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s or other property of residents; nor shall the legislature grant to any oration, association, or individual any special or exclusive privilege, immunr franchise without the affirmative approval of Congress; nor shall the legise pass local or special laws in any of the cases enumerated in the act of July eth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six; nor shall it grant private charters pecial privileges, but it may, by general act, permit persons to associate selves together as bodies corporate for manufacturing, mining, agricultural, other industrial pursuits, and for the conduct of business of insurance, savbanks, banks of discount and deposit (but not of issue), loans, trust, and anty associations, for the establishment and conduct of cemeteries, and for construction and operation of railroads, wagon roads, vessels, and irrigating es, and the colonization and improvement of lands in connection therewith, or colleges, seminaries, churches, libraries, or any other benevolent, charitable, ientific association, but the authority embraced in this section shall only perthe organization of corporations or associations whose chief business shall the Territory of Alaska; no divorce shall be granted by the legislature, nor 1 any divorce be granted by the courts of the Territory, unless the applicant efor shall have resided in the Territory for two years next preceding the ication, which residence and all causes for divorce shall be determined by court upon evidence adduced in open court; nor shall any lottery or the of lottery tickets be allowed; nor shall the legislature or any municipality rfere with or attempt in anywise to limit the acts of Congress to prevent punish gambling, and all gambling implements shall be seized by the United es marshal or any of his deputies, or any constable or police officer, and royed; nor shall spirituous or intoxicating liquors be manufactured or sold, pt under such regulations and restrictions as Congress shall provide; nor il any public money be appropriated by the Territory or any municipal cortion therein for the support or benefit of any sectarian, denominational, or ate school, or any school not under the exclusive control of the government; shall the government of the Territory of Alaska or any political or municipal oration or subdivision of the Territory make any subscription to the capital k of any incorporated company, or in any manner lend its credit for the thereof; nor shall the Territory, or any municipal corporation therein, have ver or authority to create or assume any bonded indebtedness whatever; nor Dorrow money in the name of the Territory or of any municipal division therenor to pledge the faith of the people of the same for any loan whatever, either ectly or indirectly; nor to create, nor to assume, any indebtedness, except the actual running expenses thereof; and no such indebtedness for actual ning expenses shall be created or assumed in excess of the actual income of Territory or municipality for that year, including as a part of such income propriations then made by Congress, and taxes levied and payable and applile to the payment of such indebtedness and cash and other money credits hand and applicable and not already pledged for prior indebtedness: Provided, at all authorized indebtedness shall be paid in the order of its creation; all kes shall be uniform upon the same class of subjects and shall be levied and lected under general laws, and the assessments shall be according to the cual value thereof. No tax shall be levied for Territorial purposes in excess one per centum upon the assessed valuation of property therein in any one ar; nor shall any incorporated town or municipality levy any tax, for any purse, in excess of two per centum of the assessed valuation of property within e town in any one year; Provided, That the Congress reserves the exclusive wer for five years from the date of the approval of this act to fix and impose y tax or taxes upon railways or railway property in Alaska, and no acts laws passed by the Legislature of Alaska providing for a county form of overnment therein shall have any force or effect until it shall be submitted to d approved by the affirmative action of Congress; and all laws passed, or atmpted to be passed, by such legislature in said Territory inconsistent with the ovisions of this section shall be null and void: Provided further, That nothg herein contained shall be held to abridge the right of the legislature to odify the qualifications of electors by extending the elective franchise to women. SEC. 10. That the senate and house of representatives shall each choose its

own officers, determine the rules of its own proceedings not inconsistent with this act, and keep a journal of its proceedings; that the ayes and noes of the members of either house on any question shall, at the request of one-fifth of the members present, be entered upon the journal; that a majority of the members to which each house is entitled shall constitute a quorum of such house for the conduct of business, of which quorum a majority vote shall suffice; that a smaller number than a quorum may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide; that for the purpose of ascertaining whether there is a quorum present the presiding officer shall count and report the actual number of members present.

SEC. 11. That no member of the legislature shall hold or be appointed to any office which has been created, or the salary or emoluments of which have been increased, while he was a member, during the term for which he was elected and for one year after the expiration of such term; and no person holding a commission or appointment under the United States shall be a member of the legislature or shall hold any office under the government of. said Territory.

SEC. 12. That no member of the legislature shall be held to answer before any other tribunal for any words uttered in the exercise of his legislative' fumetions. That the members of the legislature shall, in all cases except treason. felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attenance upon the sessions of the respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same: Provided, That such privilege as to going and returning shall not cover a period of more than ten days each way, except in the second division, when it shall extend to twenty days each way, and the fourth division to fifteen days each way.

SEC. 13. That a bill in order to become a law shall have three separate readings in each house, the final passage of which in each house shall be by a majority vote of all the members to which such house is entitled, taken by ayes and noes, and entered upon its journal. That every bill, when passed by the house in which it originated or in which amendments thereto shall have originated, shall immediately be enrolled and certified by the presiding officer and the clerk and sent to the other house for consideration.

SEC. 14. That, except as herein provided, all bills passed by the legislature shall, in order to be valid, be signed by the governor. That every bill which shall have passed the legislature shall be certified by the presiding officers and clerks of both houses, and shall thereupon be presented to the governor. If he approves it, he shall sign it and it shall become a law at the expiration of ninety days thereafter, unless sooner given effect by a two-thirds vote of said legislature. If the governor does not approve such bill, he may return it, with his objections, to the legislature. He may veto any specific item or items in any bill which appropriates money for specific purposes, but shall veto other bills if at all. only as a whole. That upon the receipt of a veto message from the governor each house of the legislature shall enter the same at large upon its journal and proceed to reconsider such bill, or part of a bill, and again vote upon it by ayes and noes, which shall be entered upon its journal. If, after such reconsideration, such bill or part of a bill shall be approved by a twothirds vote of all the members to which each house is entitled, it shall thereby become a law. That if the governor neither signs nor vetoes a bill within three days (Sundays excepted) after it is delivered to him, it shall become a law without his signature, unless the legislature adjourns sine die prior to the expiration of such three days. If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the legislature, by its adjournment. prevents the return of the bill, in which case it shall not be a law.

SEC. 15. That there shall be annually appropriated by Congress a sun sufficient to pay the salaries of members and authorized employees of the Legi lature of Alaska, the printing of the laws, and other incidental expenses thereof; the said sums shall be disbursed by the governor of Alaska, under sole instruc tions from the Secretary of the Treasury, and he shall account quarterly to the

Secretary for the manner in which the said funds shall have been expended; and no expenditure, to be paid out of money appropriated by Congress, shall be made by the governor or by the legislature for objects not authorized by the Acts of Congress making the appropriations, nor beyond the sums thus appropriated for such objects.

SEC. 16. That the governor of Alaska shall, within ninety days after the close of each session of the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska, transmit a correct copy of all the laws and resolutions passed by the said legislature, certified to by the secretary of the Territory, with the seal of the Territory attached; one copy to the President of the United States, and one to the Secretary of State of the United States; and the legislature shall make provisions for printing the session laws and resolutions within ninety days after the close of each session and for their distribution to public officials and sale to the people of the Territory.

SEC. 17. That after the year nineteen hundred and twelve the election for Delegate from the Territory of Alaska, provided by "An Act providing for the election of a Delegate to the House of Representatives from the Territory of Alaska," approved May seventh, nineteen hundred and six, shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November in the year nineteen hundred and fourteen, and every second year thereafter on the said Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, and all of the provisions of the aforesaid Act shall continue to be in full force and effect and shall apply to the said election in every respect as is now provided for the election to be held in the month of August therein; Provided. That the time for holding an election in said Territory for Delegate in Alaska to the House of Representatives to fill a vacancy, whether such vacancy is caused by failure to elect at the time prescribed by law, or by the death, resignation, or incapacity of a person elected, may be prescribed by an act passed by the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska: Provided further, That when such election is held it shall be governed in every respect by the laws passed by Congress governing such election.

SEC. 18. That an officer of the Engineer Corps of the United States Army, a geologist in charge of Alaska surveys, an officer in the Engineer Corps of the United States Navy, and a civil engineer who has had practical experience in railroad construction and has not been connected with any railroad enterprise in said Territory be appointed by the President as a commission hereby authorized and instructed to conduct an examination into the transportation question in the Territory of Alaska; to examine railroad routes from the seaboard to the coal fields and to the interior and navigable waterways: to secure surveys and other information with respect to railroads, including cost of construction and operation; to obtain information in respect to the coal fields and their proximity to railroad routes; and to make report of the facts to Congress on or before the first day of December, nineteen hundred and twelve, or as soon thereafter as may be practicable, together with their conclusions and recommendations in respect to the best and most available routes for railroads in Alaska which will develop the country and the resources thereof for the use of the people of the United States: Provided further, That the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated to defray the expenses of said commission.

SEC. 19. That the Committee on Territories of the Senate and the Committee on Territories of the House of Representatives are hereby authorized. empowered, and directed to jointly codify, compile, publish, and annotate all the laws of the United States applicable to the Territory of Alaska, and said comittees are jointly authorized to employ such assistance as may be necessary for that purpose: and the sum of five thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to cover the expenses of said work, which shall be paid upon vouchers properly signed and approved by the chairmen of said committees.

SEC. 20. That all laws passed by the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska

shall be submitted to the Congress by the President of the United States, and.
if disapproved by Congress, they shall be null and of no effect.
Approved, August 24, 1912,

An Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act creating a legislative assembly in the Territory of Alaska and conferring législative power thereon, and for other purposes,” approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled:

That nothing in that Act of Congress entitled "An Act creating a legisla tive assembly in the Territory of Alaska and conferring legislative power thereon, and for other purposes," approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve, shall be so construed as to prevent the courts now existing or that may be hereafter created in said Territory from enforcing within their respective jurisdictions all laws passed by the legislature within the power conferred upon it, the same as if such laws were passed by Congress, nor to prevent the legis lature passing laws imposing additional duties, not inconsistent with the present duties of their respective offices, upon the governor, marshals, deputy marshals. clerks of the district courts, and United States commissioners acting as justices of the peace, judges of probate courts, recorders, and coroners, and providing the necessary expenses of performing such duties, and in the prosecuting of all crimes denounced by Territorial laws the cost shall be paid the same as is now or may hereafter be provided by Act of Congress providing for the prosecution of criminal offenses in said Territory, except that in prosecutions growing out of any revenue law passed by the legislature the costs shall be paid as in civil actions and such prosecutions shall be in the name of the Territory.

Approved, August 29, 1914.

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DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA-1878.*

An Act providing a permanent form of government for the District of Columbia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the territory which was ceded by the State of Maryland to the Congress of the United States for the permanent seat of the Government of the United States shall continue to be designated as the District of Columbia. Said District and the property and persons that may be therein shall be subject to the following provisions for the government of the same, and also to any existing laws applicable thereto not hereby repealed or inconsistent with the provisions of this act. The District of Columbia shall remain and continue a municipal corporation, as provided in section two of the Revised Statutes relating to said District, and the Commissioners herein provided for shall be deemed and taken as officers of such corporation; and all laws now in force relating to the District of Columbia not inconsistent with the provisions of this act shall remain in full force and effect.

SEC. 2. That within twenty days after the approval of this act the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate is hereby authorized to appoint two persons, who, with an officer of the Corps of Engineers of the United States Army, whose lineal rank shall be above that of a captain, shall be Commissioners of the District of Columbia, and who, from and after July first, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, shall exercise all the powers and authority now vested in the Commissioners of said District, except as are hereinafter limited or provided, and shall be subject to all restrictions and limitations and duties which are now imposed upon said Commissioners. The Commissioner, who shall be an officer detailed from time to time from the Corps of Engineers by the President for this duty, shall not be required to perform any other, nor shall he receive any other compensation than his regular pay and allowances as an officer of the Army. The two persons appointed from civil life shall, at the time of their appointment, be citizens of the United States, and shall have been actual residents of the District of Columbia for three years next before their appointment, and have, during that period, claimed residence nowhere else, and one of said three Commissioners shall be chosen president of the Board of Commissioners at their first meeting, and annually and whenever a vacancy shall occur thereafter; and said Commissioners shall each of them, before entering upon the discharge of his duties, take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, and to faithfully discharge the duties imposed upon him by law; and said Commissioners appointed from civil life shall each receive for his services a compensation at the rate of five thousand dollars per annum, and shall, before entering upon the duties of the office, each give bond in the sum of fifty thousand dollars, with surety as is required by existing law. The official term of said Commissioners appointed from civil life shall be three years, and until their successors are appointed and qualified; but the first appointment shall be one Commissioner for one year and one for two years, and at the expiration of their respective terms their successors shall be appointed for three years. Neither of said Commissioners, nor any officer whatsoever of the District of Columbia, shall be accepted as surety upon any bond required to be given to the District of Columbia; nor shall any contractor be accepted as surety for any officer or other contractor in said District.

SEC. 3. That as soon as the Commissioners appointed and detailed as aforesaid shall have taken and subscribed the oath or affirmation hereinbefore

*The District of Columbia is a municipal corporation having an area of approximately sixty-four square miles. The territory comprised in the District was ceded to the United States jointly by the states of Maryland and Virginia in 1789. In 1846 the Virginia part of the District was retroceded to that state. The original local government which had developed in the District was continued until 1871 when a territorial government was established. The act creating the present form of government and establishing the District as a municipal corporation was passed in 1878.

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