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riod of time and at such rate of interest as may be provided for by The General Assembly shall have the power to provide by law for the certificates to the public school fund and seminary fund as the money g to said funds accumulates in the State treasury: Provided, That he outstanding bonded indebtedness has been extinguished, all money lating in the State treasury for above named purposes shall be inin registered county, municipal or school district bonds of this State less than par value. Whenever the State bonded debt is extinguished um sufficient therefor has been received, there shall be levied and 1. in lieu of the ten cents on the one hundred dollars valuation now 1 for by the statutes, an annual tax not to exceed three cents on the dred dollars valuation, to pay the accruing interest on all the certifiindebtedness, the proceeds of which tax shall be paid into the State and appropriated and paid out for the specific purposes herein men

ARTICLE XI.

EDUCATION..

TION 1. A general diffusion of knowledge and intelligence being essenthe preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the General y shall establish and maintain free public schools for the gratuitous on of all persons in this State between the ages of six and twenty

2. The income of all the funds provided by the State for the support public schools shall be paid annually to the several county treasurers, isbursed according to law; but no school district, in which a free chool has not been maintained at least three months during the year h the distribution is made, shall be entitled to receive any portion of ds.

3. Separate free public schools shall be established for the educachildren of African descent.

4. The supervision of instruction in the public schools shall be in a "Board of Education," whose powers and duties shall be preby law. The Superintendent of Public Schools shall be president of rd. The Governor, Secretary of State and Attorney-General shall be io members, and, with the Superintendent, compose said Board of

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5.

The General Assembly shall, whenever the public school fund mit and the actual necessity of the same may require, aid and mainState University, now established, with its present departments. The ent of the State University shall be vested in a Board of Curators, to of nine members, to be appointed by the Governor, by and with the and consent of the Senate.

. 6. The proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated State or the United States; also, all moneys, stocks, bonds, lands and roperty now belonging to any State fund for purposes of education; e next proceeds of all sales of lands and other property and effects y accrue to the State by escheat, from unclaimed dividends and disshares of the estates of deceased persons; also, any proceeds of s of the public lands which may have been or hereafter may be paid this State (if Congress will consent to such appropriation); also, r grants, gifts or devises that have been, or hereafter may be, made State, and not otherwise appropriated by the State or the terms grant. gift or devise, shall be paid into the State treasury, and

invested and sacredly preserved as a public school fund; the oncome of which fund, together with so much of the ordinary revenue

ction 26 is a new section; it was proposed by the general assembly of 1901 fied at the election of November 4, 1902. There was never submitted a section d 25 as an amendment of this article.

of the State as may be by law set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for establishing and maintaining the free public schools and the State University in this article provided for, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever.

SEC. 7. In case the public school fund now provided and set apart by law, for the support of free public schools, shall be insufficient to sustain a free school at least four months in every year in each school district in this State, the General Assembly may provide for such deficiency in accordance with section eleven of the article on revenue and taxation; but in no case shall there be set apart less than twenty-five per cent. of the State revenue. exclusive of the interest and sinking fund, to be applied annually to the support of the public schools.

SEC. 8. All moneys, stocks, bonds, lands and other property belonging to a county school fund, also the net proceeds from the sale of estrays, also the clear proceeds of all penalties and forfeitures, and of all fines collected in the several counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State, and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for exemption from military duty, shall belong to and be securely invested and sacredly preserved in the several counties as a county public school fund; the income of which fund shall be faithfully appropriated for establishing and maintaining free public schools in the several counties of this State.

SEC. 9. No part of the public school, fund of the State shall ever be in vested in the stock or bonds or other obligations of any other State, or of any county, city, town or corporation; and the proceeds of the sales of ang lands or other property which now belong or may hereafter belong to sa school fund shall be invested in the bonds of the State of Missouri, or the United States.

SEC. 10. All county school funds shall be loaned only upon unencumbered real estate security of double the value of the loan, with personal security addition thereto.

SEC. 11. Neither the General Assembly nor any county, city, town, tow ship, school district or other municipal corporation, shall ever make an appro priation or pay from any public fund whatever, anything in aid of any religion creed, church or sectarian purpose, or to help to support or sustain any pri vate or public school, academy, seminary, college, university or other institution of learning controlled by any religious creed, church or sectarian denomiaż tion whatever; nor shall any grant or donation of personal property or rea estate ever be made by the State, or any county, city, town or other municipa corporation, for any religious creed, church or sectarian purpose whatever.

ARTICLE XII.

CORPORATIONS.

SECTION 1. All existing charters, or grants of special or exclusive privi leges, under which a bona fide organization shall not have taken place, ani business been commenced in good faith, at the adoption of this Constitution shall thereafter have no validity.

SEC. 2. No corporation, after the adoption of this Constitution, shall b created by special laws; nor shall any existing charter be extended, change or amended by special laws, except those for charitable, penal or reformatorj purposes, which are under the patronage and control of the State.

SEC. 3. The General Assembly shall not remit the forfeiture of the chat ter of any corporation now existing, or alter or amend such forfeited charte. or pass any other general or special laws for the benefit of such corporation SEC. 4. The exercise of the power and right of eminent domain sha never be so construed or abridged as to prevent the taking, by the Gener Assembly, of the property and franchises of incorporated companies alrea organized, or that may be hereafter organized, and subjecting them to th public use, the same as that of individuals. The right of trial by jury sha be held inviolate in all trials of claims for compensation, when in the exer

said right of eminent domain, any incorporated company shall be interither for or against the exercise of said right.

. 5. The exercise of the police power of the State shall never be d, or so construed as to permit corporations to conduct their business manner as to infringe the equal rights of individuals, or the general ing of the State.

. 6. In all elections for directors or managers of any incorporated y, each shareholder shall have the right to cast as many votes in the te as shall equal the number of shares so held by him or her in said y, multiplied by the number of directors or managers to be elected election; and each shareholder may cast the whole number of votes, n person or by proxy for one candidate, or distribute such votes among more candidates; and such directors or managers shall not be elected other manner.

. 7. No corporation shall engage in business other than that expressly zed in its charter or the law under which it may have been or hereay be organized, nor shall it hold any real estate for any period han six years, except such as may be necessary and proper for carryits legitimate business.

8. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds, except for money paid, one or property actually received, and all fictitious increase of stock btedness shall be void. The stock and bonded indebtedness of corporahall not be increased, except in pursuance of general law, nor without sent of the persons holding the larger amount in value of the stock ained at a meeting called for the purpose, first giving sixty days' public as may be provided by law.

9.

Dues from private corporations shall be secured by such means be prescribed by law, but in no case shall any stockholder be inly liable in any amount over or above the amount of stock owned by her.

10. No corporation shall issue preferred stock without the consent he stockholders.

. 11. The term "corporation," as used in this article, shall be construed de all joint stock companies or associations having any powers or es not possessed by individuals or partnerships,

RAILROADS.

12. It shall not be lawful in this State for any railway company ke for freight or passengers a greater amount, for the transportation same, for a less distance than the amount charged for any greater

and suitable laws shall be passed by the General Assembly to enis provision; but excursion and commutation tickets may be issued al rates.

13. Any railroad corporation or association, organized for the purhall have the right to construct and operate a railroad between any within this State, and to connect at the State line with railroads of tates. Every railroad company shall have the right, with its road, to t, connect with or cross any other railroad, and shall receive and transch the other's passengers, tonnage and cars, loaded or empty, withy or discrimination.

14. Railways heretofore constructed, or that may hereafter be conin this State, are hereby declared public highways, and railroad les common carriers. The General Assembly shall pass laws to correct and prevent unjust discrimination and extortion in the rates of freight ssenger tariffs on the different railroads in this State, and shall from time pass laws establishing reasonable maximum rates of charges transportation of passengers and freight on said railroads, and enforce laws by adequate penalties.

15. Every railroad or other corporation, organized or doing busithis State under the laws or authority thereof, shall have and mainpublic office or place in this State for the transaction of its business

where transfers of stock shall be made, and where shall be kept, for public inspection, books in which shall be recorded the amount of capital stock subscribed, the names of the owners of the stock, the amounts owned by them respectively, the amount of stock paid, and by whom, the transfer of said stock. with the date of transfer, the amount of its assets and liabilities, and the names and places of residence of its officers. The directors of every railroad company shall hold one meeting annually in this State, public notice of which shall be given thirty days previously, and shall report annually, under oath. to the State Auditor, or some officer designated by law, all of their acts and doings, which report shall include such matters relating to railroads as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly shall pass laws enforcing, by suitable penalties, the provisions of this section.

SEC. 16. The rolling stock and all other movable property belonging to any railroad company or corporation in this State shall be considered per sonal property, and shall be liable to execution and sale in the same manner as the personal property of individuals; an the General Assembly shall pass no law exempting any such property from execution and sale.

SEC. 17. No railroad or other corporation, or the lessees, purchasers or managers of any railroad corporation, shall consolidate the stock, property the or franchises of such corporation with, or lease or purchase the works o franchises of, or in any way control, any railroad corporation owning o having under its control a parallel or competing line; nor shall any officer of such railroad corporation act as an officer of any other railroad corpora tion owning or having the control of a parallel or competing line. The que tion whether railroads are parallel or competing lines shall, when demanded, decided by a jury, as in other civil issues.

SEC. 18. If any railroad company organized under the laws of this Stat shall consolidate. by sale or otherwise, with any railroad company organize under the laws of any other State, or of the United States, the same shall thereby become a foreign corporation; but the courts of this State shall reta jurisdiction in all matters which may arise, as if said consolidation had n taken place. In no case shall any consolidation take place, except upon pubert, notice of at least sixty days to all stockholders, in such manner as may provided by law.

SEC. 20. No law shall be passed by the General Assembly granting the rig to construct and operate a street railroad within any city, town, village. any public highway, without first acquiring the consent of the local authorit having control of the street or highway proposed to be occupied by such stre railroad; and the franchises so granted shall not be transferred without simil assent first obtained.

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SEC. 19. The General Assembly shall pass no law for the benefit of railroad or other corporations, or any individual or association of individuals retrospective in its operation, or which imposes on the people of any countri or municipal subdivision of the State a new liability in respect to transactions or considerations already past.

SEC. 21. No railroad corporation in existence at the time of the adoptio of this Constitution shall have the benefit of any future legislation, exce on condition of complete acceptance of all the provisions of this Constituti applicable to railroads.

SEC. 22. No president, director, officer, agent or employee of any railr company shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in furnishing material supplies to such company, or in the business of transportation as a com carrier of freight or passengers over the works owned, leased, controlled worked by such company.

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SEC. 23. No discrimination in charges or facilities in transportation be made between transportation companies and individuals, or in favor either, by abatement, drawback or otherwise; and no railroad company. any lessee, manager or employee thereof, shall make any preference in furi ing cars or motive power.

SEC. 24. No railroad or other transportation company shall grant fr

r tickets, or passes or tickets at a discount, to members of the General v, or members of the Board of Equalization, or any State, or county, cipal officers; and the acceptance of such pass or ticket, by a member eneral Assembly, or any such officer, shall be a forfeiture of his office.

BANKS.

25. No State bank shall hereafter be created, nor shall the State be liable for any stock in any corporation, or joint stock company, ation for banking purposes, now created or hereafter to be created. 26. No act of the General Assembly authorizing or creating corporaassociations with banking powers (except banks of deposit or disnor amendments thereto, shall go into effect, or in any manner be unless the same shall be submitted to a vote of the qualified voters tate, at the general election next succeeding the passage of the same, pproved by a majority of the votes cast at such election.

27. It shall be a crime, the nature and punishment of which shall ribed by law, for any president, director, manager, cashier or other any banking institution, to assent to the reception of deposits, or the of debts by such banking institution, after he shall have had knowlthe fact that it is insolvent, or in failing circumstances; and any er, agent or manager shall be individually responsible for such dereceived, and all such debts so created with his assent.

ARTICLE XIII.

MILITIA.

ON 1. All able-bodied male inhabitants of this State between the eighteen and forty-five years, who are citizens of the United States, leclared their intention to become such citizens, shall be liable to mili

in the militia of this State: Provided, That no person who is y scrupulous of bearing arms can be compelled to do so, but may led to pay an equivalent for military service, in such manner as shall ibed by law.

2. The General Assembly, in providing for the organization, equipment pline of the militia, shall conform, as nearly as practicable, to the is for the government of the armies of the United States.

3. Each company and regiment shall elect its own company and 1 officers; but if any company or regiment shall neglect to elect ers within the time prescribed by law, or by the order of the Govey may be appointed by the Governor.

4.

Volunteer companies, of infantry, cavalry and artillery may be such manner and under such restrictions as may be provided by

5. The volunteer and militia forces shall in all cases, except treason, d breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendmusters, parades and elections, and in going to and returning from

6. The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant-General, Quartermasternd his other staff officers. He shall also, with the advice and consent nate, appoint all Major Generals and Brigadier Generals.

7. The General Assembly shall provide for the safe keeping of the us, military records, banners and relics of the State.

ARTICLE XIV.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

ON 1. The General Assembly of this State shall never interfere with ry disposal of the soil by the United States, nor with any regulah Congress may find necessary for securing the title in such soil to purchasers. No tax shall be imposed on lands the property of the tates; nor shall lands belonging to persons residing out of the limits

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