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ordance with said laws, upon any proposition for that purpose, which, acling to said laws, may have been submitted to a vote of the qualified electors any county, city, town or school district before the day on which this stitut takes effect.

ARTICLE XV.

MILITIA.

SECTION 1. The militia shall consist of all able-bodied male inhabitants the State, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such are exempted by law.

SEC. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law for the organization, equipnt and discipline of the militia, which shall conform as nearly as practicable the regulations for the government of the armies of the United States.

ARTICLE XVI.

LABOR.

SECTION 1. The rights of labor shall have just protection through laws culated to promote the industrial welfare of the State.

SEC. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law, for a Board of Labor, nciliation and Arbitration, which shall fairly represent the interests of both ital and labor. The Board shall perform duties, and receive compensan as prescribed by law.

SEC. 3. The Legislature shall prohibit:

(1) The employment of women, or of children under the age of fouren years, in underground mines.

(2)

The contracting of convict labor.

(3) The labor of convicts outside prison grounds, except on public works der the direct control of the State.

(4) The political and commercial control of employees.

SEC. 4. The exchange of black-lists by railroad companies, or other corrations, associations or persons is prohibited.

SEC. 5. The right of action to recover damages for injuries resulting in ath, shall never be abrogated, and the amount recoverable shall not be bject to any statutory limitation.

SEC. 6. Eight hours shall constitute a day's work on all works or underkings carried on or aided by the State, County or Municipal governments; d the Legislature shall pass laws to provide for the health and safety of ployees in factories, smelters and mines.

SEC. 7. The Legislature, by appropriate legislation, shall provide for the forcement of the provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XVII.

WATER RIGHTS.

SECTION 1. All existing rights to the use of any of the waters in this ate, for any useful or beneficial purpose, are hereby recognized and conmed.

ARTICLE XVIII.

FORESTRY.

SECTION 1. The Legislature shall enact laws to prevent the destruction and to preserve the Forests on the lands of the State, and upon any part the public domain, the control of which may be conferred by Congress upon e State.

ARTICLE XIX.

PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND STATE INSTITUTIONS.

SECTION 1. All Institutions and other property of the Territory, upon the loption of this Constitution, shall become the Institutions and property of e State of Utah.

SEC. 2.

Reformatory and Penal institutions, and those for the benefit of the Insane, Blind, Deaf and Dumb, and such other institutions as the public good may require, shall be established and supported by the State in such manner, and under such boards of control as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 3. The Public Institutions of the State are hereby permanently located at the places hereinafter named, each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the United States, in the Act of Congress, approved July 16th. 1894, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the Legislature may provide:

First-The Seat of Government and the State Fair at Salt Lake City, and the State Prison in the County of Salt Lake.

Second-The Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, and the State Reform School at Ogden City, in the County of Weber.

Third: The State Insane Asylum at Provo City, in the County of Utah.

ARTICLE XX.

PUBLIC LANDS.

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SECTION 1. All lands of the State that have been, or may hereafter be granted to the State by Congress, and all lands acquired by gifts, grant or devise, from any person or corporation, or that may, otherwise be acquired. are hereby accepted, and declared to be the public lands of the State; and shall be held in trust for the people, to be disposed of as may be provided by law, for the respective purposes for which they have been or may b granted, donated, devised or otherwise acquired.

ARTICLE XXI.

SALARIES.

SECTION 1. All State, district, city, county, town and school officers, excepting notaries public, boards of arbitration, court commissioners, justices of the peace and constables, shall be paid fixed and definite salaries: Provided. That city justices may be paid by salary when so determined by the mayor and counsel of such cities.

SEC. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law, the fees which shall te collected by all officers within the State. Notaries public, boards of arbitra tion, court commissioners, justices of the peace, and constables paid by fees. shall accept said fees as their full compensation. But all other State, dis trict, county, city, town and school officers, shall be required by law to keep a true and correct account of all fees collected by them, and to pay th same into the proper treasury, and the officer whose duty it is to collet such fees shall be held responsible under his bond for the same.

ARTICLE XXII.

MISCELLANEOUS.

SECTION 1. The Legislature shall provide by law for the selection by each head of a family, and exemption of a homestead, which may consist of one or more parcels of lands, together with the appurtenances and improve ments thereon of the value of at least fifteen hundred dollars from sale execution.

SEC. 2. Real and personal estate of every female, acquired before marriage. and all property to which she may afterwards become entitled by purchase, gift, grant, inheritance or devise, shall be and remain the estate and property of such female, and shall not be liable for the debts, obligations or engage ments of her husband, and may be conveyed, devised or bequeathed by bet as if she were unmarried.

ARTICLE XXIII.

AMENDMENTS.

SECTION 1.

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Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution may proposed in either house of the Legislature, and if two-thirds of all the per bers elected to each of the two houses, shall vote in favor thereof, such pr

1 amendment or amendments shall be entered on their respective journals the yeas and nays taken thereon; and the Legislature shall cause the to be published in at least one newspaper in every county of the State, e a newspaper is published, for two months immediately preceding the general election, at which time the said amendment or amendments shall bmitted to the electors of the State, for their approval or rejection, and majority of the electors voting thereon shall approve the same, such dment or amendments shall become part of this Constitution. If two ore amendments are proposed, they shall be so submitted as to enable lectors to vote on each of them separately.

SEC. 2. Whenever two-thirds of the members, elected to each branch of Legislature, shall deem it necessary to call a convention to revise or d this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the general election, for or against a convention, and, if a majority of all electors voting at such election, shall vote for a convention, the Legislaat its next session, shall provide by law for calling the same. The ention shall consist of not less than the number of members in both ches of the Legislature.

SEC. 3. No Constitution, or amendments adopted by such Convention, shall • validity until submitted to, and adopted by, a majority of the electors he State voting at the next general election.

ARTICLE XXIV.

SCHEDULE.

SECTION 1. In order that no inconvenience may arise, by reason of the ge from a Territorial to a State Government, it is hereby declared that writs, actions, prosecutions, judgments, claims and contracts, as well of viduals as of bodies corporate, both public and private, shall continue as o change had taken place; and all process which may issue, under the ority of the Territory of Utah, previous to its admission into the Union. 1 be as valid as if issued in the name of the State of Utah.

SEC. 2. All laws of the Territory of Utah now in force, not repugnant his Constitution, shall remain in force until they expire by their own tations, or are altered or repealed by the Legislature. The act of the ernor and Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Utah, entitled “An to punish polygamy and other kindred offenses," approved February 4th, ). 1892, in so far as the same defines and imposes penalties for polyg is hereby declared to be in force in the State of Utah.

SEC. 3. Any person, who, at the time of the admission of the State into Union, may be confined under lawful commitment, or otherwise lawfully to answer for alleged violation of any of the criminal laws of the Terriof Utah, shall continue to be so held or confined, until discharged from by the proper courts of the State.

SEC. 4. All fines, penalties and forfeitures accruing to the Territory of 1, or to the people of the United States in the Territory of Utah. shall inure is State, and all debts, liabilities and obligations of said Territory shall be Lagainst the State, and enforced as may be provided by law.

SEC. 5. All recognizances heretofore taken, or which may be taken before change from a Territorial to a State Government, shall remain valid, and pass to and be prosecuted in the name of the State; and all bonds uted to the Governor of the Territory, or to any other officer or court is or their official capacity, or to any official board for the benefit of Territory of Utah, or the people thereof, shall pass to the Governor or officer, court or board, and his or their successors in office, for the therein, respectively expressed, and may be sued on, and recovery had rdingly. Assessed taxes, and all revenue, property, real, personal or d. and all judgments, bonds, specialties, choses in action, claims and debts. hatsoever description; and all records and public archives of the Territory tah. shall issue and vest in the State of Utah, and may be sued for recovered, in the same manner, and to the same extent by the State

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of Utah, as the same could have been by the Territory of Utah; and all tines, taxes, penalties and forfeitures, due or owing to any county, municipality or school district therein, at the time the State shall be admitted into the Union, are hereby respectively assigned and transferred, and the same shail be payable to the county, municipality or school district, as the case may be, and payment thereof be enforced under the laws of the State.

SEC. 6. All criminal prosecutions, and penal actions, which may have arisen, or which may arise before the change from a Territorial to a State Government, and which shall then be pending, shall be prosecuted to judgment and execution in the name of the State, and in the court having jurisdiction thereof. All offenses committed against the laws of the Territory of Utah. before the change from a Territorial to a State Government, and which shall not have been prosecuted before such change, may be prosecuted in the name. and by the authority of the State of Utah; with like effect as though such change had not taken place, and all penalties incurred shall remain the same as if this Constitution had not been adopted.

SEC. 7. All actions, cases, proceedings and matters, pending in the Spreme and District Courts of the Territory of Utah, at the time the State shall be admitted into the Union, and all files, records and indictments re lating thereto, except as otherwise provided herein, shall be appropriately trans ferred to the Supreme and District Courts of the State respectively; an thereafter all such actions, matters and cases, shall be proceeded with in the proper State courts. All actions, cases, proceedings and matters which sha: be pending in the District Courts of the Territory of Utah, at the time of the admission of the State into the Union, whereof the United States Circuit or District Courts might have had jurisdiction had there been a State Goernment at the time of the commencement thereof respectively, shall be trans ferred to the proper United States Circuit and District Courts respectively and all files, records, indictments and proceedings relating thereto, shall be transferred to said United States Courts: Provided, That no civil actions. other than causes and proceedings of which the said United States Courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, shall be transferred to either of said Unite! States Courts except upon motion or petition by one of the parties- there made under and in accordance with the act or acts of the Congress of he United States, and such motion and petition not being made, all such cases shall be proceeded with in the proper State Courts.

SEC. 8. Upon a change from Territorial to State Government, the sea in use by the Supreme Court of the Territory of Utah, until otherwise pre vided by law, shall pass to and becom the Seal of the Supreme Court of the State, and the several District Courts of the State may adopt seals for their respective courts, until otherwise provided by law.

SEC. 9. When the State is admitted into the Union, and the District Courts in the respective districts are organized, the books, records, papers an proceedings of the probate court in each county, and all causes and matters of administration pending therein, upon the expiration of the term of offi of the Probate Judge, on the second Monday in January, 1896, shall pass into the jurisdiction and possession of the District Court, which shall proces! to final judgment or decree, order or other determination in the several mstters and causes, as the Territorial Probate Court might have done, if thi Constitution had not been adopted. And until the expiration of the term f office of the Probate Judges, such Probate Judges shall perform the duti now imposed upon them by the laws of the Territory. The District Cou shall have appellate and revisory jurisdiction over the decisions of the Proba Courts as now provided by law, until such latter courts expire by limita

tion.

SEC. 10. All officers, civil and military, now holding their offices # appointments in this Territory by authority of law, shall continue to hold að! exercise their respective offices and appointments, until superseded under this Constitution: Provided. That the provisions of this section shall be subject to the pravisions of the Act of Congress, providing for the admission of the Stat of Utah, approved by the President of the United States on July 16th, 1894.

SEC. 11. The election for the adoption or rejection of this Constitution, for State Officers herein provided for, shall be held on the Tuesday next the first Monday in November, 1895, and shall be conducted according

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s cast at said election shall be canvassed, and returns in the same ner as was provided for in the election for delegates to the Constitual Convention.

Provided. That all male citizens of the United States, over the age of ty-one years, who have resided in this Territory, for one year next prior uch election. are hereby authorized to vote for or against the adoption his Constitution, and for the State Officers herein provided for. The rms of said election shall be made to the Utah Commission, who shall e the same to be canvassed, and shall certify the result of the vote for gainst the Constitution, to the President of the United States, in the ner required by the Enabling Act; and said Commission shall issue certes of election to the persons elected to said offices severally, and shall e and file with the Secretary of the Territory, an abstract, certified to hem, of the number of votes cast for each person for each of said offices, of the total number of votes cast in each county.

SEC. 12. The State Officers to be voted for at the time of the adoption his Constitution, shall be a Governor, Secretary of State, State Auditor, e Treasurer, Attorney-General. Superintendent of Public Instruction, memof the Senate and House of Representatives, three Supreme Judges, nine rict Judges and a Representative to Congress.

SEC. 13. In case of a contest of election between candidates, at the first ral election under this Constitution, for Judges of the District Courts, evidence shall be taken in the manner prescribed by the Territorial laws, the testimony so taken shall be certified to the Secretary of State, and officer. together with the Governor and the Treasurer of the State, shall ew the evidence, and determine who is entitled to the certificate of election. SEC. 14. This Constitution shall be submitted for adoption or rejection, vote of the qualified electors of the proposed State, at the general election e held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, A. D. At the said election the ballot shall be in the following form: For the Constitution. Yes. No.

As a heading to each of said ballots there shall be printed on each ballot following Instructions to Voters:

All persons desiring to vote for the Constitution must erase the word

All persons desiring to vote against this Constitution must erase the word 3."

SEC. 15. The Legislature, at its first session, shall provide for the election ill officers, whose election is not provided for elsewhere in this Constituand fix the time for the commencement and duration of their terms. SEC. 16. The provisions of this Constitution shall be in force from the on which the President of the United States shall issue his proclamation. aring the State of Utah admitted into the Union; and the terms of all ers elected at the first election under the provisions of this Constitution, I commence on the first Monday, next succeeding the issue of said proclamaTheir terms of office shall expire when their successors are elected qualified under this Constitution.

Done in Convention at Salt Lake City, in the Territory of Utah, this th day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ty-five, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred nineteenth.

JOHN HENRY SMITH, President.

Attest:

EY P. CHRISTENSEN, Secretary.

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