereof. The Clerk of said city shall publish with his official certification, for three times week apart in the official paper of said city, if there be one and if there no official paper, then in at least one newspaper, published and in general culation in said city, the full text of any charter or charter amendment to voted on at any general or special election.

No charter or charter amendment adopted under the provisions of this dment shall be amended or repealed except by electoral vote. charter or charter amendment shall diminish the tax rate for state purAnd no fixed by act of the legislature, or interfere in any wise with the collecof state taxes,14



ECTION 1. No corporation shall be created by special law, nor its charter led. changed, or amended, except those for charitable, educational, penal, formatory purposes, which are to be and remain under the patronage ontrol of the state, but the legislature shall provide by general laws for ganization of all corporations hereafter to be created. All general laws pursuant to this section may be altered from time to time, or repealed. EC. 2. No such general law shall be passed by the legislature granting ght to construct and operate a street railroad within any city, town, or orated village without first requiring the consent of a majority of the rs thereof. EC. 3.

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All corporations may sue and be sued in like cases as natural

EC. 4. In all cases of claims against corporations and joint stock assoas. the exact amount justly due shall be first ascertained, and after the ate property shall have been exhausted the original subscribers thereof be individually liable to the extent of their unpaid subscription, and the ty for the unpaid subscription shall follow the stock.

EC. 5.


The Legislature shall provide by law that in all elections for or managers of incorporated companies, every stockholder shall the right to vote in person or proxy, for the number of shares of stock by him, for as many persons as there are directors or managers to eted, or to cumulate said shares and give one candidate as many votes number of directors multiplied by the number of his shares of stock, equal, or to distribute them upon the same principle among as many ates as he shall think fit, and such directors or managers shall not be in any other manner.

EC. 6 All existing charters or grants of special or exclusive privileges, which organization shall not have taken place, or which shall not be eration within sixty days from the time this constitution takes effect, thereafter have no validity or effect whatever.

c. 7. Every stockholder in a banking corporation or institution shall lividually responsible and liable to its creditors over and above the it of stock by him held to an amount equal to his respective stock or so held, for all its liabilities accruing while he remains such stockand all banking corporations shall publish quarterly statements under of their assets and liabilities.



ECTION 1. The state may, to meet casual deficits, or failures in the es, contract debts never to exceed in the aggregate one hundred thoudollars, and no greater indebtedness shall be incurred except for the e of repelling invasion, suppressing insurrection, or defending the state Er, and provision shall be made for the payment of the interest annually, shall accrue. by a tax levied for the purpose, or from other sources of

Sections 2, 3 and 4 are new sections; they were proposed by the legislature of and ratified at the election of November 5, 1912.

Given as Article XIII in Code of 1911.

Given as Article XIV in Code of 1911.

revenue, which law providing for the payment of such interest by such t shall be irrepealable until such debt be paid.

SEC. 2. No city, county, town, precinct, municipality, or other subdivisi of the state, shall ever make donations to any railroad, or other works internal improvement, unless a proposition so to do, shall have been submitted to the qualified electors thereof, at an election by authority of l Provided, that such donations of a county with the donations of such divisions in the aggregate shall not exceed ten per cent of the assessed val tion of such county. Provided further, that any city or county may, b two-thirds vote increase such indebtedness five per cent in addition to ten per cent; and no bonds or evidences of indebtedness so issued shall valid, unless the same shall have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by secretary and auditor of state, showing that the same is issued pursuant law.

SEC. 3. The credit of the state shall never be given or loaned in aid any individual, association, or corporation.



SECTION 1. The legislature shall determine what persons shall const the militia of the state, and may provide for organizing and disciplining



SECTION 1. Executive and judicial officers and members of the leg ture, before they enter upon their official duties shall take and subscribe following oath, or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) th will support the constitution of the United States, and the constitution State of Nebraska, and will faithfully discharge the duties of according to the best of my ability, and that at the election at which I chosen to fill said office, I have not improperly influenced in any way vote of any elector, and have not accepted, nor will I accept or re directly or indirectly, any money or other valuable thing from any co tion, company or person, or any promise of office, for any official act fluence (for any vote I may give or withhold on any bill, resolution appropriation )." Any such officer or member of the legislature who refuse to take the oath herein prescribed, shall forfeit his office, and person who shall be convicted of having sworn falsely to, or of violating said oath shall forfeit his office, and thereafter be disqualified from ho any office of profit or trust in this state unless he shall have been rest to civil rights.

SEC. 2. Any person who is in default as collector and custodian of på money or property shall not be eligible to any office of trust or profit the constitution or laws of this state; nor shall any person convicted of fel be eligible to office unless he shall have been restored to civil rights. SEC. 3. Drunkenness shall be a cause of impeachment and removal




SECTION 1. Either branch of the legislature may propose amendments this constitution, and if the same be agreed to by three-fifths of the me elected to each house, such proposed amendments shall be entered on

17 Given as Article XV în Code of 1911.
18 Given as Article XVI in Code of 1911.
19 Given as Article XVII in Code of 1911.

nals, with the yeas and nays, and published once each week in at least newspaper in each county, where a newspaper is published, for three ths immediately preceding the next election of senators and representa, at which election the same shall be submitted to the electors for apal or rejection, and if a majority of the electors voting at such election, t such amendments, the same shall become a part of this constitution. n more than one amendment is submitted at the same election they shall o submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment sepay. SEC. 2. When three-fifths of the members elected to each branch of the lature deem it necessary to call a convention to revise, amend, or change constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the next ion of members of the legislature, for or against a convention, and if a rity voting at said election vote for a convention, the legislature shall, s next session, provide by law for calling the same. The convention shall st of as many members as the house of representatives, who shall be en in the same manner, and shall meet within three months after their ion, for the purpose aforesaid. No amendment or change of this contion, agreed upon by such convention, shall take effect until the same has submitted to the electors of the state, and adopted by a majority of è voting for and against the same.



SECTION 1. That no inconvenience may arise from the revisions and ges made in the constitution of this state, and to carry the same into t, it is hereby ordained and declared that all laws in force at the time e adoption of this constitution, not inconsistent therewith, and all rights, ns, prosecutions, claims and contracts of this state, individuals or bodies rate, shall continue to be as valid as if this constitution had not been ted.

SEC. 2. All fines, taxes, penalties and forfeitures owing to the State of aska, or to the people thereof, under the present Constitution and laws, inure to the use of the people of the State of Nebraska, under this titution.

SEC. 3.

Recognizances, bonds, obligations, and all other instruments eninto or executed upon the adoption of this constitution, to the people he State of Nebraska, to the State of Nebraska, to any state or county r, or public body, shall remain binding and valid, and rights and liabilupon the same shall continue; and all crimes and misdemeanors shall ried and punished as though no change had been made in the constitution his state.

SEC. 4. All existing courts which are not in this constitution specifically derated, and concerning which no other provision is herein made shall inue in existence and exercise their present jurisdiction until otherwise ided by law.

SEC. 5. All persons now filling any office or appointment shall continue he exercise of the duties thereof, according to their respective commis8, elections, or appointments, unless by this constitution it is otherwise cted.

SEC. 6. The district attorneys now in office shall continue during their spired terms to hold and exercise the duties of their respective offices he judicial districts herein created, in which they severally reside. Iv of the remaining districts, one such officer shall be elected at the first eral election, and hold his office until the expiration of the terms of those in office.

SEC. 7. This constitution shall be submitted to the people of the state * Given as Article XVIII in Code of 1911.

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