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ARTICLE X.

MILITIA.

SECTION 1. The militia of this state shall consist of all able-bodied male ens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, except such persons as are or hereafter may be exempted by the laws of the United States of this State.

SEC. 2. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious scruples forbid n to bear arms, shall not be compelled to do so in time of peace, but pay an equivalent for personal service.

SEC. 3. The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant-General and the other f officers of the general staff, and his own staff; and all officers of the shal! be elected by the persons subject to military duty in their respective ricts.

SEC. 4. The majors-general, brigadiers-general, colonels, or commandants giments, battalions, or squadrons, shall severally appoint their staff officers, the Governor shall commission all officers of the line and staff ranking as

SEC. 5. The Legislative Assembly shall fix by law the method of dividthe militia into divisions, brigades, regiments, battalions and companies, make all other needful rules and regulations in such manner as they may expedient, not incompatible with the Constitution or laws of the United es, or of the Constitution of this State, and shall fix the rank of all officers.

ARTICLE XI.

CORPORATIONS AND INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

SECTION 1. The Legislative Assembly shall not have the power to establish corporate any bank or banking company, or moneyed institution whatever; shall any bank, company or institution exist in the State with the privi of making, issuing or putting into circulation any bill, check, certificatè, issory note or other paper, or the paper of any bank, company or person reulate as money.

SEC. 2. Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not reated by the Legislative Assembly by special laws. The Legislative mbly shall not enact, amend or repeal any charter or act of incorporafor any municipality, city or town. The legal voters of every city and are hereby granted power to enact and amend their municipal charter, et to the Constitution and criminal laws of the State of Oregon, and the sive power to license, regulate, control or to suppress or prohibit, the of intoxicating liquors therein is vested in such municipality; but such cipality shall within its limits be subject to the provisions of the local n law of the State of Oregon.21 SEC. 2a. The Legislative Assembly,

or the people by the initiative, may

a general law providing a method whereby an incorporated city or town unicipal corporation may surrender its charter and be merged into an ning city or town, provided a majority of the electors of each of the porated cities or towns or municipal corporatious affected authorize the nder or merger, as the case may be.22

c. 3. The stockholders of all.corporations and joint stock companies shall

Section 2 has been amended twice; the first amendment was proposed by initiaetition filed on February 3, 1906, ratified on June 4, 1906, and declared adopted ne 25, 1906; the present amendment was proposed by initiative petition filed June 10, ratified on November 8, 1910, and declared effective on December 3, 1910. ext of the amendment of 1906 is as follows:

2 Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not be created by gislative assembly by special laws. The legislative assembly shall not enact, 1. or repeal any charter or act of incorporation for any municipality, city or The legal voters of every city and town are hereby granted power to enact mend their municipal charter, subject to the constitution and criminal laws of ate of Oregon.

Section 2a is a new section; it was proposed by the legislative assembly of 1913, d at the election of November 3, 1914, and declared effective on December 3, 1914.

be liable for the indebtedness of said corporation to the amount of their sto subscribed and unpaid and no more, excepting that the stockholders of a porations or joint stock companies conducting the business of banking shal be individually liable equally and ratably and not one for another. for the benefit of the depositors of said bank, to the amount of their stock, at the a value thereof, in addition to the par value of such shares.23

SEC. 4. No person's property shall be taken by any corporation, une authority of law, without compensation being first made or secured in su manner as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 5. Acts of the Legislative Assembly incorporating towns and cite shall restrict their powers of taxation, borrowing money, contracting de and loaning their credit.

SEC. 6. The State shall not subscribe to or be interested in the stock any company, association or corporation.

SEC. 7. The Legislative Assembly shall not lend the credit of the Stag nor in any manner create any debt or liabilities which shall singly or in the aggregate with previous debts or liabilities exceed the sum of fifty thous dollars, except in case of war or to repel invasion or suppress insurrection to build and maintain permanent roads; and the Legislative Assembly sti not lend the credit of the State nor in any manner create any debt or liabilitie to build and maintain permanent roads which shall singly or in the ag gate with previous debts or liabilities incurred for that purpose exceed t per cent of the assessed valuation of all the property in the State; and ev contract of indebtedness entered into or assumed by or on behalf of the St in violation of the provisions of this section shall be void and of no effe1! SEC. S. The State shall never assume the debts of any county, town other corporation whatever, unless such debts shall have been created repel invasion, suppress insurrection or defend the State in war.

SEC. 9. No county, city, town or other municipal corporation, by a v of its citizens or otherwise, shall become a stockholder in any joint st company, corporation or association whatever, or raise money for, or load credit to, or in aid of, any such company, corporation, or association.

SEC. 10. No county shall create any debts or liabilities which shall or in the aggregate with previous debts or liabilities exceed the sum of thousand dollars, except to suppress insurrection or repel invasion or to bas and maintain permanent roads within the county; and debts for permis roads shall be incurred only on approval of a majority of those voting on question, and shall not either singly or in the aggregate with previous de and liabilities incurred for that purpose exceed two per cent of the assed valuation of all the property in the county.25

SEC. 11. Unless specifically authorized by a majority of the legal vie voting upon the question, neither the State nor any county, municipality, es trict or body to which the power to levy a tax shall have been delegated st in any year so exercise that power as to raise a greater amount of revera for purposes other than the payment of bonded indebtedness or interest the ed than the total amount levied by it in the year immediately preceding for I poses other than the payment of bonded indebtedness or interest thereon F six per centum thereof; provided, whenever any new county, municipality other taxing district shall be created and shall include in whole or in pr

23 Amendment proposed by the legislative assembly of 1911, ratified on November 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912.

24 Amendment proposed by initiative petition filed July 2, 1912, ratified on Nove ber 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912.

Section 10 has been amended twice; the first amendment was proposed initiative petition filed July 7, 1910, ratified on November 8, 1910, and declared effe ive on December 3, 1910; the second amendment was proposed by initiative petite filed July 2, 1912, ratified on November 5, 1912, and declared effective on Nove 29, 1912. The text of the amendment of 1910 is as follows:

§ 10. No county shall create any debts or liabilities which shall singly or in aggregate exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, except to suppress insurrection. repel invasion, or to build permanent roads within the county, but debts for perm ent roads shall be incurred only on approval of a majority of those voting on th question.

rty theretofore included in another county, like municipality or other districts, no greater amount of taxes shall be levied in the first year ther the old or the new county, municipality or other taxing district any property included therein than the amount levied thereon in the ling year by the county, municipality or district in which it was then led plus six per centum thereof; provided, further, that the amount of ncrease in levy specifically authorized by the legal voters of the State, a county, municipality, or other district, shall be excluded in determining mount of taxes which may be levied in any subsequent year.

he prohibition against the creation of debts by counties prescribed in 10 of Article XI of this Constitution shall apply and extend to debts. ter created in the performance of any duties or obligations imposed ounties by the Constitution or laws of the State, and any indebtedness 1 by any county in violation of such prohibition and any warrants for er evidences of any such indebtedness and any part of any levy of taxes by the State or any county, municipality, or other taxing district or which shall exceed the limitations fixed hereby shall be void.26

ARTICLE XIa.

[RURAL CREDITS.]

TION 1. Notwithstanding the limitations contained in Section 7 of XI of this Constitution, the credit of the State may be loaned and iness incurred to an amount not exceeding two per cent of the assessed on of all the property in the State for the purpose of providing funds oaned upon the security of farm lands within the State, subject to the ons herein contained.

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. 2. The Governor, Secretary of State, and State Treasurer shall conthe State Land Board, which Board is hereby authorized and directed

and sell or pledge bonds in the name of the State to be known as farm credit bonds in an amount not to exceed said two per cent of essed valuation of all the property in the State, and to place the s in the State Treasury in a fund to be known as the "Rural Credits und."

3. Said bonds shall be issued in denominations of $25.00, $100.00, and $1,000.00, and shall be issued in series of $50,000.00 or multiples drawn to mature in not more than thirty-six years. They shall bear at the rate of four per cent per annum and shall be exempt from s levied by the State of Oregon, or any of its subdivisions.

4. Said State Land Board is authorized and directed to loan the in said Rural Credits Loan Fund to owners of farm lands in Oregon tes secured by mortgages or deeds of trust constituting first liens farm lands in amounts which shall not exceed fifty per cent of the such lands, nor $50.00 per acre on such lands, nor less than $200.00 e than $5,000.00 to any individual. If pending applications shall at e exceed the funds available, preference shall be given to loans not $2,000.00 in amount.

5. Such loans shall not be made except to owners who operate and he lands mortgaged, and shall be made only for the following pur(a) The payment for lands purchased; (b) the purchase of livestock r equipment, and the making of improvements which, in the judgsaid Board, will increase the productivity of such lands or add to lue as a farm home in a degree to justify such expenditure; and the satisfaction of incumbrances upon such lands which, in the judg said Board, were incurred or assumed by said applicant for the purposes.

6. Every applicant for a farm loan shall state clearly in his applicapurposes for which such loan is desired, and upon its approval by the his statement shall be deemed a part of the note or contract under

ion 11 is a new section: it was proposed by initiative petition filed July 6, ied on November 7, 1916, and declared effective on December 5, 1916.

which the loan is granted. But no failure to apply such funds to the po poses stated in such application or enumerated herein shall invalidate a bas when once made, nor shall anything hereinr contained be deemed to pre any farm owner from selling or leasing lands subject to such incumbran but if he shall violate his said contract by applying the moneys borroa to purposes other than those stated in his application or enumerated hen or if he shall lease such lands or sell them to any person not fulfilling conditions and purposes provided for herein, said Board is authorized t directed to require the repayment of said loan upon six months' notice, aut said note or contract shall contain a clause providing therefor.

SEC. 7. Such loans shall be repaid with interest accruing in semi-IRA or annual installments on the amortization plan, such installments being uns at such sums as will cover the interest rate and will liquidate the dec a period to be agreed on between said Board and the applicant, such perica to be not less than ten nor more than thirty-six years; but any debtor m liquidate any part or all of his indebtedness in amounts of $50.00 or mutu thereof upon any amortization payment date.

SEC. S. The rate of interest on loans shall be five per cent per an provided that in case any series of said farm credit bonds is sold at an avera of less than par, the Board may charge upon such farm loans as are Lat from the proceeds of the series so sold below par a rate of interest in eve of five per cent, but which shall not exceed by more than one per cent rate which the State must pay for the funds actually obtained from disposal of its said bonds. The Boards, however, shall require each appe to pay an initial charge of one per cent of the loan granted, the min charge to be $10.00, to cover the cost of appraisal and examination of ..SEC. 9. All surplus funds accruing from the operation of the syste rural credits herein provided for, after paying interest accruing on the said bonds, and all operating and other expenses arising from the add tration of said system of rural credits, shall be placed in the State Tres and become a part of a fund to be known as the "Rural Credits Ree Fund." Said Rural Credits Reserve Fund shall be loaned on farm lab the manner herein provided for the Rural Credits Loan Fund, and the inter accruing from loans made from said Rural Credits Reserve Fund shi added to it and become part of it. The said Rural Credits Reserve shall be irreducible except that it may be drawn upon to reimburse the for loss incurred in the administration of said system of rural credits, SEC. 10. The Legislative Assembly shall provide in such detail as it deem advisable for the carrying out and administering of the provisi this amendment and shall provide adequate safeguards against the n such loans as an aid to the purchasing and holding of lands for per of speculation. Such safeguards shall include clear definitions of the "operate" and "occupy" used herein. In the absence of such legislation. subject to the same after its enactment, the State Land Board shall pra to administer said system of rural credits under rules and regulations. vided by itself, but subject to the provisions herein contained.

SEC. 11. The provisions of the Constitution and laws of Oregon in ed with this amendment are hereby repealed in so far only as they conflict with. The provisions of this amendment shall be self-executing, and ta take effect and be in operation sixty days after their approval and zd by the people of Oregon.27

ARTICLE XII,
STATE PRINTER.

SECTION 1. Laws may be enacted providing for the State printing a binding, and for the election or appointment of a State Printer. who have had not less than ten years' experience in the art of printing ¦ State Printer shall receive such compensation as may from time to tim

27 Article XIa is a new article; it was proposed by initiative petition filed J. 1916, ratified on November 7, 1916, and declared effective on December 5, 1916.

ed by law. Until such laws shall be enacted the State Printer shall eted and the printing done as heretofore provided by this Constitution he general laws.28

ARTICLE XII.

SALARIES.

CTION 1. The Governor shall receive an annual salary of fifteen hundred The Secretary of State shall receive an annual salary of fifteen hunfollars. The Treasurer of State shall receive an annual salary of eight d dollars. The Judges of the Supreme Court shall each receive an salary of two thousand dollars. They shall receive no fees or perwhatever for the performance of any duties connected with their ive offices; and the compensation of officers, if not fixed by this Conn, shall be provided by law.29

ARTICLE XIV.

SEAT OF GOVERNMENT.

TION 1. The Legislative Assembly shall not have power to establish anent seat of government for this State. But at the first regular after the adoption of this Constitution, the Legislative Assembly shall by law for the submission to the electors of this State at the next election thereafter, the matter of the selection of a place for a ent seat of government; and no place shall ever be the seat of governnder such law, which shall not receive a majority of all the votes the matter of such election.30

2. No tax shall be levied, or money of the State expended, or debt ted for the erection of a State House prior to the year eighteen hundred ty-five.

3. The seat of government, when established as provided in Section not be removed for a term of twenty (20) years from the time of tablishment, nor in any other manner than as provided in the first of this article. All the public institutions of the State not located re prior to January 1, 1917, shall be located in the county where the government is, excepting when otherwise ordered by an act of the ive Assembly and is ratified by the electors of the State at the next election following such act, by a majority of all the votes cast on stion of whether or not such act shall be ratified.31

ARTICLE XV.

MISCELLANEOUS.

FION 1. All officers except members of the Legislative Assembly shall ir offices until their successors are elected and qualified.

2.

When the duration of any office is not provided for by this Conit may be declared by law; and if not so declared, such office shall during the pleasure of the authority making the appointment. But hendment proposed by initiative petition filed February 3, 1906, ratified on 906, and declared in force on June 25, 1906.

an act of the session of 1905, the salary of the governor was fixed at $5,000 m: the salary of the secretary of state at $4,500; the salary of the state at $4,500; and the salary of the attorney general at $3,600. In 1907 the of the judges of the supreme court were fixed at $4,500 per annum, and in salary of the state printer was fixed at $1,800.

virtue of an act approved November 19, 1860, the question of the location of of government was submitted to the electors at the general election of June, at every general election thereafter until "some one point should receive a of all the votes cast on the question." At the election of 1862 no point remajority of the votes cast. At the election of 1864, Salem received 6,108 ortland, 3.864; Eugene, 1,588; and all other points 577 votes. Salem having a majority of 79 votes of the whole vote cast was declared the permanent overnment.

endment proposed by the legislative assembly of 1907, ratified on June 1, declared adopted on June 23. 1908.

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