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suet attempts a task of daily increasing bench and the Irish bar, the justice of difficulty. Legal office, of any kind, can which every junior Irish barrister will now be rarely obtained, or at least kept, acknowledge with gratitude. To the by any one who is not able to discharge young Irish barrister the prudent adits duties; and in order to do so, the vice of Mr. Warren is unnecessary. candidate must

It may be well for him to have the Doff his sparkling cloak, and fall to work,

forbearance, but he will hardly ever be With peasant heart and arm;

called on to put it in practice. In no

respect, perhaps, is the Irish bar more must forget for a while, grand conner- favorably distinguished from the English jons, fastidious tastes, and fashionable than in the treatment which young men bfe, and enter himself in the number of respectively experience. With some those who constitute our third class. Nor few honorable exceptions, the senior let him fany that in doing this, he is members of the English bar adopt "condescending to men of low estate.' harshness towards their juniors as their No, indeed; he is entering a stern repub- habitual practice, and seem to take a fic in coming to the bar. Nothing will malignant pleasure in crushing, by the suffer, in its perpetual collisions, but that mere weight of professional standing, preposterously short-sighted pride—that the, perhaps, far superior talents of a Leprosy of exclusiveness' which blights rival junior. In Westminster Hall the like a disease some of the inferior and young man must be prepared to meet more recent members of the aristocracy, with the contemptuous sneer, the illas the hem of a splendid garment is ge- natured sarcasm, and the more undisnerally most liable to be tarnished and guised, but, perhaps, not less cutting indefiled! No magnificent airs of puppyism sult of professional rudeness. He will find and presumption will be tolerated at the in every brother barrister one who will Bar; in vain are their half-closed eye crush him if he can, and he must rise and curled-up lip brought into play; they in spite of those who have gone before moniously thrust aside ! I confess I him. In Ireland it is directly the recannot honour blood without good quali verse: a young man may calculate ties; nor spare it with ill,' quoth the upon every member of his profession as same stern old bishop already quoted. a friend ; he will find those who are most • There is nothing that I more desire to distinguished, the most ready to assist be taught, than what is true pobility: and encourage his efforts ; and we do what thanke is it to you that you are

not hesitate to say, that perhaps the born well? If you could have lost this characteristic trait of the demeanour of privilege of nature, I feare you had not the Irish lawyer of eminence, whether been thus farre noble; that you may not

on the bench or at the bar, is a kind. plead desert, you had this before you ness and forbearance towards his juwere ; long ere you could either know or niors. The following observations are prevent it; you are deceived if you think very just :this any other than the body of gentility: “ Perhaps it may be safely said that of the life and soule of it is, in noble and this division of students, those who have vertuous disposition, in gallantnesse of distinguished themselves in mathematics spirit without haughtinesse, without in- are, cæteris paribus, best adapted for the solence, without scornful overlinesse : law; but, in fact, all of them have undershortly, in generous qualities, carriage, gone such systematic discipline, and evinced actions. See your error, and know that such a degree of intellectual superiority, this demeanor doth not answer an honest

as cannot fail of mastering every difficulty that the law can propose to them. Look

at the Bench, and foremost ranks of the We had marked for extraction some

Bar, for numerous and splendid instances! very prudent advice to young barris- How can it be otherwise, where the inters, on the propriety of bearing with clination equals the power? He that has good temper the petulance of clients, been accustomed to wrestle with the diffijudges, and leading counsel. We had culties of Newton and La Place, to wind marked it principally, that we might his way through the mazes of algebraic take the opportunity of bearing testi- calculation-10 work out the profoundest mony to the character of the Irish problems of a 'rigid and infallible geome


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try''-cannot be baffled by any of the lastly remark, that the student who has subtleties and complexities of law. Logic but just quitted the scenes of academic so practical and masterly as his, what dif- distinction, is too apt to be unduly elated. -culties can withstand ? What multi- It will require, perhaps, no inconsiderable plicity distract? If the bow has not effort, belore the swell of excitement and been over-bent, the mind and body para- exultation can be made to subside, before lyzed by excessive exertion, men such as the facile princeps of his day can get these commence their legal career under bimself into that calm, working trim the happiest auspices; and but few are which is essential to the advantageous the considerations of which those of them commencement of his professional career." need be reminded, who select the common law Bar. They will soon discover that a

We feel particular pleasure in exvigorous and well-trained intellect is not tracting the following passage, in which alone a passport to success. Those quali- there is equal wisdom and piety :-ties and accomplishments, which, during a

“ Then, again, let the student firmly long and exclusive devotion to the mathe- resolve to abstain from his professional or matics, have been too much disregarded, other labours on the sabbath day. We must now be assiduously attended to. Business kabits must be acquired

urge not this topic on any religious

grounds; those he will find elsewhere promptitude and decision—the consulto' ihan in such a work as this ; but and • mature facto' of Sallust. The young purely on those of prudence and exlawyer must hasten out of the silent, dis- pediency. Let him shut up all bis books

, tant regions of abstract speculation, where and put away his papers, on the Saturday his faculties have been • rapt in Elysium, night, resolving not to look upon, not to and learn to think amid the hubbub of the think of them (except in rare cases, until world, on the spur of the moment, with the following Monday. His mind must out being obliged to retreat into the study have an interval of rist; and this day is before his thoughts can be collected. *

set apart for such a purpose amongst 'Tis useless to tell an attorney, in eager others, and higher with infinite wisdom accents of admiration, that Mr. Such-an- and goodness. God forbid that the stuone was senior wrangler, and first Smith's dent should be expected to convert this prizeman; nay, even that he is an admi

• day of rest’ into one of religious labourrable lawyer; if the unhappy individual gloom, and uneasiness

. The sabbath is, nevertheless, a dumb dog that cannot

was made for man, not man for the sabe bark'-is unable to address a judge or

bath ;' but can there be a more just and jury without confusion, hesitation, stut

noble exercise than that of, at least once tering; at once irritating the court, wearying the jury, disgusting the client, and that made him, and will hereafter judge

a day, attending in the house of the God filling his less generous rivals

, not with him-ridding himself of the distinctions, manly sympathy, but secret exultation. purifying himself from the pollutions of • The Cardinal hath a world of wisdom worldly thoughts

, and cherishing those of within hir, Senor, truly, and with his devout hope and thankfulness? Is ex: pen would set the world by the ears : but ample necessary? Amongst a “cloud of as for speech, there we heed him not; he witnesses' may be cited the illustrious is a very poor thing, being in a manner tongue-tiedot * Men of the descrip- duties of religion,' says Burnet, “ that for

Lord Hale, who was so regular in the tion now under consideration, form six-and-thirty years' time he never once ing sometimes an overweening estimate failed going to church on the Lord's of their pretensions, of their powers and

day!'” attainments, are too apt to look with contempt upon means which conduct their We have already expressed our reinferiors to rapid success. What cares a gret at the brevity of the notice which consummate geometrician, a brilliant clas.

we can bestow upon this volume. The sical scholar, about manner ? Exactly as views of the author are, throughout it, little, perhaps, as clients, as a jury care large, liberal, and comprehensive. Its about, or will tolerate him. *

* Let us perusal cannot fail to be useful to the

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Dr. Chalmers. See this expression commented upon in Marwell's Plurality of Worlds.

+ Don Lopez, a Comedy.

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young man preparing himself for any de- dental advice which may as probably partment of public life. There are two lead him astray as the contraryfaults which we cannot help noticing; in Ireland there is no provision one is the multitude of quotations with whatever made for legal educationwhich the pages are frequently encum- unless, indeed, we except the privilege bered, two thirds of which at least are afforded to law students of access to a unnecessary; the other is a fault which, library at King's Inns, and the lectures perhaps, in following out his plan, it was delivered in the University by the not easy for the author to avoid. He professor of Feudal Law. We cannot is far too minute and particular in many help saying that in this want the of his directions with regard to prepa- interests of the profession, and conseratory study. In fact, the fault is, that quently of the public, are very much his precepts assume the appearance of neglected. This, however, is a subject direction and not of advice. Uniformity too important to be accidentally disof mental discipline is absurd—the cussed. We shall probably take an choice of books, &c., must, in a great early opportunity of devoting a sepadegree, be left to each individual's own rate paper to the state of the Irish Inns mind- and the part of an adviser of Court, and of the Law School of the would be to suggest general hints that University: At present, however, it is might assist-not to deliver positive more pertinent to our purpose to acprecepts that might control the judg. knowledge the obligations under which ment. To this objection the entire chap- Mr. Warren has placed the law stuter on the formation of a legal character dents of both countries by the useful is open. It lays down rules when it and valuable information with which he ought only to suggest hints. The has supplied them. student who is not competent to guide In every sense of the word this is himself in the minutiæ of study will well adapted to be a popular work. never have brains enough to profit by The eloquence of the composition, and the course prescribed for him by brilliancy of the style, are among the another. Besides the differences of least of its merits. Accuracy and extaste and capability-nay, the very tensiveness of information-drawn from diversities of the deficiencies, which the sources of varied reading -are men may find in themselves, render happily combined with soundness of the application of any uniform rule an judgment and discrimination. The impossibility. The truth, perhaps, is, author, in a word, is one who, along that rules to become great, are as with natural genius, possesses a mind aseless as they are generally disre- well stored with knowledge, and who garded. Something must, after all, be adds to these rare qualities, what is a left to the unaided judgment, and that still rarer and more valuable endowsomething is just the most important ment, COMMON SENSE. And we feel part. Genius will invent the rules for convinced, that even in the few quotaits own guidance, and no rules will tions we have been able to present to to dulness supply its place.

our readers, they have been able to Of that which we may call the more see enough of unaffected good feeling strictly professional part of this book - to satisfy them that his heart is in the it is perhaps sufficient to say--that it right place. manifests an intimate acquaintance with the principles of law-and we have The Descent into Hell; Second Edition, Resufficient authority for vouching that vised and Re-arranged, with an Analysis and the student may depend upon the cor Notes, to which are added Uriel, a Fragment, rectness of the legal information.

and Three Odes, by John

London : James Frazer, Regent-street. Everything which can be necessary to guide the young beginner is here Mr. Heraud is not Milton, although supplied. In no profession, perhaps, some of his critics have been but too has the loss of such guidance been successful in persuading the poor man more felt.

In Ireland, ecially, that he is his equal. We cannot exwhere the facilities of instruction are pect that our humble efforts will be the very few—and where the young student means of dissipating so fond a conceit is altogether thrown upon the acci- in the unfortunate gentleman's mind.

Vol. VI.

A. Heraud.

2 c

Were it not, indeed, that the expense author's considerate provision, and reof printing sometimes makes such fan- fer to this for the explanation of a plan cies dangerous delusions, it might be which certainly never would have cruel to make the attempt. His book been discovered from the poem itself. has, however, come fairly before us, It certainly appeared to us the strangest and we will acquit our conscience of jumble of unconnected dark sayings any participation in Mr. Heraud's that we have ever met with. The aumania, by telling him the simple truth, thor, however, very kindly rectifies our the responsibility must rest with those mistake, and proves to us that it is whose humbug has originated his mental aberration.

“ A mighty maze, but not without a plan." Before we proceed to examine Mr. The object of this poem is to esHeraud's claim to be the successor of plain (!!) the doctrine contained in that Milton, as they are substantiated in article of the Apostles' Creed, in which the volume before us, we wish to lay it is stated that our Saviour descended down one or two preliminary proposi- into hell. Mr. Heraud professes, by tions which we intend to assume as a poem in the terza rima of Dante, to axioms—first, that the use of obsolete explain this mysterious doctrine, and and ugly words does not, of itself, con to correct the mistakes of all the stitute poetry ; and secondly, that every theologians that have ever written thing that is unintelligible, is not neces upon the subject—what his own views sarily sublime.

upon the subject are, it is not very Let any reader of ordinary intelli- casy to divine. Of the mode by which gence peruse any page of Mr. Heraud's he undertakes to explain them, the book, (and God knows we bear too introductory analysis must speak for sincere an affection to all our read- itself :ers to condemn any one of them to

" The Poem more,) and we will venture to say, that

opens with a prowith the help of these two simple pro- logue, describing Paradise, and the two positions he will be able to strip off divisions of Hades, in the course of which Mr. Heraud's pretensions to poetry or

the subject is proposed , and concluding

with sublimity just as effectually as we could.

reference to the Heavenly Jerusa · Mr. Heraud has calculated very largely

lem- the Holy City. upon the tendency of men to admire Hell and Satan are represented as hover

" I. West of the Holy City, over which every thing that they could not understand, and to this feeling a large por

ing, an innumerable company of saints

are assembled in acts of prayer and praise tion of his poetry (we use the term for

on a mountain, called “ the Mountain of the sake of courtesy) is addressed.

Seth.” Moses, David, Æschylus, Plato, It is but candid here in the very Socrates, Hesiod, Cyrus, with the Son outset to state our opinion that Mr. of Sirach, successively take part in the Heraud might, we believe, have done hymns which compose the Canto. After much better ; amid all the pomposity which the Chorus, consisting of the anand laboured nonsense of the Descent gelic guardians of heaven, earth, and into Hell, there is occasionally a pas- hades, celebrate the Birth and Death sage of superior truth and power. In of Man, the Generation of the Messiah, fact, we sometimes are tempted into the Creation of Angels, and the Being the belief that if Mr. Heraud could and Power of God," cease to imagine himself Milton, he might, peradventure, be a poet. If he Did ever such imaginations enter would no longer confound what is un- into the head of any sane man? Hell intelligible with what is grand, and if hovering over Heaven !! and to the he could divest himself of a little westward of Heaven !!! (for Mr. Heof his attachment to muddy metaphy- raud understands the points of the sics, created by an utter confounding celestial compass), a mountain called of all the systems of philosophy that the Mountain of Seth—why or for what ever were invented, he might write reason we are not told ; on this moullvery respectable, if not superior verses. tain stands a motley group— Moses, The poem


very judiciously pre- David, Æschylus, Plato, Socrates, faced by an analysis of its plan, and Hesiod, Cyrus, with the son of Sirach !! we really must avail ourselves of the who all turn choir boys for Mr. He

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raud's accommodation. This colloca- monarchs and mighty men." By what tion of characters has not even the magic contrivance polar scenery is merit of originality—a collocation of brought into the sepulchre we are not names just as opportunely, and even told, but we suppose this was just as more humorously brought together, easy to the daring imagination of occurs somewhere in “ The Groves of our poet, as it was to bring pale Blarney"--we forget the precise pas- earth” into the same place. By the sage, but our readers probably will be way, we wish the poet would be a able to recall it.

little inore explicit. We believe he This occupies the first Canto. We means that the world actually got pale, ought to have said that Mr. Heraud and walked into the sepulchre (which apprises us, that “ A dramatic spirit lies, we suppose, somewhere to the is attempted to be preserved through north of heaven, as the picture is out, and each part or act concluiles heightened by polar scenery,) and with a choral canto.” Now for the overcome by pain and sorrow, burst scenery and characters of the second in the middle of it. This

, we opine, part >

to be his meaning : but

pale earth “ II. The darkness of Hades, which might really, by volgar souls who are accompanied the Crucifixion, invests the be mistaken to mean white clay. Mr.

unaccustomed to such extravagancies, Hill. "Isaiah prays aloud, and expresses Heraud, in another passage, anticipates bis desire to behold the Messiah at this for his inspiration the labour of future mysterious moment. But now Hades absorbs all the interest of the scene, and

commentators, they will, we are almost appears as described in the prophecy of certain, assign this interpretation ; and Isaiah, and illustrated by Lowth and the dissolution will, no doubt, be unMandrell. The picture is heightened by derstood to imply, that Death and the images derived from polar scenery, and Kings had turned chemists, and had represents a sepulchre of monarchs and practised upon a new importation of mighty men. Death on his pale horse, chalk. as given in the Apocalypse, enters, and

We do not wish to ridicule this poem in an address to these demigods and deso- if we could help it ; the subjects of lators, boasts of his power as manifested the ensuing cantos are too sacred to in the Avalanche, tlie Tornado, the ter- permit us to continue this strain. We rors of the Ocean— Vortices, destructive wish that the author had felt that they Tempests, and more fatal Calms--the were too sacred to be burlesqued, or Volcano, and lastly, the Earthquake rather that his vanity would permit which occurred at the Crucifixion, to him to feel that he was burlesquing which, by an easy transition, he now pass- them. There is a very expressive, es, and exults over this last and greatest we are not sure that it is a very classiof his victories. The Phantasm of pale cal word, by which the greater part of Earth entering Hades, writhing with the cantos might be very aptly desigpain and sorrow, and dissolving in the nated. If we may venture to employ midst of the sepulchral hall, fitly intro- the term, we cannot better describe them duces visions of what was occurring on

than as rigmarole---perhaps we ought earth. Things that appear to us in this world as realities, to that world are but role." The Groves of Blamney," from

to say sonorous ani bombastic riy mashadows. The Chorus are engaged in which Mr. Heraud has taken more reflections upon the Darkness; their sentiments are of the terrible and sublime, than one hint, is rigmirole ; but then making a question of the existence of it is light, and humorous, and witty Deity itself. Ascending from the abyss rigmarole. Mr. lleraud's is heavy, l:iof these terrible thoughts to the contem

boured, and pompous. The pleasunt plation of the nature and attributes of writer of “ The Groves of Blarney God, they swell into a strair of joyful talks pleasant nonsense, knows that gratulation, and at the conclusion hail he talks nonsense, and be glories in the Messiah in celebration of the victory in it; the solemn writer of “ The Dewhich lie has just accomplished.”

scent into Hell” talks solemn nonsense,

and imagines that he is talking very Here, certainly, is a picture "beight- tine philosophy. We have to patience ened by images derived from polar with Mr. Heraud. There is not a scenery, representing a sepulchre of stanza that is not stamped at once with

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