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direct; and any person who shall directly or indirectly give, promise, or be stow, any such rewards to be elected, shall thereby be rendered incapable to serve for the ensuing year, and be subject to such further punishment as the Legislature shall direct.

OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OATH OF OFFICE.

SEC. 52. Every officer, whether judicial, executive, or military, in authority under this State, before he enters upon the execution of his office, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation of allegiance to this State (unless he shall produce evidence that he has before taken the same), and also the following oath or affirmation of office, except military officers, and such as shall be exempted by the Legislature.

THE OATH OR AFFIRMATION OF ALLEGIANCE.

You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will be true and faithful to the State of Vermont, and that you will not, directly or indirectly, do any act or thing injurious to the Constitution or Government thereof. (If an oath) So help you God. (If an affirmation) Under the pains and penalties of perjury.

THE OATH OR AFFIRMATION OF OFFICE.

You

do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will faithfully execute the office of for the of and will therein do equal right and justice to all men, to the best of your judgment and ability, according to law. (If an oath) So help you God. (If an affirmation) Under the pains and penalties of perjury.

IMPEACHMENTS,

SEC. 53. The House of Representatives shall have the power to order impeachments, which shall in all cases be by a vote of two-thirds of is members.33

SEC. 54. Every officer of State, whether judicial or executive, shall be liable to be impeached by the House of Representatives, either when in offe or after his resignation or removal for maladministration.34

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The Senate shall have the sole power of trying and deciding upon impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath, or affirms tion, and no person shall be convicted, without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not exten further than to removal from office and disqualification to hold or enjoy any office of honor, or profit, or trust, under this State. But the person co victed shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, jude ment, and punishment, according to law.

MILITIA.

SEC. 55. The inhabitants of this State shall be trained and armed for its defence, under such regulations, restrictions, and exceptions, as Congress agreeably to the Constitution of the United States, and the Legislature ** this State, shall direct: The several companies of Militia shall, as ofte as vacancies happen, elect their Captain and other officers, and the Captai and Subalterns shall nominate and recommend the field officers of their spective regiments, who shall appoint their staff officers.

GENERAL PROVISIONS.

SEC. 56. No person ought in any case, or in any time, to be declares guilty of treason or felony, by the Legislature, nor to have his sentence {% conviction for felony commuted, remitted, or mitigated by the Legislature.

Amendment No. 25, Section 3, 1870.

34 Amendments Nos. 7 and 8, 1836.

Proposal No. 4, made by the senate on December 7, 1910, concurred in by t house on January 11, 1911, concurred in by the senate on January 30, 1913, concart in by the house on January 28, 1913, ratified on March 4, 1913, and prote adopted on April 8, 1913.

SEC. 57. As every freeman, to preserve his independence (if without a icient estate) ought to have some profession, calling, trade, or farm. reby he may honestly subsist, there can be no necessity for, nor use in. blishing offices of profit, the usual effects of which are dependence and vility, unbecoming freemen, in the possessors or expectants, and faction, tention and discord among the people. But if any man is called into public vice to the prejudice of his private affairs, he has a right to a reasonable pensation; and whenever an office through increase of fees or otherwise, omes so profitable as to occasion many to apply for it, the profit ought be lessened by the Legislature. And if any officer shall wittingly and wily. take greater fees than the law allows him, it shall ever after disqualify a from holding any office in this State, until he shall be restored by act legislation.

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SEC. 38. All deeds and conveyances of lands shall be recorded in the vn Clerk's office in their respective towns; and, for want thereof, in the ity Clerk's office in the same county.

SEC. 59. The Legislature shall regulate entails in such manner as to vent perpetuities.

SEC. 60. To deter more effectually from the commission of crimes, by tinued visible punishments of long duration, and to make sanguinary punments less necessary, means ought to be provided for punishing by hard or, those who shall be convicted of crimes not capital, whereby the crimishall be employed for the benefit of the public, or for the reparation injuries done to private persons: and all persons at proper times ought be permitted to see them at their labor.

SEC. 61. The estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives, all not, for that offence, be forfeited, but shall descend or ascend in the me manner as if such persons had died in a natural way. Nor shall any icle which shall accidently occasion the death of any person, be deemed a land, or in any wise forfeited on account of such misfortune.

SEC. 62. Every person of good character, who comes to settle in this State, ing first taken an oath or affirmation of allegiance to the same, may chase, or by other just means acquire, hold and transfer land, or other 1 estate: and after one year's residence shall be deemed a free denizen reof, and entitled to all rights of a natural born subject of this State, ept the privileges of a freeman, the right to which is herein elsewhere ermined, and except also that he shall not be capable of being elected asurer. or Representative in Assembly, until after two years' residence,

be eligible to the office of Governor or Lieutenant-Governor until he I have resided in this State as required by section 23 of this Constitution. SEC. 63. The inhabitants of this State have liberty in seasonable times. hunt and fowl on the lands they hold, and on other lands not inclosed, in like manner to fish in all boatable and other waters (not private property) ler proper regulations, to be made and provided by the General Assembly. SEC. 64. Laws for the encouragement of virtue and prevention of vice and norality, ought to be constantly kept in force, and duly executed; and a petent number of schools ought to be maintained in each town, for the venient instruction of youth; and one or more grammar schools to be inporated and properly supported, in each county in this State. And all reous societies, or bodies of men that may be united or incorporated for the ancement of religion and learning, or for other pious and charitable purposes, ll be encouraged and protected in the enjoyment of the privileges, immunities. estates, which they in justice ought to enjoy, under such regulations as General Assembly of this State shall direct.

SEC. 65. No charter of incorporation shall be granted, extended, changed amended by special law, except for such municipal, charitable, educational, al or reformatory corporations as are to be and remain under the patronage control of the State; but the General Assembly shall provide by general s for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be created. All general

laws passed pursuant to this section may be altered from time to time of repealed.36

SEC. 66. The General Assembly may pass laws compelling compensation fo: injuries received by employees in the course of their employment resulting in death or bodily hurt. for the benefit of such employees, their widows, or next of kin. It may designate the class or classes of employers and employees to which such laws shall apply.37

SEC. 67. The Declaration of the political rights and privileges of the in habitants of this State, is hereby declared to be a part of the Constitution of this Commonwealth; and ought not to be violated on any pretence whatsoever.

AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION.

SEC. 68. At the fifth biennial session of the General Assembly of this State following that of A. D. 1910, and at the session thereof every tenth year there after, the Senate may, by a vote of two-thirds of its members, make proposals of amendment to the Constitution of the State, which proposals of amendment if concurred in by a majority of the members of the House of Representatives shall be entered on the journals of the two Houses, and referred to the Genera. Assembly then next to be chosen, and be published in the principal newspapers of the State; and if a majority of the members of the Senate and of the House of Representatives of the next following General Assembly shall respectively concur in the same proposals of amendment, or any of them, it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to submit the proposals of amendment so col curred in to a direct vote of the freemen of the State; and such of said poposals of amendment as shall receive a majority of the votes of the freemes voting thereon shall become a part of the Constitution of this State.

The General Assembly shall direct the manner of voting by the people upon the proposed amendments, and enact all such laws as shall be necessary to procure a free and fair vote upon each amendment proposed, and to carry into effect all the provisions of this section.38

TEMPORARY PROVISIONS.

SEC. 69. The persons severally elected in 1912 to the offices mentioned ↑ section 35 shall hold such offices until the term of their successors elected first Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, A. D. 1914, shall begi as herein provided,39

SEC. 70. The Justices of the Supreme Court are hereby authorized and directed to revise Chapter II of the Constitution by incorporating into sa Chapter all amendments of the Constitution that are now or may be then force and excluding therefrom all sections, clauses and words not in force ai rearranging and renumbering the sections thereof under appropriate titles as their judgment may be most logical and convenient; and said revised Chapter II as certified to the Secretary of State by said Justices or a majority there? shall be a part of the Constitution of this State in substitution for exist Chapter II and all amendments thereof. 40

STATE OF VERMONT CHAMBERS OF THE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. To the Secretary of State :

We hereby certify that the foregoing instrument, divided into seventy tions numbered consecutively, is a revision of Chapter II of the Constitution /

Proposal No. 5, made by the senate on December 7, 1910, concurred in br* house on January 11, 1911, concurred in by the senate on January 21, 1913, cam in by the house on January 28, 1913, ratified on March 4, 1913, and proclaimed . 365′′ on April 8, 1913.

Proposal No. 7, made by the senate on December 7, 1910, concurred in ** house on January 11, 1911, concurred in by the senate on January 30, 1913, enemy in by the house on February 4, 1913, ratified on March 4, 1913, and p adopted on April 8 1913.

38 Amendment No. 25, Sections 1 and 2, 1870. Proposal No. 2, 1913.

See Note 5.

Proposal No. 8, made by the senate on December 7, 1910, concurred in house on January 11, 1911, concurred in by the senate on December 10, 14 curred in by the house on January 29 1913, and ratified on March 4, 1913.

State made by us by virtue of the authority and direction of a constitual provision in that regard ratified and adopted by the people of this State the fourth day of March, A. D. 1913, as appears by the Proclamation of the ernor dated the eighth day of April, A. D. 1913..

Done at Montpelier this twenty-ninth day of September, A. D. 1913.
JOHN W. ROWELL, Chief Justice.
ELAND MUNSON, JOHN H. WATSON, SENECA HASELTON, GEORGE M. POWERS,
Associate Justices.

The following proclamation, issued by the governor on April 8, 1913, gives in full amendments adopted in 1913:

GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION, APRIL 8, 1913. ·

STATE OF VERMONT-BY THE GOVERNOR.

J. A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, The following Articles of Amendment of the Constitution have n submitted to a direct vote of the freemen of the State for their ratification 1 adoption, as provided by the Constitution and by an act of the General sembly of 1912, entitled "An act relating to the proposed Articles of Amendnt to the Constitution", approved February 10, 1913, to wit:

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FIRST ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

ARTICLE 11.

Every bill which shall have passed the senate and house of representatives. all, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor; if he approve, he all sign it; if not, he shall return it, with his objections in writing, to the use, in which it shall have originated; which shall proceed to reconsider it. upon such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members present of the house all pass the bill, it shall, together with the objections, be sent to the other use, by which it shall, likewise, be reconsidered, and, if approved by twoirds of the members present of that house, it shall become a law.

But, in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be taken by yeas and ys, and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be tered on the journal of each house, respectively. If any bill shall not be turned by the governor, as aforesaid, within five days, (Sundays excepted) ter it shall have been presented to him, the same shall become a law, in like anner, as if he had signed it; unless the two houses, by their adjournment. ithin three days after the presentment of such bill, shall prevent its return : which case, it shall not become a law.

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SECOND ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

ARTICLE 24, SECTIONS 1. 2, 4, 5 AND 6.

SECTION 1. The General Assembly shall meet biennially on the first ednesday next after the first Monday of January, beginning in A. D. 1915.

SEC. 2. The governor, lieutenant-governor, treasurer, secretary of state. uditor of accounts, senators, town representatives, assistant judges of the ounty courts, sheriffs, high bailiffs, state's attorneys, judges of probate and ustices of the peace, shall be elected biennially, on the first Tuesday next after he first Monday of November, beginning in A. D. 1914.

SEC. 4. The term of office of senators and town representatives shall be wo years, commencing on the first Wednesday next after the first Monday of January following their election. “

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SEC. 5. The term of office of the assistant judges of the county court. sheriffs, high bailiffs, state's attorneys, judges of probate and justices of the Deace, shall be two years, and shall commence on the first day of February ext after their election.

SEC. 6. The persons who shall be severally elected in 1912 to the offices mentioned in this article shall hold such offices until the term of their succes

sors elected the first Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, A. D. 1914. shall begin as herein provided.

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THIRD ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

CHAPTER 2, SECTION 14.

The votes and, proceedings of the General Assembly shall be printed (when one third of the members of either house think it necessary), as soon as convenient after the end of the session, with the yeas and nays of the house of representatives on any question when required by five members and of the senate when required by one senator, (except where the votes shall be taken by ballot), in which case every member of either house shall have a right to insert the reasons of his vote upon the minutes.

FOURTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

CHAPTER 2, SECTION 20.

SEC. 20. No person ́ought in any case, or in any time, to be declared guilty of treason or felony, by the legislature, nor to have his sentence upon conviction for felony commuted, remitted or mitigated by the legislature.

And that Section 11 of Chapter 2 be amended by omitting the words "and murder" where they occur therein.

FIFTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.
ARTICLE 30.

No charter of incorporation shall be granted, extended changed or amended by special law, except for such municipal, charitable, educational, penal or reformatory corporations as are to be and remain under the patronage or control of the State; but the General Assembly shall provide by general laws for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be created. All general laws passed pursuant to this article may be altered from time to time or repealed.

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SIXTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.
ARTICLE 31.

That wherever the words "judge" or "judges" are used in the Constitution of Vermont or amendments thereof, to designate a judge or judges of the supreme court, the words "justice" or "justices" shall be substituted therefor. as the case may require.

SEVENTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

ARTICLE 32.

The General Assembly may pass laws compelling compensation for injuries received by employees in the course of their employment resulting in death of bodily hurt, for the benefit of such employees, their widows or next of kin It may designate the class or classes of employers and employees to which such laws shall apply.

EIGHTH ARTICLE OF AMENDMENT.

ARTICLE 33.

That the judges of the supreme court be and are hereby authorized and directed to revise Chapter 2 of the Constitution by incorporating into s Chapter all amendments of the Constitution that are now or may be then it force and excluding therefrom all sections, clauses and words not in force and rearranging and renumbering the sections thereof under appropriate titles as in their judgment may be most logical and convenient; and said revised Chapter 2 as certified to the secretary of state by said judges or a majority thereof

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