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Fortunately, in the course of a few feriors, were the order of the day. hours, the breeze abated, and before The reason of this may be stated in the captain appeared next morning the one word, the Flag-ship was officered wreck was cleared away, and we were by gentlemen; and where this is the once more all a-tanto; having had a case, there is little fear but everything very pleasant night's work of it, not to will go on pleasantly and well. This mention a berth swimming with water. vessel, indeed, may be said to have So much for sailing with eccentrics. been a perfect ark of aristocracy; she • After a tolerable passage, we at numbered, among her officers, young length made Algiers, where we found men of the first families in England; the admiral blockading the port; and and while due and even punctilious I was certainly by no means displeased consideration was invariably paid to to leave a ship where we had been for rank, neither the admiral, himself, nor some time not only exceedingly un. any one beneath him seemed ever, for comfortable in our own herth, but an instant, to forget that those, with where our lives were apt to be put in whom he was for the time associated, jeopardy, merely to humour the cap were not only gentlemen by birth, but tain's freak of wetting the midshipmen. had the feelings of gentlemen. On joining the flag-ship, an entirely One evil genius there was amongst new scene was opened to me. Hi- us—one black exception to the fine therto I had been merely the slaving houorable spirit that characterised the middy, exposed to many buffettings rest of the officers. It is not my inand privations; and although perhaps tention to sully these pages by even I enjoyed, from circumstances, more hinting at his name. He may rest indulgence and kindness than usually undisturbed for me amid his vices and fall to the lot of young men of the his insignificance ; but let him not same rank, yet still I was in the shafts suppose, that although he is separated the burden I had to draw was, per- from his former shipmates, the scorn haps, comparatively light; yet still I and contempt with which he was rewas there. Seldom looked upon as garded by all

, will ever be obliterated any way superior to a mere servant; from their minds. While he lives, he not supposed for an instant to possess will be marked, scouted, and despised, an opinion of one's own, much less to as one combining all those base attriexpress one ; to do nothing but obey, butes so well associated by Mr. Cana even should the order be to run one's ning :head against a wall, are the leatures, that, on board niost ships, characterize

Sordid, unfeeling, reprobate, degraded, spi.

ritless outcast! the life of a midshipman. But on board the Flag-ship, matters were en

But let us turn to more pleasing subtirely different. Here, every one jects, nor dim the bright Mediterranean seemed in some way to be connected sky by the clouds which such recollecwith his neighbour; and kindness and tions engender.* consideration, from superiors to in

Those who served in the Mediterranean at the time to which I allude, may not perhaps deem it over valiant in me to indulge in the above reflections, as the individual alluded to is one, who, like O'Connell, “wont fight.”. My only object in doing so is to apply a little gentle chastisement where it is so justly merited.




Sir-Lord Gosford, in his evidence the body are subjects of whom any before the Orange committee, admitted sovereign might be proud. But the that the principles of the Orange insti- men and the principles both together tution are unexceptionably good. He formed a “ tertium quid," so dangerous stated also, that the men who compose and so unmanageable, as to excite his

strongest reprobation. His lordship even made a cause of offence, is not so did not condescend to give any expla- clear, because it is indisputable that pation of this singular phenomenon, Roman Catholics themselves very or attempt to show how it happened often joined in them, and continued to that good men, and good principles, do so, according to Mr. ('Connell's when united, produce bad' subjects. statement, when examined on bis oath Yet such was the proposition which, before the House of Lords, until the from bis own admission, he was called most objectionable of the penal laws upon to naintain. He was not, how- was repealed. And that the one anniever, very strictly examined as to the versary which the Orange body reconnection between his premises and solved to keep, was not adopted with his conclusion ; and he had the satisfac- any feeling such as the writer of the tion of feeling that he was before a tri- above extract ascribes to Protestants of bunal, who, if on other occasions they a former day, is evident from the fact, could“ strain at a gnat," in this instance that he himself became a member. Yes, were willing to "swallow a camel.” reader, Sir Jonah Barrington's name

la my last I stated that, long before appears upon the books as amongst the institution of the Orange system, those of some of the earliest Orangemen the Protestant party were in the habit in Ireland ! of celebrating anniversaries, at wbich It has, I trust, appeared from my Roman Catholics took offence ; so that former letters, that the Orange was, in tbat system is not chargeable with its origin, a strictly defensive instituoriginating such exhibitions ; and also, tion; and that, in its effects, it amply that the number of them was diminish- justified the views of its founders. À ed, and not increased, when Orange revival of loyalty attested its presence, lodges became established, so that and an increase of security and tranDeither is it chargeable with augment- quillity attended its progress.

The ing that source of public mischief. secret machinations of traitors were But this point is so important, that I defeated, and the open violence of have judged it right to rest it upon defenderism was restrained. As soon something better than my own asser as Protestants began to feel some sense tion, and the reader will find my state- of security, from the character and the ment fully borne out in the following extent of the new combinations, it imextract from Barrington's Historical mediately appeared that the cause of Memoirs of Ireland. He thus writes: the revolutionists bad long derived a

“ In 1779 the harsh operation of the seeming support from numbers by penal statutes was aggravated by the whom it was secretly detested ; for, triumphs of Protestant


when it was found that the Orangewhich were then celebrated throughout men were able to protect themselves, Ireland with all the zeal of bacchanalian and that, wherever they were estaborgies. A system of political idolatry lished in force, the aggressive violence seemed to have infatuated the whole of of the other party was suspended; no the Protestant population, and their de sooner did this appear than there was votion to even the statue and the me a manifestation of loyalty, which, but a mory of the dead King William the short time before, could have been little

Third, appeared as powerfully efficacious suspected ; and very many who had as their loyal attachment to the living been drawn on, by the anarchists, step monarch, in kindling the fervour of their by step, until they had reached the enthusiasm. Thrice every year the Irish Protestants celebrated the birth and the recoiled from their perilous position

very verge of the precipice of trcason, victories of the Prince of Orange, in a with a degree of horror which never left manner peculiarly calculated to revive the them until they felt themselves securely animosities of their Catholic fellow-sub- lodged in the bosom of that constitujects."

tional party, upon the growth and the I cite this statement for one purpose prevalence of which depended the alone, namely, the clear attestation tranquillity of Ireland, and the intewhich the writer bears to the existence grity of the empire. of party processions long before the Yes, when England was menaced birth of the Orange institution. That by foreign war-when she was assailed they were intended to give offence, or by domestic treason-when Ireland

was convulsed by civil war, and her record, that a few men, united for a coasts hourly threatened with invasion, righteous and holy purpose, are able to the Orangeinen were found a help in countervail a multitude of enemies; for time of need, by whose aid, under still the Orangemen were few in numProvidence, the national salvation was ber, when compared with those to accomplished. Had the institution whom they were opposed. But their not arisen, it is my firm belief that the hearts were sound, and their cause was country would have been undone. Her good, and they were not at that time loyal men, scattered and dispirited, regarded with a vindictive jealousy by could have made no effectual stand the government of the country. against the disciplined and enthusiastic There is one other instance in revolutionists to whom they were op- which, as I conceive, the Conservative posed, and by whom they would have effects of the institution very clearly been crushed, one by one, until no appeared, and which I cannot do one was left who might dare to stand better than give in the words of one up for the constitution. But, by acting from whom I have before quoted. He together with concert and energy, they thus expressed himself at the Conser. soon were felt to be formidable. Every vative Society, on the 9th of Septemday saw an accession to their numbers. ber, 1834 :The gentry and nobility of the country,

“ The mission of Mr. Lawless to the Whig as well as Tory, were desirous North, and the temper in which it was of being enrolled amongst their body ; and some of the names upon the list with a mass of followers cousisting of one

undertaken, are well remembered; when, of their early members, were those of hundred and forty-four thousand men, he individuals whose whole political lives advanced to enter the « Black North,” had been previonsly devoted to projects as Mr. Wyse, the historian, as well as a which had won for them much of po- distinguished member of the Catholic pular regard, and which had for their Association, informs us. From Mr. Wyse, object Irish independence. Lord also, we have an account of the numbers Northland and Mr. Brownlow encou which assembled, and the spirit which raged the growth of Orange principles animated these tumultuary gatherings

, amongst their tenants and dependents; in his acknowledgment, that many felt Plowden, the popish historian, and the a great repugnance to this summops,'(to inveterate and persevering enemy of the attend what were called reconciliation Protestant name, abuses the Marquis meetings,) .but the secret combination of Hertford, the Marquis of Aber- law of the county of Tipperary was so corn, the Earl of Londonderry, Mr. well known, and so deeply dreaded, that Cope, Mr. Richardson, and others, for they have been drawn even from the remote their patronage of the institution, parts of the counties of Waterford and which, with a kind of suicidal indiscre- Limerick, to appear at these assemblages; tion, he stigmatizes as sanctioning an and, in his account of the reception oath of extermination; as if it were

which was given to Mr. O'Connell's bypossible that such noblemen and gen- into the sea, it was said in the warmth

pothetical menace to drive the Protestants tlemen could, for one moment, countenance it, if it were indeed the nefa- and hastiness of the moment, a sort of rious and abominable thing that it was beyond mere rhetoric, but the shout, or

rhetorical apostrophe, not intended to go represented.

rather the thunder of fierce voices, which The reader has seen how rapidly was simultaneously sent back, spoke voUlster became tranquillized. It was lumes of dread and danger. The comin the time of Wolfe Tone the hot-bed mission from the Marquess of Anglesey of sedition. It became the


was forgotten; the if was forgotten; del of loyalty, as was found by his they already imagined themselves in full unhappy friend Russell, when he made pursuit. Nothing was remembered but his desperate experiment upon it in O'Connell and his hundred thousand 1803. I defy the wit of man to give men.' Other intimations of evil purpose any other explanation of this great Mr. Wyse has recorded as afforded at change than is to be found in the pre- those meetings. • When will be call us valence of the Orange association. It out? was more than once heard in the turnishes one of the sub imest-proofs on streets of Clonmei, quring the great pro

vincial meeting of last August; and fre. He appeared in Armagh; but the Orangequently answered with the finger on the men also appeared ; another disappointmouth, and a significant smile and wink ment. Did any excess mar their trifrom the by-standers.' Thus collected, umphs ? Not the slightest. No, nor and thus disposed, one bundred and torty the slightest ill-will; not even personal thousand men accompanied Mr. Lawless dislike to the learned individual whose to the town of Ballibay; and a large operations were thus peacefully impeded. military force, headed by a general whom On the contrary, he is well esteemed by Sir Robert Peel styled the bravest of many Orangemen, and has, on more than the brave,' and who may be said to de- one occasion, successfully, and to their serve that epithet, when discretion is not great satisfaction, been employed as the better part of valour, waited on this covusel on their behalt. But they knew mighty multitude. It has been even the perilous consequences of agitation; said that the brave commander (I mean they saw them in the state of the south; of his majesty's forces) solicited that the and while they never interfered to pregreat army of the Association should have vent assemblages, or processions, or comfree passage. Three thousand Orange- memorations of the Roman Catholics men, whose numbers were increased to amongst whom they lived, they were refire thousand, resolved to contest the solved that the spirit of Munster dispassage. They had fears which brave turbances should not be free to introduce men may entertain, but a resolution its sanguinary code, and its discipline which was not to be overcome, so long as of assassination." they could maintain it. I pass from the subject, because it is one on which there

Thus it was that the spirit of the is a difficulty of speaking, with the neces- Orange system prevented a catastrophe sary calmness ; but I cannot leave it which would, I venture to assert, have without affirming, that if Mr. Samuel converted the North into a sea of blood. Gray, the civilian who directed the Had the system not beeni at that time in course which the Orangemen pursued on active operation, the Protestants would that' most eventful occasion, bad not not have had that sense of conscious been possessed of more wisdom than the strength which enabled them to gallant general who undertook to give present a bold front to the audacious him advice; and if he had not, relying on invaders ; nor could those invaders the heroic resolution of the little band have been inspired with the salutary that assembled to guard their homes from dread and terror that laid hold upon pillage and profanation, denied any passage them, by any thing short of the spirit to a barbarous multitude, except such as and the deterinination which animated they could make in the face of Protestant the gallant band who were resolved to resistance, and over Protestant carcasses, dispute with them the Thermopylæ that day would have been the beginning of Protestant Ireland. Mr. Lawless of evils in the north ; and ferocious and bis multitude, accordingly, retired, excesses would be, perhaps, for long years and the North was left in peace. He after, the curse of Ulster. Whatever is, himself, a man full of personal cou. there was of bad or vindictive feeling rage, and I am sure he does not want would be called into action, by the com." its usual concomitant, humanity. There: munications of those whose terror had fore I am ready to believe that he is been felt in the southern districts; and as the resistance would have been spirited, the himself rejoiced at the issue of that destruction would have been incalculable expedition, and would have been one Better than the general, Mr. Gray knew of the first to deplore the excesses to this; and he is well entitled to the praise which it might have led; but for their he has received for having stopped the prevention he is indebted not more to progress of insurrection, and for having his own prudence, than to the vigilance effected his great object without the com

and the valour of the Orangemen of mission of a single 'excess by which his Ireland. triumph could be tarnished. The expe

Nor was the firmness of this body dition of Mr. Lawless failed; the North more remarkable than their moderation. was not to be terrified ; perhaps it might They were well content with their te agitated. An agitator was announced peaceful triumph. The assailants were to enact bis part in Dungannon. The suffered to go their way, unmolested Orange lodges assembled to form a por- by even a menace or an insult. The tion of the audience, and he found it ex- brave Orangemen were satistied with pedient to depart. No performance. acting the part of faithful and steady

sentinels, and retired quietly to their have been committed. It has, how. domestic avocations, as soon as they ever, suited the purposes of a despehad witnessed the departure of the rate and dangerous faction to accumu. myriads whose insulting approach late upon the beads of this constituthreatened them with so much danger. tional body a load of imputations, They were mindful of the end of their which, if the truth were known, should organization, which was defence and have been shared between themselves not aggression; and while they felt ad- and such unorganized Protestants as ditional cause for glorying in the bond were liable to be provoked by their of brotherhood, by which they were violence, or wrought upon by their then enabled to withstand such formi- delusions. dable assailants, they also felt that It is a well known fact, that, in many their character might be compromised, instances, threatening notices have been and their triumph tarnished, if they served upon individuals, as if by Orangeindulged in any reprisals. It is, there- men, which were only intended to fore, to their organization, and the pe- bring that body into suspicion and disculiar constitution of their society, we esteem, and which, in reality, promust ascribe not only the energy and ceeded from the opposite party: the courage which enabled them to At Lord Mulgrave's first visit to the resist popish aggression, but also the theatre, a vast number of letters were wisdom and the forbearance which despatched to individual Protestants limited their resistance to self-defence, and Orangemen, calling upon them to and reconciled their feelings as Orange- attend, and make a public demonstramen, when in a state of the very high- tion of their hostility to the present est excitement, with their duty as good government. But the forgeries were, subjects.

almost in every instance detected, and The truth is, that the state of the this “weak invention of the enemy* country caused a vast accession of the failed to produce any other effect than loyalty, the wealth, and the respecta- that of putting the loyal party on their bility of the country to the Orange guard against them. Institution. The very humblest of its The late affair at Belfast, on the members felt proud of a bond of con- twelfth of July, is another case in nection by which they were brought point. A triumphal arch was erected into brotherly union with the very by a few poor women and boys, with highest and the noblest in the land; whom the Orangemen were wholly unand there was a natural anxiety on connected. Our gallant soldiery were their part not to prove unworthy of ordered to fire upon them, and the such a distinction. They were, there blood that was shed was said to have fore, cautious, not only for their own been occasioned by Orange infatuation sakes, but for the sake of the order to and violence. But the charge has which they belonged, to avoid every been triumphantly refuted by the pubact of intemperance which might cause lished resolations of the Orangemen their body to be “evil spoken of;" and of Belfast, who had resolved not to it may be safely affirmed, that many of commemorate the festival in any manthem might, as individuals, have been ner that could be construed into a Jed into a violence of opposition to violation of the law, and who defied Roman Catholics, from which, as their enemies to fasten upon any memOrangemen, they were restrained. ber of their body any participation in Their enemies (whose insulting and the proceedings which led to such a savage malevolence has been mani. lamentable result. Alas! that an infested almost in the same degree in nocent demonstration of joy for our which it was without the shadow of deliverance by King William, should excuse) have often imputed to them have been the signal for legal murder! crimes and atrocities which were alike I must, however, say, that in one abhorrent to their principles and feel. respect, the Orangemen have been ings , but it has almost invariably greatly wanting to themselves. They turned out, not only that these were are without any authorised and responpot the work of Orangemen, but that, sible organ, by which their proceedings had the individuals engaged in them might be vindicated, and their princi. been Orangemen, they never would ples defended. In this country they

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