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half of that invaluable, but we fear too Instead of the delightful task of much neglected, Institution—the Na- training up her child in wisdom as in tional Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb. stature, it will be hers to watch the silent
“ Our Lord appears to have felt pecu- process of a solitary being, growing as a liar compassion for persons visited with root out of a dry ground.” this affliction. When one was brought
And here we are coinpelled to cease. unto him that was deaf, and had an im- Some of our censors may, indeed, ask pediment in his speech, Jesus took him us why we ever began. They may aside from the multitude, and looking up deem that a performance of so purely to heaven-as if contrasting the miseries religious a nature has no fitting place of this world with those bright regions in our cabinet. We have no time to where sorrow is unknown-he sighed, give thein one-half the answers that and said unto him, • Ephphatha, that is, crowd our mind. But we will just be opened.” Before he performed the reinind them of the peculiar circummiracle, the whole past life of this isolated stances of our depressed country—of wanderer upon earth, and all the cheer- its narrow circle of existing literature, less circumstances of one, so long cut off which all (for its all is but little) defrom the common charities and endear- mands that devoted attention and asments of social converse, at once were sistance which our Magazine was first pictured to his imagination, and rushed like a torrent upon his heart. All this organized to furnish. We confess it, was known to his omviscient mind. But, in our affections and our efforts; and
we are Irish–Irish thoroughly, both alas ! how can I adequately describe to you, or apprehend myself, the privations
we would feel it a duty, we who are and sufferings of the deaf and dumb ? If placed to hold unceasing vigil over we have a sense wbich nature denies to Irish literature, to examine, be it for them, they have a knowledge, to which praise or censure, a volume of comwe, happily for ourselves, are strangers. mentary on the epic of Goody Two If we have lived in a region shut out Shoes, which had appeared in our from them, amidst concords of sweet native land, in preference almost to sounds, and in a land where every breeze a new poem of Wordsworth, or a can waft instruction or pleasure to our posthumous novel of Scott.
How ears; they have trod a silent desert, and much more, then, a work whose relipenetrated into lone recesses, which none gious character certainly does not prebut the deaf-mute can traverse.
vent it from being highly creditable to “But it is my duty, as far as I can the reputation of our national intellect. know it, to tell their sad tale of sorrow. In the crowded literary mart of EngAnd in doing so, it is equally my duty to land it is indeed necessary, or at least bespeak, if I can, your sympathy for an- convenient, that every species of in, other class of sufferers, scarcely less piti- tellectual cominodity should have its able than they: I mean the parents of own register, and that distinct records children thus heavily afflicted. It is true, should be preserved of the produce of that in their case, as well as others, a
every different domain of thought. woman, when she is delivered of her
But with us the case is sadly otherchild, remembereth no more the anguish, wise : here the progress of mental imfor joy that a man is born into the world. The infant, for a time, returns to her provement is miserably impeded; and smile for smile, and catches, with dawning it in our power to encourage it in
accordingly we are always glad to have intelligence, each token of affection from her eye. But too soon does the un
every department, whether secular or bappy doubt arise ; too surely does the spiritual, where it endeavours to adsad suspicion force its way through every
And even if this were not so, fond effort to be still deceived ; too soon
even if necessity did not force upon does the agonizing certainty reach a mo
us in Ireland this catholicity of feeling ther's heart, that her child is not like in our literary tastes, a work of the other children ; that the life she brought character of that before us calls for forth in pain, and is to preserve by watch- our notice. We are not, indeed, acfulness and care, will be but a burden to customed to criticise a book of devoit, a grief and sorrow to herself. No tional exercises, or a collection of pious morning salutation, nor sound of evening aspirations. But God forbid that we blessing—no mother's voice, or accents should consider the subject of religion of a mother's love, will ever reach its in its liighest sense as pruscribed froin
our pages. Ană here is a work which, rational faculties, and are wise enough with that enlarged spirit of contempla- to think it no intolerable drawback tion which genuine Protestantism fos- upon the invitation that they happen ters, is philosophical no less than reli- to be asked to exercise them upon the gious, appeals to reason as well as to most moinentous subject that can enfaith, and thus invites the attention of gage the intellect of man. all who are disposed to exercise their
• We are happy in announcing that the eagerness of the public so far corroborates our approbation, as to have already exhausted the first edition of Mr. Woodward's volume.
ENGLISH THEORIES AND IRISH FACTS.
« Who ever expected knowledge of It has often been said, and is indeed Ireland from an Englishman? They an opinion too constantly enforced on know more of Siberia or Caffreland the observation of the Irish people, of than they do of their next door neigh- all parties, to be among them a matter bours." Such is the answer of the dis- of doubt, that Ireland has never been pirited and ill-used Protestant, elicited judiciously governed. It has been said half in indignation, half in apology, for that the policy of England has been as the repeated injuries and insults heaped mischievous in its omissions as in its upon him by his brethren of England, acts. It has been said that England at the instigation of that gang of traitors has no real desire to improve Ireland whom he knows, by long and bitter to any greater extent than to render experience, to have succeeded, by her a good recruiting station for her audacious falsehood and sneaking plau- armies, or victualling office for her sibility, in rendering even the noblest fleets. All this, and much more has feelings of the British people the in- been said by the popish population, struments of their own seditious and influenced by their instinctive and inmurderous designs. Such is also the nate hatred of the English name ; and exhortation employed by the popish by the Protestant under the feeling of ringleaders to encourage their vassals disgust at the patronage held out by in their career of crime, by the assur- English policy to those who have reance that it will be easy to persuade velled, are revelling, and are deterthe people of England that all their ex mined yet more to revel, in the prosertions to destroy every stay of British tration of the religion and the destrucconnexion are nothing but the noble tion of the property and lives of his effusion of the love of liberty, and a kinsmen and fellow-christians. All this desire to enjoy the blessings of the has been said ; but all this is not English constitution. The systematic, strictly true. bold, and ready audacity with which " What!” our English readers will those traitors turn to the destruction of exclaim, " is this all you can say in British interests in Ireland, that igno- answer to such charges?" No, this is rance of the true state of this country, not all we intend to say in the defence which is so general, in the sister king- of our English brethren. We have dom, and of which, we blush for our indeed denied a part of the accusation, species when we say it, many of our though well aware how small a part fashionables actually affect to be proud, that is, compared with that which is would be truly surprising, were we not too woefully true to admit of question aware of that perfect discipline by in the mind of any one acquainted with which the Romish church communi. the past history, or present state of our cates to the dullest of her votaries the unhappy island. But, while we admit results of the talents of the most able, the facts of misgovernment, while we and secures that all in their several vo- attribute them, in many instances, to cations shall, whether consciously or motives in the breasts of individuals at otherwise, aid the accomplishment of least as bad as any of which the her designs.
British nation is accused, yet we would
stand up to vindicate that nation in ge- ing them good subjects, we instantly neral from any participation in those apply the whole influence of gomotives, we would advance, in excuse vernment to root out their superof her omissions, that many of them stition, to improve their ideas of comwere caused by despair at the ill suc- fort, and to induce regular habits, to encess of her acts, and we would account courage manufactures, to diffuse educafor the mischievous results of those acts tion, and above all, and as a principal by endeavouring to demonstrate that means of attaining all this, to enforce a they originated, not in a desire to pro- strict obedience to the laws ; and when mote discord, to encourage supersti- we have brought them to a complete tion, error, and crime, and to retard conformity to Ènglish habits and laws, civilization, but in a vain desire to re we then, but not sooner, begin to think concile things essentially at variance, of admitting them to British privileges. and in a mistaken attempt to apply to Now, had this been our policy reIreland the principles of English go- garding Ireland ? In one part of the vernment, before she had by any pre- kingdom, James the First put in opeparatory process been qualified to re- ration somewhat of this system of civiceive them.
lization he introduced a great body If our brethren on the other side of of persons, thoroughly trained to British the channel would but consider what principles and habits, and he instituted little hope there would have been of such a system of laws and regulations their attaining the advanced state in as, even in the imperfect manner in which they are now, if their present which they were acted on by the shortsystem and principles of social organiza- sighted and selfish colonists, succeeded tion had been suddenly forced on their in rendering that part of Ireland, which ancestors at the period of the wars of was, till then, by far the most savage York and Lancaster, they will see and the most hostile to England, not how idle the task is of persisting in only the most civilized, educated, and treating the savage, superstitious pa- peaceful, but actually that portion which pistry of Ireland, as if they were edu- at this day supports the connexion cated, loyal, civilized yeomanry. of the two islands. It may indeed with
Much of the mismanagement of Ire- truth be said of that sovereign, the Jand, which has now gone on for so weaknesses and eccentricities of whose many generations as to make it seem character are more remembered than as if the kingdom possessed an especial his virtues and wise political designs, and intrinsic talent for misery, may be that he effected more to forward and traced to its situation, not as rendering secure the power and glory of England such a situation of things necessary, than any other prince, except Edward but as inducing the errors in which the the First. Edward saw that it would evil originated.
be impossible for England ever to atWhen we say that it is our opinion tain a first rank among empires, while that much of the mistaken policy hostile and independent nations occuadopted towards Ireland has been in pied different parts of the same island; understood to mean, that her close pro- haps in the most just and honorable pinquity to England has prevented her manner, to reduce Scotland and Wales, being treated like a colony, when in and in a great degree succeeded in fact, her separation by the sea, and the laying the foundation at least of a future circumstances of her original junc- consolidation of the empire. The Retion with Great Britain, made it as ne- formation did more to complete this cessary to apply the colonial policy to work, however, than even the accession Ireland, as to Canada or Australia.- of the house of Stuart to the English What is the difference then of our colo- throne, or the birth of Edward the nial and domestic policy? Precisely Second. In the time of James men this. In our colonies we maintain our had become better acquainted, not only footing at first by a powerful standing with geography, but with the effect army; we make laws suited to the circum- upon nations of their relative geograstances of the colony ; we examine the phical position. He accordingly, with character and babits of the natives ; that sound wisdom and high sense of if we have any hope of render- duty, which seemed so confined to acts
of importance as not to prevent hiin difference in their views upon church from rendering himself, in trifles of daily government, did not prevent two por. life, one of the most ridiculous and con- tions of a Protestant state from acting temptible of modern sovereigns, per- together in the most sincere harmony ceived, that as Ireland became more for the public good ; yet that so utterly populous, and nations became better incompatible were the doctrines of acquainted with, and more capable of Popery, even though veiled and mo acting on, each other, it was absolutely dified so as to present their fairest necessary that Ireland should be re- front, not only with the existence of duced to a conformity with England in any real community of feeling with religion, manners and laws, in order to Protestant England, but even with the prevent its being rendered an instru- very principles and nature of British ment in the hand of the enemies of liberty and laws, but that he felt that England, by which to divide her the influence of their superstition strength and waste her
must be broken down before any James felt that there was no alterna- substantial improvement in the state of tive between Ireland being a nainstay the island could be hoped for. The of strength, or a constant thorn in the course of policy then which James conside, increasing in proportion as its re. sidered necessary to attain the great sources were developed, and the super- object of tranquillizing Ireland, and stition of its natives was increased and which he in part executed with such made more dangerous by a false system success, was not that of conferring on of education. He, therefore, applied the natives all the privileges of British himself boldly to the root of the evil ; Protestants, encouraging and endowing he attacked the enemy at first in his national colleges to propagate super. citadel, and he chose the most bar- stitious idolatry, and removing all barvus portion of the kingdoin for the inducement to conform to the religion, experiment. The peaceful, moral, reli- habits and principles of the rest of the gious, and civilized province of Ulster, empire, but that of implanting such a that part of Ireland, the British cha mass of Protestants as should ensure racter of which has reduced the foes of peace ; and by a union of example, English connexion, the popish agita- influence, and religious education, intors, to derive their sole hopes of ruin- ducing conformity among the natives. ing Great Britain, and extirpating true It would have endangered the head of religion, from the bold and crafty at “Steenie” himself, to have proposed tempt to render England the author of to that prince the establishment of a her own destruction, and to induce her Maynooth seminary, as a means of into put into their hands the keys of the fusing British principles and loyalty citadel which they despaired to take into his colony. by open force ; that province which The first and leading error, to which presents almost the only spot where may be traced a great part, at least, social order, tranquillity, and the Pro- of the mismanagement of this country, testant faith, the cause and the sure is the supposition that its mere proxiaccompaniment of both, now raise their mity to Great Britain is in itself sufheads, was the offspring of the policy ficient to render its natives qualified to of James the First. Had that system enjoy British privileges, and fit to be been executed up to his intentions, and trusted with legislative powers; and extended to the whole island, the power that the qualifications requisite to perof the empire would be at this moment sons to be endued with political infludoubled, and its tranquillity secured. ence, arises from numbers or local James looked on Ireland as a British situation, rather than from moral chacolony, the close proximity of which racter as a class of society. The modes only rendered it more urgently neces. in which this theory has been brought sary to pursue towards it a colonial to bear injuriously on the welfare of policy, until every vestige of distinc. Ireland, are too numerous to be detion, not in rights and privileges, tailed : but the result has been, that but in religion, habits, and feelings the English people—those at least between the two countries, should who took any interest in Irish affairs be absolutely extinct. He knew have been alternately labouring to by experience that while a slight raise a noble superstructure without a
foundation, or viewing with despair natives, whose national feelings and pothat failure of their most philanthropic litical creed alike forbid the possibility theories, which they attributed to some of any reconciliation to, or toleration fatality which forbid the improvement of British connexion. They sent us of the island, or as we shall take the over bere, not merely to control, but to liberty of calling it, the colony, instead reform these natives; in short, they of perceiving that it was no more than planted the colony for the express purthe necessary result of the weak and un- pose of retaining and improving Irestatesmanlike project of producing land ; and on the avowed understandcivilization by acting as if the people ing that the duty and value of the colowere actually already civilized, and nists was to consist in their bringing engrafting all the powers conferred by the natives to a conformity with the new the constitution on loyal and trust- system. Such was the purpose, the worthy citizens, upon persons labouring plain, wise, rational,
and necessary purunder the darkest thraldom of super- pose, for which the English nation colostition, and inflamed by the most nized Ireland with English, Scotch, and deep-rooted hatred of every thing con. Welch ; and yet no sooner are these nected with those whom they viewed said colonists convicted, not, be it as tyrannical conquerors and excom- remembered, of murdering the natives, municated heretics. It must be re not even of persecuting them, but actu: membered that the effect of every such ally of differing from them, of not attempt was two-fold. The acts of having assimilated to those very superEngland were those of an external stitions, manners, feelings, and prinpower, but of that power which ori- ciples, the extirpation of which was ginally planted the colony. The colo- the very object of our mission. Then nists themselves were necessarily ac forth flows from all corners of the quainted with the true state of things, mother country a torrent of righteous while they were also most deeply in- indignation against our intolerant bie volved in the result of such experi- gotry and tyrannical exclusiveness, and ments, the failure of which, while it we hear ourselves confounded with the encouraged the natives, disgusted and native savages in the reproachful exalienated the colonists. From this clamation--" You Irish are always theory have resulted the concessions differing among yourselves.” This exmade successively by England to Irish clamation is followed by soothing enagitators, the total failure of which in couragement to the recusant natives, inducing anything like gratitude or and by laws enacted in their favor ; and loyalty, and their direct effect in raising to all succeeds the sage and philosotheir demands, and increasing the au- phic expression of surprise, why the dacity of their protegés, has greatly reformation should bave failed in Iresurprised the English people ; who yet land ? secm carefully to close their eyes to the This is a light, and we would even, somewhat humiliating recollection, that when comparing it with the actual deevery single fact that has occurred, was tails, consider a favourable view of the clearly, coolly, and demonstratively policy pursued towards Ireland by Great pointed out to them so long since as Britain, yet, monstrous as this must the first introduction of the fatal mea seem, we would unhesitatingly repeat, sure of popish emancipation into par- that while too much indifference has been liament. They then turn round, and, displayed towards the real interests of with the greatest calmness, say to us, Ireland, and too much indolence has “ You, Irish, are most unreasonable, been allowed to prevent them from you are always fighting among your- acquiring practical acquaintance with selves." Now this is, as we “ İrish" the true state of their country, and say, really too bad. The phrase "you from examining their own theories with Irish” is in itself an illustration of the sufficient care, yet that our English whole policy of Great Britain towards brethren have in many of these misthis country. They planted us here as chievous errors been actuated by the a colony, for the purpose of supporting 'very best and most generous principles their power, not with the help of, but of their nature, and the most sincere directly in opposition to the desperate, and disinterested philanthropy, and treacherous, and restless hatred of those desire to fnlfil their duty and to benefit