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Iness, liabilities or obligation of any corporation or person to this or to any municipal corporation therein; exempting property from taxarestoring to citizenship persons convicted of infamous crimes; authorizhe creation, extension or impairing of liens; creating offices or preng the powers or duties of offices in counties, cities, townships or school ts; or authorizing the adoption or legitimation of children. In all other where a general law can be made applicable no special law shall be ed.

EC. 28.

The presiding officer of each house shall, in the presence of ouse over which he presides, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed e legislature immediately after their titles have been publicly read, he fact of signing shall be at once entered upon the journal. EC. 29. The legislature shall prescribe by law the number, duties and ensation of the officers and employees of each house, and no payment be made from the state treasury, or be in any way authorized to any person except to an acting officer or employee elected or appointed in ance of law.

EC. 30. No bill shall be passed giving any extra compensation to any e officer, servant or employee, agent or contractor, after services are renor contract made.

EC. 31. All stationery, printing, paper, fuel and lights used in the ature and other departments of government, shall be furnished, and the ng and binding of the laws, journals and department reports and other ng and binding, and the repairing and furnishing of the halls and rooms for the meeting of the legislature and its committees shall be pered under contract, to be given to the lowest responsible bidder, below maximum price and under such regulations as may be prescribed by No member or officer of any department of the government shall be y way interested in any such contract; and all such contracts shall bject to the approval of the governor and state treasurer. SEC. 32. Except as otherwise provided in this constitution, no law shall d the term of any public officer or increase or diminish his salary molument after his election or appointment; but this shall not be cond to forbid the legislature from fixing the salaries or emoluments of officers first elected or appointed under this constitution, if such salaries moluments are not fixed by its provisions.

SEC. 33. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of sentatives; but the senate may propose amendments, as in case of other

SEC. 34. The general appropriation bills shall embrace nothing but approions for the ordinary expenses of the legislative, executive and judicial rtments of the state, interest on the public debt, and for public schools. other appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each embracing but subject.

SEC. 35. Except for interest on public debt, money shall be paid out of treasury only on appropriations made by the legislature, and in no case rwise than upon warrant drawn by the proper officer in pursuance of

SEC. 36. No appropriation shall be made for charitable, industrial, eduonal or benevolent purposes to any person, corporation or community not er the absolute control of the state, nor to any denominational or secan institution or association.

SEC. 37. The legislature shall not delegate to any special commissioner, ate corporation or association, any power to make, supervise or interwith any municipal improvements, moneys, property or effects, whether in trust or otherwise, to levy taxes, or to perform any municipal funcswhatever.

SEC. 38.

No act of the legislature shall authorize the investment of trust Is by executors, administrators, guardians or trustees, in the bonds or k of any private corporation.

SEC. 39. The legislature shall have no power to pass any law authoriz

ing the state or any county in the state to contract any debt or obligation in the construction of any railroad, or give or loan its credit to or in aid of the construction of the same.

SEC. 40. No obligation or liability of any person, association or corporation, held or owned by the state, or any municipal corporation therein. shall ever be exchanged, transferred, remitted, released or postponed, or in any way diminished by the legislature; nor shall such liability or obligation be extinguished, except by the payment thereof into the proper treasury. SEC. 41. Every order, revolution or vote, in which the concurrence of both houses may be necessary, except on the question of adjournment, or relat ing solely to the transaction of the business of the two houses, shall be presented to the governor, and before it shall take effect be approved by him, or, being disapproved, be repassed by two-thirds of both houses as prescribed in the case of a bill.

SEC. 42. If any person elected to either house of the legislature shall offer or promise to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any measure or proposition, pending or to be introduced into the legislature, in consideration or upon condition that any other person elected to the same legislature will give, or promise or assent to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any other measure or proposition pending or proposed to be introduced into such legislature, the person making such offer or promise shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of bribery. If any member of the legis lature shall give his vote or influence for or against any measure or propo sition pending or to be introduced in such legislature, or offer, promise of assent thereto, upon condition that any other member will give or will promise or assent to give his vote or influence in favor of or against any other measure or proposition pending or to be introduced in such legislature, or in consideration that any other member has given his vote or influence for of against any other measure or proposition in such legislature, he shall be deemed guilty of bribery, and any member of the legislature, or person elected thereto, who shall be guilty of either of such offenses, shall be expelled and shall not thereafter be eligible to the legislature, and on conviction thered in the civil courts shall be liable to such further penalty as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 43. Any person who shall directly or indirectly offer, give or promise any money or thing of value, testimonial, privilege or personal advantage, to any executive or judicial officer or member of the legislature, to influence him in the performance of any of his official duties shall be deemed guilty of bribery, and be punished in such manner as shall be provided by law.

SEC. 44. Any person may be compelled to testify in any lawful investi gation or judicial proceeding against any person who may be charged with having committed the offense of bribery or corrupt solicitation, or practices of solicitation, and shall not be permitted to withhold his testimony upon the ground that it may criminate himself, or subject him to public infamy; but such testimony shall not afterwards be used against him in any judicial pr ceeding, except for perjury in giving such testimony, and any person cor victed of either of the offenses aforesaid shall, as part of the punishment therefor, be disqualified from holding any office or position of honor, trust or profit in this state.

SEC. 45. The offense of corrupt solicitation of members of the legislator or of public officers of the state, or of any municipal division thereof, and the occupation or practice of solicitation of such members or officers to i fluence their official action, shall be defined by law and shall be punishab by fine and imprisonment.

SEC. 46. A member who has a personal or private interest in any measur

CONSTITUTION OF WYO

the house of which he is a member, and shall not vote thereon. elt To

in November. 1800, and thereafter at such t tanner as may be prescribed by law. When made by congress, the legislature shall divid districts accordingly.

SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide by inhabitants of the state in the year 1895, and e at the session next following such enumeration. lowing an enumeration made by the authority o and adjust the apportionment for senators and re enumeration according to ratios to be fixed by la SEC. 3. Representative districts may be public convenience may require. When ar composed of two or more counties, they shall as compact as may be. No county shall be representative districts.

SEC. 4. Until an apportionment of senator wise provided by law, they shall be divided the state in the following manner:

Albany county, two senators and five rep Carbon county, two senators and five rep Converse county, one senator and three Crook county, one senator and two repr Fremont county, one senator and two rep Laramie county, three senators and six re Johnson county, one senator and two rep Sheridan county, one senator and two rep Sweetwater county, two senators and thre L'inta county, two senators and three rep

SEC. 2. No person shall be eligible to t be a citizen of the United States and a qua had attained the age of thirty years, and w preceding the election within the state or terr any other office during the term for which h SEC. 3. The governor shall be elected state at the time and place of choosing m person having the highest number of votes elected, but if two or more shall have an equ for governor, the two houses of the legislat shall forthwith. by joint ballot, choose one The returns of the election for governor shall be prescribed by law.

SEC. 4. The governor shall be command. of the state, except when they are called into and may call out the same to execute the repel invasion. He shall have power to conv lary occasions. He shall at the commencem to the legislature by message, information of recommend such measures as he shall deen He shall expedite all such measures as may ture and shall take care that the laws be SEC. 5. The governor shall have power Except treason and cases of impeachment; but

or bill proposed or pending before the legislature shall disclose the fact all necessary business with the officers of th

APPORTIONMENT.

SECTION 1. One representative in the congress of the United States shall

be elected from the state at large, the Tuesday next after the first Monday rant reprieves, communications and pardons

ARTICLE IV. EXECUTIVE DEPARTM

SECTION 1. hold his office for the term of four (4) ye The executive power shall be elected and duly qualified.

November, 1890, and thereafter at such times and places, and in such ner as may be prescribed by law. When a new apportionment shall be e by congress, the legislature shall divide the state into congressional ricts accordingly.

SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the bitants of the state in the year 1895, and every tenth year thereafter, and he session next following such enumeration, and also at the session next folng an enumeration made by the authority of the United States, shall revise adjust the apportionment for senators and representatives, on a basis of such meration according to ratios to be fixed by law.

SEC. 3. Representative districts may be altered from time to time as Hic convenience may require. When a representative district shall be posed of two or more counties, they shall be contiguous, and the districts compact as may be. No county shall be divided in the formation of resentative districts.

SEC. 4. Until an apportionment of senators and representatives as other-
provided by law, they shall be divided among the several counties of
state in the following manner:
Albany county, two senators and five representatives.
Carbon county, two senators and five representatives.
Converse county, one senator and three representatives.
Crook county, one senator and two representatives.
Fremont county, one senator and two representatives.
Laramie county, three senators and six representatives.
Johnson county, one senator and two representatives.
Sheridan county, one senator and two representatives.
Sweetwater county, two senators and three representatives.
Uinta county, two senators and three representatives.

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ARTICLE IV.

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.

SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor, who shall his office for the term of four (4) years and until his successor is ted and duly qualified.

SEC. 2. No person shall be eligible to the office of governor unless he a citizen of the United States and a qualified elector of the state, who attained the age of thirty years, and who has resided five years next eding the election within the state or territory, nor shall he be eligible to other office during the term for which he was elected.

SEC. 3. The governor shall be elected by the qualified electors of the e at the time and place of choosing members of the legislature. The son having the highest number of votes for governor shall be declared ted, but if two or more shall have an equal and highest number of votes governor, the two houses of the legislature at its next regular session I forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one of such persons for said office. returns of the election for governor shall be made in such manner as shall prescribed by law.

SEC. 4. The governor shall be commander-in-chief of the military forces he state, except when they are called into the service of the United States, may call ut the same to execute the laws, suppress insurrection and l invasion. He shall have power to convene the legislature on extraordiy occasions. He shall at the commencement of each session communicate the legislature by message, information of the condition of the state, and ommend such measures as he shall deem expedient. He shall transact necessary business with the officers of the government, civil and military. shall expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the legislae and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

SEC. 5. The governor shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, to nt reprieves, communications and pardons after conviction, for all offenses ept treason and cases of impeachment; but the legislature may by law regu

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THE STATE CONSTITUTIONS 1

late the manner in which the remission of fines, pardons, commutations and reprieves may be applied for. Upon conviction for treason he shall have power to suspend the execution of sentence until the case is reported in the legislature at its next regular session, when the legislature shall either pardon. or commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence or grant further reprieve. He shall communicate to the legislature at each regular session each ease of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon granted by him, stating the name of the convict, the crime for which he was convicted, the sentence and its date, and the date of the remission, communication, pardon or reprieve with his reasons for granting the same.

SEC. 6. If the governor be impeached, displaced, resign or die, or from mental or physical disease or otherwise become incapable of performing the duties of his office or be absent from the state, the secretary of state shall act as governor until the vacancy is filled or the disability removed.

SEC. 7. When any office from any cause becomes vacant, and no mode is provided by the constitution or law for filling such vacancy, the governor shall have the power to fill the same by appointment.

SEC. 8. Every bill which has passed the legislature shall, before it te comes a law, be presented to the governor. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections to the house in which it originated, which shall enter the objections at large upon the journal and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members elected agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the ob jections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of the members elected, it shall become 1 law; but in all such cases the vote of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for and against the bil shall be entered upon the journal of each house respectively. If any bill is not returned by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after its presentation to him, the same shall be a law, unless the legislature by its adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law, unless he shall file the same with his objections in the office of the secretary of state within fifteen days after such adjournment.

SEC. 9. The governor shall have power to disapprove of any item or items or part or parts of any bill making appropriations of money or property embracing distinct items, and the part or parts of the bill approved shall be the law, and the item or items and part or parts disapproved shall be void unless enacted in the following manner: If the legislature be in session be shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy of the fem or items or part or parts thereof disapproved, together with his objections thereto, and the items or parts objected to shall be separately reconsidered. and each item or part shall then take the same course as is prescribed for the passage of bills over the executive veto.

SEC. 10. Any governor of this state who asks, receives or agrees to receive any bribe upon any understanding that his official opinion, judgment or actio shall be influenced thereby, or who gives or offers, or promises his official influence in consideration that any member of the legislature shall give his official vote or influence on any particular side of any question or matter upon which he is required to act in his official capacity, or who menaces any mer ber by the threatened use of his veto power, or who offers or promises any member that he, the governor, will appoint any particular person or persins to any office created or thereafter to be created, in consideration that any member shall give his official vote or influence on any matter pending er thereafter to be introduced into either house of said legislature; or who threatens any member that he, the governor, will remove any person or per sons from office or position with intent in any manner to influence the action of said member shall be punished in the manner now or that may hereafter be provided by law, and upon conviction thereof shall forfeit all right to hold or exercise any office of trust or honor in this state.

SEC. 11. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors of the state st the times and places of choosing members of the legislature, a secretary of

ate auditor, treasurer, and superintendent o are attained the age of twenty-five years respe Taited States, and shall have the qualification: erally hold their offices at the seat of gov

years and until their successors are elect person shall be eligible for the office of treas the expiration of the term for which he was ovide for such other state officers as are de SEC. 12. The powers and duties of the sec reasurer and superintendent of public instru

av.

SEC. 13. Until otherwise provided by law annual salary of two thousand five hundred site auditor, state treasurer and superintenč ch receive an annual salary of two thousa my of the said officers shall not be increased for which they were elected, and all fees and said offices shall be covered into the state tr SEC. 14. The legislature shall provide for appointed by the governor and confirmed by examine the accounts of state treasurer, ourt clerks, and all county treasurers, and trea as the law may require, and shall perform su prescribe. He shall report at least once a year offers as are designated by the legislature. by law.

SEC. 15. There shall be a seal of state v Seal of the State of Wyoming"; it shall be and used by him officially as directed by law The seal of the Territory of Wyoming of the state until otherwise provided by law.

ARTICLE V JUDICIAL DEPARTM:

SECTION 1. The judicial power of the sta sitting as a court of impeachment, in a suprem of the peace, courts of arbitration and such by general law, establish for incorporated cit

SEC. 2. The supreme court shall have g extensive with the state, in both civil and cr general superintending control over all inferi regulations as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 3. The supreme court shall have orig and mandamus as to all state officers, and court shall also have power to issue writs of habeas corpus, certiorari, and other writs ne Rete exercise of its appellate and revisory j shall have power to issue writs of habeas upon petition by or on behalf of a person h make such writs returnable before himself a before any district court of the state or any

SEC. 4. The supreme court of the state sh shall be elected by the qualified electors of th tion at the times and places at which state off of office shall be eight (8) years, commencing day in January next succeeding their electic the first election after this constitution shall meeting provided by law, so classify themselve go out of office at the end of four (4) years, Jears, and one at the end of eight (8) years

state, auditor, treasurer, and superintendent of public instruction, who shall have attained the age of twenty-five years respectively, shall be citizens of the United States, and shall have the qualifications of state electors. They shall severally hold their offices at the seat of government, for the term of four (4) years and until their successors are elected and duly qualified, but no person shall be eligible for the office of treasurer for four (4) years after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. The legislature may provide for such other state officers as are deemed necessary.

SEC. 12. The powers and duties of the secretary of state, of state auditor, treasurer and superintendent of public instruction shall be as prescribed by law.

SEC. 13. Until otherwise provided by law, the governor shall receive an annual salary of two thousand five hundred dollars, the secretary of state. state auditor, state treasurer and superintendent of public instruction shall each receive an annual salary of two thousand dollars, and the salaries of any of the said officers shall not be increased or diminished during the period for which they were elected, and all fees and profits arising from any of the said offices shall be covered into the state treasury.

SEC. 14. The legislature shall provide for a state examiner, who shall be appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate. His duty shall be to examine the accounts of state treasurer, supreme court clerks, district court clerks, and all county treasurers, and treasurers of such other institutions as the law may require, and shall perform such duties as the legislature may prescribe. He shall report at least once a year, and oftener if required, to such officers as are designated by the legislature. His compensation shall be fixed

by law.

SEC. 15. There shall be a seal of state which shall be called the "Great Seal of the State of Wyoming"; it shall be kept by the secretary of state and used by him officially as directed by law.

The seal of the Territory of Wyoming as now used shall be the seal of the state until otherwise provided by law.

ARTICLE V.

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT.

SECTION 1. The judicial power of the state shall be vested in the senate. sitting as a court of impeachment, in a supreme court, district courts, justices of the peace, courts of arbitration and such courts as the legislature may, by general law, establish for incorporated cities or incorporated towns.

SEC. 2. The supreme court shall have general appellate jurisdiction, coextensive with the state, in both civil and criminal causes, and shall have a general superintending control over all inferior courts, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 3. The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in quo warranto and mandamus as to all state officers, and in habeas corpus. The supreme court shall also have power to issue writs of mandamus, review, prohibition, habeas corpus, certiorari, and other writs necessary and proper to the comlete exercise of its appellate and revisory jurisdiction. Each of the judges shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus to any part of the state pon petition by or on behalf of a person held in actual custody, and may make such writs returnable before himself or before the supreme court, or efore any district court of the state or any judge thereof.

SEC. 4. The supreme court of the state shall consist of three justices who shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at a general state election at the times and places at which state officers are elected; and their term of office shall be eight (8) years, commencing from and after the first Monay in January next succeeding their election; and the justices elected at he first election after this constitution shall go into effect shall, at their first meeting provided by law, so classify themselves by lot that one of them shall zo out of office at the end of four (4) years, and one at the end of six (6) ears, and one at the end of eight (8) years from the commencement of their

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