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1839.] COTTAGERS' PRIZES.

27 it; but the greater number of them are far better for it. When nothing was known in this country but spinning and knitting and weaving by hand, there was nothing like the number of poor people employed that find work now in the manufactories; and, if all the work were now to be done in the old way, the prices would be so heavy that we should soon see which was best for us. Indeed, other nations, that have machines, would so undersell us, that there would be no demand for our articles, and the poor would be brought to entire ruin; there would be no purchasers for their work. The consequences that would arise from the destruction of machinery in this country, are described by Mr. W. J. Fox in his lectures in the following strong terms:

"Could the machinery of this country be, by one stroke of a giant-arm, annihilated, what tongue could tell the tremendous results of misery that would instantly be realised ? Earth has never yet seen; no siege of a city, however protracted; no war, however bloody and desolating; no revolution, however wild and ferocious, has ever shown a parallel for the misery that would instantly descend upon the heads of millions. The means not only of clothing, but of food and migration, would instantly fail us ; we should be shut

up

from the rest of the world, we should be reduced to a state of complete ruin. The hostility to machinery, to be consistent, must be universal. Each class of workmen has the same right; and, if the agricultural labourer be justifiable in destroying the threshing machine, the weaver has a right to destroy the power loom; the printers' pressman would be right in destroying the steam press; the waterman would be right in dismantling the steam vessel ; and so throughout the whole compass of society we should be thrown back into a state of privation, helplessness, and utter barbarism.”

V.

COTTAGERS' PRIZES. Hurstpierpoint.-On Thursday last the prizes granted by the East Sussex Association for the encouragement of industrious habits among the labouring poor, were awarded to the tenants of the Hurst Gardens; and though on

every former occasion the vegetables shown for premiums have given sufficient proof of the care and industry with which the allotments have been cultivated, the present exhibition far surpassed them all. In addition to the premiums granted by the Association, the following extra prizes were announced by friends to the Allotment System :- A pig of eight weeks old (to be presented early in next spring), by W. Marshall, Esq., for the best crop of potatoes; five shillings, by R. Weekes, Esq., senior, for the second best crop of potatoes ; a leg of mutton, by N. Borrer, Esq., for the best crop of turnips; eight pounds of beef, by Avery Roberts, Esq., for the six finest carrots; a shoulder of mutton, by the Rev. J. C. F. Tufnell, for the best crop of onions; and a prize of six shillings for the best tray of vegetables of five sorts, and four shillings for the second best ditto, by Mr. Smith, landlord of the New Inn, who also kindly lent marquees for the occasion.—The cloth being removed, the health of N. Borrer, Esq., the donor of the treat, and sundry other toasts, appropriate to the occasion, were drunk in some excellent hot elder wine.-Brighton Gazette.

THE IMPORTANCE OF PUNCTUALITY. The following advice, printed on a card, was placed in a conspicuous situation on the mantle-piece of a friend whom we have been visiting. It may be of use in other families.

“ Method is the very hinge of business; and there is no method without punctuality. Punctuality is important, because it promotes the peace and good temper of a family. The want of it not only infringes on necessary duty, but sometimes excludes this duty. The calmness of mind which it produces, is another advantage of punctuality: a disorderly man is always in a hurry; he has no time to speak to you, because he is going elsewhere; and when he gets there, he is too late for his business, or he must hurry away to another, before he can finish it. Punctuality gives weight to character. • Such a man has made an appointment.—Then I know he will keep it. And this generates Punctuality in you ;

1839.] ON GIVING SALT TO HORSES.

29 for, like other virtues, it propagates itself. Servants and children must be punctual, when their leader is so. Appointments, indeed, become debts. I owe you Punctuality, if I have made an appointment with you; and I have no right to throw away your time, if I do my own.”

Cecil's REMAINS.

ON GIVING SALT TO HORSES.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE COTTAGER'S MONTHLY VISITOR. SIR,-Having, in your last number of the “ Cottager's Monthly Visitor,” perceived an anecdote by Sir J. Bernard illustrative of the beneficial effect of salt upon horses ; I beg to subjoin the following statement which, as the fact is not, I believe, generally known, may perhaps be of use to those for the benefit and instruction of whom your little periodical work is principally intended.

For the last five years and upwards, I have made a point of constantly keeping a large lump of the commonest rock salt in the manger of each of my

horses; and in no one instance have I found the result otherwise than satisfactory. The horse speedily acquires a taste for the salt; and, by his constantly licking it with his meals, the effect, in a very short time, becomes manifest by the coat assuming a more glossy appearance, and the blood a darker and more healthy tint. The constitution of the animal is also most essentially benefited by so doing.

The plan is, in itself, extremely economical, as the salt is of scarcely any value; and, by this means, the manager of the horse is entirely freed from the trouble and responsibility which must naturally accrue from the process mentioned in your last number. Confident, therefore, that what I have said, should you honour it with a place in your next number, will be found deserving of consideration by all farmers and owners of horses in general,

I beg to subscribe myself,
Your obedient Servant,

A SPORTSMAN.
c3

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

We are in great hopes, that the exertions of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals” will be a means of checking the savage barbarity of those who cannot be restrained by feelings of humanity or Christian kindness. We believe that much good has already been done by this Society, and the following are among the many examples of its continued activity.

Bow-street. Cruel treatment of an omnibus horse. Richard Davis, proprietor and driver of an omnibus, appeared before Mr. Twyford, Mr. Witham, of Hattongarden office, and Mr. T'histleton, a county magistrate, charged by Mr. Thomas, secretary to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, with unlawfully, wilfully, and cruelly ill-treating a horse.

Mr. Peter Wright, an attorney residing in the Temple, proved that on Tuesday last, the 16th inst., at about four o'clock in the afternoon, he was proceeding through Careystreet, Lincoln's Inn fields, when he observed several persons surrounding an omnibus, of which the prisoner was the driver. One of the horses refused to draw, and the defendant was lashing the animal with his whip, although the

poor beast was evidently suffering from a sore on the shoulder, which was in a raw and inflamed state. Witness considered that the treatment of the horse by the defendant was decidedly wanton and cruel.

Mr. Charles Dickens (the popular writer under the signature of “ Boz") then came forward and stated that he also witnessed the transaction, and, in his opinion, Mr. Wright had rather understated the facts against the defendant. When he, Mr. Dickens, came into Serle-street, the unfortunate horse had fallen down, and it was with some difficulty he was made to get up again. The defendant lashed him furiously with his whip about the head to make him go on, and some persons who were present, and appeared to know the defendant, went behind the omnibus to assist in pushing it forward, but all to no purpose, for such was the desperate state of the horse's shoulder, which was continually rubbed by the collar, that the animal could not move.

1839.]
CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

31 Mr. Twyford—Is it your opinion that the animal should not have been worked at all in an omnibus, and that it was cruel, under such circumstances, to put him in harness?

Mr. Dickens.--I most decidedly say so.

Mr. Twyford then said, that he could not for a moment doubt the two gentlemen who had come forward in support of the charge, and whose evidence had established an act of cruelty on the part of the defendant in attempting to work such a horse as that described, in an omnibus ; having consulted his colleagues, he fined the defendant 20s. and costs, which, after considerable grumbling, he paid.

John Overy and John Davis, two respectably dressed men, were brought up in the custody of Joseph Wills, an officer of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, stationed in this service, charged with cruelty to donkeys.

Willis stated that he was near the Old Prince of Orange when he saw the defendants pass, each of whom was on a donkey. Overy had a long thick stick, with which he was striking the poor animal in the most wanton and violent manner over the head and neck; and, after doing so for some minutes, he continued beating the donkey on which the other defendant rode with the same want of feeling, while Davis kicked it as hard and as fast as he could in the flank. The driver cautioned the defendants, and pointed out witness, who showed them his authority. They said that they did not care. Witness remonstrated with them upon their brutal conduct. They asked witness if the donkeys were his? Witness replied that they were not. Upon which Davis said that they should ride and beat them as long as they pleased, as they had hired them for that purpose. Witness then had them locked up

The defendants, who did not deny the charge, said that they did not know they were doing wrong; that they had come to Gravesend for a few days' pleasure, and they hoped the magistrates would be merciful.

Mr. Oakes observed that they had been committing a cruel and illegal act, and that the constable had appre

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