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OF THE

AMERICAN PULPIT;

OR

COMMEMORATIVE NOTICES

OF

DISTINGUISHED AMERICAN CLERGYMEN

OF

VARIOUS DENOMINATIONS,

FROM THE EARLY SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTRY TO THE CLOSE OF THE YEAR
EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-FIVE.

WITH HISTORICAL INTRODUCTIONS.

BY WILLIAM B. SPRAGUE, D. D.

VOLUME I.

NEW YORK:

ROBERT CARTER & BROTHERS,

530 BROADWAY.

1857.

ANDOVER-HARVARD
THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY
CAMBRIDGE, MASS.
757.174

march 15, 1937

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856,

BY ROBERT CARTER & BROTHERS,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

BR 567 .ST

GENERAL PREFACE.

It is now nearly ten years since the idea of undertaking a work, commemorative of deceased American clergymen, first occurred to me. I conferred with the venerable Professors at Princeton,-Doctors Miller and Alexander, and several other distinguished clergymen of different denominations, in respect to it, and they all encouraged me to proceed. At that time, however, my conception of the work was very imperfect, and I had no thought of extending it beyond a single volume, which should include a few of the most brilliant lights, without regard either to denomination or chronological order. I was led, however, after surveying more carefully the field of my labours, to the conclusion that the limits that I had prescribed to myself were too narrow for the contemplated work; and, as the number of worthy subjects increased, my plan proportionally enlarged, until it finally embraced all who have been in any considerable degree distinguished, from the earliest settlement of the country to the present time. This is the plan which I have endeavoured to carry out in these volumes; but, after the most diligent and extended research, I feel constrained to say that there are important names omitted, which I would gladly have included, but could not, for the utter want of material. I may add that there are divisions of some of the

denominations, as well as some religious communities that claim a more independent character, which are not recognised in the work, chiefly from being too little known to awaken general interest; and the Roman Catholics, whom I had at one time intended to include, I have thought it best, on mature reflection, to omit, from other considerations.

In the construction of the work, I have had an eye indirectly to the history of the Church, as well as directly to the biography of its ministers. I have, therefore, kept each denomination by itself, and have arranged the names under each chronologically, so that the gradual changes in the ministry can easily be traced, and the progress of the denomination also, so far as it is identified with the character and doings of its ministers. A chronological index is placed at the beginning of each denomination, and an alphabetical index at the close.

The work is chiefly distinguished by two characteristics. One is that the testimony concerning character, is, with very few exceptions, original-it is not only the sentiment, but the very language, of the individual who could speak from actual knowledge. The rule, in every case practicable, has been to procure from some well known person or persons, a letter or letters containing their recollections and impressions illustrative of the character; but where there has been no one living to testify,-as was uniformly the case with all who died before 1770,-I have availed myself of the best testimony of their contemporaries, from funeral sermons, obituary notices &c., that I could obtain. And where, as in a very few instances, I have not been able even to do this, I have endeavoured to substitute that which seemed to me to come nearest to original testimony,-that is, the opinion of those, who, without having known the individuals, were

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