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and conservative cbaracter to British Besides, the maintainers and improvers society, must, share a common de- of our institutions must be united upon struction.
many points, while those who impugi As I stated before, the topics are them need be united but on one. So upon the surface, which induce men to that there is, in every balanced state, range themselves on the one side. Not a natural combination, founded upon a so those which would induce them to kind of instinctive compromise of parrange themselves on the other. The ticular differences, always going on "movement" party aptly designates against the monarchical and the aristothose who but follow the natural bias cratical institutions ; while it can only of their political temperament, when be resisted by the desultory efforts of they recklessly pursue changes having enlightened individuals, who must be for their object the more complete always too few and too feeble to counascendancy of the democratic prin- tervail their numerous and eager as. ciple in all our civil institutions. sailants. What then is to be done? There are, no doubt, many who are Manifestly to form a combination, sincerely persuaded that such ascen- in which the friends of social order dancy is, abstractedly, desirable ; and may be able effectually to propagate who, therefore, must be allowed to be their convictions. If this be done, they actuated by honest motives in the will very soon find that good principles course which they pursue; but the will not long want steady and zealous great strength, nevertheless, of that supporters. There are many, who could party consists in its adherents of doubts never themselves, hit upon ready an: ful principle; of men who intend one swers to the plausibilities of the demathing, while they pretend another ; of gogue, to whom the proceedings of that gamblers in the lottery of politics, character must be odious; and these who are willing “to stake the public will readily fall under the influence of good for the chance of such a prize as those able men by whom his sophismay gratify their personal ambition ; of tries may be exposed. There are Dissenters, who hate the Church more many whose love for the church is than they love religion ; of economists, strong, but who have not themselves to whom the corn laws are an offence; been able to see tlie fallacies involved of infidels, to whom an ecclesiastical in the attacks of its enemies. These establishment is a crying evil ; of will, naturally, be delighted to range papists, to whom a reformed Church themselves under those able champions is an abomination ; of republicans, to by whom it may be defended. Thus, whom a monarchical form of govern a party will be created by whom a ment must be distasteful. All these popular resistance will be made to are willing to sink their differences, measures of a dangerously innovating and to conspire for one common ob- character ; and, without any undue ject. Now, the views and the motives departure from the forms or the usages which would lead men to make a of a free government, the balance of vigorous opposition to this powerful the constitution may be preserved. party, do not lie upon the surface, but Whereas, without it, the overwhelmmust be sought out and investigated, ing influence of democracy must be in order to be discovered and appre- speedily felt ; and the government of ciated. It is not his natural inclina- the country, no matter by whom it tion which will lead any one to abjure may be conducted, will be exposed to a large share of popular power, or to a succession of virulent attacks, which deny to the order to which he belongs must end clicr in its overthrow or increased influence in the affairs of the its degradation country. He can only be induced The reader will scc at once that thus to act from an enlightened con this great purpose has been abundantly viction, that, by any other course, the answered by the Orange institution in general harmony of society would suf- Ireland. It has collected and concenfer greater detriment than he or his trated the loyalty of the country, so particular class could reap advantage; that the government were always able and that conviction can only be acquired to command abundance of assistance, by a patient study of history, and in whenever the aid of loyal men was attentive observation of human affairs. required. This was felt when rebel
hon raged in 1798. It was also felt in under different names, appeared from 1803, when the culpable supineness of time to time, to champion the cause the Irish executive, almost betrayed of our menaced institutions ? And in the government into the hands of a thus going, one by one,“ to the tomb few contemptible insurgents. I remem- of all the Capulets,” they but shared ber well the confusion which prevailed the fate of every irregular and desulat the Castle, when the Orangemen came tory effort to resist a permanent evil. from all quarters desiring arms and It may operate as a palliative, but it ammunition, and none were to be will not work a cure ; and by disguising found! No; I am wrong.
There the malignity of the complaint, may were discovered, after a diligent search, cause the remedy to be deferred until some muskets, and some few rounds of the disease has become desperate. ball cartridge ; but it was found upon The evil to be guarded against is, trial that the bore of the muskets was the tendency to continual deterioration too small for the size of the balls ! which belongs, almost of necessity, to
All this may be allowed ; but still it every system of policy in which the demay be contended that the deficiency mocratic element largely prevails. This to which I allude may be better sup
be etfectually met by plied by Conservative associations. I societies which are only called into think not ; and I think experience is existence by its occasional extraordiwith me. If by conservative associa nary manifestations. The remedy tions be meant, those clubs and con must be as searching as the disease federacies to which great political exi, is deeply seated, and will never be gencies have given rise, they depend effectual, unless it be persevered in 100 exclusively upon excitement, to as a sweetener and a preventive long furnish such a steady and permanent after every apparent symptom has been counterpoise to the democratic faction removed. as the case requires. It is the nature Democracy is an encroaching prinof most factions to be aggressive ; and ciple, which never will rest satisfied if, in one shape, it be defeated today, it with the limits within which it is conwill be in the field in another shape to fined. It must be restrained within morrow. It possesses a kind of Protean them, or it will pass beyond them. versatility in the multiplicity and variety Now, this necessitates either constant of the efforts which it makes for the control, or continual resistance ; and, accomplishment of its object. Without, in either case, a spirit must be called therefore
, the most unceasing vigilance, into action which will neither slumber the counter agent will be in vain pos nor sleep, so long as the arch enemy sessed of powers of the most vigorous is vigilant and wakeful. Otherwise, resistance. Conservative associations like Aaron's rod when it became a are, I know, capable of sudden and serpent, it will speedily make an end violent efforts, by which a great deal of all its competitors. may be done for repressing the audacity Conservative societies have always of democratic ambition. But they are seemed to me like the seed sown upon also liable to be as suddenly remitted; stony places. For a time they appeared and thus, what was gained at Cannæ to flourish. But they took no root may be lost at Capua, and our very secu- amongst the bulk of the people ; and rity of success may be the cause of our they were consequently doomed to failure
, and convert an huinbled into barrenness and decay. But the Orange & triumphant and insulting enemy. society did take root amongst the How often have I seen conservative bulk of the people, and its beginnings associations arise, and flourish, and were not more unpromising ihan its decay ; leaving no more trace of what progress has been extraordinary. It they had been, than the skyrocket had its origin amongst the humblest of leaves in the air through which it the peasantry, and it now embraces cleaves its fiery way—as brilliant as within its association the highest and noisy, and as evanescent-alike com- the noblest in the land. The one mencing in fire, and alike concluding in depended upon excitement. It could smoke! Was it not thus with the subsist only under the stimulus of exBrunswick Society? Was it not thus traordinary eloquence, or the provowith the various otuer societies which, cation of formidable hostility ; and,
upon the withdrawal of either, a col- is, in fact, my ground of hope. I see
There is one especial feature of the Therefore it is, that in my humble institution which has called forth the judgment, the Orange association is bitterest and the most contemptuou infinitely preferable, for combining all revilings. That is, that every meeting good men in the unity of sound po- of every lodge is opened and closed with is litical faith, to any other with which I prayer. It is perfectly impossible for any am acquainted. It is like one of those one who has not witnessed it, to conceive up rte
' spontaneous productions which nature the effect which this practice has on the 12 ure
. furnishes in such abundance where spirit that pervades their deliberation." poisons grow, and which are intended A degree of seriousness, solemnity, as an antidote.
Not to speak pro- and sanctity, is thus imparted, which **** 2 fanely, I do fervently believe it to more than any thing else has contri a fost have been providentially provided, for buted to keep sacred principle alive ***** the purpose of counteracting evils and to feed the vestal dame of loyalty, which the nature of our political posi- by which the devoted watchers keep tion necessitated, and which no human guard at the gate of the constitution
. sagacity could have foreseen or averted. ¡t is no wonder that Mr. Hume should niet na
It strengthened the hands of the execu- have constructions fastened upon it, as a col tru tive when the crown itself was tottering a practice deserving his weightiest** 11; add under the assaults of faction ; and in reprobation--for it is, no doubt, most 73 gren the midst of treason, it caused a spring- disagreeable to the master whom he u eficar tide of loyalty to set in amongst the serves ; and he were unworthy the dis 12 their people, by which conspirators were tinction that master has enabled him 1sboud dismayed and confounded. When to attain, if he did not bear his decided the wind popish bigotry and cruelty, taking ad- testimony against it. But not the less, * *# of the vantage of our political insecurity, were I trust, will it continue to distinguish as Ifue about, again, to manifest themselves in those whom he has honoured with his elabong their accustomed atrocities and abomi- vituperation, and who would have szare so nations, the Orange institution, like reason to feel that they forfeited the tasan, Aaron of old, stood between the living Divine favour, if they were so unfor de strett a and the dead, and the plague was tunate as to incur his praise. stayed. It is, therefore, impossible for The very fact of being able to commit be the wise and good not to feel grateful mence and conclude their meetings in 17 says for services such as these, even as it is the manner they do, implies the con- they impossible for those whose wicked sciousness of a good purpose.
He devices were thus frustrated, not to that doeth evil cometh not unto the sendt feel hatred for an institution but for light
, lest his deeds should be reprored; which their bloody and destructive but every one that doeth good cometh share it i projects might long ago have been to the light, that his deeds may be made xa es beisuccessful.
manifest that they are wrought in a bok attec And it is melancholy to perceive God. These words are not profaned oled mic that gratitude is evanescent, while when applied to the feelings and prin l bid tot kome hatred is eternal. How aptly, at ciples of Orangemen, who could not herede the present day, do O'Connell and cherishing any latent evil in their na saticis Sheil represent the old enmity by hearts, any envy, hatred, malice, or is in an which Orangemen were regarded in uncharitableness, use a form of prayer la terreng 1798 ? But where, at the present day, which could only, in such a case
, be are we to find any adequate represen- mockery the most gratuitous and retation of the gratitude of which they volting. Supposing them bad men, were the objects, when they were their meetings are secret meetings
, pronounced the saviours of their coun- they are not of the character of those try? Alas! Echo answers, “where !" which were held in synagogues
, or in But I do not despond. Far from it
. the corners of streets, where they I said I believe the institution to have
might have their reward in receiving been providentially designed. That the praise of men. Each other they
could not deceive, and there was no Christian assembly so devoid of proper one else upon whom deception could feeling as to treat them with disrespect, be possibly practised. Why, then, or even to refer to them without revepersevere in an observance, in which rence. hypocrisy was not only profitless but But, there is another objection to impracticable? The potion is absurd. which my favourite institution, and, No sane enemy of the institution indeed, all conservative or other socould, for a moment, entertain it. It cieties, may be exposed. It may be remains, then, that their prayers are contended that it might prove too attered in sincerity. And let any one strong for any government, and even who can read them with an under- fetter the free deliberations parliament. standing heart, and conceive them in From what has been already said, the un bonest spirit, judge whether or no reader must have perceived that there
those by whom they are habitually is, already, in existence, a force of fac..adopted, are conscious of rectitude in tion which has proved too strong for their intentions.
any government which it has as yet But these prayers have given offence encountered, and by which the free to Mr. Joseph Hume. The reader deliberation of parliament has been will remember that he was scandalized materially restricted. There is a con
at the acknowledgment of an over. trol exercised without, which greatly te ruling Providence, and he will not be cripples the liberty of those who are
surprised that the simple piety of the within the House of Commons, and Orangemen fell under his reprobation, which menaces, with its high displeaBut not the less, do I trust, that they sure, the House of Lords themselves, will persevere in it; and I desire no if they should prove refractory or disother answer to be given to it from on obedient. Now, supposing all societies high, than that efficacy which has for the promotion of sound constitutihitherto attended their labours. It is onal views perfectly quiescent, are the impossible that it should not serve to government able to maintain their posiimpress upon the minds of Orange- tion against democratic encroachments ? men a due sense of their deep and The objection to which I now allude saered obligations. If there should be is one ihat has been urged by Lord offenders found amongst them, (as Stanley, in his letter to Sir Thomas what so extensive society can be Hesketh, respecting the Lancashire wholly free from them,) let them spare conservative association. Lord Stanno pains to correct and to reclaim ley was the man who was mainly inthem. And should they prove incor- strumental in passing the reform" bill. rigible, let them be unhesitatingly Without his countenance and support cast out froin amongst the brethren. it never would have become the law Thus alone can they themselves be of the land. Next to Lord Grey, he exempted from reproach. But, if all is responsible for that sweeping meaact in the spirit of those prayers, in sure. Now, if I might presume to take which they commend themselves to so great a liberty, I would respectfully throne of grace, it is not easy for a ask his lordship, what stand was he Christian man to believe that a divine himself able to make, in the newly blessing will not attend them.
modelled House of Commons, in favour This I would not so confidently of the Irish church ? Every one affirm, if I did not know that the pray- knows the power with which, in the ers which Orangemen use are equally old House of Commons, he defended free from fanaticism and coldness. it. Every one knows the vigour with They are calm and equable, while which he chastised the spoliators who they are elevating and sublime; and meditated its destruction. Indeed in are so well calculated to impress so those days it was not easy to get them Jemn thoughts upon reasonable minds, to commit themselves so far in their that I have heard respectable Whig attacks upon it as fairly to justify so gentlemen, who were only made ac- strong an imputation. They were like quainted with them by Mr. Hume's rats which merely show their noses contemptuous notice of them in par- from their holes, well knowing, that by liament, express their astonishment any further exposure, their lives would how
any one could be found in a be endangered. The noble lord, there
fore, in his castigation of Hume and done for them, and how little, but for others, had comparatively easy work. him, they could have done either for The more timid of them hid their themselves or against their country, diminished heads in his presence, and
Let the noble lord expostulate with the more audacious fled, howling. But them, upon the insane violence of their what is the case, now that the noble conduct. But will he be listened to lord has pulled up the flood gates with attention or respect? Will any of democracy? Have not he and filial or dutiful obedience be manifested the culprits whom he chastised, almost by those whom he called into being? changed places ? Is there now any The noble lord it was who opened the timid disavowal of the ultimate inten- windows of the heavens, and broke up tion of the partizans of ecclesiastical the foundation of the great deer, until plunder ? Let the prostrate condition the country was deluged with demoof the Irish church answer the question, cracy. Will the waters subside again and the triumphant position of its at his command, and has he the power enemies in parliament. It is only
of confining them to their proper saved from utter destruction by the yet channels, and saying, thus far shalt unsubverted or unreformed House of thou go, and no farther ? Mockery Lords. And yet. I will be bold to and scorn would wait upon the atsay, “Si pergama possent defendi,” if tempt, and the noble lord would soon such an institution could be effectually be made to feel the sort of gratitude to defended in such an assembly, by no which his protegees considered him one could it be more powerfully de. entitled. It would remind him of the fended than by the noble lord. But predicament of Ulysses, in the den of he has himself so damaged the condi- Polyphemus. tion of that legislative body, that nei No! It is by the Conservative ther he, nor any other wise or honest Societies whom Lord Stanley has opman, can expect to exercise their posed, that he is supported. It is big proper
and legitimate influence amongst the Orangemen of Ireland, whose chathe vain, the heady, and the reckless racter he misrepresented, and whose individuals whom it now numbers institution he has injured, that he is amongst its members. Until, therefore, held in high esteem. They have difLord Stanley proves, that a constitu- fered from him, and they must continue tional party in the House of Commons to differ from him, on many points of are sufficient in themselves to oppose great importance. And I shall only an effectual resistance to the dangerous add, that if he only knew them as well spirit of innovation which is as they know him, the time, perhaps, abroad, it is too soon to talk of the is not very distant, when, with one danger to be apprehended from the mind and one heart, they would be Orange or the Conservative Associ- contending together for all that reations. Whatever has as yet been mains of the constitution. done to resist that spirit, has been And this brings me, naturally, to done chiefly through their instrumen- that peculiar condition to which Eng. tality ; and were it not for them, I land has been reduced by the reform doubt, exceedingly, whether, in a very bill, and which renders it more necesfew years, Lord Stanley himself could say than ever that the Orange system find his way into parliament.
should be kept up in Ireland. Coleridge If the noble lord really wish to do well said, respecting her foreign policy of any good, (and I am one of those who late years, that her insensibility to the most cordially admit his good inten- disgrace which she has incurred in the tions,) let him address himself to his eyes of all honest and thinking men, refriends, the radical Whigs. Let him minded him of a man, who, in consepoint out the danger of their proceed- quence of a violent stimulant applied ings to the Birmingham union, the to one part of his body, was uncoutrades political union, the reform asso- scious of injuries done to the other. ciation, and the various other political In fact, while she is, herself, struggling fungi, which the diseased state of the for existence, with a desperate faction; body politic has caused to start into distant interests must be neglected. existence. He has a natural claim Now this applies with peculiar force upon them, seeing how much he has to this country, in which it is the db.