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the Legislative Assembly shall not create any office the tenure of which shall be longer than four years.

SEC. 3. Every person elected or appointed to any office under this Constitution shall, before entering on the duties thereof, take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States and of this State, and als an oath of office.

SEC. 4. Lotteries, and the sale of lottery tickets, for any purpose whatever, are prohibited, and the Legislative Assembly shall prevent the same by pena laws.

SEC. 5. The property and pecuniary rights of every married woman at the time of marriage, or afterwards acquired by gift, devise or inheritance shall not be subject to the debts or contracts of the husband; and laws sha be passed providing for the registration of the wife's separate property.

SEC. 6. No county shall be reduced to an area of less than four hundre square miles; nor shall any new county be established in this State containing a less area, nor unless such new county shall contain a population of al least twelve hundred inhabitants.

SEC. 7. No State officers or members of the Legislative Assembly sh directly or indirectly receive a fee, or be engaged as counsel, agent or attor ney in the prosecution of any claim against the State.

SEC. 8. No Chinaman, not a resident of the State at the adoption f this Constitution, shall ever hold any real estate or mining claim. or work any mining claim therein. The Legislative Assembly shall provide by law the most effectual manner for carrying out the above provisions.32

ARTICLE XVI.

BOUNDARIES.

SECTION 1. In order that the boundaries of the State may be known a established, it is hereby ordained and declared that the State of Oregon st be bounded as follows, to-wit:

Beginning one marine league at sea, due west from the point where forty-second parallel of north latitude intersects the same; thence northw at the same distance from the line of the coast lying west and opp the State, including all islands within the jurisdiction of the United St to a point due west and opposite the middle of the north ship channe the Columbia River; thence easterly to and up the middle channel of said river, and when it is divided by islands, up the middle of the widest cha thereof, and in like manner up the middle of the main channel of Snake Rive the mouth of the Owyhee River; thence due south to the parallel of latitude fo two degrees north; thence west along said parallel to the place of begin! including jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases upon the Columbia River Snake River. concurrently with states and territories of which those r form a boundary in common with this State. But the Congress of the IStates, in providing for the admission of this State into the Union, may the said northern boundary conform to the act creating the Territory Washington.

ARTICLE XVII.

AMENDMENTS.

SECTION. 1. Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution a proposed in either branch of the Legislative Assembly, and if the same be agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each of the houses, such proposed amendment or amendments shall, with the yeas nays thereon. be entered in their journals and referred by the Secretar State to the people for their approval or rejection, at the next regular election, except when the Legislative Assembly shall order a special electă "

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The supreme court in Chapman v. Toy Long, 4 Saw. 36, intimates that the treaty of 1868, Article 6, a mining regulation which forbids Chinamen from. 5 ing mining claims for themselves or others, as well as this clause of the constra are in direct conflict with that treaty, but the question was not judicially passed Hence the provisions of this section have never been enforced.

at purpose.

If a majority of the electors voting on any such amendment shal te in favor thereof, it shall thereby become a part of the Constitution. The tes for and against such amendment or amendments, severally, whether prosed by the Legislative Assembly or by initiative petition, shall be canvassed the Secretary of State in the presence of the Governor, and if it shall pear to the Governor that the majority of the votes cast at said election said amendment or amendments, severally, are cast in favor thereof, it all be his duty forthwith after such canvass, by his proclamation, to declare e said amendment or amendments, severally, having received said majority votes, to have been adopted by the people of Oregon as part of the Constition thereof, and the same shall be in effect as a part of the Constitution om the date of such proclamation. When two or more amendments shall submitted in the manner aforesaid to the voters of this State, at the me election, they shall be so submitted that each amendment shall be voted separately. No convention shall be called to amend or propose amendments this Constitution, or to propose a new Constitution, unless the law providing such convention shall first be approved by the people on a referendum te at a regular general election. This article shall not be construed to pair the rights of the people to amend this Constitution by vote upon an tiative petition therefor.33

ARTICLE XVIII.

SCHEDULE.

SECTION 1. For the purpose of taking the vote of the electors of the State the acceptance or rejection of this Constitution, an election shall be held the second Monday of November, in the year 1857, to be conducted according existing laws regulating the election of Delegate in Congress, so far as plicable, except as herein otherwise provided.

SEC. 2. Each elector who offers to vote upon this Constitution shall be ed by the judges of election this question :

Do you vote for the Constitution-yes or no?

And also this question:

Do you vote for slavery in Oregon-yes or no?

And also this question:

Do you vote for free negroes in Oregon-yes or no?

And in the poll books shall be columns headed respectively, “Constitu-. u. yes"; "Constitution," no"; "free negroes, yes"; "free negroes, no"; "slavery, "; "slavery, no."

And the names of the electors shall be entered in the poll books, together th their answers to said questions, under their appropriate heads. The stracts of the votes transmitted to the Secretary of the Territory shall be blicly opened and canvassed by the Governor and Secretary, or by either. them in the absence of the other; and the Governor, or, in his absence, › Secretary, shall forthwith issue his proclamation, and publish the same in ? several newspapers printed in this State, declaring the result of the said. tion upon each of said questions.

SEC. 3. If a majority of all the votes given for and against the Constitue n shall be given for the Constitution, then this, Constitution, shall be deemed be approved and accepted by the electors of the State, and shall take effect cordingly; and if a majority of such votes shall be given against the Contution, then this Constitution shall be deemed to be rejected by the electors the State, and shall be void.

SEC. 4. If this Constitution shall be accepted by the electors, and a ma rity of all the votes given for and against slavery shall be given for slavery, en the following section shall be added to the bill of rights and shall be rt of this Constitution:

"Section. Persons lawfully held as slaves in any State, Territory or

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Amendment proposed by initiative petition filed February 3, 1906, ratified June 1906, and declared in effect on June 25, 1906. This amendment takes the place of ginal sections 1 and 2.

district of the United States, under the laws thereof, may be brought into this State; and such slaves and their descendants may be held as slaves within this State, and shall not be emancipated without the consent of their owners."

And if a majority of such votes shall be given against slavery, then the foregoing section shall not, but the following section shall be, added to the bill of rights, and shall be a part of this Constitution:

"Section -· There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the State, otherwise than as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted."

And if a majority of all the votes given for and against free negroes shall be given against free negroes, then the following section shall be added to the bill of rights and shall be a part of this Constitution :

"Section No free negro or mulatto, not residing in this State at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall come, reside, or be within this State, or hold any real estate, or make any contracts, or maintain any suit therein; and the Legislative Assembly shall provide by penal laws for the removal by public officers of all such negroes and mulattoes, and for their effectual exclusion from the State, and for the punishment of persons who shali bring them into the State, or employ or harbor them."

SEC. 5. Until an enumeration of the white inhabitants of the State shal be made, and the Senators and Representatives apportioned as directed in the Constitution, the county of Marion shall have two Senators and four Repre sentatives; Linn, two Senators and four Representatives; Lane, two Senators and three Representatives; Clackamas and Wasco, one Senator, jointly, and Clackamas three Representatives, and Wasco one Representative: Yamhil one Senator and two Representatives; Polk, one senator and two Represents tives; Benton, one Senator and two Representatives; Multnomah, one Senator and two Representatives: Washington, Columbia, Clatsop and Tillamook, Op Senator jointly; and Washington, one Representative, and Washington and Columbia, one Representative jointly, and Clatsop and Tillamook, one Repre sentative jointly: Douglas, one Senator and two Representatives; Jackson, off Senator and three Representatives; Josephine, one Senator and one Representative; I'mpqua, Coos and Curry, one Senator jointly, and Umpqua, one Repre sentative. and Coos and Curry, one Representative jointly.

SEC. 6. If this Constitution shall be ratified, an election shall be held a the first Monday in June, 1858, for the election of members of the Legis tive Assembly, a Representative in Congress, and State and county officers: and the Legislative Assembly shall convene at the Capital on the first Monday of July, 1858, and proceed to elect two Senators in Congress, and mak such further provision as may be necessary to the complete organization of a State government.

SEC. 7. All laws in force in the Territory of Oregon when this Constite tion takes effect, and consistent therewith, shall continue in force until altere or repealed.

SEC. 8. All officers of the Territory of Oregon, or under its laws, whe this Constitution takes effect, shall continue in office until superseded by the State authorities.

SEC. 9. Crimes and misdemeanors committed against the Territory of Ore gon shall be punished by the State as they might have been punished by the Territory if the change of government had not been made.

SEC. 10. All property and rights of the Territory and of the several counties, subdivisions and political bodies, corporate of or in the Territory, including fines, perralties, forfeitures, debts, and claims of whatsoever nature, and rec nizances, obligations, and undertakings to or for the use of the Territory, or any county, political corporation, office or otherwise, to or for the public, shall nurs to the State, or remain to the county, local division, corporation, officer, or public, as if the change of government had not been made; and private rights shall not be affected by such change.

SEC. 11. Until otherwise provided by law, the judicial districts of the State shall be constituted as follows: The counties of Jackson, Josephine and Douglas

hall constitute the First District. The counties of Umpqua, Coos and Curry, ane and Benton shall constitute the Second District. The counties of Linn, Marion, Polk, Yamhill and Washington shall constitute the Third District. The ounties of Clackamas, Multnomah, Wasco, Columbia, Clatsop and Tillamook hall constitute the Fourth District; and the county of Tillamook shall be ttached to the county of Clatsop for judicial purposes.

Done in convention at Salem, the eighteenth day of September, in the ear of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, and of the indeendence of the United States the eighty-second.

M. P. DEADY, President.

CHESTER N. TERRY, Secretary.

CONSTITUTION OF PENNSYLVANIA.-1873.*

PREAMBLE.

We, the people of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, and humbly invoking His guidance, do ordain and establish this Constitution.

ARTICLE I.

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.

That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free gov ernment may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare that

SECTION 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent and indefeasible rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring, possessing and protecting prop erty and reputation, and of pursuing their own happiness.

SEC. 2. All power is inherent in the people, and all free government's are founded on their authority and instituted for their peace, safety and happiness. For the advancement of these ends they have at all times a inalienable and indefeasible right to alter, reform or abolish their government in such manner as they may think proper.

SEC. 3. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences; no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry, against his consent; no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments or moles of worship.

SEC. 4. No person who acknowledges the being of a God, and a futer state of rewards and punishments shall, on account of his religious sent ments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit under this Commonwealth.

SEC. 5. Elections shall be free and equal; and no power, civil or mil tary, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right t suffrage.

SEC. 6. Trial by jury shall be as heretofore, and the right thereof re main inviolate.

SEC. 7. The printing press shall be free to every person who may undertast to examine the proceedings of the Legislature or any branch of government, and Laj law shall.ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man, and every citizen may freely speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. No conviction shall be had in any prosecution fo the publication of papers relating to the official conduct of officers or men i public capacity, or to any other matter proper for public investigation or infor mation, where the fact that such publication was not maliciously or negligent s made shall be established to the satisfaction of the jury; and in all indictment= for libels the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the fas under the direction of the court, as in other cases.

SEC. 8. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers 2possessions from unreasonable searches and seizures, and no warrant to sear

The constitution of Pennsylvania was drafted by a convention which ass mble at Harrisburg on Nov. 12, 1872, and adjourned on Nov. 27, to meet in Philadelpè Jan. 7, 1873, where the remainder of the sessions were held, The convention com pleted its work on Nov. 3, 1873, and the constitution was submitted to the voters December 16, 1873, and was adopted by a vote of 253,744 to 108.594. The const tion was submitted as a whole and no proposition was submitted separately, and it came effective on Jan. 1, 1874.

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