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treasonable projects of their allies. fearful way clear through the deck and To say that prostitution, such as this, out at the bottom. What should we of the forms of justice to the encou- think of the captain who, in such a case, Tagement of disaffection and crime, would summon all the carpenters to must be in the highest degree de repair the deck, while the sea was mostructive to the welfare of the country mentarily rushing in at the bottom ? and to the respect for the laws, is indeed Or should we much more approve of needless ; to say that it ought to be his skill, if he ordered all hands to the visited with the heaviest consequences pumps, but took no measures to stop of a parliamentary impeachment, is to the leak? Yet this is a just illustrasay less than its criminality deserves. tion of Anglo-Irish policy. The leak, . It may be asked, “ Would you then the fatal leak, which, whatever exertions advocate the principle that the persons may be made to diminish its effects, charged with enforcing the laws in debilitates the strength, destroys the Ireland should be allowed to shed the peace, depraves the heart, and imposes blood of the people without cven an a veto on the improvement of Ireland, enquiry being made as to their mo- isPopery. Yet the remedy proposed tives." We reply, we would give for the evils of Ireland is bodily emthem the rights to which private indi, ployment, and such species of education viduals are entitled. Some years since as will not interfere with the superstia gentleman in the south of Ireland, tion of the natives." There is no doubt being aroused from his bed by the that the fracture in the deck ought to sound of robbers entering his house, be repaired, and the pumps to be kept and finding no weapon at hand, save working. There is no doubt that every a carving knife, seized it, stationed means should be adopted to employ the bimself at his bed-room door, and Irish peasantry, and to give them gestabbed to the heart successively the neral instruction ; but we distinctly asthree first of the gang as they entered. sert that the first, or, to speak more The fourth gruppled with him and correctly, the principal, remedy (as all both rolled in mortal strife upon the may be cotemporaneous) for the evils floor. The gentleman made an in- of Ireland, is its conversion from poeffectual attempt to stab the ruffian, pery; and, without this, all systems for and perceiving the point of the weapon the improvement of this country are not was turned, he deliberately straightened merely vain and fruitless, but actually it on the floor, and killed him also. banefúl, inasmuch as men are more The remainder of the gang fed. The dangerous as their natural powers and gentleman in reward for his heroism resources are increased, if their disporeceived the honour of Knighthood. sitions are not improved in at least an Had he lived in these days, and seen equal proportion. We tell the people a policeman defending his life against of England that the exclusive feeling, the murderous assault of a gang of the crimes, the hostility to England, Whitefeet, he would have been most manifested by the native Irish, result fortunate if he were not honoured with from popery; and we prove our asa crown prosecution before a jury como sertion by the fact that the instant an posed of the accomplices of the ruffians Irishman becomes Protestant he from whose presence he had liberated abandons all these qualities, and the society, and, even if acquitted, yet moment an Irishman becomes, papist dismissed from his situation for having he acquires them. endeavoured to check “ the patriotism We shall state an instance, which and love of liberty of the Irish shews more eloquently than words can people.”

do, the justice of our assertion, that It is, doubtless, well known to our while popery is encouraged in Ireland, readers that the fortifications of the it is vain to attempt to ameliorate the Dardanelles consist, in a great degree, condition of that country, even by the of huge mortars cut in the rock, for the most unbounded inunificence, or the . purpose of throwing stone bullets into most elaborate enaệtments. the enemy's vessels passing underneath. It is, no doubt, fresh in the secolLet us suppose one of these great lection of all who read these masses falling on the deck of a ship, is certainly so in that of the Irish Proand, as was not unfrequent, forcing its testants, always glad of an opportunity

pages; it

of being grateful to English generosity, nation of heretics, and in order to turn that at a time, not long since past, when the noble generosity of that nation into a famine had been partly brought upon a tardy disingenuous act of justice. the nation by the fiendish outrages of Are such then the people of Ireland ? the native Irishry, in burning all the God forbid ! Such are not indeed the stores of provisions, and neglecting people of Ireland, for Protestantism is their farms, while engaged in treasona- not yet, nor shall, be extinguished in ble excursions, the English people, with Ireland ; but such are the class of that noble munificence which is oné native papists, who combine the bruof their most genuine characteristics, tality of savages with the craft and inraised a subscription to an immense genuity of civilized life, and whom annount to relieve the sufferers of all Irish demagogues and English theopersuasions. Well do we remember the rists, and they alone, dignify with the sensation caused by that act ; well do title of the “ people of Ireland.” we remember the warm gratitude and We ask our English brethren what admiration expressed by the poorer hope can they entertain of gaining the classes of Protestants. We also re- affections of a people labouring under member the eulogies passed at some such baneful influence ; a people who meetings of the papist agitators, in those would assert that Ireland. was not an places where they knew it would be re- island, or that the Atlantic was a ported to the people of England, whom rivulet, rather than admit the remotest it was their policy to deceive. We tinge of kindly feeling towards that hear our readers exclaiming at the illi- nation which is at this moment sacriberal tone of this statement ;-justly, ficing her only Irish friends to favor no doubt, if the statement were to stop and promote the dark and deep-laid here. Ere they come to such a con- designs of these ungrateful traitors ? clusion, let thein, however, mark the We ask them, why should they attempt following facts, for the truth of which to give power to a people whose highest we pledge our veracity, and let them aim and most sacred object is the ruin then proceed to pass judgment on our of England ; and who are not only disilliberality. Well do we remember obé posed hy inveterate prejudice, but daily serving that to the feeling we have de- taught; by the priests of their idolatry, scribed there appeared no responsive to turn every power and resource they chord in the hearts of the lower orders would thus obtain to the injury of Great of papists, the very class to whose Britain ? Why should they at the atrocities the distress was owing, and national expense educate them in the to the relief of whom the money had, tenets of their anti-English superstiin many cases, been, by the contrivance tion? They would reply, perhaps, of the priesthood, exclusively applied. that they hoped by degrees to weaken On inquiring into the cause of such the influence of popery ; that any obstinate, we had almost said brutal, education is nearer to Protestantism ingratitude, they coolly informed us

than none. We tell our English that the people of England never had brethren that Protestantism was not subscribed any such sum ; that the with them—was not with their ances. whole was a legacy left by the late tors—was not, nor ever will be, with King ; and, to remove the necessity of any individual, or any nation, the gratitude even to the memory of a Pro- fatherless and accidental offspring of testant and a British sovereign, they the undirected depravity of the natural added, and, as they stated, on the best intellect of man. Mere intellectual authority, for they were told it by the education will never produce Propriest, that this was done in remorse, testantism; employment, commerce, in payment of a sum left by James the wealth, will never produce ProtestantSecond by his will, to be applied to clear ism : and without Protestantism the off money borrowed by him in Ireland. son of virtue, peace and happiness, can Thus did they, by the aid and insti never rise upon the Irish shores. True gation of their priesthood, and influ- it is that all these things should be enced by hereditary and religious done, that they should be done hatred to England, invent, and persuade actively, energetically, perseveringly. themselves and each other into believ- True it is that they should long since ing this monstrous fabrication, rather have been done, not merely for the than endure the idea of gratitude to a sake of Ireland--for the sake of Eng.

land, of the empire at large, the This is surely sufficiently absurd ; resources of this country should have but we have not done with the theorists. been called forth by the uttermost. Of all the errors prevalent in the minds power of that empire. But we depre-, of the English people, perhaps the cate the theory that these alone can worst in its consequences, and yet the improve. Ireland ; that these alone can most excusable, is the notion that with benefit the empire-we deprecate the respect to the subject of scriptural edutheory which would whet the edge of cation the people of Ireland are divided the weapon while the point is aimed at into two parties, Protestants who will our breast, and the hilt in the hand of not have education without the Scripour deadly enemy. All these mea- tures, and papists who will not endure sures will, indeed, be beneficial to the it with the Scriptures. There never empire when united with a steady, was, perhaps, a theory more wholly and fearless enforcement of the law, and, egregiously unfounded. It would be above all things, a system of Protest much nearer to the truth to assert, that ant religious education.

among the people of Ireland there was We shall next notice another most not on this subject a dissentient voice preposterous theory which appears that the whole nation were unanimously prevalent in the sister island, and than desirous of scriptural education. We which none can be more opposite to do not consider the popish priesthood the fact. It is the theory which indu-, a part of the nation, nor, in fact, does ces some persons to denominate, and the policy of their church suffer them what is worse to treat, the popish part to become a part of the people of any of the native Irish as the Irish people. country, but merely to continue as the Now, what would these sage theorists, janissaries of superstition unconnected we address ourselves to those who are with the nation by any domestic or misled, not to the crafty knaves who are local tie. We think we shall not exceed deliberately misleading them, what the fact, however repugnant it may be would they think of the sanity of any to English theory, when we state, that, man who was to call the pedlers, gyp- with the exception of these priests and sies, manufacturers' apprentices, day a very few of their agents, the laylabourers, and paupers of England,“ the brothers, who are perhaps the most people of England ?" Yet these classes depraved, superstitious, crafty, and and those of the same level bear a disaffected, inhabitants of the whole emgreater numerical, and at least as great pire, there is scarcely a man among the a moral, proportion to the other in- lower classes in Ireland who would not habitants as the papist Irish do to the prefer a scriptural education, not only Protestant. Would they then deem to no education, but actually to any them more worthy of this title, if they other education whatsoever. Nay, to, all unitedin adopting a creed at variance such a degree does this desire of scripwith the established religion, or if they tural education pervade the lower had for generations been signalized by orders, that in numerous instances the repeated violation of the law; and con- heaviest denunciations of their priests, tempt of the principles of social order and even excommunication itselt, have and civilization? Yet because this class been found ineffectual to prevent their in Ireland, a portion of the inhabitants attendance at schools where the scripneither by rank, wealth, education, pro- tures are read. We shall state only perty, or any other title whatever, one instance out of the numbers daily possessed of a right to any influence in falling under our observation which Ireland, yet call themselves, and are illustrate this position. Most of our called by their slave-drivers “the agita- readers are aware that a society had tors,” “the Irish people.” The people been for many years established in of England acquiesce in the impudent Ireland under the name of the Kildareassumption, and think, theorize, speak, place Society, the principle of which act, and legislate, as if the whole body was, that in all its schools the Bible of the land owners, farmers, merchants, should be read without note or comment. clergy, nobility and gentry, as well as This society was in fact so liberal in above a million and a half of the finest its principles as to have almost incurred peasantry of Ireland, had been actually the disapprobation of some of the more already annihilated.

uncompromising Protestants. It suc

ceeded, however. The government popish peasantry and schoolmasters gave a grant of money to extend its in many instances attach themselves, efficacy. It became a general favorite in defiance of the infuriated anathemas with all classes and persuasions; and of their priests, rather than give up the had diffused education to a greater ex use of the holy Scriptures. But this tent than has ever been effected by any number was but small; the immense other system ; when the popish priests majority yielded to temporal and spiand agitators became alarmed at a ritual terrors, and either relinquished change so fatal to their dominion. education entirely, or sent their children They acted a double game ; the one on particular occasions to make a shew threatened the people with excommu- at the schools of the Education Board, nication, and the other insinuated in no which the priests just so far supported ambiguous terms the vengeance of the by these means as was necessary to midnight assassin, if they suffered their enable it to wear the appearance of children to attend the schools. The efficiency, and to prevent the adoption unhappy peasantry in some cases re- of any better system. Such has been sisted this outrageous act of inquisi- the policy of the popish priesthood ; torial tyranny, but in general they were and such their success in deceiving the compelled to submit ; and as soon as English nation into listening to them, their masters had attained this point, as if they were expressing the sentiments they assailed the government and the of their unhappy slaves, who groaned legislature with representations of the under the success of those measures unpopularity of the Society, and at which they were represented as desiring, length succeeded, through the weakness and who were at heart attached to that of some, and the want of principle in society which these representations had others, in procuring the withdrawal of been employed to destroy. the grant, and thus paralyzing the ex. The limits of an article like the ertions of the Society. It had been present, will not permit us to do the habit of the Society to give annual more than merely state the general grants to such of the schoolmasters in outline of the erroneous theories, to connection with it as were found de- which is, in a great measure, to be serving, as well as to supply books and attributed that almost unbroken train other necessaries for the schools, and of mismanagement which has renwhen necessary, to assist in the building dered Ireland a stain, rather than of school-houses. Of course, when the an ornament, to the British empire. parliamentary grant was withdrawn, In fact, so uniform has this misThese were discontinued for want of government been for centuries past, means, and many of the schoolmasters from the first authentic annals of this were obliged to join other societies. country to the present hour, that even The national grant was transferred to when a change of ministry has kindled that agent and offspring of the popish sanguine anticipations with respect to priesthood, bombastically denominated an improvement in our policy towards the “ National Education Board ;" the every other portion of the world, principle of which is to give the chil. the people of Ireland that is, those dren greater qualifications for good or who hold the property, education evil, and to take chance to which they and intelligence of the country will be turned. What was the result? look on the change with that deThe people in many instances, and even jected indifference which is the result the popish schoolmasters, rather than of an almost superstitious feeling, proplace themselves under the patronage duced by long experience, that Ireof this “ No-Light Board,” as it was land will prove an exception that toemphatically called, although it held wards Ireland all ministers will prove out great pecuniary advantages in order incompetent--that Ireland is doomed to swell its lists, and to make plausible to misgovernment--that Irish policy is returns, yet went over to the Hibernian the Charybdis that swallows up, withSociety, one so Protestant and prosely- out hope of benefit, .all the systems tizing in its nature that its leading adopted for her improvement. We principle is to insist on the use of the have endeavoured to show, not perhaps Protestant margin-noted Bible in all all the causes of this apparent fatality, its schools, yet to this Society did the and certainly not all, por even a con

more com

siderable part of its modes of opera- their cause-making use of the peasants tion ;

for we do not wish in this article for soldiers, and the land to raise proto notice the misconduct of individual visions for their fleets, but never exertadministrations ; but at least enough ing themselves to teach the former to to demonstrate that this state of things worship his God, or to render the latter is not the consequence of any intrinsic available to the comfort of its popula-, incapacity in the nation to receive im- tion. If Great Britain had even acted provement, but exclusively of the inju- towards Ireland with clear, rational, dicious means which have been adopt- judicious attention to her own interest, ed-to the obstinate and perverse that country would now boast the most adherence to theories wholly at va-. enlightened, loyal and happy people in riance with the fact-and to the iufa- the world, and her almost infinite retuated practice of consulting rather sources would be easily and cheerfully their avowed enemies than their ap- applied to support even more than her proved friends, which has so long dis. share of the burdens of the empire. graced, and so often injured the English Let us, then, hcar no nation,

plaints of the time occupied by Irish We would remind our English affairs froin those who are at last combrethren, that the annoyance which pelled to smart under the consequences they are suffering at present from Irish of their own culpable misconduct. The affairs and we admit that annoyance true ground of shame, and sorrow, and to be very great—and we are assured indignation is, not that English statesthat if they do not most rapidly and men and legislators are at length comcompletely change their present policy pelled to pay up the long accumulated it will soon become incaleulably greater, arrear of attention to Irish interests, and ere long pass the limits of mere but that that attention is directed, not annoyance)—is, in fact, their own fault; with a sound, conscientious and constiand that if they had given to Ireland tutional endeavour to repair the evils at the commencement of their domi- of former neglect, but with a cowardly, nion here, that attention which it was unprincipled and blind subservience to their duty to give, and which they sedition and treason; that their acts are gave not only to their own country, calculated, not to promote the cause of but to every other portion of the globe religion, good order and peace, but which they reduced under their do- with an impious and suicidal infatuaminion, Ireland would now be the tion to hasten on the gigantic strides strongest and most attached dependance of their and our ruin. of the empire, instead of a perpetual

If, then, we are asked the compresource of embarrassment and danger, hensive question—"Men and Brethren, which it is at present difficult, and soon what shall we do " we reply-Relinlikely to be impossible, to reduce even quish theories ; be guided by facts ; within the bounds of nominal allegiance. exert yourselves to become acquainted If Great Britain had paid us regularly with these facts ; banish from your the interest of that attention which was imagination the idea of any system for our due, we would not now demand the tranquillizing Ireland without removing principal ; if she had uniformly acted superstition and implanting true relion the sound and conscientious policy gion in its stead ; abandon the notion of James the First ; if she had com

that the evils of Ireland are owing to pelled the colonists to act up to her the existence of two parties in the principles and their duty; if she had island ; and learn, or you will learn made the moral and religious improve- when too late, that they are to be ment of the people, the development attributed to the existence of one party and application of the resources, and in Ireland—the popish priesthood"; the promotion of the agriculture and that that party are, in their nature and manufactures of Ireland the first object essence, hostile to all improvement, of her Irish policy, instead of content- and dark, crafty and treacherous enough ing herself with retaining possession to render that hostility effectual, and by force-controlling, when they in- that in proportion to the degree, not terfered with her safety, the effects of that that party are opposed, but that ignorance and superstition, without an they are yielded to, the miseries of Ireattempt, or even a desire, to remove land will increase. Above all things,

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