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people was frequently adverted to, ance to France. The popular zeal in their desperate restlessness, their in- favor of the freedom of the press, creasing suicides, their horrible publi- which Charles the Tenth thought it cations, which seem dictated by the necessary to curb, cost that king his insanity of genius, revelling in combi- crown, while it placed one on the brows nations of the dreadful, the ludicrous, of Louis Philippe. The propensity of and the obscene-all these were point- the favorites of Fortune to kick down ed out, as the frightful signs of the the ladder by which they have climbed, times. Alas! the contagion of their has become proverbial; but there are example has spread themselves. We sharper reasons than this, for the hoshave their novels and their plays, and tility which the king has constantly our boasters of the spread of know- shewn to the instruments of his elevaledge, and of liberal intercourse, seem tion. Louis Philippe is said to be, by to rejoice in the presence of these de mere politicians, the cleverest man in structive excitements. Happily our Europe-certainly he is not the most common people have as yet no taste scrupulous. He will suffer no feeling for the meretricious sentiment of these -no inconvenient reminiscence, to things, but our cheap theatres in this stand between him and the accomplisbmetropolis, are gradually leading them ment of an object. He possibly does on to it. As for those a little above not forget that the power of the press them in wealth and station, it is sure raised him up, but then he fails not to prising and melancholy to see how remember that it pulled his predecestheir sober British taste is already viti sor down, and what it has done once, ated. I recollect the numbers who, it might do again. A king making during the present season, used to power, however useful to the aspirant crowd to the French theatre to see a to a throne, is no very agreeable piece called Auberge des Adrets, which object of contemplation,
once the was nothing but the clever representa- throne is gained. Louis Philippe has tion of a series of rascalities and atro- spared no pains to weaken and excities, intermingled with the dancing, haust the power of the press by contiand drinking, and snuff-taking, and nued seizures, and fines, and inprisonwitticisms of the perpetrator. It was ments ; but this he has found too slow just like passages in the life of Fieschi, a process, however certain to effect and yet this disgusting representation the object in the end. He has, no was not only tolerated, but made the doubt, been long desiring such a state subject of vehement applause. In- of affairs in France, as would give him stead of being hooted from the stage, an opportunity and an excuse, for one with just indignation, it was lauded as a bold decisive assault upon the press. most philosophical” conception and He was not so much thrown off his delineation of nature. Should such guard by the late dreadful attack, as to depravity of taste ever become the cha- forget for a single day, that it afforded racteristic of the many, as there is but the occasion for accomplishing his too much reason to fear it may, we purpose. Accordingly, while the nashall find real crime duped up in the tion was yet in a state of surprise and caricature of sentiment-real remorse terror, and lively sympathy, with the less crime, mixing itself up with the king, the crushing projet de loi was affairs of life, as it does in France. laid before the public.
True it has But now a few words regarding not yet passed the chambers; but to the consequences of this atrocious get it out, and before the public, at affair. Independently of the sensation, such a time, was the grand artifice. and lamentations, and congratulations Louis Philippe well knows that the before alluded to, and the grand show chambers are sufficiently manageable, funeral, for the expenses of which, by: if he can but restrain the mouvement the-by, a vote of three hundred of the populace ; and he knows that thousand francs (£12,000) has the French populace are not apt to be already been proposed in
the moved by anything, upon reflection. chamber, which, for a funeral, is a Of the sober satisfaction which belongs good round sum. Independently of to practical, regulated liberty, they these, there have been immediate have no perception. Their admiration national consequences of great import- of liberty is a theoretical admiration
at most it is but an emotion. If they But to proceed with the pains and are roused upon the instant, by an act penalties—for any attack against the of oppression, represented to them in principle or form of government estaba striking phrase (for very much lished in 1830, or incitement to changing depends upon that) they fly to arms, it, an imprisonment and fine of from and fight like devils, satisfied that if 10,000 to 20,000 francs. For publicly they die their friends will inscribe declaring in favor of any other form of "morts pour la liberté !" upon their government, as the republican, or extombs—but no matter what tyranny is pressing a wish, or hope, or threat of established in practice—they are con- destroying the monarchical and content to bear it, so as it touches not stitutional order of government, or upon their amusements or their gloire. suggesting any right to the throne, The proposed restrictions on the except that of Louis Philippe and bis French press are tenfold more severe descendants, an imprisonment is prothan those which led to the successful posed to be decreed of from one to revolt of July, 1830; but pre-occupa- five years, and a fine of 500 to 10,000 tion, a more rigorous police, and a francs. On a second condemnation in better preparation of troops, have kept the same year the maximum of penal everything quiet.
ties to be doubled, or even four times And yet will every allowance for greater. Any person publicly adverthe thoughtlessness of Frenchmen, and tising subscriptions for defraying judifor the absence of such steady attach- ciary condemnation, to incur from one ment to liberty, as long habit has im- to twelve months imprisonment, and a parted to Britons, it is matter of asto- fine of from 500 to 5000 francs. All nishment, that the government of acting editors of periodical publicaLouis Philippe, considering its origin, tions must sign the minutes” of each could bave had the front to propose number, on pain of imprisonment from such rules and penalties—all offences a month to a year, and a fine of from against the king's person, it is proposed 300 to 3000 francs. If information, or shall incur detention (thrusting into rectifications sent by government be not gaol) and a fine of from 10,000 to inserted, imprisonment from one month 50,000 francs. For deriding the king's to twelve is incurred, and a fine of person or authority (making political from 500 to 5000 francs. If, in the jokes or caricatures) an imprisonment event of a prosecution, the conductor of from six to twelve months, and a of a paper do not disclose the name or fine of 5000 to 10,000 francs. For names of the writer of the offending any introduction of the king's name, or articles, he shall incur imprisonment allusion to him, whether direct or indirect, from one to twelve months, and a fine in discussing the acts of the government, of 1000 to 5000 francs. Whoever an imprisonment of from one month to shall publish, and put up for sale, twelve, and a fine of from 500 to 5000 drawings, engravings, lithographs, or francs. This, as Mr. O'Connell lately any emblems whatever without the preand elegantly said of some assertion in vious permission of the minister or prethe House of Commons, this “ bangs fect, shall incur a month's to twelve Banagher.” Considering the position months' imprisonment, and a fine of that the present King of the French from 100 to 1000 francs. Lastly, no holds in the government, that he is in theatres are to be opened, nor drafact his own prime minister, it may be matic piece performed, without the presaid to amount to a prohibition of polic vious permission of the minister for tical discussion altogether. It is pro- the home department, or the prefect. bable that the clause will be modified Can despotism go beyond this? by the chambers, and it is very possible Yes; for notwithstanding all these that it was put in with the intention of penalties there might be acquittals, being sacrificed in order to save the therefore that is to be guarded against, Test, and give them an appearance of and another law is proposed, that juries comparative moderation. There is shall deliver their verdict by secret nothing done bona fide in France. ballot, and that a majority of seven to To nothing almost do they go straight- five shall suffice for a condemnation. forward-finesse in the means—effect This is pretty well for a “liberal' in end, are the objects of their study. Sovereign-a very liberal sovereign,
who was put upon the throne by an found that the government could not insurrection in favour of liberty. These go on without greater restrictions on are excellent propositions from a man the liberty of the French, than that who tickled the ears of the people branch had been expelled for seeking when they made him a king, by talking to establish. Had Louis Philippe of " a throne surrounded by republican been an honest man, he would have institutions." Whether such discipline written to old Charles Capet someas this be necessary for keeping the thing like the following-I mean in French in order, I cannot teli, but I substance. As to style, the Frenchman doubt not that it is necessary for should follow his own flourish, I prekeeping Louis Philippe on his throne, tend not to know any thing about it. and that is the point to which he looks. Suppose he had written thus :- My Let him grind their faces well, they dear old cousin, I now find you were deserve it all (although not from him), quite right in desiring to put down the and so little have they of the true sense ranting ruffians who publish newspaof national honor, that they will pro- pers. While these persons publish the bably be better subjects of a tyrant, impudence and the lies which they certhan of a moderate and conscientious tainly will publish till they are preprince. But how absurd and con- vented, and while the people are so temptible, in the eyes of all Europe, silly in attending to them, and so headmust that nation appear, which, after strong in acting upon their misreprehaving fought in the streets but five sentations and excitements, there can years ago, and established a revolution be no peace or security to the king's because of a decree against the press government in France.
I have dis.by the reigning monarch, shall now covered this from experience. I see submit to such laws as these from the that this nuisance must be put down ; new king whom they set up ? Such a but instead of doing it at once by people cannot deserve the name of ordonnance, as you attempted to do it, I rational creatures, at least so far would propose a law to the chambers as the high concernments of political ten times as strong and severe as ans. liberty afford a test of rationality in a thing you ever dreamed of. But since people.
by hook or by crook the thing must be As for Louis Philippe, he acts for his done, no one has so good a right to do it own interest according to the position as yourself. I am not so shabby : in which he finds himself
, without the fellow as to keep a crown from a friend least let or hindrance from that old and a relation, after discovering that it fashioned thing (very old fashioned in was taken from him under a mistake. France) called honesty. He called As for the old ministers, Polignac and himself' a republican King when that the rest, they were a set of ninnies
, so I was necessary for settling himself upon do not bother myself about them; my the throne, and now he resorts to the own set are no great things, but they crushing power of a despot, when that
are more rogues than fools-however, is necessary to keep himself upon the that is nothing to the present purpose ; throne, and to preserve tranquillity. only keep Thiers, if you have a mind Except that “ honesty is the best to deal with the press seriously ; for as policy," one could hardly find fault he once belonged to it himself, he hates with the policy of Louis Philippe. it with all the cordiality of an old
That it was absolutely necessary for friend. But, for yourself, my old the safety and tranquillity of France to hearty, come back here with your input a curb, and a strong one too, upon teresting family, and I will return to the licentiousness of the press and of my old quarters, and look after my the play-houses, I do most potently tenants in the Palais Royal. „1 do believe”; but what right has Louis not know how my wife and children Philippe to do that for himself, which may approve of this step, which my he took the crown from Charles the regard for honest conduct leads me to Tenth for attempting to do ? Certainly take; but I hope they will be reconnone; and had' he been as honest à ciled to it, and that you will help me to man as he is reputed to be clever, he provide for the children in some rer would have retired to the Palais spectable
way. I remain, my dear old Royal, and called back the elder cousin, your's sincerely, branch to the Tuilleries, as soon as he
I leave it to all Europe, whether this throne, and then provides that it would not have been a million of times shall be a highly penal offence to sug. more creditable to the present King gest that any one but bimself, or his of the French, than a law which first descendants, have any right to the shows that he has abandoned all the throne.
T. O’R. principles in virtue of his supposed St Giles's, London, August 12, 1835. adherence to which, he obtained the
ANTHONY POPLAR'S NOTE-BOOK.
OUR CRITICAL TABLETS.
A Popolar and Practical Introduction to Law and manner of this volume, to identify
him. There is displayed the same
knowledge of the workings of the Tuis is a work of which it is almost human heart, and there is, in several impossible to speak in terms of too passages, the same nervous eloquence bigh commendation ; to the general of thrilling pathos which gave to his reader it is delightful, to the law stu- tales the powerful and unrivalled indent it is invaluable. We say to the terest they possess. Perhaps in the general reader, for though the work is volume are noticing this last intended as a guide to the aspirants to may be rather misplaced; there are the legal profession, and though a sentences that one might very well great portion of the work is devoted fancy to belong to some unpublished to matters specially interesting to these, passage of the physician's diary ; but there is no man, certainly no young if the introduction of such eloquence man, be his professional intentions or be a fault on the part of the author it prospects what they may, who will rise is one for which we cannot find in our from an attentive perusal of the first six hearts to blame him, and after all the chapters, without being both gratified solid and sensible advice which is conand instructed. These chapters are tained in his book, will not be the less devoted to the consideration of the valuable, or the less appreciated, training by which the intellect can be because it proceeds from one who feels best qualified for the arduous en intensely, and expresses powerfully, counters of the legal profession. Much what he feels. of what they contain is applicable to Of the style of which we speak, the every aspirant after eminence ; almost following passages present a beautiful all the maxims will be profitable to specimenevery one. No profession requires a peculiar preparatory discipline from
“ Well, then, student, duly meditatthose who are about to enter on its ing upon this most momentous subject
, studies—the habits of mental discipline Let'us first inquire what manner of man
are you really sufficient for these things? by which the judgment and the reason
you are PHYSICALLY. Can you bear the can be best exercised, are the same for long confinement and intense application all. The road to distinction may, as required for the study—to say nothing of we advance in life, diverge into paths the practice of the law? The question as numerous as the goals to which they is not whether, with all the contidence, lead, but up to a certain point all resolution, and enthusiasm of genius, you
can go through this preliminary struggle, Mr. Warren, the author of this but can you go through it safely-unwork, is already, we believe, generally scathed, without having ultimately to acknown as the writer of that splendid knowledge that here your health received series of tales which appeared in a mortal shock? What if, while one hand Blackwood's Magazine under the title is sowing in your mind the rich seeds of of “ Passages from the Diary of a late wisdom, the other is scattering those of Physician;" and, apart from any other disease and death in your constitution ?evidence, there is much in the style If you cannot, then, answer this first
question satisfactorily, can you yet say Bar, the lungs are in incessant exercise ; whether your pecuniary circumstances the consuming fire of excitement is ever will enable you to take it easily,' to kept up by eager, restless rivalry, fed by mitigate the severity, by extending the daily contests, public and harassing ; lý period of your studies ?' If these ques- anxieties that haunt the young lawyer, tions cannot be answered affirmatively, not during the day only, but also the either by you or your medical adviser, night. We seldom or never, however, you must really pause, painful and dis- hear of such instances as you are speaking fieartening as it may be, for life is its of.' Perhaps not; you may not be in the stake! Alas, what is the use of your way of it; youth, besides, averts its eye being called to the bar,' and to the from the dismal spectacle of premature grave, at the same time?—of completing decay, and shuts its ears to the voice of your library—your copious note-Books, and admonition. Nevertheless, such cases choice . precedents'-only to give them occur! but there is an obvious reason for to others, in the faltering accents, the their infrequency amongst those standing bitter moments, of a premature death- in the most conspicuous ranks the most bed !"
distinguished and successful members of “ Perhaps,
however, the ambitious our profession. They could not have student meditates a higher flight; he is reached their present station, if they had eager to enter upon court practice, either had to fight all along against this fatal at the Equity or Common-Law Bar. Then tendency. All who have been able to the first question to be asked, is one all-im- stand so long in the flames, may safely portant. Are his Lungs equal to the severe be pronounced fire-proof; whatever other task he is about to impose upon them? disorders they may be heirs to,' this is Of keeping them in almost constant play not one of them. No, this cruel fiend from morning to night? The Bar re- early despatches its victims; it lurks quires signal strength in that organ! about the threshold, and strikes them The question, be it observed, is not whe- there!" ther the voice is strong, flexible, harmonious, though this is a capital point
Who is there, familiar with the Diary but whether that on which the voice of a Physician, that would not recogdepends, is to be relied upon. The pipes nize their author, even in the very arof an organ may be capable of giving out rangement of the capitals ? tones of great power and exquisite rich We regret that our notice of this ness; but what if the bellows, beneath, volume must be limited in space. be crazy, and give way? Let us ask, Many considerations were suggested then, the student, whether there is an by its perusal, upon which we would hereditary tendency to consumption in his feel it a pleasure to enlarge. Pressed family, of which symptoms, however as we are for space, there are some slight, have been discovered in himself ? beautiful extracts which we cannot Because, if so, coming to the Bar is withhold from our readers ; beautiful downright madness. Any honest and not merely in the language in which skilful medical man will tell him so.
It the sentiments are conveyed, but, what is not the perpetual and often violent is far better, beautiful in the justness exercise of the voice alone; it is the ex
of the moral feeling that pervades them CITEMENT, the ceaseless wearing of body with a healthful spirit. To every and mind, that will kill him, as inevi- word of the following we give our full tably as it is encountered and persisted in. and cordial assent:
« How frequently is this predisposition the fell attendant upon genius! Sup “ Should, however, any aristocratic porting it with a precocious energy, flat- idler now enter our profession with a tering and deluding it with a semblance view of finding thereby only
a ready of strength that only accelerates its de access to place and sinecure, we may struction! What avail the noblest intel- pretty confidently assure him that he will lect, consummately disciplined, the most find himself mistaken. The time for lorilliant and profound acquirements—a this sort of speculation is gone by. Whatperfect aptitude for business_resplendent ever disposition may exist at any time to prospects --to hiin whose sun is appointed create and dispensé such patronage as is to go down at noon !' • But does not sought for by these gentry, the vigilance this apply, with nearly equal force, to all of the bar, thank God, and fearless surprofessions ?' By no means. At the veillance of the press, renders success in