Изображения страниц


bourne to walk up to the table of the the effects which it may have upon the House of Lords; we will suppose him interests of party? Alas! alas ! we to speak plainly, what he now co cannot raise the veil that hides the verily insinuates, and would not his utter misery of many a respectable language be such as this—“My Lords, family, that would shrink from the you know that the Irish clergy are exposure-we cannot paint the destistarving, because they cannot yet their tution of those who are brought from property ; my lords, you also know affluence to beggary-It may be conthat the duty of the executive is to ceived, but not described. Last month support the rights of property--but I man high in literary eminence, think proper not to do so-I think fit sketched for our pages a picture of not to secure one penny to the clergy- that destitution in a single and solitary I know very well that the Irish rebels case-but the pen that had often will need less encouragement than this, painted the scenes of fiction with a to commence the war, and I am sure power that thousands have recognised your lordships are very humane and — here fell far short of the reality. To kind, and so now here is the case us his sketch was tame, for we had wit. unless your lordsliips will just do as I nessed the reality. We have seen the choose, the clergy shall be left to sufferings of a virtuous family-the misery for another year-not one penny sufferings of which Lord Melbourne of their incomes shall they get—and, talks as if they were a thing of nought. perhaps too, if you should be very If there be a man in the empire obstinate, some few of them may be mur. who is bound by every solemn obligadered - I will take from their properties tion to defend the clergy, surely it is and lives the protection of the law; so the premier-surely their sufferings my Lords, you have your choice.” should be more grievous to him than to This would be the language of a heart- the peers—and yet he points to them less tyrant, and an unprincipled despot. and says," they shall continue until the Is it more than a free translation of the peers do my bidding.” We remember premier's hints ?

once to have known a savage father Lord Melbourne employs the desti- who was in the habit of barbarously tution of the Irish clergy as the means ill-treating his child, that he might obby which he hopes to coerce the House tain money from a good-hearted perof Lords; he is trying an experiment, son, who was in the habit of paying him as it were, upon the humanity of the to abstain from his brutality. Lord peers, and the endurance of the clergy. Melbourne seems to have taken the We have read of the tyrant, who when hint in his management of the church he wanted to extract a secret from the question; the principle he acts on is the father, ordered the son upon the rack, same, to inflict misery upon the innoand slowly increased the torture as cent—that he may practise extortion the father remained silent ; thus does upon the humanity of the good. Lord Melbourne deal with the clergy We assert that it is the duty of the and the peers: he metes out suffering King's government to secure the rights after suffering to the clergy, and he of the clergy, so long as those rights threatens to continue to do so until the belong to them by law. Let us turn peers will give up the church.

to the King's coronation oath-an oath It must be borne in mind that the which the Whigs assert is binding upon measure of settlement was in no way the sovereign IN HIS EXECUTIVE CAwhatever connected with, or dependent PACITY ; the King was asked by the on, the measure of confiscation ; it archbishop : must also be borne in mind, that it is “Will you, TO THE UTMOST OF YOUR the duty of the King's ministers to POWER, maintain the laws of God, the secure the rights of the clergy. These true profession of the gospel, and the two things must be recollected, that it Protestant reformed religion established may be fully understood what Lord Mel. by law ? and will you preserve unto the buúrne does, when he thus threatens the bishops and clergy of this realm, and peers with the destitution of the clergy. to the churches committed to their

And what is the destitution of which charge, all such rights and privileges politicians thus tamely speak, as if it as by law do, or shall appertain unto were a natter of no moment beyond them, or any of them ?"

And his Majesty answered in the threatened or said, that they shall consight of God and his people,

tinue to be withheld ; and then we “All this I PROMISE TO DO,” (and should call upon our sovereign, in the haring laid his hand upon the Holy name of that God to whom he swore, Gospels.) “the things which I have here to fulfil the pledge of bis solemn vow. before promised I will perform and Who can calculate the effect that might keep, so help me God”—and his Majesty be produced by the mited voice of kissed the book.)

hundreds of thousands thus pleading at The Whig ministers have told us the throne of their king, the promises that this solemn oath is binding upon which he made to us at the altar of his the King in his executive capacity, God? The guilt of a king has been IN HIS EXECUTIVE CAPACITY THEN often regarded as the crime of a nation, LET IT BE KEPT ; let the sovereign, as and if the guilt of perjury is indeed to he has sworn, now " preserve unto the rest upon England's government; if the clergy of this realm the rights that do monarchy of Britain is to be visited by law appertain unto them.” Here with the curse of a violated oath--let there is no evasion-no escape ; let it not be at least without a loud and ministers read over the words of the solemn protest ; if we desire that the oath binding the executive king—that king should remember his vows, let us oath has pledged the monarchy to the prove to him that we have not forgotupholding of the rights of the church, ten them. And before we can believe and yet the minister of a kiny who that the coronation oath is an idle form, bas thus sworn threatens the peers and that its obligations are a thing of with a suspension of those rights as the nonght with our sovereign, let us penalty of their disobedience! Need solemnly remind him of that oath, and we wonder if those, who thus disregard respectfully plead those obligations, the conscience of their sovereign, are We trust that this will not be lost indifferent to the distress of his sub- sight of ; addresses to the king should jects ?

be sent in from every parish, from And here we will venture to make a every county. It needs but one active suggestion, which we trust will not be person in each district to prepare them, lost sight of, and which we particularly and once prepared, we will promise recommend to the attention of our that they will be signed. A few simple cotemporaries of the daily and weekly words, and the fewer the better, will press, who have much inore powerful suffice to lay before his majesty the facilities of urging and stimulating state of the clergy, and to remind him public spirit, than can belong to a of the sanctions of his oath. Let the writer in the pages of a monthly maga- language be as firm as is consistent zine. The Protestants of Ireland with respect; let the plain truth be should now demand from their sove- told, that his Majesty has sworn to reign the fulfilment of bis coronation secure the rights, which are now, with Oath ; this should be done speedily, the implied sanction of his ministers, and it should be done temperately and witliheld, and the awful inference may firmly ; addresses should be presented be left to his Majesty's own conscience. to the King froin the Protestants of The session is now closed, and the Ireland, setting forth in the simple measures which during its progress language of truth, the destitution to have been passed, are before the wbich the teachers of the reformed country ; it may be well to pause a religion have been reduced by the moment upon the retrospect, and ask, wrongful withholding of their just “ How MUCH HAPPIER IS THE COUNdues. We should plead the words of TRY NOW, THAN IT WOULD HAVE BEEN, his Majesty's coronation oath; we IF Sir ROBERT PEEL HAD CONTINUED should respectfully, but firmly, remind IN OFFICE? How much did bis removal him, that he has sworn before the King promote the progress of improvement? of kings, “ to secure unto the clergy of What useful measure has been carried this realm the rights which by law do in consequence of that removal ? It appertain to them.” We should tell might be well to reverse the question, him, that their rights are now with- and ask in the way of progressive held, and that the men who exercise legislation, how much has the country the functions of his authority, have lost? The Corporation Bill is Sir

Robert Peel's; this has gained nothing postponed; they wish the country to by his dismissal. And where is the continue in a state of unquiet that Dissenter's Marriage Bill? Where is the in the fever of excitement, men's minds settlement of the Irish Church ques. may not have leisure to dwell upon the tion? Where is the reform of the incompetency of those to whom the English church? Where is the commu- interests of the nation are entrusted. tation of tithes in England? Where the We must draw our observations to a settlement of church rates? Where the close-there are a few points not imlaw reforms ? All these measures would mediately connected with parliamenhave been brought to an advantageous tary affairs, to which this may, perhaps, settlement under Sir Robert Peel's be the fittest place to allude. But first, government—but Sir Robert Peel was we once more congratulate the country disinissed to forward them, that he on the stand that has been made by might no longer be an obstacle to the peers—they have triumpbantly improvement; and now, at the close of asserted their rights, and asserted thein the session, with a reforming ministry, with the full concurrence of the people. all these questions are still adrift; and “ Collision” will no more be the bug. it turns out, by the only unerring test, bear that it too long has been—we have experience, that the progress of reform learned to estimate that terrible thing has absolutely been impeded by the at its true value—we shall no more change of ministry. The Whig cabinet hear the peers counselled in the accents have not perfected a single measure of pretended friendship, to preserve which would not have been just as their privileges in the gross, by abanwell, and much sooner carried, had Sir doning thein in detail; advice which Robert Peel remained in office; they has been well compared to the conduct have left many indefinitely postponed, of the Irish general who protected his which, had he been permitted, would fortress by giving up all that it had have, months ago, been finally ar been built to defend ; or, if we mar be ranged.

pardoned for adopting a more homely, These, if we mistake not, are con- although acadeinic, illustration—when siderations upon which the country we were told that the peers should will dwell. Here is the plain test of pass all the bills that were sent up to the patriotism of those who thwarted the them, lest their right of rejecting them King's prerogative, and removed from might be taken away, we could not office the minister of his choice. How help thinking of the sage expedient by MUCH BETTER OFF IS THE COUNTRY which the eccentric Dr. Barrett pronow? This is a test intelligible to the posed that the College lamps should be meanest capacity, and yet decisive to protected from the nocturnal attacks the greatest; it is a test which all their of the disorderly students ; " Nothing fine speeches cannot evade. The simpler," said the doctor, “ than to take country has lost measures of substantial them down and lock them up at night." reform by the return of the reformers We have read pages of counsel to the to office, Out upon the base pretence Lords, with respect to the conservation that disguised their faction, under the of their privileges, that seemed to us mask of patriotism! They sought place, to be just as whimsically absurd. and they have obtained it--they have We have said that there were a few done as little in the work of reform as points, not immediately connected with they could—they have left as many the subject of this paper, to which we questions unsettled as they could. Per. are anxious to allude ; perhaps we haps they wish to preserve grievances ought not, even so far as by speaking to be the staple of the trade of agita- of it here we may seem to do, connect tion—nothing can be more grievous to with politics, the approaching solemthe professional agitators than the nities of "a day greatly to be remem. prospect of tranquillity--a contented bered.” Our readers are aware that people would be the grievance-monger's the centenary of the translation of the greatest bane.

Were a few more Bible occurs in this year, and that it questions settled, his trade would be has been determined to celebrate its literally starved to death ; but the recurrence with all the Christian rc. settlement of these questions the joicing that such an occasion is calcureforming ministry have indefinitely lated to inspire. We will not so far

disguise our convictions, as not to lated to call forth a spirit of attachacknowledge, that from this celebration ment to the Bible ? we look for important political results, It may be instructive to watch the but the celebration itself is not poli- course which the journals that advocate tical. And surely we are fallen on evil ministers are forced to take upon many days-surely the spirit of infidelity has questions that seem far more of a relispread itself abroad, when there is gious than a political nature. Here found a party in the state who are we see them compelled to oppose the ready to raise their voice against the observance of an æra, that should be proposed commemoration, on account dear to every Protestant of every poliof the political tendency it may have. tical bias. There is another matter Cannot Protestant England solemnly in which they have been forced to return her thanks to Almighty God for become the apologists of popery, and the blessing of his word, without that too on a subject in which we seeming in this act of holy worship to might have expected every lover of raise a protest against the proceedings truth to join in the exposure of its iniof her rulers ? What then must these quities. Why are the ministerial papers proceedings be? Is it not strange to forced to become the advocates of find all the ministerial papers thus Dens ? Why are they compelled to forced by the position which their take up all the bungling defences of patrons have assumed, to object to a Dr. Murray, and to employ all their celebration in which we miglit have ingenuity to evade the charges against expected every Protestant heartily to popery? Surely there is something join? When we say that this solemn suspicious in the alliance. It is at least commemoration of the charter of our strange to see Protestant journalists religious liberties, will have a political labouring with all the carnestness of effect, we do so because there are few an interested advocacy to defend the things which can act upon the mass of character of popery. the people without exerting an influ We rejoice to perceive that the ence upon them as members of the iniquities of Dens are not permitted state. It will produce political conse to slumber in the oblivion to which quences, just as any thing that can some persons would fain consign them. raise the tone of national morality- Messrs. O'Sullivan and M'Ghee have just as every thing that can quicken been holding meetings in various parts the attachment of the people to their of England and Scotland, and exbireligion--just as everything that by biting to astonished multitudes of making Englishmen more devoted to British Protestants the proofs of the their country, and to the blessings they real character of that church which is enjoy-makes them better subjects; in now ascendant here. This is well. this sense, but in no other, do we look Let the politicians of expediency say to the approaching celebration as cal- what they will, it is the Protestantism culated to produce important political of the country that must save the results.

country-and all the mischief that has What would be said of a party who been done, has been because statesmen would have opposed the celebration of have wanted courage to appeal to that the jubilee which was held on King Protestantism. It is not, however, yet George the Third reaching the fiftieth too late; the spirit of Protestant Engyear of his reign—and opposed it land, ay, and of Protestant Scotland, on account of its political effect? may yet be roused, and the descendants Would it not have been at once in- of those who gloriously established ferred that the designs of that party their religious liberties at the revolution were such as would be thwarted by of 1688, may yet gloriously prove that the spirit of loyalty which that solem- they have not ceased to value the pri. nity might call forth ? And what shall vileges which their fathers purchased we think of the designs of those who with their blood. But we repeat, it now say that they dread the political IS THE PROTESTANTISM OF THE Couneffects of a commemoration only calcu TRY THAT MUST SAVE THE COL'NTRY.


[ocr errors]

It is with feelings of the deepest and most unaffected sorrow that we feel ourselves called to the painful task of recording in our page the death of the Right Rev. Dr. Brinkley, Lord Bishop of Cloyne. This melancholy event took place on Monday, the 14th September, at the house of John Lition, Esis. in this city. His Lordship had been for some time in a declining state of health. For the last few days he was perfectly conscious of his approaching end. He died in the full possession of his faculties, and with that calm serenity of mind which belongs only to the Christian's death-bed.

His Lordship’s remains have been deposited with those of the Bishop of Ferns, in the cemetery of the University, with which, for five and thirty years

, he had been connected as professor of astronomy. The usual ceremonies of an academic funeral were observed. A deputation from the Royal Irish Academy, of which his Lordship was president, attended his remains to the grave, bearing the mace of the corporation enveloped in crape. It is not, however, by any outward signs of mourning that an adequate expression can be given to the grief for this great man-grief that will be felt most acutely by those who knew him best. Never was there a man so singularly gifted with the power of attaching to himself all who came within the sphere of his influence. It was almost impossible to be in his society without loving him. Uniting with an intellect, the greatness of which is unquestioned, the most engaging gentleness of demeanor and the most perfect simplicity of mind, it was, perhaps, in the privacy of domestic life that he appeared to most advantage. His name, it is true, is identified with the inost splendid discoveries of modern science; and the universal assent of the scientific world had accorded to him the reputation of the first mathematical genius of his age. But his memory will be more fondly cherished by those who remember the amiable traits of his more private character, and who, in the ordinary intercourse of life, have seen him not only as the great, but the good man-riot more distinguished by the faculties of his intellect than by the more endearing qualities of the heart.

His Lordship was educated at Cambridge : he graduated there as senior wrangler, and was elected a Fellow of Caius College. In 1792 he was invited by the board of Trinity College to accept of the situation of Astronomer Royal of Ireland. This he continued to hold until the year 18:26, when he was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne. He had previously been appointed, by Bishop Porter, to the living of Clontibbret ; a preferment with which was associated the archdeaconry of Clogher. It might, perhaps, have been sufficient siinply to record upon


the death of this great man. If we have ventured to add anything 10 the simple announcement of his decease, it is that we might find a melancholy pleasure in giving expression to our own feelings upon the occasion. We know not whether in his Lordship’s death the cause of science or of religion bas sustained the greater loss; we know not whether the public should most deplore the death of the first philosopher of the age, or lament the removal of a truly Christian bishop from

the flock over whose spiritual concerns he presided with tenderness and care. Those, however, who have known his Lordship in private, will know well the character in which they will feel his loss. They will lament the kind and affectionate friend—the ready and prudent counsellor—the unassuming and pleasing associate—the man of mild and conciliatory manners

, who, with capabilities of communicating instruction to any one, seemned ready to receive information from all. It is, after all, the virtues of social--the charities of domestic life, that lend the chief beauty to all human excellence. It is for the qualities that adorn private life that the memory of Dr. Brinkley will be most fondly cherished; and while the literature and the science of his country will mourn the loss of the eminent philosopher and scholar, there are many who will more deeply lament the sincere Christian, and the man of unaffected goodness of heart,

We have made no allusion to his Lordship’s works ; we do not intend these few sentences as a sketch of his life; we simply desire to pay the last poor tribute of affectionate respect to the memory of departed worth.

His Lordship died in the 69th year of his age.

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »