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to compromise the royal authority by prevented the prince himself, at an any act of timidity or baseness, and he atier period, froin arresting, by a single rightly judged that it would be nothing blow, the career of the heroes of the less to comply with the urgent solici- Belgic revolution. tations of the Prince of Orange, who It was, certainly, most ill-judged to ea restly, and even importunately, place the prince at the head of the pressed for an accommodation with the troops who were sent to Brussels, when insurgents.
that city was in the hands of armed Mr. White lauds the wisdom of the insurgents. His valour was undoubted, prince in saying, “ Trust not to our but the complexion of his political allies, or to Great Britain. In the opinions was more than calculated to present state of public feeling through. render it of no avail. He condeout Europe it is neither the policy nor scended to parley with a deputation the interest of the one or the other to of the citizens, who appeared in his interfere in our favour. If we throw presence with the insignia of rebellion, down the glove, we must confide in and at their instance be checked the our own good swords alone; for Eng- forward movement of the military, who land, having acknowledged the revo were burning to avenge the insult lution of July, will not risk a general which had been offered to their king. war to put down that of August. Let The insurgents were thus greatly enprecautionary measures be ordered; couraged: the object of the deputalet us show that we are determined to tion was completely answered; delay maintain the rights vested in us by was procured, during which the revoluthe allies; but let us avoid all acts tionary fervour was sure to increase, that may increase the evil we desire and the means by which an effective to suppress. Let us shun civil war, opposition might be made to the royal until this partial insurrection (for at forces be considerably augmented. It present it is nothing more) shall have was arranged between the prince and assuined such a positive revolutionary the deputies that he should, on the character as will leave us no other next day enter the city, attended only alternative but to endeavour to pre- by his personal staff. We will extract serve by the sword that which we the account which Mr. White gives of cannot maintain by conciliatory mea that interesting event, as it is strikingly sures."
characteristic of the boldness of the The plain answer to this is, that prince, and also presents a faithful matters had at that time assumed that picture of the spirit which animated decided revolutionary character which the insurgents :would have left the King of Holland without excuse in halting between two
“Soon after midday his Royal Highness opinions. In one of his principal cities
was perceived approaching the Lankenhis authority was openly despised : his bridge, attended by four officers of his troops were compelled to observe an
own suite, and a small escort of light ignominious neutrality; and a deputa- horse. It was an anxious moment for ihe tion were on their way to the Hague, prince and those around him, some of not to solicit forgiveness, or to suppli- implored him to revoke his decision, and
whom, up to the last instant, had earnestly cate indulgence, but to propose terms
not to throw himself into the hands of of accominodation, which he could not listen to without a virtual abdication and retain bim as a' hostage; for he had
men whose sole object was to ensnare of his royal functions. It is strange received hints that such was the intenthat, in such circumstances, a scion of tion of the rebels! • Besides,' added they, the house of Orange should have coun.
(although the chiefs may guarantee your selled submission to the dictation of a
safety, how can they answer for the conmub. Besides, he well knew that no
duct of a rabble, who, within the last foreign aid was necessary to enable few days, have given such deplorable the King to crush the insurgents. The evidence of their reckless fury?' It re
were abundantly at hand by quires but one parricidal hand to pull the which they might be reduced to rea trigger, and we, your Royal Highness's son; and nothing but a degree of cre faithful servants, and not the rebel chiefs, dulity and supiveness, for which his will be held responsible to the King and anxious apologist can find no excuse, the nation.' · Fear not,' rejoined the
prince; that Providence which has so prince was permitted to ascend the Bouoften watched over me in the hour of levards he would put spurs to his horse, peril will not abandon me. That star and thus gain the palace, where the royal which through centuries has shone upon troops had been concentrated, before they the house of Nassau will not now with- could even reach the centre of the city. draw its light. I shall enter without mis- They well knew his ardour and intretrust, and implicitly confide on the loyalty pidity, and apprehended that he might of the citizens. They may be rebellious, Karangue the soldiers, animate them by but they are not cold blooded assassins. his example, and commence offensive I never wilfully wronged any man. I go operations within the walls, whilst the there for the general welfare. They will troops from Vilvorde and Assche should not be ungrateful. The greater the peril, advance on the Flanders and the Schaerthe more eminent the glory; and were I beck gates, and thus taking the citizens to purchase the restoration of peace by between their fires, force them to subthe sacrifice of my life, my fall would not mission or flight. It must be borne in be less honourable than if I met death on mind that at this time there was not the the field of battle.'
slightest symptom of disaffection amongst “ As his Royal Highness approached the military; officers and men were pra the bridge, be dismissed his escort of pared and anxious to do their duty, until cavalry, and was respectfully received the subsequent repulse demoralized and by the staff of the Burgher Guard, disheartened the whole of the troops, both to whom he addressed himself in an
Dutch and Belgians. animated, conciliatory manner, the men L'pon penetraling further into the presenting arms, and the drums beating city, the prince was evidently astounded ihe salute. As he rode down the line, at the formidable preparations made to at silence peculiarly impressive reigned oppose the public entry. The streets, around; for it had been wisely recom- especially where they opened on the mended to the burghers not to proffer Boulevards, were intersected with deep any cries of loyalty, lest they might give trenches, barricadoes, and chevaux-derise to opposition, and call forth excla- frize, so as to render it nearly impossible mations of an offensive nature. For, al to pass from one to the other without though the vast majority were well-dis- clambering over various obstacles, or posed, it was impossible to answer for passing through narrow intervals, that the whole, anil still less for the vast scarcely admitted the passing of a horse. multitude of idle spectators that lined
These defensive works, the result of one the roads and filled the adjoining plains. night's labour, showed what might be
“ Upon reaching the Lanken gate, and done were a longer time allowed for preperceiving the dense masses of armed paration. They were proofs of the danmen that filled the streets, a momentary ger of attempting to penetrate into a city pa!eness overspread the prince's counte
thus fortified, especially with cavalry.
The lesson was, however, thrown away. nance, and he betrayed symptoms of deep
“ As the cavalcade advanced, the same emotion, not unmingled with distrust.
silence was observed. There were no After a moment's pause, he turned to the persons near him, and expressed a
greetings, no hurrahs! no symptoms of desire to ascend the Boulevards, and thus loyalty and devotion. There was a buzto proceeed to his palace by the Rue zing hum, a rushing to and fro, but no
acclamations. No flowers were strewed Royale. But this was objected to, because the line of burghers was drawn up
in the streets, no handkerchiefs waved in the direction of the Theatre, and they,
from the windows. Every eye, every as well as the populace, awaited his
countenance seemed to frown upon him; passage. Looking around, and finding * No man cried, "God save him!” himself completely in the power of the
No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home! surrounding masses, his Royal Highness Although his clenched jaw and expanded suppressed his own feelings, and merely nostril more than once bespoke ihe insaying to Van der Smissen. Duval, tensity of his feelings, and a momentary Plaisant, and others, who walked by his tear did glitter in his eye, he suppressed side, Gentlemen, I confide in you,' he the emotions of his heart, and mainassented, with a smile, to their demands.
taining a gallant bearing, stopped here “ This proceeding on the part of the and there to address some persons of his people was not without its object, fears acquaintance, praising some for their good buiug entertained by them that if the conduct, assuring others that if it de
pended on his exertions their grievances duty. An individual having incautiously should be speedily redressed.
placed his hand on the fiery creature's « On reaching the Marche aux Herbes, crupper, it instantly lashed out, and his Royal Highness expressed a desire to struck him so severely, as to awaken approceed direct to his palace; but, inde- prehensions of his life. pendent of the immense crowd that filled “ The populace, concluding the man the Rue de la Madelaine, impassable bar- to have been killed, broke forth ricadoes completely barred the passage. into loud vociferations. Some criedAs some discussion took place as to the • Bayonet the vicious brute! Alight! route to be followed, the populace became alight! and walk with us!' whilst others extremely clamorous, and with loud shouls roared out, On foot, on foot! we are exclaimed, To the Palace of the people! not to be trampled beneath Dutch hoofs.' -to the Hotel d Ville!' whilst an ath- In the mean while the prince called to letic and fierce-looking man, armed with his groom, sprung from the animal he rode a pike, sprung forward, and brandishing to the back of that of his attendant, and his weapon above the head of the prince's said, if the man is injured, I will give horse, roared out, · Vive la liberte !-to him a pension of five hundred florins ; the Town Hall!' Turning to M. Plai- the horse shall be destroyed. But from sant, who stood at the prince's stirrup, the menacing attitude of the crowd, or his Royal Highness exclaimed, • Cursed from some sudden impulse, his Royal liberty, that will not allow a man to go Highness had scarcely uttered these words directly to bis own house !' The multi- ere he put his horse into a trot, and, tude now becoming still more clamorous, having reached the narrow street leading and the persons near the prince feeling from the Grande Palace to the Palace of anxious for their illustrious charge, M. Justice, broke into a gallop, followed by Plaisant whispered to him, “Quicken bis staff and a few mounted burghers. your pace, sir, in God's name: it will be
“ His progress was not unattended with more prudent to proceed, to the Town peril. Being compelled to urge his charger Hall.'
over one of the barricadoes, neither his “ Upon reaching the front of the personal attendants or escort could folbuilding, on the peristyle of which the low, so that he arrived suddenly and regency was assembled, the prince reined alone in the square of the Palace of in his horse, and the immense crowd Justice. Here, from ignorance or malice, having formed a circle around him, he ad armed burgher rushed at him with harangued them in a strain of deep feel a fixed bayonet, and the consequence ing and moderation. He appealed to might have been fatal, had not another their loyalty and love of order, and pro- citizen sprung forward, and turned the mised to devote himself to their welfare; weapon. Loud and insulting language he told them, although there was no was now uttered by some of the bystandoccasion for arming, the troops being ing rabble; and being joined at length come as brethren, not as enemies, that by his suite, and an opening being made he bimself, as colonel general of the in the barricades that barred every issue, communal guard, was glad to see himself the prince proceeded rapidly to his palace, surrounded by armed citizens. On con- where he arrived in no ordinary state cluding, be raised his hat, and shouted of excitement and displeasure at what • Vive le roi !' But these talismanic had passed words, so effective in ordinary times, had lost their charm: they were either feebly the reader with this passage at full
We have thought it right to present re-echoed, or drowned by vociferous shouts of · Vive la liberte! A bas Van Maanen!'
length, as it may be considered an whilst even the more popular cry of « Vive epitome of the conduct and the spirit la prince !' was accompanied by no enthu- exhibited on both sides in this revosiastic marks of devotion.
lutionary contest. On the part of the « It was here that an accident occurred populace, all was firm and consistent. that might have led to most unpleasant They met the royal mediator in the consequences. The horse rode by the spirit of men determined not to reprince, a beautiful but vicious animal, tract one iota of their demands; and became frightened and irritated by the the frowning barricades and chevaux pressure of the crowd on his flanks. It de frize but too plainly intimated how had already bitten more than one person, resolute they were in the defence of and had kicked Baron Van der Smissen what they conceived to be their liberso severely as to disable him from further ties. The gallant bearing of the prince
did not misbecome the race from which that a plain declaration that the dyhe sprung; but his generous committal nasty already existed but on sufferof himself to the custody of armed ance? On its honor! Was not that bands, in rebellion against the royal equivalent to saying that its oath was authority, was a fatal betrayal of the no longer binding, if, indeed, the words government which had conferred upon were not used in mockery of the solemn him his high command, and proved engagement by which the subject ratihow utterly unfit he was for the dis- fies his allegiance ? On the whole, the charge of the duties with which he prince's conduct was a curious comhad been entrusted. The insurgents pound of presumption, weakness, vanity did not fail to take every advantage and ambition. of his presence; and finally he was Meanwile the revolt spread through with much difficulty suffered to take all the other Belgic provinces. Tue bis leave, having almost pledged him- same rude energy marked the conduct self to obtain for thein at the Hague of the populace, while the conduct of conditions which he might have well those who should have espoused the known his royal father would sooner cause of the government, was characdie than comply with.
terised by the same unaccountable The prince would seem to have remissness or infatuation. looked upon an administrative sepa
“ Had the Netherlands' government," ration between the two countries as desirable, and to have shaped his course lightened perspicacity, that profound know
Mr. White observes, “possessed that enwith a view to the securing for him. ledge of the internal workings of popular self those “golden opinions” which feeling throughout Europe, previously might enable him to enter upon the ascribed to its diplomatists — had its office of viceroy with eclat and advan
statesmen been as remarkable for their tage. If that were his view in the penetration as regarded the future, as course which he pursued, never were they were preeminent for the logical measures more entirely calculated to
acumen and ability with which they dedefeat his object.
bated the past, they must have felt assured Indeed, when the prince consented that no medium, no compromise was posto become the advocate of the Bel- sible with the people at home, and ihat gians with his father, for an adminis no assistance was probable from sovetrative separation, he felt conscious reigns abroad. Only one of two alternathat some such construction might be tives, therefore, remained: they should put upon his conduct, and he had either have granted all, nay, more than
curious device in all that was demanded, and thus placing order to protect himself against it. themselves at the head of the movement, This was, to procure from the leading have carried the people with them; or, members of the insurgents a paper boldly seizing rebellion by the forelock, testifying to his good conduct and in- they should have trampled it under foot timate knowledge of the real state of ere it had time to reach maturity. Had affairs, and the perfect conformity of they selected the first, the nation would bis opinions with those of the Belgian have clung with ardour to the dynasty, people. Upon this, Mr. White well and the liberals of Europe would have observes, that “the history of revolu- gone with them; had they chosen the tions scarcely furnishes a more singular second, all governments would have apparadox than that of the heir of the plauded; for then the outbreaking was crown being under the necessity of universally execrated as a mere wanton, applying to his father's revolted 'sub
unjustifiable revolt." jects, in order to obtain a certificate We are of opinion that the latter that might enable him to gain greater part of the alternative was that which credence with that father, and excul- could alone have been safely adopted ; pate him from all sinister intentions." and for this reason, because the revolt
His proclamation upon quitting was altogether unjustifiable. Had it Brussels was fraught with the most proceeded from grievances which adhelpless imbecility. “ The burghermitted of no other mode of redress, guard,” he writes, “engages, on its the case would have been different, honor, not to suffer any change of and concession might have produced dynasty." Not to suffer! Was not tranquillity. But being, as it was,
wanton and unprovoked, the rebellious he disheartened his friends, he strengthspirit of the people would only have ened his enemies, and furnished the been increased by indulgence, and an great powers with an excuse for abanadministrative separation would have doniny him in the hour of his necessity. been but the precursor to an entire The Prince of Orange having, as and speedy dissolution of the union. might be anticipated, failed in his
No contrast ever was more striking attempt to persuade the king to comthan that now exhibited between the ply with the requisition of the people two divisions of these ill-assorted king- of Brussels, lost credit with both pardoms. If the fires of sedition were ties, and by the one was considered spreading through Belgium, the fame treacherous, by the other unfaithful. of loyalty, which always burned brightly Prince Frederick was now entrusted and steadily in Holland, blazed forth with the coininand of an with an augmented brilliancy, as if the whelming force, which, had it been Dutch were desirous of compensating, properly employed, would soon have by the intensity of their enthusiastic brought the insurgents to reason. But devotion, for the failure of Belgic alle- he, also, was dilatory in his measures, giance. And this renders it more and was less disposed to try the effect difficult to account for the supineness of of arms than of negociation. In this the cabinet “No more parleys or ne- unhappy disposition he was confirmed gociations, unless supported by cannon! by emissaries from the town, who War to the rebels-war to the knife !” brought him the deceitful assurance This was the language which resounded that the bulk of the people were dethroughout Holland, and which found votedly loyal, and only awaited the an echo in the bosom of almost every presence of an overpowering force in individual of its population-except the order to manifest their fidelity to the highest. His paternal feelings not only king. It is strange that, after all that blinded his sagacity, but stilled his occurred, he could have suffered himresentment; and while the insurgents self to be thus iinposed on. Yet so it were collecting and concentrating their Day after day his camp was masses--and while the implements of visited by emissaries who thus misresedition, both moral and physical, were presented the state of feeling in Brushourly accumulating, so that each suc- sels; and up to the very moment that ceeding day brought with it an acces his troops were falling around him, sion of confidence and determination, from murderous discharges from the the good king still indulged hopes that houses and the barricades, his royal they would be accessible to reason, highness continued to labour under and that the weapons of war might be this delusion. rendered unnecessary by cogent argu
A soldier would have seen, to use ment and gentle expostulation.
Mr. White's words, “that he had but He was, indeed, placed in a very one of two plans to pursue, namely, critical position, not only as related to either to withdraw his troops to the the ultra-loyalty of one part of his adjacent heights, to place them on subjects, and the ultra-disloyalty of the positions at half gun-shot, to throw up other, but also as he stood related to batteries, and thence to bombard the the other powers of Europe. The town, unless so many thousand stand treaty of Vienna formed the basis upon of arms and a given number of hostages which his kingdom was erected, and were sent to him at a prescribed hour, any infringement of the provisions of or, by closely investing all the avenues that treaty might be considered to of the city, and preventing all egress involve a forfeiture of his claim to the or ingress, thus to reduce it to starprotection of the other great powers; vation." and, in point of fact, when those We quite agree with our author, claims were urged at a subsequent that if motives of humanity prevented period, they were resisted, upon the the former, it is very difficult indeed ground that he himself gave the initia- to account for the prince's not selecttive to an administrative separation. ing the less sanguinary, but not less By his want of vigour, therefore, or certain means of investment. rather we should say, by his reluctance In the mean time, the situation of to have recourse to the "summuin jus," the royal troops was must distressing.