The Gülen Hizmet Movement: Circumspect Activism in Faith-Based Reform
This volume covers the origins, historical development, and ideas of one of the largest and most influential Islamic movements in the world, the Gülen Hizmet Movement (GHM). Founded during the Cold War under the inspiration of M. Fethullah Gülen, the GHM expanded to over 130 countries by the first decade of the twenty first century. The movement’s circumspect activism sheltered it from illiberal secular practices in Turkey and has guided it through the anxious post-Cold War process of globalization. This edited volume covers various characteristics of the movement from Gülen’s unconventional oratory to his educational philosophy. In addition, the book covers Gülen’s ideas on Islam and democracy and the GHM’s indirect political engagement compared to the direct engagement of the Muslim Brotherhood. Other chapters in the book cover the role of women in the movement, the GHM’s creation of an alternative public sphere for pious Muslims, and the tension this creation instills in light of Secularism Theory, which is analyzed comparatively with American religious pluralism. The last two chapters question the effectiveness of interfaith dialogue activities promoted by the movement’s adherents. A concluding section seeks to synthesize this interdisciplinary scholarship in order to assess the GHM’s overall gestalt as a social movement.
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accessed February 25 accessed January 19 accessed March Alasdair MacIntyre American argued audience authoritarian century chapter Christian circumspect activism Civilization Contemporary conversations cultural democratic dialogue activities Edited Esposito February 25 Fethullah Gülen gender GHM women GHM’s global groups Gulen Gülen Hizmet Movement Gülen Movement Hakan Yavuz Hassan Al-Banna human Ibid ideas identity crisis ideology individual institutions interfaith dialogue Internet Resource Islam and democracy Islamic world Islamist Islamophobia issues Istanbul Izmir Kemal Kemalist Kenieba leaders leadership MacIntyre Middle East military modern moral Mosque Muhammad Muslim Brotherhood nation Nursi one’s organization Ottoman Empire participation Party peace people’s Perspectives political practice preacher preaching Prophet public sphere Qur’an religion Religious Pluralism role Said-i Nursi scholars sermons social society Somerset spiritual Studies Sufi today’s tolerance tradition Turkey Turkey’s Turkish Islam Turks Ünal understanding values West Western Yavuz and John YayÕnlarÕ York Young Ottomans Zaman