Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

ART. 19. The General Assembly, in every year in which it shall apportion representation in the House of Representatives, shall divide the State into Senatorial Districts. No parish shall be divided in the formation of a Senatorial District, the Parish of Orleans excepted. Whenever a new parish is created, it shall be attached to the Senatorial District from which most of its territory is taken, or to another contiguous district, at the discretion of the General Assembly, but shall not be attached to more than one district. The number of Senators shall not be more than forty-one nor less than thirtysix, and they shall be apportioned among the Senatorial Districts according to the total population contained in the several districts.

ART. 20. Until શ reappointment shall have been made in accordance with Articles 18 and 19, the present apportionment of Senators and Representatives shall remain in force.

GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

ART. 21. The legislative power of the State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

ART. 22. The style of the laws of this State shall be: "Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Louisiana."

ART. 23. The General Assembly shall meet at the seat of government on the second Monday in May, 1914. at twelve o'clock noon and bi-ennially thereafter. and the sessions thereof shall be limited to sixty days. Should a vacancy occur in either House, the Governor shall order an election to fill such vacancy for the remainder of the term.

ART. 24. Every elector under this Constitution shall be eligible to a seat in the House of Representatives, and every elector who has reached the age of twenty-five years shall be eligible to the Senate; provided, that no person shall be eligible to the General Assembly unless at the time of his election he has been a citizen of the State for five years, and an actual resident of the district or parish or ward of the city of New Orleans from which he may be elected for two years immediately preceding his election. The seat of any member who may change his residence from the district or parish or ward of the City of New Orleans which he represents shall thereby be vacated, any declaration of a retention of domicile to the contrary notwithstanding; and members of the General Assembly shall be elected for a term of four years.

ART. 25. Each House shall be the judge of the qualifications, elections and returns of its own members, choose its own officers, except President of the Senate, determine the rules of its proceedings, and may punish its members for disorderly conduct and contempt, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all its members elected, expel a member.

ART. 26. Either House. during the session. may punish by imprisonment any person not a member who shall have been guilty of disrespect, or disorderly or contemptuous behavior; but such imprisonment shall not exceed ten days for each offense.

ART. 27. No Senator or Representative shall, during the term for which he was elected, nor for one year thereafter, be appointed or elected to any civil office of profit under this State which may have been created, or the emoluments of which may have been increased by the General Assembly during the time such Senator or Representative was a member thereof.

ART. 28. The members of the General Assembly shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the sessions of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned in any other place.

ART. 29. The members of the General Assembly shall receive a compensation not to exceed five dollars per day during their attendance, and five cents per mile going to and returning from the seat of government.

ART. 30. Each House shall keep a Journal of its proceedings, and cause the same to be published immediately after the close of the session; when practicable, the minutes of each day's session shall be printed and placed in the hands of members on the day following. The original Journal shall be

preserved, after publication, in the office of the Secretary of State, but there shall be required no other record thereof.

ART. 31. Every law enacted by the General Assembly shall embrace but one object, and that shall be expressed in its title.

ART. 32. No law shall be revived, or amended by reference to its title, but in such cases the act revived, or section as amended, shall be re-enacted and published at length.

ART. 33. The General Assembly shall never adopt any system or code of laws by general reference to such system or code of laws; but in all cases shall recite at length the several provisions of the laws it may enact.

ART. 34. Not less than a majority of the members of each House of the General Assembly shall form a quorum to transact business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and shall have power to compel the attendance of absent members.

ART. 35. Neither House, during the sitting of the General Assembly, shall. without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which it may be sitting.

ART. 36. The yeas and nays on any question in either House shall, at the desire of one-fifth of the members elected, be entered on the Journal.

ART. 37. All bills for raising revenue or appropriating money shal originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose or concur in amendments, as in other bills.

ART. 38. No bill, ordinance or resolution, intended to have the effect of a law, which shall have been rejected by either House, shall be again proposed in the same House during the same session, under the same or any other title, without the consent of a majority of the House by which the same was rejected.

ART. 39. Every bill shall be read on three different days in each House and no bill shall be considered for final passage unless it has been read once in full, and the same has been reported on by a committee; nor shall any bill become a law unless, on its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and nays, the names of the members voting for or against the same be entered on the Journal, and a majority of the members elected to each House be recorded thereon as voting in its favor; provided, that bills revising the statutes or codes of this State, or adopting a criminal code as a whole, shal be read and promulgated in such manner as may be prescribed by the Genera Assembly.

ART. 40. No amendments to bills by one House shall be concurred in by the other, nor shall reports of committees of conference be adopted in either House except by a majority of the members elected thereto, the vote to b taken by yeas and nays, and the names of those voting for or against recorded upon the Journal.

ART. 41. Whenever a bill that has been passed by both Houses has been enrolled and placed in possession of the House in which it originated, the title shall be read, and, at the request of any five members, the bill shall be read in full, when the Speaker of the House of Representatives, or the Presideat of the Senate, as the case may be, shall at once sign it in open house, and the fact of signing shall be noted on the Journal; thereupon the Clerk or Secretary shall immediately convey the bill to the other House, whose presiding officer shall cause a suspension of all other business to read and sign the bill in open session and without delay. As soon as bills are signed by the Speaker of the House and President of the Senate, they shall be taken at once, and on the same day, to the Governor by the Clerk of the House of Representatives or Secretary of the Senate.

ART. 42. No law passed by the General Assembly, except the general appropriation act, or act appropriating money for the expenses of the Gener Assembly, shall take effect until promulgated. Laws shall be considered promulgated ten days after publication in the State Journal. The State Journal shall be published at the capital.

ART. 43. The clerical officers of the two Houses shall be a Secretary the Senate and Clerk of the House of Representatives, with such assistants

as may be necessary; but the expenses for said officials, including the Sergeant-at-Arms, of each House together with all clerks of committees and all other employees of whatever kind, shall not exceed one hundred dollars daily for the Senate, nor one hundred and twenty dollars daily for the House, and the Chairman of the Committee on Contingent Expenses of each House shall not issue warrants for any compensation in excess of said amounts. No donation of any unexpended balances shall be made as extra compensation or for any other purpose.

ART. 44. All stationery, printing, paper and fuel used in the legislative and other departments of government shall be furnished, and the printing. binding and distribution of the laws, journals and department reports, and all other printing and binding, and the repairing and furnishing of the halls and rooms used for the meetings of the General Assembly and its committees, shall be done under contract, to be given to the lowest responsible bidder below such maximum price and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by law.

No member or officer of any of the departments of the government shall be in any way interested in the contracts; and all such contracts shall be subject to the approval of the Governor, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, or of any two of them.

LIMITATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWERS.

ART. 45. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except in pursuance of specific appropriation made by law; nor shall any appropriation of money be made for a longer term than two years. A regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public moneys shall be published every three months, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

ART. 46. The General Assembly shall have no power to contract, or to authorize the contracting of any debt or liability, on behalf of the State: or to issue bonds or other evidence of indebtedness thereof, except for the purpose of repelling invasion, or for the suppression of insurrection.

ART. 47. The General Assembly shall have no power to grant or authorize any parish or municipal authority to grant any extra compensation, fee or allowance to a public officer, agent, servant, or contractor, nor pay, nor authorize the payment of any claim against the State or any parish or municipality thereof, under any agreement or contract made without express authority of law; and all such unauthorized agreements or contracts shall be null and void.

ART. 48. The General Assembly shall not pass any local or special law on the following specified subjects:

For the opening and conducting of elections, or fixing or changing the place of voting.

Changing the names of persons.

Changing the venue in civil or criminal cases.

Authorizing the laying out, opening, closing, altering or maintaining roads, highways, streets or alleys, or relating to ferries and bridges, or incorporating bridge or ferry companies, except for the erection of bridges crossing streams which form boundaries between this and any other State.

Authorizing the adoption of legitimation of children or the emancipation of minors.

Granting divorces.

Changing the law of descent or succession.

Affecting the estates of minors or person under disabilities.

Remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the treasury.

Authorizing the construction of street passenger railroads in any incorporated town or city.

Regulating labor, trade, manufacturing or agriculture.

Creating corporations, or amending, renewing, extending, or explaining the charters thereof; provided. this shall not apply to municipal corporations having a population of not less than twenty-five hundred inhabitants, or to

the organization of levee districts and parishes, river improvement districts, harbor improvement districts and navigation districts.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual any special or exclusive right, privilege or immunity.

Extending the time for assessment of or collection of taxes, or for the relief of any assessor or collector of taxes from the performance of his official duties, or of his sureties for liability; nor shall any such law or ordinance be passed by any political corporation of the State.

Regulating the practice of jurisdiction of any court, or changing the rules of evidence in any judicial proceeding or inquiry before courts, or providing or changing methods for the collection of debts or the enforcement of judgments, or prescribing the effects of judicial sales.

Exempting property from taxation.

Fixing the rate of interest.

Concerning any criminal or civil actions.

Giving effect to informal or invalid wills or deeds, or to any illegal disposition of property.

Regulating the management of public schools, the building or repairing of schoolhouses, and the raising of money for such purposes.

Legalizing the unauthorized or invalid acts of any officer, servant, or agent of the State, or of any parish or municipality thereof.1

ART. 49. The General Assembly shall not indirectly enact special or local laws by the partial repeal of a general law; but laws repealing local or special laws may be passed.

ART. 50. No local or special law shall be passed on any subject not enumerated in Article 48 of this Constitution, unless notice of the intention

Amendment proposed by the general assembly of 1916 and ratified at the election of November 7, 1916. The text of the original section is as follows:

Art. 48. The General Assembly shall not pass any local or special law on the following specified subjects:

For the opening and conducting of elections, or fixing or changing the place of voting.

Changing the names of persons.

Changing the venue in civil or criminal cases.

Authorizing the laying out, opening, closing, altering or maintaining roads. highways, streets or alleys, or relating to ferries and bridges, or incorporating bridge or ferry companies, except for the erection of bridges crossing streams which form boundaries between this and any other State,

Authorizing the adoption or legitimation of children or the emancipation of minors. Granting divorces.

Changing the law of descent or succession.

Affecting the estates of minors or persons under disabilities.

Remitting fines, penalties and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the treasury.

Authorizing the constructing of street passenger railroads in any incorporated town or city.

Regulating labor, trade, manufacturing or agriculture.

Creating corporations, or amending, renewing, extending or explaining the charters thereof; provided, this shall not apply to municipal corporations having a population of not less than twenty-five hundred inhabitants, or to the organization of levet districts and parishes.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual any special or exclusive right, privilege or immunity.

Extending the time for the assessment or collection of taxes, or for the reli of any assessor or collector of taxes from the performance of his official duties, or of his sureties from liability; nor shall any such law or ordinance be passed by any political corporation of this State.

Regulating the practice or jurisdiction of any court, or changing the rules of evidence in any judicial proceeding or inquiry before courts, or providing or changing methods for the collection of debts or the enforcement of judgments, or prescribing the effects of judicial sales.

Exempting property from taxation.

Fixing the rate of interest.

Concerning any civil or criminal actions.

Giving effect to informal or invalid wills or deeds, or to any illegal disposition of property.

Regulating the management of public schools, the building or repairing of schoolhouses, and the raising of money for such purposes.

Legalizing the unauthorized or invalid acts of any officer, servant, or agent of the State, or of any parish or municipality thereof.

to apply therefor shall have been published, without cost to the State, in the locality where the matter or thing to be affected may be situated, which notice shall state the substance of the contemplated law, and shall be published at least thirty days prior to the introduction into the General Assembly of such bill, and in the same manner provided by law for the advertisement of judicial sales. The evidence of such notice having been published, shall be exhibited in the General Assembly before such acts shall be passed, and every such act shall contain a recital that such notice has been given.

ART. 51. No law shall be passed fixing the price of manual labor.

ART. 52. Any member of the General Assembly who has a personal or private interest in any measure or bill proposed, or pending before the General Assembly, shall disclose the fact to the house of which he is a member, and shall not vote thereon.

ART. 53. No money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, directly or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religion, or in aid of any priest, preacher, minister or teacher thereof, as such, and no preference shall ever be given to, nor any discrimination made against, any church, sect or creed of religion, or any form of religious faith or worship; nor shall any appropriation be made for private, charitable or benevolent purposes to any person or community; provided, this shall not apply to the Louisiana Hospital for Insane of the State of Louisiana, at Pineville, the East Louisiana Hospital for the Insane, at Jackson, and Louisiana State School for the Deaf, and Louisiana State School for the Blind, the Louisiana Training Institute, and the charity hospitals and public charitable institutions conducted under State authority.

ART. 54. The General Assembly shall have no power to increase the exJenses of any office by appointing assistant officials.

ART. 55. The general appropriation bill shall embrace nothing but appropriations for the ordinary expenses of the government, pensions, the public debt and interest thereon, public schools, public roads, public charities and all State institutions; and such bill shall be so itemized as to show for what account each and every appropriation shall be made. All other appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each embracing but one object.

ART. 56. Each appropriation shall be for a specific purpose, and no appropriation shall be made under the head or title of contingent; nor shall any officer or department of government receive any amount from the treasury for contingencies or for a contingent fund.

ART. 57. No appropriation of money shall be made by the General Assembly in the last five days of the session thereof. All appropriations, to be valid, shall be passed and receive the signatures of the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives five full days before the adjournment sine die of the General Assembly.

ART. 58. The funds, credit, property or things of value of the State, or of any political corporation thereof, shall not be loaned, pledged or granted to or for any person or persons, association or corporation, public or private; nor shall the State, or any political corporation, purchase or subscribe to the capital or stock of any corporation or association whatever, or for any private enterprise. Nor shall the State, nor any political corporation thereof, assume the liabilities of any political, municipal, parochial, private or other corporation or association whatsoever; nor shall the State undertake to carry on the business of any such corporation or association, or become a part owner therein; provided. the State, through the General Assembly, shall have power to grant the right of way through its public lands to any railroad pr canal: and provided, Police Juries and municipal corporations may, in providing for destitute persons, utilize any charitable institutions within their orporate limits for the care, maintenance and asylum of such persons; and 11 appropriations made to such institutions for the purpose aforesaid shall accounted for by them in the manner required of officials entrusted with public funds.

ART. 59. The General Assembly shall have no power to release or extin

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »