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wise herein provided, continue in force and effect, except that articles the growth, product, or manufacture of the United States shall be admitted there free of duty: Provided, That upon exportation of sugar to any foreign country. or the shipment thereof to the United States or any of its possessions, there shall be levied, collected, and paid thereon an export duty of $8 per ton of two thousand pounds irrespective of polariscope test, in lieu of any export tax now required by law.

SEC. 5. That the duties and taxes collected in pursuance of this act shall not be covered into the general fund of the Treasury of the United States, but shall be used and expended for the government and benefit of said islands under such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe.

SEC. 6. That for the purpose of taking over and occupying said islands and of carrying this act into effect and to meet any deficit in the revenues of the said islands resulting from the provisions of this act the sum of $100,000 is hereby appropriated. to be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and to be applied under the direction of the President of the United States.

SEC. 7. That the sum of $25,000,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be paid in the city of Washington to the diplomatic representative or other agent of His Majesty the King of Denmark duly authorized to receive said money, in full consideration of the cession of the Danish West Indian Islands to the United States made by the convention between the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Denmark entered into August fourth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, and ratified by the Senate of the United States on the seventh day of September, nineteen hundred and sixteen.

SEC. 8. That this act, with the exception of section seven, shall be in force and effect and become operative immediately upon the payment by the United States of said sum of $25,000,000. The fact and date of such payment shall thereupon be made public by a proclamation issued by the President and published in the said Danish West Indian Islands and in the United States. Section seven shall become immediately effective and the appropriation thereby provided for shall be immediately available,

Approved, March 3, 1917.

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THE STATE CONSTITUTIONS

MINOR INSULAR DEPENDENCIES.

(a) GUANO ISLANDS.*

Whenever any citizen of the United States discovers a deposit of guano on any island, rock, or key, not within the lawful jurisdiction of any other government, and not occupied by the citizens of any other government, and takes peaceable possession thereof, and occupies the same, such island, rock, or key may, at the discretion of the President be considered as appertaining to the United States.

The introduction of guano from such islands, rocks, or keys, shall be regulated as in the coasting-trade between different parts of the United States, and the same laws shall govern the vessels concerned therein.

All acts done, and offenses or crimes committed, on any such island, rock. or key, by persons who may land thereon, or in the waters adjacent thereto. shall be deemed committed on the high seas, on board a merchant ship or vessel belonging to the United States; and shall be punished according to the laws of the United States, relating to such ships or vessels and offenses on the high seas, which laws for the purpose aforesaid are extended over such islands. rocks, and keys.

The President is authorized, at his discretion, to employ the land and naval forces of the United States to protect the rights of the discoverer or of his widow, heir, executor, administrator, or assigns.

Nothing in this title contained shall be construed as obliging the United States to retain possession of the islands, rocks, or keys, after the guano shall have been removed from the same.

Approved August 18, 1856.

(b) GUAM.

Guam was ceded to the United States by Spain in 1898. It has a fine harbor, a naval station, and a cable depot. Congress has never established a civil government for Guam and by order of the President it is controlled by the Navy Department.

(c) MIDWAY OR BROOKS ISLANDS.

The Midway or Brooks Islands were annexed by the United States in 1867. The group consists of four islands. No civil government has been provided for them and they are under the administrative control of the Navy Department. They are used chiefly as intermediate repeating stations for the American Pacific cable, stretching from San Francisco to Manila.

(d)

TUTUILA.

Tutuila, Manua and four smaller islands, forming the southern part of the Samoan group, were ceded to the United States by the Anglo-German-American partition treaty of December 2, 1899. The administrative control of the islands is vested by the President in the Navy Department.

(e) WAKE ISLAND.

Wake Island is an uninhabited island which was annexed by the United States on January 17, 1899. Its only value lies in its possible use as a cable station.

The Guano Islands are small, uninhabited islands over which the federal government extends its control "to benefit American agriculture by promoting the supply of guano at a reasonable price." The United States is in possession of about seventy-five guano islands, a few of which are in the Caribbean Sea, but most of which are scat tered throughout the Pacific Ocean. Among the Guano Islands are Howland and Baker's Islands, both of which were taken possession of in 1857. The acts regulating guane islands were passed August 18, 1856; July 28, 1866, and April 2, 1872; and the chief provisions of these acts are given above.

LIST OF

The subjoined bibliography an constitutions and the organic laws are in no sense exhaustive; only the authentic and authorized text are given. In addition to the spe stant use has been made of the Cof the Constitutional Conventions constitutions found therein; the r several states by authority of the tion found in the Code of Laws of Manuals, Blue Books and other sim the several states; and verified co prepared by the secretary of state electors. In some states the secret: Constitution in full with the sessio text of the constitutional amendm given in the session laws prior or with the year 1910, an excellent a mendments submitted to the elect vote thereon, may be found in T Compilations of the federal and ments, the following are of greate Poore. Ben Perley. The Fede ters, and Other, Organic Laws of th ton, Government Printing Office, 18 Thorpe, Francis Newton, The Charters, and Other Organic Law Now or Heretofore Forming the I ington, Government Printing Office,

1. United States--The Constit Amended to May 1. 1913. Washing ument No. 12, 63d Congress, first s Alabama-Constitution of t

2.

State Printers and Binders, Monts
1907.
Alabama Official and Statisti
Director of the Department of Arch
Arizona-Pamphlet contain

3.
of Arizona as submitted to Congres
taining all referred measures to be
by Sidney P. Osborn, Secretary of
4.
Arkansas-Constitution of
issued by Earle W. Hodges, Secretar
Arkansas, William F. Kirby, 1904.

5. California-Constitution of Amendments, prepared by the Leg containing the proposed amendment submitted at the election of Noven

State.

6. Colorado-Annotated Statute 7. Connecticut-Constitution of

s. Delaware-Constitution of

Published by the Secretary of State. 9. Florida-General Statutes, 1! Georgia-Constitution of the Print of an Officially Certified Copy of Georgia, 1911.

10.

LIST OF AUTHORITIES

The subjoined bibliography and list of the texts of the federal and state nstitutions and the organic laws of the territories and colonial dependencies e in no sense exhaustive; only those sources which are supposed to contain e authentic and authorized text of the several constitutions and organic laws re given. In addition to the specific authorities cited below, liberal and conant use has been made of the Convention Journals, Debates and Proceedings the Constitutional Conventions of the several states, and the text of the onstitutions found therein; the reprints of the constitutions published in the veral states by authority of the secretary of state; the text of the constituon found in the Code of Laws or Revised Statutes of each state; the State Januals, Blue Books and other similar publications; the standard histories of e several states; and verified copies of proposed constitutional amendments, repared by the secretary of state, and designed for distribution among the lectors. In some states the secretary of state is required by law to publish the onstitution in full with the session laws of each legislature, and the verified ext of the constitutional amendments proposed and adopted are invariably iven in the session laws prior or subsequent to their ratification. Beginning with the year 1910, an excellent summary of the substance of the proposed mendments submitted to the electors in each of the states, with the resulting ote thereon, may be found in The American Year Book. Of the standard ompilations of the federal and state constitutions and other similar documents, the following are of greatest value:

Poore, Ben Perley. The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charers, and Other, Organic, Laws of the United States. Parts I and II, Washingcon, Government Printing Office, 1877.

Thorpe, Francis Newton, The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming the United States of America. 7 Volumes. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1909.

1. United States-The Constitution of the United States of America as Amended to May 1, 1913. Washington. Government Printing Office, 1913. Document No. 12, 63d Congress, first session.

2. Alabama--Constitution of the State of Alabama. Brown Printing Co.. State Printers and Binders, Montgomery, Alabama, 1915. Code of Alabama, 1907. Alabama Official and Statistical Register, compiled by Thomas M. Owen, Director of the Department of Archives and History.

3. Arizona-Pamphlet containing the text of the proposed Constitution of Arizona as submitted to Congress. Revised Statutes, 1913. Pamphlets containing all referred measures to be voted on in 1912, 1914 and 1916, compiled by Sidney P. Osborn, Secretary of State.

4. Arkansas-Constitution of the State of Arkansas, with Amendments, issued by Earle W. Hodges, Secretary of State, 1911. Digest of the Statutes of Arkansas, William F. Kirby, 1904. Supplement to Kirby's Digest, 1911.

5. California-Constitution of the State of California and Summary of Amendments, prepared by the Legislative Counsel Bureau, 1915. Pamphlet containing the proposed amendments to the constitution of California to be submitted at the election of November 7, 1916, certified by the Secretary of

State.

6.

Colorado-Annotated Statutes of 1891 and 1912.

Connecticut--Constitution of the State of Connecticut by Authority, 1916.

7. S. Delaware--Constitution of the State of Delaware with Amendments, published by the Secretary of State. 1913. Revised Statutes, 1915.

9. Florida--General Statutes, 1906.

10. Georgia-Constitution of the State of Georgia of force January 1, 1917. Print of an Officially Certified Copy, compiled by Ella May Thornton. Code of Georgia, 1911.

11. Idaho--Constitution of the State of Idaho, compiled by George R. Barker, Secretary of State, 1915.

12. Illinois-Constitution of the State of Illinois; annotations by Prof. C. W. Tooke. 1914. Published by Harry Woods, Secretary of State.

13. Indiana-Constitution-making in Indiana, by Charles Kettleborough. 1916.

14. Iowa Iowa Official Register, 1915-1916. Compiled under the supervision of William S. Allen, Secretary of State, by Henry C. Baumgartner.

15. Kansas-Constitution of the State of Kansas, issued by J. T. Botkin, Secretary of State. with Annotations compiled by R. E. Meintosh, 1916. General Statutes, 1909.

16. Kentucky--Kentucky Directory, 1916, compiled by Frank K. Kavanaugh. Kentucky Statutes, 1909 and 1915.

17. Louisiana-Constitution of the State of Louisiana, by Authority, 1913. Amendments to the Constitution of the State of Louisiana adopted by the electors of the State of Louisiana at the Congressional Elections held in 1914 and 1916.

18. Maine-Constitution of the State of Maine, 1902, by L. D. Carver. Amendments to the Constitution of the State of Maine, adopted since 1902, Sentinel Publishing Co., 1913. Revised Statutes of Maine, 1903.

19. Maryland-Constitution of the State of Maryland, published by the Executive Department, 1913. Annotated Code of Maryland. 1911.

20. Massachusetts-A Manual for the Constitutional Convention, 1917. Subimtted to the Constitutional Convention by the Commission to Compile Submitted to the Constitutional Convention by the Commission to Compile

21. Michigan --Constitution of the State of Michigan, compiled and pub lished under the supervision of Frederick C. Martindale, Secretary of State. 1913. Howell's Michigan Statutes, 1913. Michigan Manual, compiled by Frederick C. Martindale, Secretary of State, 1909.

22. Minnesota-Constitution and Organic Act of the State of Minnesota, compiled by Julius A. Schmahl, Secretary of State, 1915. General Statutes of Minnesota. 1866. Session Laws of 1873. Statutes at Large. 1873. Revised Statutes, 1878. General Statutes, 1913.

23. Mississippi—The Mississippi Code of 1906.

24. Missouri-Constitution of the State of Missouri, published by Cornelius Roach, Secretary of State, 1909. Annotated Statutes, 1906. Revised Statutes, 1899. Revised Statutes, 1909, Official Manual of the State of Mis souri, compiled by Cornelius Roach, Secretary of State, 1913-1914, Laws 1905. pages 313-325, where, in pursuance of an act approved March 10, 1905, "all amendments to the constitution which have been adopted since the year 1898 and which are not contained in the Revised Statutes of 1899," are set out in full.

25. Montana--Constitution of the State of Montana, by State Publishing Co., Helena, Montana [1917]. Revised Codes, 1907, and Supplement, 1915.

26. Nebraska-Constitution of the State of Nebraska, with Amendments to Date, compiled by Charles W. Pool, Secretary of State, 1915. Cohbey's Annotated Statutes, 1911. Nebraska Blue Book, 1915.

27. Nevada-Constitutions of the United States of America and of the State of Nevada, 1915, State Printing Office, Joe Farnsworth, Superintendent. Revised Laws of Nevada, 1912. Session Laws of 1875 give the text of the original constitution.

28. New Hampshire--Constitution of the State of New Hampshire, by John B. Clarke Co., 1912. Manual of the Constitutions of New Hampshire, compiled from Official Sources and edited * ** by James Fairbanks Colby, 1992. Public Statutes and Session Laws of New Hampshire, Supplement, 1901-1913.

29. New Jersey-Constitution of the State of New Jersey. Dispatch Print ing Company, Union Hill, N. J., 1916. Compiled Statutes of New Jersey,, 1709 1910.

30. New Mexico-Constitution of New Mexico, Doe. No. 835, 61st Cong. 3d Session. New Mexico Statutes. Annotated. 1915.

31. New York--The Constitution of the State of New York, as amended nd in force January 1, 1917, Albany, J. B. Lyon Co., Printers. New York State Constitution, Annotated, New York State Constitutional Convention Commission, 1915.

32. North Carolina-Constitution of the State of North Carolina, issued from the office of the Secretary of State. 1914. The Constitution of the State of North Carolina, Annotated, by Henry G. Connor and Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., 1911. The Acts of the General Assembly of 1876-1877 contain the text of the original constitution; the Acts of 1917 contain the latest revision.

33. North Dakota-State Constitution of the State of North Dakota, with Amendments. Prepared by Thomas Hall, Secretary of State, 1914. Compiled Laws, 1913.

34. Ohio-The Constitution of the State of Ohio. Published by Charles H. Graves, Secretary of State, 1913. Organic Law of Ohio and Proposed Amendments. Published by Authority of the Board of Library Commissioners, 1913. Supplement to Page and Adams' Ohio General Code. 1916, Volume 4.. Revised Statutes, 1905.

35. Oklahoma-Constitution of the State of Oklahoma, 60th Cong.. first session, Senate Doc. No. 187. Compiled Laws, 1909. Oklahoma Red Book, compiled by Benjamin F. Harrison, Secretary of State, 1912.

36. Oregon-Constitution of the State of Oregon, compiled by Ben W. Olcott, Secretary of State, 1915. Lord's Oregon Laws, 1910.

37. Pennsylvania-Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, published by the Secretary of the Commonwealth, 1909. Smull's Legislative Hand Book and Manual of the State of Pennsylvania. 1915.

38. Rhode Island-Constitution of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, E. L. Freeman and Sons, State Printers, 1904. General Laws of Rhode Island, 1909. Rhode Island Manual, 1916, compiled by J. Fred Parker, Secretary of State.

39. South Carolina-Constitution of the State of South Carolina, by The R. L. Bryan Co., 1909. Code of Law of South Carolina, Andrew J. Bethea, Code Commissioner, 1912.

40. South Dakota-Annotated Constitution of South Dakota, Printed with the Session Laws of 1917, Annotations and Editorial Matter by John Howard Gates. Compiled Laws of South Dakota, 1913.

41. Tennessee-Constitution of the State of Tennessee. Authority, 1917.

42.

Published by

Texas-Vernon's Sayles Texas Civil Statutes. Annotated, 1914. 43. Utah--Constitution of the State of Utah, Published by the Secretary of State, 1913. Compiled Laws of Utah, 1907.

44. Vermont-The Constitution of the State of Vermont, Published by the Secretary of State, 1913.

45. Virginia--Constitution of Virginia, Published by Authority, 1915. Code of 1904.

46. Washington-Annotated Codes and Statutes of Washington, Remington and Ballinger, 1910. Constitution of the State of Washington. Published by I. M. Howell, Secretary of State, 1915.

47.

West Virginia-West Virginia Legislative Hand Book and Manual and Official Register, 1916, compiled and edited by John T. Harris, Clerk of the Senate. West Virginia Code of 1913, Charles E. Hogg. West Virginia Code of 1906. West Virginia Code of 1891, John A. Warth.

48.

Wisconsin-Wisconsin Blue Book of 1911. Wisconsin Annotated and Revised Statutes of 1871, 1878, 1889 and 1913. Statutes of 1878, Published in 1883.

Supplement to the Revised

49. Wyoming-Constitution of the State of Wyoming. Published by Authority of William R. Schmitger, Secretary of State, 1908, containing all amendments adopted up to and including 1916. Code.

50. Territories and Insular Possessions -United States Statutes at Large.

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