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No. 7.

LEGISL A T URE, 1 8 5 0.

Annual Report of the Adjutant and Quarter Master

General.

ADJUTANT AND QUARTER Master GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Detroit, December 1st, 1849.

To His Excellency, EPAPHRODITUS RANSOM,

Governor and Commander-in-Chief:

SIR :—This being the day as fixed by law, on which the annual report of the condition and administration of this department during the year is to be laid before you, I have the honor herewith to transmit the several abstracts of the active or volunteer militia, as well as of the inactive or enrolled “militia" as made by the Assessors of the several cities and towns, and tabular statements of the amount of ordnance and ordnance stores, military equipments, &c., the property of the State issued or stored in the U.S. Arsenal at Dearborn and in the State Arsenal in this city, under' my care as Quarter Master General.

And I respectfully solicit from your Excellency and the Honorable the Legislature, “that the suggestions herewith respectfully submitted, not only as regards the militia service itself, but also that the recommendations for the preservation of the large and accumulating amount of State property in arms and accoutrements, may receive that consideration which the subjects severally deserve."

The aggregate military force of the State for the year 1849, by

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the returno obtained, with those liable to do military duiy not yet returned, including the active or volunteer "militia," appears to be 60,018 men, as per abstract A., and abstract B. in Appendix, exhibits the arms, accoutrements and ammunition.

Before entering upon the more important portion of my Report, I propose to speak somewhat at large of the inactive or enrolled militia. The annexed table marked C., in Appendix, gives the numbers of the enrolled militia for the years 1848 and 1849, with the increase and decrease of the several counties, by Divisions, since the former year.

Since the passage of the existing militia law, approved May, 1846, I was compelled to complain of the imperfect manner in which the civil authorities, viz: the Assessors, Supervisors, Township and County Clerks, made returns to this office, as provided by law, of the numerical strength of the inactive or enrolled militia-indeed, in many instances, of their total neglect of this dutyand considering that the aggregate of the whole militia force of the State is to be transmitted as required by law to the General Gov. ernment, and the importance of the fact that upon the number returned, depends the quantity of military supplies to which the State is annually entitled under the act of Congress of April 23d, 1808, and in the hope of securing greater attention to accuracy in the returns, I addressed from time to time these functionaries by circular, or called their attention to the duties assigned by law, in newspaper notices; yet I regret to say, that instead of this remisness being corrected, it appears rather more aggravated, and the exhibit of our numerical strength will shortly appear on a decrease instead of increase--which, in a State like this, in which a steady tide of emigration flows, should prove the contrary.

I appealed last year to the wisdom of the Legislature, to correct this evil, either by some more stringent compulsory law, or by allowing the Assessor a small stipend for the extra duty of registering names of the individuals liable to do military duty at the time of , taking the annual assessment for taxes; and although Michigan is entitled to the credit of being amongst the first of the States which abolished the so called militia trainings, and established the enroll: ment system of the inactive or ununiformed militia, yet is our system, compared with other States, very imperfect, and all, perhaps, on account of extra duties being required to be performed, without he tleast compensation, however small. And I here ask permission to quote an extract from the militia law of the State of Pennsylvania, passed by its last Legislature, by which it appears that the Assessors obtain from the County Treasurers one cent for every person enrolled.

Extract from the Pennsylvania Militia Laws.—The annual meetings of the militia of Pennsylvania have been abolished by the Legislature of that State. An act has been passed to revise the “system,” and to "provide for the training of such only (of the militia) as shall be uniformed.” It imposes a fine of fifty cents a year on all who are liable to do military duty, between the ages of twenty-one and forty-five years,

and who are not uniformed members of a legally organized volunteer company. It makes every county a separate brigade, but limits the fees of Brigade Inspectors to one hundred and fifty dollars a year, and very few of these Inspectors will receive half the sum. The enrolments are to be made by the assessors, and returned to the county commissioners, and the fines are to be collected with the State taxes, for which the collectors are to be held to strict accountability. The amounts thus collected are to be paid to the County Treasurer, and that officer is directed to pay to the assessors one cent for every person enrolled ; to pay each volunteer company, of not less than thirty men, rank and file,. fifty dollars, and the sum of seventy-five dollars for every company if not less than fifty men, rank and file, to cover the expenses of their armories and pay for music for their parades. The County Treasurer is also authorized to pay the salary due to the Brigade Inspector, and also to reimburse him whatever sums he may have paid out for the transportation of arms and military stores. After deducting these charges, the County Treasurer is directed to pay over the balance of the militia taxes received by him to the State Treasurer, to be applied to the payment of the State debt."

In order to provide against this State suffering in not obtaining its due quota of arms for the next year, I was compelled to quote

in all cases of this year's delinquencies the returns of the last year, if in my possession, as will appear by reference to abstract D.

Townships which have omitted to make any returns this year are marked *—those for more than two years, t-and those who never made any returns whatever, $. Only 123 townships and wards made returns this year. 124

have made no returns for 1 year. 157

made no returns for 2 years. 63

never any.

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467 The following named twenty-one counties totally neglected to make returns even of a single township or ward for the year 1849, and which contain, according to the last census, a population of 98,179 white inhabitants, to wit: 1 Clinton County,

3,060 2 Genesee

9,266 3 Saginaw

1,217 4 Shiawassee

3,821
5 St. Clair

7,566
6 Monroe
and City,

13,287
7 Hillsdale

11,111 8 St. Joseph

10,080 9 Van Buren

3,743 10 Cass

8,007 11 Kalamazoo

10,163 12 Kent

6,153 13 Ottawa

1,417 14 Barry

2,602 15 Ionia

5,003 16 Mackinaw

1.666
17 Chippewa

1,017
18 Houghton
19 Ontonagon
20 Marquette
21 Schoolcraft

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no census.

98,179

Credit is due to Brigadier General B. M. Boulton, commanding 18th Brigade, for the complete organization of said Brigade, comprising Eaton and Ingham counties, as regards the enrolled militia.

In like manner has Brigadier General Heber Cowden creditably re-organized the 17th Brigade under his command in Jackson county, both as to the volunteer and enrolled militia. This officer also recommends that the following volunteer companies be disbanded for neglect of doing duty this three years, viz: The Livonia Guards,

Brooklyn Horse Company,

Barry Horse Guards. As regards the active or volunteer militia, I am happy to say that notwithstanding so little or no encouragement is held out or granted to volunteers as the law now stands, as an equivalent for the heavy expenses for uniforming and keeping up volunteer companies, still the following new companies have been organized, uniformed and equipped during the year, and will do honor to the State, to wit: In the 11th Brigade, the Moscow Artillery, Capt. E. Belding. Jonesville

L. Woodhouse,
Eaton Rifle Comp. Rufus K. Barlow,

Ingham
Ist

Detroit City Guards, Capt. N. Greusel, Jr. Orders have been issued for the first mentioned two companies to form themselves into a Battallion of Artillery, and to proceed to elect a Major commanding, and two brass six pound cannons, with one caisson and accoutrements complete, have been sent to them in view of such battallion organization.

Although the formation of these five new companies is somewhat encouraging, still there are nearly an equal number of the old and well drilled and disciplined companies in a very depressed state and condition, and I regret to have to report the

Montgomery Guards in the 1st Brigade,
Lafayette
Washtenaw

3d as such, and it will require a great effort on the part of their respective commanders to prevent their entire dissolution.

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* 18th 66 18th

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