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Self-improvement. — His Studies with John Wigham, the Farmer's Son.

- Sends his Son to School. — The Cottage at West Moor.-Ingenuity
of his Contrivances. — Is appointed Engine-wright of the Colliery. —

Erects bis First Engine. — Evening Studies. — His Obligations to the

Newcastle Literary Institute




Fatal Accidents from Explosions in Coal Mines. — Blasts in the Killing-

worth Pit. — Mr. Stephenson's Experiments with Fire-damp. — Con-
trives the First practicable Miners' Safety Lamp. — Its Trial in the
Killingworth Pit. — Further Experiments and Improvements on the
Lamp.- Exbibited at Newcastle -

- 97—112


Slow Progress of Opinion as to Railway Locomotion. — Sir Richard

Phillips's Prophetic Anticipations. — William James. — Edward Pease,
Projector of the Stockton and Darlington Railway. — Thomas Gray, -

Mr. Stephenson constructs the Hetton Railway - - 156—173


Mr. Stephenson's Introduction to Mr. Pease. — Is appointed Engineer to

the Stockton and Darlington Railway. -- Makes a new Survey. -
Proposed Employment of Locomotives. -- Fixed Engines advocated. —


Working Survey of the Stockton and Darlington Line. — Locomotive

Factory at Newcastle commenced. — Wrought-iron Rails adopted. —
The Gauge of the Railway settled. - The Tractive Power to be

employed. – Anticipations of Railway Results. - Public Opening of

the Line. — The “Experiment.” — Rival Coach Companies. — Race

between Locomotive and Coach. — Results of the Traffic. - Creation

of Middlesborough-on-Tees - - - - Pp. 191—208


Project of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway revived. — The Canal

Companies' Opposition. — Provisional Committee formed. — Their
Visits to Killingworth. – Mr. Stephenson appointed to Survey a Line.
- Difficulties encountered. - Articles in the “ Scotsman " and “Quar-

terly" on Railways - - - - - 209–225

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The Locomotive Competition at Rainbill. — Entry of Engines for the
Prize. — The Judges appointed. — The "Rocket" stript for the Race.
- The “Novelty." — The “ Sans-pareil.” — The Performances of the

“Rocket.” — Wins the Prize. — Congratulations of Mr. Stephenson.-

The End of the "Rocket"

- 295–302


Advance of Public Opinion in favour of Railways. — Singular Instances

of Opposition to Railways and Predictions of Failure. — Locomotion
on Common Roads promoted by the Legislature. — Results of the
Opening from London to Liverpool, &c. — Benefits to the Public.
— Travelling by Stage Coach and Private Carriage. – Mr. Stephen-
son in a Stage-Coach Accident. — The Railway at length adopted by


Leases the Snibston Estate. – Discovery of Beds of Coal. - Private

Life at Alton Grange. — Busiest Period of Mr. Stephenson's Career.
- Anecdote of the Starved Robins. — Lines in the Northern and
Midland Districts. — The Manchester and Leeds. - Lord Wharn-
cliffe's Opposition in Committee. — The Littleborough Tunnel.-The
North Midland. — Comparison of the Works with Napoleon's Road
across the Simplon. - Mr. Stephenson's Anticipations as to the Coal
Traffic to London by Railway. — The York and North Midland. —

Public Opening. - The Sheffield and Rotheram. — Mr. Stephenson's

Pupils and Assistants

- Pp. 356–383


Railway Management. — Railway Success stimulates Speculation. —
Multitude of new Projects. — Sale of Premiums of new Shares on

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