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Fonstitution of the United States, and the constitution of the State of ssippi, and obey the laws thereof; that I am not disqualified from holdhe office of -; that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the upon which I am about to enter. So help me God." EC. 269. Every devise or bequest of lands, tenements or hereditaments, y interest therein, of freehold, or less than freehold, either present or . vested or contingent, or of any money directed to be raised by the sale f. contained in any last will and testament, or codicil, or other testary writing, in favor of any religious or ecclesiastical corporation, sole gregate, or any religious, or ecclesiastical society, or to any religious ination, or association or persons, or to any person or body politic, st, either expressed or implied, secret or resulting, either for the use enefit of such religious corporation, society, denomination or associaor for the purpose of being given or appropriated to charitable uses rposes, shall be null and void, and the heir-at-law shall take the same ty so devised or bequeathed, as though no testamentary disposition had made.

c. 270. Every legacy, gift or bequest, of money or personal property, any interest, benefit or use therein, either direct, implied or otherwise, ned in any last will and testament or codicil, in favor of any religious lesiastical corporation, sole or aggregate, or any religious or ecclesiasociety, or to any religious denomination or association, either for its own benefit, or for the purpose of being given or appropriated to charitable hall be null and void, and the distributees shall take the same as though h testamentary disposition had been made.

c. 271. The legislature may provide for the consolidation of existing es, if a majority of the qualified electors of such counties voting at an a held for that purpose, shall vote therefor.

c. 272. The legislature shall provide by law, pensions for indigent solnd sailors who enlisted and honorably served in the Confederate army y in the late civil war, who are now resident in this State, and are not earn a support by their own labor. Pensions shall also be allowed to ligent widows of such soldiers or sailors now dead, when from age or

they cannot earn a support. Pensions shall also be allowed to the of such soldiers or sailors upon the death of the husband, if disabled digent as aforesaid. Pensions granted to widows shall cease upon their nent marriage.



c. 273. Whenever two-thirds of each house of the legislature shall deem hange, alteration or amendment necessary to this constitution, such proamendment, change or alteration shall be read and passed by two-thirds f each house, respectively on each day, for three several days; public shall then be given by the secretary of state at least three months ing an election, at which the qualified electors shall vote directly for inst such change, alteration or amendment, and if more than one amendshall be submitted at one time, they shall be submitted in such manner rm that the people may vote for or against each amendment separately: it shall appear that a majority of the qualified electors voting shall voted for the proposed change, alteration or amendment, then it shall erted at the next succeeding session of the legislature as a part of the ution and not otherwise.16


hat no inconvenience may arise from the changes in the constitution of tate, and in order to carry the new constitution into complete operation. hereby declared that

Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1910, ratified on Nov. 8, 1910, and ly inserted in the constitution by the legislature of 1912.

SEC. 274. The laws of this State now in force, not repugnant to this co stitution, shall remain in force until amended or repealed by the legislature or until they expire by limitation. All statute laws of this state repugnant to the provisions of this constitution, except as provided in the next thre sections, shall continue and remain in force until the first day of April, A. D. 1892, unless sooner repealed by the legislature.

SEC. 275. All laws of this State which are repugnant to the following portions of this constitution, shall be repealed by the adoption of this constitution, to-wit: laws repugnant to:

(a) All the ordinances of this convention.

(b) The provisions of section 183, prohibiting counties, cities and towns from voting subscriptions to railroad and other corporations or associations. (c) The provisions of sections 223 to 226, inclusive, of Article X, pre hibiting the leasing of penitentiary convicts.

SEC. 276. All laws of the State which are repugnant to the provisions of sections 240 to 253, inclusive, of Article XII, on the subject of franchise and elections, shall be and remain in force until the first day of January, A. D. 1891, and no longer.

SEC. 277. All laws of this State which are repugnant to the provisions of Article XIII, sections 254 to 256, inclusive, on the subject of the apportion ment of representatives and senators in the legislature, shall be and remain in force until the first day of October, A. D. 1891, but no longer.

SEC. 278. The governor shall as soon as practicable, appoint three suitable persons learned in the law, as commissioners whose duty it shall be prepare and draft such general laws as are contemplated in this constitu and such other laws as shall be necessary and proper to put into operativa the provisions thereof, and as may be appropriate to conform the general stat utes of the State to the constitution. Said commissioners shall present th same when prepared to the legislature at its next regular session. And th legislature shall provide reasonable compensation therefor.

SEC, 279. All writs, actions, causes of action, proceedings, prosecution and rights of individuals and bodies corporate and of the State, and charter of incorporation, shall continue; and all indictments which shall have bee found or which shall hereafter be found, and all prosecutions begun, or the may be begun, for any crime or offense committed before the adoption of thi constitution may be proceeded with and upon as if no change had taken plan SEC. 280. For the trial and determination of all suits, civil and crimin begun before the adoption of this constitution, the several courts of this Stat shall continue to exercise in said suits the powers and jurisdictions heretofor exercised by them; for all other matters said courts are continued as org ized courts under this constitution, with such powers and jurisdiction as herein conferred on them respectively.

SEC. 281. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats accruing to th State of Mississippi under the constitution and laws heretofore in force sha accrue to the use of the State of Mississippi under this constitution, except i herein otherwise provided.

SEC. 282. All recognizances, bonds, obligations, and all other instrumen entered into, or executed, before the adoption of this constitution, to the Sta of Mississippi, or to any State, county, public or municipal officer or hand shall remain binding and valid, and the rights and liabilities upon the si shall be continued and may be prosecuted as provided by law.

SEC. 283. All cri and misdemeanors, and penal actions shall be tra prosecuted and punished as though no change had taken place, until otherwi provided by law.

SEC. 284. All officers, State, district, county and municipal, now in «f in this State, shall be entitled to hold the respective offices now held by ther except as otherwise herein provided, and until the expiration of the time f which they were respectively elected or appointed: and shall receive the cof pensation and fees now fixed by the statute laws in force when this consti tion is adopted.

SEC. 285. The adoption of this constitution shall not have the effect, nor tall it be construed, to revive or put in force any law heretofore abrogated or pealed.

This constitution, adopted by the people of Mississippi in convention asmbled, shall be in force and effect from and after this, the first day of Novaber, A. D. 1890.





Ass't Sec'y and Recording Clerk.


S. S. CALHOON, President and Delegate from Hinds county.

Ass't Sec'y and Journal Clerk.


Ass't Sec'y and Engrossing and Enrolling Clerk.



We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Suprem Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness, do, for the better go ernment of the State, establish this Constitution.


SECTION 1. The boundaries of the State, as heretofore established law, are hereby ratified and confirmed. The State shall have concurrent jur diction on the river Mississippi, and every other river bordering on the Sta so far as the said rivers shall form a common boundary to this State any other State or States; and the river Mississippi and the navigable riv and waters leading to the same shall be common highways, and forever to the citizens of this State and of the United States, without any tax, du impost or toll therefor, imposed by this State.



In order to assert out rights, acknowledge our duties, and proclaim principles on which our government is founded, we declare:

SECTION 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from people; that all government of right originates from the people, is foun upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.

SEC. 2. That the people of this State have the inherent, sole and ex sive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and alter and abolish their Constitution and form of government whenever may deem it necessary to their safety and happiness: Provided, Such char be not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States.

SEC. 3. That Missouri is a free and independent State, subject only the Constitution of the United States; and as the preservation of the Sta and the maintenance of their governments are necessary to an indestruct Union, and were intended to co-exist with it, the Legislature is not author to adopt, nor will the people of this State ever assent to any amendment change of the Constitution of the United States which may in any wise pair the right of local self-government belonging to the people of this State SEC. 4. That all constitutional government is intended to promote general welfare of the people; that all persons have a natural right to liberty and the enjoyment of the gains of their own industry; that to g security to these things is the principal office of government, and that wh government does not confer this security, it fails of its chief design.

SEC. 5. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worsh Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conscience; that person can, on account of his religious opinions, be rendered ineligible any office of trust or profit under this State, nor be disqualified from test fying, or from serving as a juror; that no human authority can control interfere with the rights of conscience; that no person ought, by any la to be molested in his person or estate, on account of his religious persuasio

*The convention which drafted the constitution of Missouri assembled at Jeffers City on May 5, 1875, and adjourned on August 2, 1875. The constitution was submitte to the electors on October 30, 1875, and was ratified by a vote of 91,205 to 14,517. B proclamation of the governor it became the organic law of the state on November 30 1875. The constitution was submitted as a whole and no proposition was submitte separately.

brofession; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so trued as to excuse acts of licentiousness, nor to justify practices inconnt with the good order, peace or safety of this State, or with the rights thers.

SEC. 6. That no person can be compelled to erect, support or attend any e or system of worship, or to maintain or support any priest, minister, cher or teacher of any sect, church, creed or denomination of religion; if any person shall voluntarily make a contract for any such object, he be held to the performance of the same.

SEC. 7. That no money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, diy or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religion, aid of any priest, preacher, minister or teacher thereof, as such; and no preference shall be given to nor any discrimination made against church, sect or creed of religion, or any form of religious faith or wor

SEC. 8. That no religious corporation can be established in this State, pt such as may be created under a general law for the purpose only of ng the title to such real estate as may be prescribed by law for church es, parsonages and cemeteries.

SEC. 9. That all elections shall be free and open; and no power, civil or ary, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right ffrage.

SEC. 10. The courts of justice shall be open to every person, and certain dy afforded for every injury to person, property or character, and that and justice should be administered without sale, denial or delay. SEC. 11. That the people shall be secure in their persons, papers, homes effects, from unreasonable, searches and seizures; and no warrant to search place, or seize any person, or thing, shall issue without describing the to be searched, or the person or thing to be seized, as nearly as may hor without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation reduced to ng.

SEC. 12. No person shall be prosecuted criminally for felony or misdeor otherwise than by indictment or information, which shall be conent remedies, but this shall not be construed to apply to cases arising e land or naval forces or in the militia when in actual service in time ar or public danger.1

SEC. 13. That treason against the State can consist only in levying war st it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort; that erson can be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses e same overt act, or on his confession in open court; that no person can ttained of treason or felony by the General Assembly; that no conviccan work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate; that the estates ch persons as may destroy their own lives shall descend or vest as in cases atural death; and when any person shall be killed by casualty, there be no forfeiture by reason thereof.

SEC. 14. That no law shall be passed impairing the freedom of speech; every person shall be free to say, write or publish whatever he will on subject, being responsible for all abuse of that liberty; and that in all and prosecutions for libel the truth thereof may be given in evidence, the jury, under the direction of the court, shall determine the law and fact.

SEC. 15. That no ex post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of Facts, or retrospective in its operation, or making any irrevocable grant ecial privileges or immunities, can be passed by the General Assembly. SEC. 16. That imprisonment for debt shall not be allowed, except for non-payment of fines and penalties imposed for violation of law. SEC. 17. That the right of no citizen to keep and bear arms in defense is home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power, when thereto

Amendment proposed by the general assembly of 1899 and ratified at the election Jovember 6, 1900.

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