Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

as nearly as may be, according to their relative numbers of legal voters, i ascertained by the next preceding special enumeration; and the town Cohasset, in the county of Norfolk, shall, for this purpose, as well as in t formation of districts, as hereinafter provided, be considered a part of t county of Plymouth; and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Cor monwealth, to certify, as soon as may be after it is determined by the Legi lature, the number of representatives to which each county shall be entitle to the board authorized to divide each county into representative district The mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston, the county commissioners other counties than Suffolk, or in lieu of the mayor and aldermen of t city of Boston, or of the county commissioners in each county other th Suffolk, such board of special commissioners in each county, to be elected the people of the county, or of the towns therein, as may for that purpose provided by law, shall, on the first Tuesday of August next after each assi ment of representatives to each county, assemble at a shire town of th respective counties, and proceed, as soon as may be, to divide the same in representative districts of contiguous territory, so as to apportion the rep sentation assigned to each county equally, as nearly as may be, according the relative number of legal voters in the several districts of each coun and such districts shall be so formed that no town or ward of a city s be divided therefor, nor shall any district be made which shall be entitled elect more than three representatives. Every representative, for one year least next preceding his election, shall have been an inhabitant of the dist for which he is chosen, and shall cease to represent such district when shall cease to be an inhabitant of the Commonwealth. The districts in e county shall be numbered by the board creating the same, and a descript of each, with the numbers thereof and the number of legal voters ther shall be returned by the board, to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, county treasurer of each county, and to the clerk of every town in each trict, to be filed and kept in their respective offices. The manner of calling: conducting the meetings for the choice of representatives, and of ascertain their election, shall be prescribed by law. [Not less than one hundred memb of the House of Representatives shall constitute a quorum for doing h ness; but a less number may organize temporarily, adjourn from day to d and compel the attendance of absent members.]66

TWENTY-SECOND ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

A census of the legal voters of each city and town, on the first day May, shall be taken and returned into the office of the Secretary of the C monwealth, on or before the last day of June, in the year one thousand ei hundred and fifty-seven; and a census of the inhabitants of each city and tov in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of every tenth ye thereafter. In the census aforesaid, a special enumeration shall be made the legal voters, and in each city said enumeration shall specify the num of such legal voters aforesaid, residing in each ward of such city. T enumeration aforesaid shall determine the apportionment of Senators for t periods between the taking of the census. The Senate shall consist of for members. The General Court shall, at its first session after each next pa ceding special enumeration, divide the Commonwealth into forty districts adjacent territory, each district to contain, as nearly as may be, an equ number of legal voters, according to the enumeration aforesaid :—provide however, that no town or ward of a city shall be divided therefor; and s districts shall be formed, as nearly as may be, without uniting two countie or parts of two or more counties, intto one district. Each district shall elect on Senator, who shall have been an inhabitant of this Commonwealth five years a least immediately preceding his election, and at the time of his election sha be an inhabitant of the district for which he is chosen; and he shall cease t represent such senatorial district when he shall cease to be an inhabitant 4 the Commonwealth. [Not less than sixteen Senators shall constitute a quoru

**Quorum re-defined by Amendments, Article XXXIII.

for doing business;] but a less number may [organize temporarily,] adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members.67

TWENTY-THIRD ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

["No person of foreign birth shall be entitled to vote, or shall be eligible to office, unless he shall have resided within the jurisdiction of the United States for two years subsequent to his naturalization, and shall be otherwise qualified, according to the Constitution and Laws of this Commonwealth; provided, that this amendment shall not affect the rights which any person of foreign birth possessed at the time of the adoption thereof; and provided, further, that it shall not affect the rights of any child of a citizen of the United States, born during the temporary absence of the parent therefrom."]68

TWENTY-FOURTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Any vacancy in the Senate shall be filled by election by the people of the unrepresented district, upon the order of a majority of Senators elected.69

TWENTY-FIFTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

In case of a vacancy in the Council, from a failure of election or other cause, the Senate and House of Representatives shall, by concurrent vote, choose some eligible person from the people of the district wherein such vacancy occurs, to fill that office. If such vacancy shall happen when the Legislature is not in session, the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Council, may fill the same by appointment of some eligible person.

TWENTY-SIXTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

The twenty-third article of the articles of amendment of the Constitution of this Commonwealth, which is as follows, to wit:"No person of foreign birth shall be entitled to vote, or shall be eligible to office, unless he shall have resided within the jurisdiction of the United States, for two years subsequent to his naturalization, and shall be otherwise qualified according to the Constitution and Laws of this Commonwealth provided, that this Amendment shall not affect the rights which any person of foreign birth possessed at the time of the adoption thereof; and provided, further, that it shall not affect the rights of any child of a citizen of the United States, born during the temporary absence of the parent therefrom," is hereby wholly annulled.70

TWENTY-SEVENTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

So much of article two of chapter six of the constitution of this Commonwealth as relates to persons holding the office of president, professor or instructor of HARVARD COLLEGE, is hereby annulled.71

TWENTY-EIGHTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT,

[No person having served in the army or navy of the United States in time of war, and having been honorably discharged from such service, if otherwise qualified to vote, shall be disqualified therefor on account of being a pauper; or, if a pauper, because of the non-payment of a poll tax.]72

Quorum re-defined by Amendments, Article XXXIII. For provision relative to vacancies see Article XXIV of the Amendments.

Article XXIII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1858, re-adopted by the legislature of 1859 and ratified by the electors on May 9, 1859. The entire Article was annulled by Amendments, Article XXVI.

Articles XXIV and XXV were proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1859, re-adopted by the legislature of 1860 and ratified by the electors on May 7, 1860.

Article XXVI was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1862, re-adopted by the legislature of 1863 and ratified by the electors on April 6, 1863.

"Article XXVII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1876, re-adopted

by the legislature of 1877 and ratified by the electors on November 6, 1877.

Article XXVIII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1880, readopted by the legislature of 1881 and ratified by the electors on November 8, 1881. Superseded by Article XXXI.

TWENTY-NINTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

The general court shall have full power and authority to provide for the inhabitants of the towns in this Commonwealth more than one place of public meeting within the limits of each town for the election of officers under the Constitution, and to prescribe the manner of calling, holding and conducting such meetings. All the provisions of the existing Constitution inconsistent with the provisions herein contained are hereby annulled.73

THIRTIETH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

No person, otherwise qualified to vote in elections for governor, lieutenantgovernor, senators, and representatives, shall, by reason of a change of resi dence within the Commonwealth, be disqualified from voting for said officers in the city or town from which he has removed his residence, until the expiration of six calendar months from the time of such removal.74

THIRTY-FIRST ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Article twenty-eight of the Amendments of the Constitution is hereby amended by striking out in the fourth line thereof the words "being a pauper". and inserting in place thereof the words:-receiving or having received aid from any city or town,--and also by striking out in said fourth line the words “if a pauper", so that the article as amended shall read as follows: ARTICLE XXVIII. No person having served in the army or navy of the United States in time of war, and having been honorably discharged from such service, if otherwise qualified to vote, shall be disqualified therefor on account of receiving or having received aid from any city or town, or because of the non-payment of a poll tax.

THIRTY-SECOND ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

So much of article three of the amendments of the Constitution of the Commonwealth as is contained in the following words: “and who shall have paid. by himself, or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, which shall, within two years next preceding such election, have been assessed upon him, in any town or district of this Commonwealth; and also every citizen who shall be, by law, exempted from taxation, and who shall be, in all other respects, qualified as above mentioned", is hereby annulled,75

THIRTY-THIRD ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

A majority of the members of each branch of the general court shall constitute à quorum for the transaction of business, but a less number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. All provisions of the existing Constitution inconsistent with the provisions herein contained are hereby annulled.

THIRTY-FOURTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

So much of article two of section one of chapter two of part the second of the Constitution of the Commonwealth as is contained in the following words: "and unless he shall at the same time be seized in his own right, of a freehold within the Commonwealth of the value of one thousand pounds;" is hereby annulled,76

THIRTY-FIFTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

So much of article two of section three of chapter one of the Constitution of the Commonwealth as is contained in the following words: "The ex

Article XXIX was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1884, re-adopted by the legislature of 1885 and ratified by the electors on November 3, 1885.

Articles XXX and XXXI were proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1889, re-adopted by the legislature of 1899 and ratified by the electors on November 4, 1890.

Articles XXXII and XXXIII were proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1890, re-adopted by the legislature of 1891 and ratified by the electors on November 8. 1892.

Article XXXIV was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1891, re-adopted by the legislature of 1892 and ratified by the electors on November 8, 1892.

penses of traveling to the general assembly, and returning home, once in every ssion, and no more, shall be paid by the government, out of the public treasury, every member who shall attend as seasonably as he can, in the judgment of the house, and does not depart without leave," is hereby annulled.77

THIRTY-SIXTI: ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

So much of article nineteen of the articles of amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth as is contained in the following words "commissioners of solvency", is hereby annulled.78

THIRTY-SEVENTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

The governor, with the consent of the council, may remove Justices of the eace and notaries public.79

THIRTY-EIGHTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Voting machines or other mechanical devices for voting may be used at ill elections under such regulations as may be prescribed by law; provided, lowever, that the right of secret voting shall be preserved,80

THIRTY-NINTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Article ten of part one of the Constitution is hereby amended by adding it the following words:-The legislature may by special acts for the purose of laying out, widening or relocating highways or streets, authorize the aking in fee by the commonwealth, or by a county, city or town, of more and and property than are needed for the actual construction of such highmay or street: provided, however, that the land and property authorized to be aken are specified in the act and are no more in extent than would be suffient for suitable building lots on both sides of such highway or street, and after so much of the land or property has been appropriated for such highway street as is needed therefor, may authorize the sale of the remainder for Fane with or without suitable restrictions.81

FORTIETH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Article three of the amendments to the Constitution is hereby amended inserting after the word “guardianship", in line two, the following :—and ersons temporarily or permanently disqualified by law because of corrupt pracdees in respect to elections, 82

FORTY-FIRST ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Full power and authority are hereby given and granted to the general urt to prescribe for wild or forest lands such methods of taxation as will develop and conserve the forest resources of the commonwealth.

FORTY-SECOND ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Full power and authority are hereby given and granted to the general ourt to refer to the people for their rejection or approval at the polls any ut or resolve of the general court or any part or parts thereof. Such referce shall be by a majority yea and nay vote of all members of each house present and voting. Any act, resolve, or part thereof so referred shall be voted

at the regular state election next ensuing after such reference, shall become law if approved by a majority of the voters' voting thereon, and shall take

Article XXXV was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1892, re-adopted by the legislature of 1893 and ratified by the electors on November 7, 1893.

Article XXXVI was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1893, re-adopted w the legislature of 1894 and ratified by the electors on November 6, 1894.

Article XXXVII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1906, re-adopted by the legislature of 1907 and ratified by the electors on November 5, 1907.

Article XXXVIII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1909, re-adopted the legislature of 1910 and ratified by the electors on November 7, 1911.

Article XXXIX was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1910, re-adopted by the legislature of 1911 and ratified by the electors on November 7, 1911.

Articles XL and XLI were proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1911. donted by the legislature of 1912 and ratified by the electors on November 5, 1912.

effect at the expiration of thirty days after the election at which it was ap proved or at such time after the expiration of the said thirty days as may be fixed in such act, resolve or part thereof.83

FORTY-THIRD ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

The general court shall have power to authorize the commonwealth to take land and to hold, improve, sub-divide, build upon and sell the same, for the purpose of relieving congestion of population and providing homes for citizens: provided, however, that this amendment shall not be deemed to author ize the sale of such land or buildings at less than the cost thereof.

FORTY-FOURTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

Full power and authority are hereby given and granted to the genera court to impose and levy a tax on income in the manner hereinafter provided Such tax may be at different rates upon income derived from different classe of property, but shall be levied at a uniform rate throughout the common wealth upon incomes derived from the same class of property. The genera court may tax incomes not derived from property at a lower rate than income derived from property, and may grant reasonable exemptions and abatements Any class of property the income from which is taxed under the provisions this article may be exempted from the imposition and levying of proportiona and reasonable assessments, rates and taxes as at present authorized by th constitution. This article shall not be construed to limit the power of the get eral court to impose and levy reasonable duties and excises,$4

83 Article XLII was proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1912, re-adopte by the legislature of 1913 and ratified by the electors on November 4, 1913.

Articles XLIII and XLIV were proposed and adopted by the legislature of 191 re-adopted by the legislature of 1915 and ratified by the electors on November 2, 1915

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »