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CHAP. V.

Removal to Willington. — Marriage. — Attempts to invent Perpetual

Motion. — Makes Shoes and Shoe Lasts. — Clock-cleaning. — Birth of

his Son. — Removal to Killingworth ... Pp. 29—34

CHAP. VI.

Killingworth Colliery. — Death of his Wife. — Journey into Scotland. —

Makes an Improvement in a Pumping Apparatus at Montrose. —

Appointed Brakesman at Killingworth. — Intends emigrating to the

United States. — Takes a Contract for Engine-brakeing. — Makes

Improvements in Pumping Engines, and acquires Celebrity as a

Pump-curer ...... 35—47

CHAP. VII.

Self-improvement. — His Studies with John Wigham, the Farmer's Son.

— Sends his Son to School.—The Cottage at West Moor. — Ingenuity

of his Contrivances. — Is appointed Engine-wright of the Colliery. —

Erects his First Engine. — Evening Studies. — His Obligations to the

Newcastle Literary Institute .... 48—58

CHAP. VIII.

The Beginnings of Railways and Locomotives. — Early Tramroads. —

Speculations as to mechanical Methods of Traction. — Cugnot's Model

Locomotive. — Symington's Model. — Murdock's Model. — Treve-

thick's Steam-carrioge and Locomotive. — Blenkinsop's Engine. — Mr.

Blackctt's Experiments at Wylam .... 59—82

CHAP. IX.

Mr. Stephenson contemplates building a Locomotive Is encouraged

by Lord Ravensworth. —Want of competent Mechanics. — Mr. Ste-

phenson's First Locomotive described. — Successful Application of the

Steam Blast. — His Second Locomotive. — Summary of the important

Results effected - - - - - - 83—96

CHAP. X.

Fatal Accidents from Explosions in Coal Mines. — Blasts in the Killing-

worth Pit. — Mr. Stephenson's Experiments with Fire-damp. — Con-

trives the First practicable Miners' Safety Lamp. — Its Trial in the

Killingworth Pit. — Further Experiments and Improvements on the

Lamp. — Exhibited at Newcastle - 97—112
CONTENTS. XI

CHAP. XV.

Defective Communication between Liverpool and Manchester. A

Tramroad projected. — Mr. James surveys a Line. — Visits Mr.
Stephenson at Killingworth. — Is admitted to an Interest in the
Patent Locomotive. — Fails in introducing it. — Fails to produce his
Plans of the Liverpool Tramroad - ... 174 jg2

Working Survey of the Stockton and Darlington Line. — Locomotive

Factory at Newcastle commenced. — Wrought-iron Rails adopted. —

The Gauge of the Railway settled. — The Tractive Tower to be

employed. — Anticipations of Railway Results. — Public Opening of

the Line. — The "Experiment." — Rival Coach Companies. — Race

between Locomotive and Coach. — Results of the Traffic.— Creation

of Middlcsborough-on-Tees .... Pp.191—208

CHAP. XVIII.

Project of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway revived. — The Canal

Companies' Opposition. — Provisional Committee formed. — Their

Visits to Killingworth. — Mr. Stephenson appointed to Survey a Line.

— Difficulties encountered. — Articles in the " Scotsman " and "Quar-

terly" on Railways ..... 209—225

CHAP. XIX.

The Liverpool and Manchester Bill in Committee of the House of Com-

mons.— Mr. Stephenson in the Witness Box. — Mr. Giles proves the

Impossibility of forming n Railway over Chat Moss. — Mr. Stephenson's

Ignorance denounced by the Counsel for the Opposition. — Mr.

Adam's Appeal. — Defeat of essential Clauses, and Withdrawal of the

Bill .....-- 226—243

CHAP. XX.

Renewed Application to Parliament for the Liverpool and Manchester

Bill. — Messrs. Rennie selected as Parliamentary Engineers. — Passing

of the Act. — Mr. Stephenson appointed chief Engineer. — Formation

of the Road over Chat Moss. — The Directors contemplate the Aban-

donment of the Work. — Mr. Stephenson's Perseverance. — His Or-

ganisation of Labour. — The Railway Navvy. — Progress of the

Works. — Private Life and Habits at Liverpool - - 244—267

CHAP. XXI.

General Opposition to the Locomotive. — Mr. Telford's Report.—Variety

of Schemes suggested for the working of the Liverpool and Man-

chester Railway. — Messrs. Walker and Rastrick's Report in favour

of fixed Engines. — Mr. Stephenson's strenuous Advocacy of the

Locomotive. — The Directors offer a Prize of 500/. for the best

Engine 268—279

Leases the Snibston Estate. — Discovery of Beds of Coal. — Private

Life at Alton Grange. — Busiest Period of Mr. Stephenson's Career.

— Anecdote of the Starved Robins. — Lines in the Northern and

Midland Districts. — The Manchester and Leeds. — Lord Wharn-

cliffe's Opposition in Committee. — The Littleborough Tunnel.—The

North Midland. — Comparison of the Works with Napoleon's Road

across the Simplon. — Mr. Stephenson's Anticipations as to the Coal

Traffic to London by Railway. — The York and North Midland. —

Public Opening. — The Sheffield and Rotheram. — Mr. Stephenson's

Pupils and Assistants .... Pp. 356—383

CHAP. XXVIII.

Surveys an East Coast Line to Scotland. — Line from Chester to Holy-

head.— West Coast Line to Glasgow. — Leeds and Bradford.—

Rapidity of Railway Development. — Is checked by the Monetary

Pressure ------- 384—394

CHAP. XXIX.

The Modern School of English Engineers. — Fast Men.—History of the

Narrow Gauge. — Increased Width on the Great Western. — Mr.

Brunei. — Battle of the Gauges. — The Atmospheric Railway. — The

Undulating System. — Notions of Fast Travelling. — Mr. Stephenson

invents a Railway Safety-brake. — His moderate Views of Railway

Speed, &c, compared with those of the Fast Men. — Commercial Con-

siderations ...... 395—412

CHAP. XXX.

Mr. Stephenson resigns the Chief Engineership of several Railways. —

Residence at Tapton, in Derbyshire. — Leases Clay Cross and Tapton

Collieries.—Proposed Testimonial, — Sir Robert Peel's Allusion to his

useful Career. — His Interest in Mechanics' Institutes. — Chairman of

Yarmouth and Norwich Railway. — Completion of the East Coast

Route to Newcastle. — Public Celebration of the Event. — Auto-

biographic Sketch. — The Proposed Northumberland Atmospheric

Line The Newcastle High-level Bridge - - 413—430

CHAP. XXXI.

Railway Management. — Railway Success stimulates Speculation. —
Multitude of new Projects. — Sale of Premiums of new Shares on

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