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DR. CHANNING'S LAST LETTER. We have read Dr. Channings letter to Mr. Birney, with great pleasure. It is a noble vindication of the outraged rights of free discussion. We hope it will do much good to all parties concerned.

LIBERIA HERALD. Some kind friend has sent us a file of the Liberia Herald. The paper is very interesting, not only on account of its being published in Africa by the blacks, but for its excellent adaptation to the wants of that community. One column contains for instance, an article on the products of the soil, and the best mode of culture - another contains some religious advice or intelligence, and in a corner there is usually some broad joke, that is just the thing to convulse the negroes with their usual hearty laughter.

It gives us great joy to hear of the success of the Colonization Society, in collecting funds for this year. It is indeed expecting too much to suppose, they will be able to do away slavery. But whatever they can do, will be so much good done for the negro. We are not surprised, however, that the negroes are so suspicious of this Society, as to believe that those who embark for Liberia, are never carried there, but are sold for slaves. The African has received too much wrong from the white man, to make us wonder at such suspicions.

EAST AND West.-We have received this novel, from the pen of the author of Clinton Bradshaw. It is an improvement upon its predecessor, in respect to moral tone, but seems to us inferior, as a work of intellect and art. It appears to be made up of sketches taken from real life. Hence there is much freshness and vivacity in occasionl passages, but a want of unity in the whole. The true novelist does not merely sketch from life, but he enters into and creates anew the characters, which he has observed, and gives them a dramatic life and unity. He is something more, than a mere portrait painter.

We do not think, that our Louisville friends have reason to thank the author for his description of our fair city. He has libelled our landing abominably, not to say any thing of the remarks upon the Canal.

The English of the work is sometimes very doubtful, to say the best of it. The writer, however, deserves the praise of having borrowed his scenes and characters from no other writers - - a praise rare enough in these days of novelist ephemerae, when so many new works are made of the materials of the old — so much trash of fashion and frivolity is turned from one vessel into another, and called new.

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THE SEASON. The weather has been such as to close the river and give considerable hindrance to our affairs, as well as to the general business of the city. The ice has detained the mails, and deprived us of the aid of some valued correspondents, and prevented the Editor from returning from Cincinnati. This and the last number were issued without his

presiding care.

Mr. Clarke and Mr. Osgood, instead of prosecuting their contemplated plans in Louisville, are obliged, in duty to the common cause, to supply the pulpit at Cincinnati, as well as here. The latter gentleman left that place, supposing that an elder Clergyman, from the East, would succeed him and become the regular Pastor of that important society. But the expected person has not arrived, and Mr. Clarke, who went to Cincinnati to supply the pulpit for a single week, has been detained, by the ice, more than a month. When the river permits, he will return, and Mr. Osgood, who has, meanwhile, remained at Louisville, will succeed him, for a time, at Cincinnati, according to request. Thus our plans of action, for the winter, are broken up. The experiment of a ministry at large, must be postponed.

OUR SUBSCRIBERS, in Louisville, are informed, that Mr. S. B. Sumner, on Fourth street, will receive money due us for the Messenger. The bills were enclosed in the December number. As many have said they did not know whom to pay the money to, they are directed to Mr. S., whose store is in a central location, and who is kind enough to attend to the matter.

SANDWICH ISLANDS.- Some residents of these Isles have applied to the American Unitarian Association to send a Missionary to them. They have been disgusted with the narrow dogmatism and overbearing, bigoted tyranny of the Orthodox Missionaries among them. The American Consul has, for sometime, read Channing's and Buckminster's sermons to a respectably assembly. We think it very natural, that the ruling Missionaries should preach and act as they have done. We do not condemn them, but rather their doctrines, and the frailties of human nature. We wish they would show in their practice something of that humble diffidence in their own wisdom and infallibility, which they so much insist upon in their doctrines.

SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED SINCE LAST NOTICE.

Nashville, Tenn. Messrs. Hunt, Alloway, Alley, Aldrich, Earthman, West, Budd ---$25.

Alton, Ill. — Messrs. Stone, Olney, Smith, Cocke, Greely, Clifford, McClintock, $3 each.

Vincennes, Ind. - Abner T. Ellis, $5,00.
Portsmouth, Ohio. M. R. Irvin.
Louisville. — G. B. Ingersoll, E. H. Lewis, Judge Speed, P. H. Conant.

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Art. 1.- THE HISTORY OF OUR LORD'S PASSION,

ACCORDING TO THE FOUR EVANGELISTS.

ABSTRACTED FROM THE GERMAN OF OLSHAUSEN.

BY SAMUEL OSGOOD.

SECTION SECOND. - AGONY OF JESUS IN GETHSEMANE, AND

ARREST.

(Mart. 26, 36–56.

MARK 14, 32-52.

LUKE 22, 40–53.

JOHN 18, 1-11.)

At the end of the Supper, to which, as has been already remarked, the discourses, recorded by John, succeeded, and which were, doubtless, uttered in the supper room, the Savior hastens forth, together with his disciples, from the city, from which the grace of his presence had already departed. Jesus went over the brook Kidron to the Mount of Olives. The brook flows between the city and the Mount of Olives, and empties into the Dead Sea. Here, or on the Mount of Olives, was a place with a garden, which Jesus had frequented with his disciples, and which was well known to Judas; there the Lord went. Hardly had he arrived, when he withdrew into the garden, in deep solitude. The other disciples may have remained in the house of the friendly owner; only threethat trusty three, who were present at the Transfiguration followed him, and beheld the mighty agony of his soul, and could, therefore, measure the depth of the Lord's life, as they had measured its height.

We have now arrived at the moment, which we may consider, as the beginning of the sufferings of Christ, in the strict sense of the word, and it is proper to rest a moment from the consideration of details, and take a general survey of the development of the Savior's life. It seems less wonderful to us, that suffering without measure now came upon the holy one of God, since the noblest of the human race have been led through seasons of great need and severe struggle, and at the last, the sufferings of Jesus, which had long invisibly pressed upon him, merely took a visible shape. The contemplation of the sins of the world, the experience of the unbelief, the heartlessness, the unreasonableness of men, was a deep grief to the heart of the Son of God, long before those last. moments of his earthly pilgrimage, in which his suffering reached its extreme degree. But it appears surprising to the observer, that the Savior did not stand unmoved amid such sorrows, like a rock amid the storm, and that on the contrary, he feared, lamented, and besought his Heavenly Father for deliverance from the hour of anguish. If we compare the conduct of Jesus with that of previous sages, Socrates, for instance, or noble martyrs like Huss, Polycarp and others, more firmness and courage seem to have been manifested by these, than we discover in Christ. In order to understand this circumstance, the following considerations are necessary.

In the first place, it is not to be overlooked, that the Gospel discloses an idea of life, according to which stoical equanimity, severity and rigidity in respect to sorrow and pain, do not appear as the highest excellence: it honors and much more carefully cherishes the tender sentiments of pity, compassion, sorrowfulness, and is not ashamed of tears and the true, simple expression of anguish. Meanwhile, it is to be especially observed, that our Lord manifests no anguish before the rough populace, who would have misunderstood his expressions of grief, but only in presence of his own trusty friends. The former would have been unsuitable, but not the latter.

In the next place, the anguish of Jesus is not to be regarded as a shrinking from visible enemies and from physical pain; * his agony was invisible, spiritual suffering, an abandonment by

* The opinion, that the coming carporeal sufferings of Jesus brought on his agony, disturbs if it does not entirely .destroy the whole meaning of his appear

In this case, Christ would fall behind, not only many martyrs in strength of soul, but even many irreligious and immoral men, who have endured far more $errible martyrdom, without shrinking.

ance.

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God, a struggle against the power of darkness. As in the beginning of his ministry, the Savior was tempted by the enemy on the side of desire, now at the end, he was tempted on the side of fear.

Finally, we must consider, that the suffering of Jesus was not merely something, which belonged to the development of his own individual life, but that it stands in connection with the development of mankind, in general. Christ suffered as the representative of collective humanity-he bore their guilt, so that his sufferings have a character, specific and to be compared with no other.

Yet not only is the anguish attributed to our Lord in the narration very surprising, but also the wavering in the inward disposition of Jesus. If we compare the firm faith and victorious courage, which are expressed in the high-priestly prayer (John 17,) it is very striking, that a few hours after the Savior can appear in such inward agony, as the passages before us represent him. On this account, we may readily see why Bretschneider and other commentators, should question the correctness of the narration. But a stricter examination of the claims of the passages to our faith, and a higher view of the spiritual nature, will lead us to believe the narration, and even to see in it strong confirmation of the truth of the events recorded.

The case is easily settled, if we can give some ground, upon which so sudden a wavering in the life of Jesus can be explained. Such a ground is afforded us by the phenomenon, which presents itself often in the lives of men of faith, (Paul for instance 2 Cor. 12,) and which may at least serve for an analogy, that a sudden withdrawal of the higher powers of the spirit ensues, which determine the state of the mind. The evangelist expressly states, that such an abandonment took place on the cross. In the history of the temptation, we find ourselves compelled to presuppose it; and nothing is plainer, than that we must adopt something similar here. The magnitude of the struggle of Jesus on the one hand, as of his victory on the other hand, receives its full signification from such a supposition. While a Socrates could conquer, only while in full possession of his spiritual strength, the Savior conquered the whole might of darkness, even while abandoned by God and by the fulness of his spirit,

The avowal of his deep sorrow, and the weeping entreaty to his disciples, to strengthen him by their presence and watching, forms a wonderfully touching contrast with the destiny of Jesus, and the object of his sufferings. He, the helper of the

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