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says Í ,

the brighter grow her eyes! but don't in June ; the Phanix is nothing to it

, tell Kathleen.

the ladies in it I mean, so neat, and so You know my master has been beautifully dressed, and their feet so called over here to give evidence on well set out. what they name the intimidation com Lucy has the prettiest feet for a mittee. Intimidation, mother dear, pattern I ever saw. I wish Kathleen means frighting; but as far as I can could but see how tight her shoe fits. understand, I don't see who is to be I must say the English bangs us, in frightened. I suppose it's the ould regard of the neatness : you never see song, with variations—the Protestants the ladies at the houses I've been again the Catholics, and the same turn staying at with my master, curled up about. Well, every dog must have its to the nines with bits of dirty newspaday, as I said to Counsellor Dan's own pers, of a morning. Indeed, to spake body-man. “ Excuse my ignorance,” the truth, travelling makes a man see says I, “ but I heard my master axing a dale of faults in his own country; •What good your master has done for and Lucy says so best, for if he don't Ireland yet ?' “Catholic emancipation,” see them, he can't mend them ; bat he says, quite glib; "no, thank ye,” don't let on to Kathleen.

sure that was before he My masther has a bit of an Irish got into parliament.” Oh, you mane groom that's the means of bringing since,” says he, “ay,” says Î, “why,” great ridicule upon the country, by his says he," you know Řome wasn't quare talk, and his quare ways. I built in a day ; it takes time to get could pass very well for English, but the better of his enemies ; he has a for him, he's so cruel ignorant ; but no dale—a great dale to do; but you see wonder, sure he's from Cork; I sent when onct he brings the King to reason, him to the post-office for letters, and and settles the House of Lords, and he come back grinning like a fool, takes the shine out of the bishops, and after knocking the post-house-man gets a few more of his friends and re- down ; (it was at a place called Richlations into the House of Commons, mond this happened, where there's a why thin, ye understand, thin he'll morsel of a hill, that they make such have time to settle himself quiet and a bother about, and you could pick it easy, and comfortable, in some little with a needle out of Howth, and it place or other, with me you under- would never be missed ; however, it's a stand, for his Maitre d’otll, and thin, purty big hill for the English,) and my dear friend, you may dipind upon what did he knock the man down for ? it, something considerable will be done Why just because he wanted to charge for Ireland."

him one and four-pence for a letterNow, mother dear, you are at liberty “ And,” says Teague, “ I see him give to tell this to the priest, and it will be a bigger one to a man for three-pence.” a great comfort to the parish to know “ Go back with him, Terence,” says that in the long run justice will be the masther to me,and make an done to ould Ireland ; it mayn't be in apology to the honest man, for bis your time, or my time, but it 'ill surely ignorance, and fetch me the letter." be some time or other; for havn't I Ånd so I did ; l 'pologized dacently, Counsellor Dan's own man's own word and got the letter, and fetcht Teague for it?

away with me, and he grinning all the It would take an acre of paper to way, like a lime-kiln.

And when he tell you the wonders of this town. got home, he cut a caper before the Myself has seen the most of them ; masther, for all the world like the aniand oh, the golden splendour of the mals one Mister Bunn keeps at a big coaches, lined through and through play-house to plase the gentry, with all manner of beautiful velvet; " I've done him," says he," the tame and the bishop's carriages all so grand, nagur,” says he, in his vulgar way, only it's little black aprons they wear, " I've done him," he says again, like stone masons ; maybe it's out of “masther darlint,” he says, laying aconomy they do it, to save their down three strange lethers, not for clothes. And the park; to see the masther at all; “ Masther, dear, I stole ladies in that park of a sunny Sunday those lethers out of his little box ; and

* I suppose he meant Maitre d'Hotel.-ED.

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so there's the worth of your money!" for Lucy; but for your life dont let Did you ever hear tell of such an onagh? on to Kathleen. Oh, God for ever bless you, my darlint Mother, darlint, I wish I was home Dother, for giving me the larning, again ; it's a mighty fine place, but the which makes me able to hould up my Irish are thought nothing of bere. I head with the best of them. And sure, don't know why we think such a dale barring that Mr. James, of the Bannow about the English ; I'm sure they don't School, takes none but tip-tops, 'id return the compliment-another proof recommend you to send my little bro- of their bad manners. ther, Lanty, to himn for one quarter, Kathleen's eyes are brown, mother, and just to fit him for a gentleman; though to my thinking, brown eyes have not the Lucy says that's a bad trade, when sharp conceited look of blue-blue are there's nothing to support it; but don't uncommon sharp. Well, I don't know tell Kathleen.

but if Kathleen was made up like them I layed by my pen after wiping it, English, she'd be as well looking after not as I used long ago, when I was

all!

And I mind the time when at bat top boy, with Master Bin—in the sleeve or marbles, she'd give up to me; she'd of my jacket, but in a piece of folded, a mighty sweet temper; and if she'd eut cloth Lucy gave me, to tache ine put on English shoes—but no ; the decency—the saucy slut-she said ; English girls beats the Irish clean out and the reason, mother, to tell you the about the ancles. Still what does that truth, that I layed it down was, that I signity ; sure if they're stout they'l heard Lucy laughing, and a dale of last the longer--and ihe sweet smile of whispering in what they call the still Kathleen! Mother, mother, I was a room, though God knows, it's often baste to forget the tears she shed, at the noisiest room in the house. I the corner of the turning just fornint peeped in at the window, and saw the cottage, going down to Blackwhat do you think-a bit of an Eng. hall—and the new car upon starting; lish baker trying a plain gold ring and I going on it as far as Taghmon! on Lucy's finger! Oh, mother, I and thin how she purtended that it was never saw her eyes look so bright, and the sun in her eyes dazzled her, until she blushing like a Bannow rose! I whin she saw me fairly on the car, she don't know what came over me, but I hid her face on your shoulder, to hide made a blow at the baker, forgetting her sorrow. For your life, mother, the window, and smashed the glass and don't tell Kathleen a word about Lucy. my hand to smithereens almost, (1 Oh, my fancy* was taken with the hope you'll excuse the writing.) Sure one, but my heart was with the other. enough it was no business of mine; Mother, I'm thinking I'll go home at and Kathleen and I promised-(for oncst; and if I don't, why, I'll soon God's sake don't tell Kathleen)—but write again. God's blessin' be about the little deceitfuldevil-there's no use every one of you. What do you think in talking, but the English women are they have in the farinyards here but all jilts. I could have taken my bible steps of stairs, for the fowls to step oath, from the way Lucy went on, easy to roost! "Think of that! God jeering and teasing the life out of me, for ever bless you; and my rememwhich is the way the girls in our place brances to the Bannow boatman. I do when they fancy a handsome boy hope he thinks of tomorrow, as he has like myself, I could have sworn before got a new boat. I'm sorry enough to the priest she liked me : and then to hear that the times are bad with the hear her say--"You, indeed, Mister Bannow postman. Sure the gentry Paddy!- Marry an Irish valet, and shouldn't forget that he as good as live among savages !-! pitied your walked twice round the world, and not ignorance, and tried to improve you , for sport either, but to bring them con and that's my reward, to be frightened vaniences, before Carrick was turned to death by an Irish ogre ; and at such grand into a post town. My duty to a time too ;”—and off she goes like any the priest ; and, mother, Heaven's lady into sterricks ; and the baker falls blessing on you, mother, and don't let on ine, and I powerless, for there's no Kathleen forget yours and hers ever use in talking, I had a great regard constant and affectionate to command,

TERENCE RYLEY. * An Irish distinction, trul;!--Eo.

NATURAL THEOLOGY.*

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We have seldom net a work, in which rant that it has been the almost unithe reader is so likely to change his form weapon of infidel philosophy ? opinion, or the reviewer his purpose, Can the great luminary of the Glasgow often during its perusal, as this. A weaver, and the cockney radical, be theory which, looking to its logical ignorant that the shallow creed which foundation, is replete with specious he has undertaken to consolidate into fallacy ; and, considering its proba- a science, is the actual apology for the ble uses, capable of the most per- Deism of that large and busy-minded nicious applications, is in the hands tribe? of its noble author made the vehicle The annals of science exhibit a few of much useful, just, and pleasing great names remotely scattered upou reflection. And so far as it is possi- its long roll. We can pass down ble to make false reasoning subser- ages from Aristotle, or Archimedes, vient to truth, leading only to such Galileo, Bacon, and Newton, inferences as must be cordially ap- selecting a small but illustrious cataproved by the Christian. But it is an logue of justly venerated names. But unfortunate condition of human philo- in this voluminous record, how sophy, that he who even inadvertently merous the list of pretenders to similar shakes the foundations of truth, by rash renown-how many the names, which speculation, has it not in his power to were famous in their day, and forgotten counteract the evil by mere afirma- with the ingenious inventions to which tions of right opinion, or warnings as to they were attached—the specious possible misapplication ; the misdirect- theory and the empirical system-the ed arrow will pursue its own course, science based upon assumption—the though the archer may have designed reasoning deduced from mere words. another. The noble author has clearly If, instead of a vain endeavour to exdescribed the proper limits of natural tend the argument of Boyle and Durtheology, but his reasoning leads to ham, of Newton and Paley, into a different results. That class, (and it most illusory and unprofitable science, is now a numerous class) which is ever Lord Brougham had employed his too happy to discover any substitute splendid powers, his natural sagacity, for revelation, will zealously adopt the bis extensive acquirement and various reasonings of his discourse, and rank taste, to an investigation into the its professions with the specious candor moral and intellectual history of this of Gibbon. They will observe that vast and varied mass of minds—if he the noble lord's notices of revelation had applied himself to ascertain the are not highly indicative of Christian curious and yet unexplored theory of zeal, and that he has manifested inore such a waste of talent, and so much readiness to attack its “ friends,” and unprofitable and pernicious abuse of betray the weak points in its evi ingenuity-he would not only have dence, than he has been successful in added an important chapter to human constructing the science by which he knowledge, but he might have read a avers that it is to be upheld. In the salutary lesson, useful to many, and close of his discourse the noble writer, most useful to himself. in language less respectful than he He might have taught the world would apply to the errors of an infidel the importance of preserving, with philosophé, deprecates the fears of the anxious and stern caution, the founda** friends of revelation,” that natural reli- tions of right reason, instead of lendgion might be made a substitute for ing an illustrious sanction to its abuse. revelation. Can it be possible that a He would have applied, probably, an well-read philosopher should be igno- active and sagacious understanding to

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* A Discourse of Natural Theology, showing the Nature of the Evidence and the Advantages of the Study. By Henry Lord Brougham, F.R.S., and Member of the National Institute of France. London: Knigli, 1835.

detect, and be warned by the specious of a word. With a felicity not unlike and finely.linked fallacies, by which men, that of brother Peter, in Swift's Tale of as able as himself, have been led into a Tub, he has very plainly proved that error by following the track, which he the most visionary and conjectural has unconsciously exhumated from its reasonings upon facis imperfectly seen, rabbish, and disguised with a specious capable of innumerable interpretations, sprinkling of Baconian logic. The and affording no certainty of result, noble lord, we are steadily convinced, are but a branch of inductive science. is above the low artifice of those emic Without noticing, for the benefit of his Dent Deists who once used such argu- less logical readers, that the real result of ments to undermine revelation, while this vain argument is but to show that they pretended to treat it with a re- induction itself must derive all its cerspect which their followers understood. tainty from the subject, the nature of The noble lord professes to consider the facts, and the manner of the applirevelation as a corollary from the cation. science which he believes himself to The task which we have undertaken have discovered. And we give our is in some degree rendered difficult by respectful credit to the profession. the indistinctness with which the noble We also admit that his lordship has writer has enunciated the several steps not carried his tbeory into all its per- of his entire argument, and the links picious consequences. But he has indi- by which they are connected. A necated the steps of a track which has too glect which so much hides the coherency many attractions to be long untrodden : of his sections, that we much doubt upon which Herbert, and Shaftes- whether his argument is understood by bury, and Tindal, and numerous other most of its readers. For our own conapostles of the same religion, have venience and theirs, we shall state the scattered the poison-flowers, the aco- outline of this argument, dropping nite, and deadly night-shade of their such subsidiary points as are not esseneloquence.

tial to this general statement. Of all subjects of human thought, Lord Brougham commences by a natural theology has occupied the at- complaint that Paley and Butler have tention of reasoners the earliest, long- neglected that important branch of est, and with the most scanty success. natural theology which discovers or Its earliest exploit was to obscure, dis- explains our “ hopes from, and duties tort, and disguise into numberless towards” the Deity. After some verbal absurd and idolatrous mockeries, that discussion of the different senses in primitive revelation which God made which the words theology and religion of himself. And when, in the lapse of haue been used, he prepares the ages, this revelation was renewed in its way for his own investigation, by ultimate form to mankind; the same classing both as different branches of instrumentality, again became the the same comprehensive science, under means of producing effects in form the general title of natural theology. different, in principle the same. Dis. The object of his discourse being guised under whatever shape, the main simply to explain the nature of the object of this dark, profitless, and per- evidence on which this science rests nicious philosophy has been to adminis- -" that its truths are discovered by ter, in some form, to the natural infi- induction, like the truths of natural delity of man; either by lowering reli- and moral philosophy—that it is a gion to the standard of his inclinations, branch of science partaking the nature or disguising it into the idolatry of his (being of the same nature) of each of earthly passions : or by more directly those great divisions of human knowassailing its authority, with arguments ledge, and not merely closely allied derived from the darkness—the nar to them both." rowness and precipitate conjectures of The first step is an argument, the human ignorance.

purpose of which is to reduce natural Such is the ancient comprehensive theology, and natural philosophy to source, prolific of little but error, from one, in such a manner that the same which Lord Brougham would conjure laws of observation and rules of inforth a new science, by the application ference, may, in a similar mauner, apply

to each. Conceiving himself to have by the eye of God, could be inferred established this conclusion, the noble by the strictest reason, and be but an writer then extends it to the only portion inference along a chain of related of the subject where its consequence is theorems, such as to be fairly called to be guarded against, by an argument a science ; we entertain as little doubt which does not occur in its proper one is, in truth, a consequence of the order in his discourse, and of which he other. The mode of investigation can seerns to be at some pains to insinuate, only have reference to the mind that and at the same time conceal the investigates. To perfect knowledge, direct application. It is this; the noble astronomy and morals, utterly distinct writer ehewst that in physical science, as they are, may perhaps be genethe distinction which is presumed to ralized into some comprehensive theoexist between the investigation of facts, rem, inconceivable to finite minds; and and the process used in the explana- containing within itself all knowledge. tion of other facts by means of the Human Philosophy has nothing to do truths so ascertained, is by no means with such reductions. Until we shall correct, and rests upon å fallacious be enabled to pursue to their origin, analogy." From this it is quite appa- all the diverging ramifications of being, rent that natural theology being (virtu- we must be content to depend on the ally) a branch of physical science, the precision with which we can define the explanation of its facts in no way limits of research ; and separately ditters in method or rational evidence pursue that which, to our perceptions, from the proofs which ascertain the is quite different. facts so explained.f Lord Brougham The first proposition of material imhaving thus fixed the science and demo- portance to the argument of the “ Dislished the limits of natural religion; course,” is, that natural philosophy and (for to this it comes at last) stops short. theology rest upon the same species He leaves this awful structure to be of evidence. The distinction between reared by other hands. He commits them, the noble lord admits to rest religion itself to his disciples, in a “ upon some real foundation, for the spirit which reminds us of that cruel speculations which compose these two tribunal which once delivered up its branches, have certain common differvictims to the stake, with an injunction ences, and common resemblances." of mercy; enjoining moderation and The argument by which his prohumility, and the fitting awe for such position is supported, is, the proof

, profound subjects. That nevertheless," that the same apparent diversity a gleam may not be wanting to these of evidence exists in the different secular officials of the true application subjects, or departments of the branch of this theory, in his last section the which we have termed human science ;" noble writer forgets his prudent mode- and is but apparent. ration, and openly assails the evidences Now, we bave, at the outset, to come of Revelation, for the purpose of plain of two sophisms, involved in this shewing that it altogether fails without first step of so important an argument. the aid of that science of which he has First, the branches thus substituted are thus laid the foundations.

not departments of science, in the That all existing facts are but the sense which bis argument requires, portions of one vast system, immea- and, secondly, the departments for surable by limited conception, we which they are substituted are obtained believe. That, if all the necessary by an arbitrary classification which indata be ascertained, every single truth volves a petitio principi. Let us in this broad scope, unmeasured save state the first point.

* The reader is requested to keep this in view, as it is the principle upon which the error of the entire discourse is grounded.

† P. 170, 171.
| This argument is completed in the section on final causes.

Ś We substitute the common language for that of his lordship, as we should otherwise be obliged to enter into a detail needless to our purpose.

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