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lands or property therein, belonging to, or which may hereafter be purchased by the United States, or reserved for its use. But nothing in this article shall preclude this state from taxing as other lands are taxed, any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed his tribal relations, and has obtained from the nited States or from any person, a title thereto, by patent or other grant, save and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any Indian or Indians under any acts of congress containing a provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation, which last mentioned lands shall be exempt from taxation so long, and to such an extent, as is, or may be provided in the act of congress granting the same.

SEC. 4. All debts and liabilities of the territory of Wyoming shall be assumed and paid by this state.

SEC. 5. The legislature shall make laws for the establishment and malatenance of systems of public schools which shall be open to all the children of the state and free from sectarian control.

Done in open convention, at the city of Cheyenne, in the Territory of Wyoming, this 30th day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine.

MELVILLE C. BROWN, President.

Attested: JOHN K. JEFFREY, Secretary,

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ORGA

ORGANICA

An Act to create a legislative a legislative power thereon, an Be it enacted by the Senate States of America in Congress as SECTION 1. That the territor treaty of March thirtieth, eighteen shall be and constitute the Terri States, the government of which s by said laws.

SEC. 2. That the capital of th Juneau, Alaska, and the seat of ge SEC. 3. That the Constitution of which are not locally inapplicab in the said Territory as elsewhere the United States heretofore passed partments in Alaska shall continue repealed by Act of Congress; that force in Alaska shall continue in fu repealed by Congress or by the legis granted to the legislature to alter. Alaska shall not extend to the cust eral laws of the United States or to relating to fur-bearing animals of th the laws of the United States providi Act entitled. "An act to provide for the establishment and maintenance of persons in the District of Alaska, a twenty-seventh. nineteen hundred a thereof: Provided further. That this legislature from imposing other and a lature shall pass no law depriving th of Alaska of any authority, jurisdicti officers of district courts of the United SEC. 4. That the legislative powe rested in a legislature, which shall e sentatives. The senate shall consist four judicial divisions into which Al each of whom shall have at the time elector in Alaska, and shall have been sion from which he is elected for at election. The term of office of each m Provided. That immediately after they the first election they shall, by lot or d two classes; the seats of the members end of two years and the seats of the racated at the end of four years, so tha the first election, be elected biennially at The house of representatives shall consist

The territory of Alaska was ceded to t of March 30, 1867, in consideration of the pa ras established in the territory by the act tas unorganized and subject to the provision fundamental in character were approved on 1900: and May 7, 1906. The present form o

The federal laws pert

of August 24, 1912.

extensive and are embraced in Sections 3528Ded Statutes of 1913. United States Statute

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ORGANIC ACT OF ALASKA-1912.*

Act to create a legislative assembly in the Territory of Alaska, to confer legislative power thereon, and for other purposes.

1

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United tes of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. That the territory ceded to the United States by Russia by the aty of March thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, and known as Alaska, ll be and constitute the Territory of Alaska under the laws of the United ates, the government of which shall be organized and administered as provided said laws.

SEC. 2. That the capital of the Territory of Alaska shall be at the city of neau, Alaska, and the seat of government shall be maintained there.

SEC. 3. That the Constitution of the United States, and all the laws therewhich are not locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect withthe said Territory as elsewhere in the United States; that all the laws of e United States heretofore passed establishing the executive and judicial dertments in Alaska shall continue in full force and effect until amended or pealed by Act of Congress; that except as herein provided all laws now in rce in Alaska shall continue in full force and effect until altered, amended, or pealed by Congress or by the legislature: Provided, That the authority herein anted to the legislature to alter, amend, modify, and repeal laws in force in aska shall not extend to the customs, internal revenue, postal, or other genal laws of the United States or to the game, fish, and fur-seal laws and laws lating to fur-bearing animals of the United States applicable to Alaska, or to e laws of the United States providing for taxes on business and trade, or to the et entitled, "An act to provide for the construction and maintenance of roads, e establishment and maintenance of schools, and the care and support of insane rsons in the District of Alaska, and for other purposes," approved January -enty-seventh. nineteen hundred and five, and the several acts amendatory ereof: Provided further, That this provision shall not operate to prevent the gislature from imposing other and additional taxes or licenses. And the legisture shall pass no law depriving the judges and officers of the district court Alaska of any authority, jurisdiction, or function exercised by like judges or ficers of district courts of the United States.

SEC. 4. That the legislative power and authority of said Territory shall be ested in a legislature, which shall consist of a senate and a house of repreentatives. The senate shall consist of eight members, two from each of the our judicial divisions into which Alaska is now divided by act of Congress, ach of whom shall have at the time of his election the qualifications of an ector in Alaska, and shall have been a resident and an inhabitant in the divion from which he is elected for at least two years prior to the date of his ection. The term of office of each member of the senate shall be four years: rovided, That immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of he first election they shall, by lot or drawing, be divided in each division into wo classes; the seats of the members of the first class shall be vacated at the nd of two years and the seats of the members of the second class shall be acated at the end of four years, so that one member of the senate shall, after he first election, be elected biennially at the regular election from each division. The house of representatives shall consist of sixteen members, four from each of

The territory of Alaska was ceded to the United States by Russia by the treaty f March 30, 1867, in consideration of the payment of $7,200,000. A civil government vas established in the territory by the act of May 17, 1884, prior to which time it vas unorganized and subject to the provisions of the act of July 27, 1868. Other acts undamental in character were approved on May 14, 1898; March 3, 1899; June 6, 900 and May 7, 1906. The present form of government was established by the act of August 24, 1912. The federal laws pertaining to the government of Alaska are xtensive and are embraced in Sections 3528-3643, inclusive, of the United States Comoiled Statutes of 1913. United States Statutes at Large, Vol. 37, Part I, Public Laws.

the four judicial divisions into which Alaska is now divided by act of Congress. The term of office of each representative shall be for two years and each representative shall possess the same qualifications as are prescribed for members of the senate and the persons receiving the highest number of legal votes in each judicial division cast in said election for senator or representative shall be deemed and declared elected to such office: Provided, That in the event of a tie vote the candidates thus affected shall settle the question by lot. In case of a vacancy in either branch of the legislature the governor shall order an election to fill such vacancy, giving due and proper notice thereof. That each member of the legislature shall be paid by the United States the sum of fifteen dollars per day for each day's attendance while the legislature is in session, and mileage, in addition, at the rate of fifteen cents per mile for each mile from his home to the capital and return by the nearest traveled route.

SEC. 5. That the first election for members of the Legislature of Alaska shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, nineteen hundred and twelve, and all subsequent elections for the election of such members shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November biennially thereafter; that the qualifications of electors, the regulations governing the creation of voting precincts, the appointment and qualifications of election officers. the supervision of elections, the giving of notices thereof, the forms of ballots, the register of votes, the challenging of voters, and the returns and the canvass of the returns of the result of all such elections for members of the legislature shall be the same as those prescribed in the act of Congress entitled “An Act providing for the election of a Delegate to the House of Representatives from the Territory of Alaska," approved May seventh, nineteen hundred and six, and all the provisions of said act which are applicable are extended to said elections for members of the legislature, and shall govern the same, and the canvassing board created by said act shall canvass the returns of such elections and issue certificates of election to each member elected to the said legislature; and all the penal provisions contained in section fifteen of the said act shall apply to elections for members of the legislature as fully as they now apply to elections for Delegates from Alaska to the House of Representatives.

SEC. 6. That the Legislature of Alaska shall convene at the capitol at the city of Jumeau, Alaska, on the first Monday in March in the year nineteen hundred and thirteen, and on the first Monday in March every two years thereafter: but the said legislature shall not continue in session longer than sixty days in any two years unless again convened in extraordinary session by a proclamation of the governor, which shall set forth the object thereof and give at least thirty days written notice to each member of said legislature, and in such case shall not continue in session longer than fifteen days. The governor of Alaska is hereby authorized to convene the legislature in extraordinary session for a period not exceeding fifteen days when requested to do so by the President of the United States, or when any public danger or necessity may require it.

SEC. 7. That when the legislature shall convene under the law, the senate and house of representatives shall each organize by the election of one of their number as presiding officer, who shall be designated in the case of the senate as "president of the senate" and in the case of the house of representatives as "speaker of the house of representatives," and by the election by each body of the subordinate officers provided for in section eighteen hundred and sixty-one of the United States Revised Statutes of eighteen hundred and seventy-eight. and each of said subordinate officers shall receive the compensation provided it that section: Provided, That no person shall be employed for whom salary, wages or compensation is not provided in the appropriation made by Congress.

SEC. S. That the enacting clause of all laws passed by the legislature shal be "Be it enacted by the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska." No law shal embrace more than one subject, which shall be expressed in its title.

SEC. 9. The legislative power of the Territory shall extend to all rightfal subjects of legislation not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary dispos of the soil: no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States: not shall the lands or other property of nonresidents be taxed higher than the

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lands or other property of residents; nor shall the legislature grant to any corporation, association, or individual any special or exclusive privilege, immunity, or franchise without the affirmative approval of Congress; nor shall the legis lature pass local or special laws in any of the cases enumerated in the act of July thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six; nor shall it grant private charters or special privileges, but it may, by general act, permit persons to associate themselves together as bodies corporate for manufacturing, mining, agricultural, and other industrial pursuits, and for the conduct of business of insurance, savings banks, banks of discount and deposit (but not of issue), loans, trust, and guaranty associations, for the establishment and conduct of cemeteries, and for the construction and operation of railroads, wagon roads, vessels, and irrigating ditches, and the colonization and improvement of lands in connection therewith, or for colleges, seminaries, churches, libraries, or any other benevolent, charitable, or scientific association, but the authority embraced in this section shall only permit the organization of corporations or associations whose chief business shall be in the Territory of Alaska; no divorce shall be granted by the legislature, nor shall any divorce be granted by the courts of the Territory, unless the applicant therefor shall have resided in the Territory for two years next preceding the application, which residence and all causes for divorce shall be determined by the court upon evidence adduced in open court; nor shall any lottery or the sale of lottery tickets be allowed; nor shall the legislature or any municipality interfere with or attempt in anywise to limit the acts of Congress to prevent and punish gambling, and all gambling implements shall be seized by the United States marshal or any of his deputies, or any constable or police officer, and destroyed; nor shall spirituous or intoxicating liquors be manufactured or sold, except under such regulations and restrictions as Congress shall provide; nor shall any public money be appropriated by the Territory or any municipal corporation therein for the support or benefit of any sectarian, denominational, or private school, or any school not under the exclusive control of the government: nor shall the government of the Territory of Alaska or any political or municipal corporation or subdivision of the Territory make any subscription to the capital stock of any incorporated company, or in any manner lend its credit for the use thereof; nor shall the Territory, or any municipal corporation therein, have power or authority to create or assume any bonded indebtedness whatever; nor to borrow money in the name of the Territory or of any municipal division thereof; nor to pledge the faith of the people of the same for any loan whatever, either directly or indirectly; nor to create, nor to assume, any indebtedness, except for the actual running expenses thereof; and no such indebtedness for actual running expenses shall be created or assumed in excess of the actual income of the Territory or municipality for that year, including as a part of such income appropriations then made by Congress, and taxes levied and payable and applicable to the payment of such indebtedness and cash and other money credits on hand and applicable and not already pledged for prior indebtedness: Provided, That all authorized indebtedness shall be paid in the order of its creation; all taxes shall be uniform upon the same class of subjects and shall be levied and collected under general laws, and the assessments shall be according to the actual value thereof. No tax shall be levied for Territorial purposes in excess of one per centum upon the assessed valuation of property therein in any one year; nor shall any incorporated town or municipality levy any tax. for any purpose. in excess of two per centum of the assessed valuation of property within the town in any one year; Provided, That the Congress reserves the exclusive power for five years from the date of the approval of this act to fix and impose any tax or taxes upon railways or railway property in Alaska, and no acts or laws passed by the Legislature of Alaska providing for a county form of government therein shall have any force or effect until it shall be submitted to and approved by the affirmative action of Congress; and all laws passed, or attempted to be passed, by such legislature in said Territory inconsistent with the provisions of this section shall be null and void: Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be held to abridge the right of the legislature to modify the qualifications of electors by extending the elective franchise to women. SEC. 10. That the senate and house of representatives shall each choose its

the four judicial divisions into which Alaska is now divided by act of Congress. The term of office of each representative shall be for two years and each representative shall possess the same as are prescribed for members of the senate and the persons receiving the highest number of legal votes in each judicial division cast in said election for senator or representative shall be deemed and declared elected to such office: Provided, That in the event of a tie vote the candidates thus affected shall settle the question by lot. In case of a vacancy in either branch of the legislature the governor shall order an elertion to fill such vacancy, giving due and proper notice thereof. That each member of the legislature shall be paid by the United States the sum of fifteen dollars per day for each day's attendance while the legislature is in session, and mileage, in addition, at the rate of fifteen cents per mile for each mile from his home to the capital and return by the nearest traveled route.

SEC. 5. That the first election for members of the Legislature of Alaska shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, nineteen hundred and twelve, and all subsequent elections for the election of such members shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November biennially thereafter; that the qualifications of electors, the regulations governing the creation of voting precincts, the appointment and qualifications of election officers, the supervision of elections, the giving of notices thereof, the forms of ballots, the register of votes, the challenging of voters, and the returns and the canvass of the returns of the result of all such elections for members of the legislature shall be the same as those prescribed in the act of Congress entitled "An Act providing for the election of a Delegate to the House of Representatives from the Territory of Alaska," approved May seventh, nineteen hundred and six, and all the provisions of said act which are applicable are extended to said elections for members of the legislature, and shall govern the same, and the canvassing board created by said act shall canvass the returns of such elections and issue certificates of election to each member elected to the said legislature; and all the penal provisions contained in section fifteen of the said act shall apply to ele tions for members of the legislature as fully as they now apply to elections for Delegates from Alaska to the House of Representatives.

SEC. 6. That the Legislature of Alaska shall convene at the capitol at the city of Jumeau, Alaska, on the first Monday in March in the year nineteen hundred and thirteen, and on the first Monday in March every two years thereafter: but the said legislature shall not continue in session longer than sixty days in any two years unless again convened in extraordinary session by a proclamation of the governor, which shall set forth the object thereof and give at least thirty days written notice to each member of said legislature, and in such case shall not continue in session longer than fifteen days. The governor of Alaska is hereby authorized to convene the legislature in extraordinary session for 1 period not exceeding fifteen days when requested to do so by the President of the United States, or when any public danger or necessity may require it.

SEC. 7. That when the legislature shall convene under the law, the senste and house of representatives shall each organize by the election of one of their number as presiding officer, who shall be designated in the case of the senate as "president of the senate" and in the case of the house of representatives as "speaker of the house of representatives," and by the election by each body of the subordinate officers provided for in section eighteen hundred and sixty-one of the United States Revised Statutes of eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and each of said subordinate officers shall receive the compensation provided it that section: Provided, That no person shall be employed for whom salary, wages or compensation is not provided in the appropriation made by Congress.

SEC. S. That the enacting clause of all laws passed by the legislature shall be "Be it enacted by the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska." No law shall embrace more than one subject, which shall be expressed in its title.

SEC. 9. The legislative power of the Territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of legislation not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposi of the soil: no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other property of nonresidents be taxed higher than the

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lands or other property of I corporation, association, or inc ity, or franchise without the af lature pass local or special law: thirtieth, eighteen hundred an or special privileges, but it m themselves together as bodies c and other industrial pursuits, a lugs banks, banks of discount a guaranty associations, for the t the construction and operation ditches, and the colonization an or for colleges, seminaries, churc or scientific association, but the mit the organization of corpora be in the Territory of Alaska; n shall any divorce be granted by therefor shall have resided in t application, which residence and the court upon evidence adduce sale of lottery tickets be allowed interfere with or attempt in any and punish gambling, and all gan States marshal or any of his d destroyed; nor shall spirituous or except under such regulations an shall any public money be approp poration therein for the support private school. or any school not nor shall the government of the T corporation or subdivision of the stock of any incorporated compar use thereof; nor shall the Territo power or authority to create or as to borrow money in the name of the of: nor to pledge the faith of the pe directly or indirectly; nor to crea for the actual running expenses t running expenses shall be created = the Territory or municipality for t appropriations then made by Congr cable to the payment of such inde on hand and applicable and not alre That all authorized indebtedness sh taxes shall be uniform upon the san collected under general laws, and actual value thereof. No tax shall of one per centum upon the assesse year; nor shall any incorporated towpose, in excess of two per centum o the town in any one year: Provided power for five years from the date o any tax or taxes upon railways or or laws passed by the Legislature government therein shall have any fo and approved by the affirmative action tempted to be passed, by such legislat provisions of this section shall be nu ing herein contained shall be held t modify the qualifications of electors by

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SEC. 10.

That the senate and hou

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