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proves the strong anti-Anglican feeling object of his heart's idolatry; and almost by which these men were animated, every measure was sanctified in his and that, when the passions of a party eyes as it appeared to him to conduce are once powerfully engaged, the most to this end. Let others blame the obvious suggestions of reason and exe criminal and the traitor; I cannot conpediency will be disregarded.

template the untimely fate of this illWolfe Tone was a man of spirit and starred man without feelings in which humanity. He possessed the enthusiasm compassion predominates. But alas ! of a poet, and the enterprise and the " When the light that is in us is darkvalour of a soldier. In conversation, ness, how great is that darkness !” there were few men who so gained Having been permitted, by the geupon his hearers, by the point and vi- nerosity of the government, to depart vacity of his remarks, and the unaffected out of the kingdom, under circumstances earnestness and sincerity of his whole of suspicious connexion with convicted demeanor. But in public debate be was traitors, for which his life must have by no means equal to many who were paid the forfeit, Wolfe Tone embarked får his inferiors in moral and intellectual for America, from whence he proqualifications. There hung about him ceeded to France, in order to lay before a bashfulness which he could not shake the French government a memorial, off, and which gave him somewhat the setting forth the then state of Ireland, appearance of a woman in male attire, with a view to the obtaining of the aid making an awkward effort to perform necessary to carry into effect his resome feat of strength or of activity. volutionary designs. The issue of his Still, his indomitable energy and perse. disastrous expedition is well known; verance gave him a kind of forty-horse and I shall only here add respecting power amongst the Irish revolutionists; it, that never did the hand of God and he might be truly described as the more clearly appear than in that state great political steam-engine, without of the elements which prevented the the aid of which nothing important landing of the French troops, at a time was to be effected.

when their arrival in force, and under France was, at this time, in all the such a leader as Hoche, might have horrors of civil war; and yet it was to been so fatal. But I must avail myself France, to blood-stained and revolu- of the memorial of Wolfe Tone, adtionary France, this amiable and gifted dressed to the government of France, man looked for what he called the re- in order to show, from the most ungeneration of Ireland! Never did I exceptionable authority, the state of see a greater instance of the baneful parties which at that time existed, and effects of infidelity. Wolfe Tone was the utter and monstrous falsehood of altogether without any other than what the charges which have been made was called natural religion, which bears against the Orangemen of Ireland. much the same relation to Christianity The reader will perceive that this was that moonlight in a sylvan grotto does written nearly twelve months after the to the meridian sun. It was alto- formation of the first Orange lodge, gether incapable of presenting, to a and that the body was so utterly unmind like his, objects by which such known, as not to be noticed even once a mind might be permanently at- in the memorial. tracted or profitably occupied ; and both his intellect and his affections Belfast, which is the principal city in

“In the year 1791, the dissenters of were far too ardent and too active to

Ulster, and, as it were, the metropolis of remain altogether disengaged. When

that great party, formed the first club of we do not habitually dwell upon those united Irishmen; so called because in things by the contemplation of which that club, for the first time in Ireland, we may be exalted and purified, the dissenters and Catholics were seen togechances are many that we will dwell ther in harmony and union. A similar on those things by which very club was immediately formed in Dublin, different results may be produced. And which became speedily famous for its so it was with Wolfe Tone. Politics publications, and the sufferings of its membecame his religion ; the works of bers, many of whom were thrown into Thomas Payne his Bible; Ireland re- prison by the government, whose terror generated into pure republicanism, the at this rising spirit of union amongst the

people may be estimated from the severity expectation to France for assistance and with which they persecuted those who support. The oath of their union recites, were most active in promoting it. This that they will be faithful to the united napersecution, however, far from quelling tions of France and Ireland;' and several the spirit, only served to make the people of them have already sealed it with more cautious and guarded in their mea- their blood. I suppose there is no instance sures. Means have been adopted to spread of a conspiracy—if a whole people can be similar clubs throughout Ulster, the seat said to conspire-which has continued for of the dissenting power, the object of so many years as this has done, where which is to subvert the tyranny of Eng. the secret has been so religiously kept, land, to establish the independence of and where, in so vast a number, so few Ireland, and to frame a free republic on traitors have been found. the broad basis of liberty and equality. “ The organization of defenders emThese clubs were rapidly filled, and ex- braces the whole peasantry of Ireland, tended in June last over above two-thirds being Catholics. There is also a further orof that province. I am satisfied that by ganization of the Catholics, which is called this time they embrace the whole of it, the General Committee, and to which I and comprise the activity and energy of have already alluded. This was a reprethe dissenters of Ireland, including also sentative body, chosen by the Catholics numbers of the most spirited and intelli- at large, and consisting of the principal gent of the Catholic body. The members merchants and traders, the members of are all bound by an oath of secresy, and professions, and a few of the remaining could, on a proper occasion, I have not Catholic gentry of Ireland. This body, the smallest duubt, raise the entire force of which has met repeatedly in the capital, the province of Ulster, the most populous, at the same time with the parliament, the most warlike, and the most informed and has twice within four years sent amquarter of the nation.

bassadors to the King of England, pos“ For the Catholics, from what has sesses a very great influence on the minds been said of their situation, it will appear of the Catholics throughout the nation, and that little previous arrangement would especially decides the movements of the city le necessary to insure their unanimous of Dublin; a circumstance whose imporsupport of any measure which held out tance, when well directed, it is unnecessary to them a chance of bettering their condi- to suggest to men so enlightened as those tion; yet they also have an organization, who compose the government of France. commencing about the same time with the It is true that, by a late act of the Irish clubs last mentioned, but comprising Ca- legislature, this body is prevented from tholics only. Until within these few meeting in a representative capacity; but mouths, this organization bafiled the most the individuals who compose it still exist, active vigilance of the Irish government, and this act, without diminishing their unsuccessfully employed to discover its power or influence, has still more alienated principles, and to this hour they are, I their minds from the British government in believe, unapprised of its extent. The Ireland, against which they were already fact is, that in June lust it embraced the sufficiently, and with great reason, exaswhole peasantry of the prorinces of Ulster, perated. 'It is but justice to the General Leinster, and Connaughtthree-fourths of Committee, in whose service I had the the nation; and I have little doubt but it honour to be during the whole of their bas since extended into Munster, the re- activity, and whose confidence I had the maining province. These men, who are good fortune to acquire and retain, to say, called Defenders, are completely organized that there is no where to be found men on a military plan, divided according to of purer patriotism, more sincerely attheir respective districts, and officered by tached to the principles of liberty, or who men chosen by themselves. The principle would be more likely, in an arduous crisis, of their union is implicit obedience to to conduct themselves with ability and the orders of those whom they have firmness. I can add, from my personal elected for their generals, and whose ob- knowledge, that a great majority of those ject is the emancipation of their country, able and honest men who compose it are the subversion of English usurpation, and sincere republicans, warmly attached to the bettering the condition of the wretched the cause of France, and, as Irishmen and peasantry of Ireland. The eyes of the as Catholics, doubly bound to detest the whole body, which may be said, almost tyranny and the domination of England, without a figure, to be the people of Ire- which has so often deluged their country land, are turned with the most anxious with their best blood."


Such is the statement of Wolfe Tone, tions by which it was masked, as long of which your readers will, I am per- as concealment was expedient, and the suaded, excuse the insertion, as it is ferocious energy with which it was maimportant to have such a witness to nifested when the time had come for such facts as he relates; because, had throwing off disguise. He may see the they rested upon my own unsupported process by which the people were allegations, I might be justly suspected stirred up, and the arts by which the of having coloured them for the purpose government were deluded. The chaof giving plausibility to my own pecu- racters, too, who figured at that moliar views. But Wolfe Tone periled mentous period are sketched, by one bis life and fortune upon the truth of who knew them well, with great spirit the representations set forth in his me- and fidelity. The cautious daring of morial; and if the Orange institution Grattan, the more reckless intrepidity had not been established, and if it had of Archibald Hamilton Rowan, the not acted as the queen bee of sound determined republican energy and the religious and political principles, asso turbulent vanity of James Napper ciating all classes and descriptions of Tandy, the eloquence, the plausibility, loyal men for the maintenance of social and the egotism of John Keough, are oider, I cannot entertain the slightest all drawn to the life, and illustrated by doubt that the views of the sagacious various citations from their speeches, enthusiast would bave been realized, their writings, and their conduct. The and Ireland would have been severed self-renouncing enthusiasm of Emmett from the British empire.

is also well described, and contrasts I shall reserve, sir, for another op- finely with the wily dexterity which portunity my vindication of the Orange marked the conduct of the present Lord institution from the calumpies by which Chancellor of Ireland. In short, I canit has been assailed, and my reasons for not but regard these volumes as a kind believing that its preservation and its of glass bee-hive of sedition, in which extension are as necessary at present men are able to see all the processes as they were at any former time. I by which the industrious insects conshall also, I think, be able to justify the tained within it are severally elabogrounds upon which it is, as far as rating their appointed work, until a Roman Catholics are concerned, an political poison was produced by which exclusive association. Meanwhile, I the life of the monarchy was endangered. cannot conclude without noticing the

sir, for the present, coninstruction which may be derived from clude, hoping at an early opportunity to the Memoirs of Wolfe Tone. We there be able to dispose of the remaining topics, have the history of the origin of the the discussion of which may enable us to late rebellion in Ireland, in a form so form correct judgment of the utility authentic, as to silence every doubt, and importance of the Orange instituand in a style so lively and graphical, tion, as it now exists, and which, ! as to engage and interest almost every maintain, presents the only effectual reader. This able man exhibits treason antiseptic to the contagion of those in all its ies and degrees, from the pestilent principles, which were never first faint conception, until it opened more rife than they are at this moment, into overt acts, and as it was modified and which, if suffered to prevail, must by the dispositions and characters of lead to the destruction of the empire. those to whom it was communicated or I remain, Sir, your faithful and by whom it was concocted. The reader obliged may there see the plausible representa


I shall now,


* Br my band, Turlogh,” said Henry conclusion so hastily as you did the O'Neill, as the captives drew their Captive of Killeshin.” seats round the fire for the eighth Keep a good heart, my prince," time, to listen to their nightly enter- replied the bard ; “I will make an tainer. “By my hand, Turlogh, you end of him, God willing, before mornhave taken my advice to some purpose, ing," and so saying, he proceeded. in not running Silken Thomas to a


When Talbot found himself once such a wondrous change in her formore a free man, his first impulse, after tunes: she could not yet altogether free pouring forth the most fervent thanks herself from the dread that she was be could express to the good Arch- only dreaming, so that her thanks bishop, was to bear Ellen away from were broken and vague ; but when the gaze of the crowd, and with her she found herself once more attended indulge in mutual gratulation. But by the kindly Norah, for Art's wife the Archbishop, where he stood talking was unanimously elected to the gratewith Sir William Skeffington aside, ful office, and had leisure in retirement motioned to him to remain. Talbot to consider how complete and timely could see the looks of the Primate and was the favor shown to her by Provia Deputy occasionally directed towards dence, she began to feel in all its force him as they spoke, and was soon con the delightful assurance of her good firmed in his belief that he had been fortune, and wept and blessed God by the subject of their conversation, by turns in the fulness of her gratitude the Archbishop desiring his attendance and happiness. in the great hall of the keep. The Meanwhile the Archbishop and Knight knight glanced at his companion: he stood in the recess of a window in the could not leave her, weak and agitated great hall : And now, Sir John," said as she was, alone among an assemblage Cromer, “ that the king's bounty has of rude soldiery; and he hesitated to made a free man of you once more, bring her with him to a conference what are you willing to do to show which might involve affairs of state: your sense of his highness's loving the good prelate saw his difficulty and kindness towards you?" relieved him. “We would speak with “ Whatever a man may with honor, you alone, Sir John,” he said ; “but my lord.” fear not for your lady ; she shall have “God forbid that I should ask you all due care and attention. Ho, Am- to undertake aught else;" replied the brose," he continued, calling to one of Archbishop; “and I did but set the his people, "search us out among the extent of your obligation before you, women of the garrison some careful that I might not seem to ask an unand honest female to attend on my reasonable thing, when I crave your Lady Talbot, till such time as we can services, as I would now do, in this arrange for her journeying on to my sis- unhappy quarrel, on the part of such a ter's of Saint Mary's of the Green, where, benefactor.” if it please you, Sir John, we purpose that “ I trust in the saints," cried Talbot, she should remain until you shall have colouring suddenly, “your lordship determined on what final course you does not desire that I should bear will parsue. The Abbess is my own arms against Tomás-an-teeda." kinswoman, a tender-hearted and de “ Trust me, Sir John, I could ill vout lady as any in Christendom; and bring myself to seek such a service as you, my daughter, shall not lack effec- that at your hands. It is a work of tural commendations to her kindest peace and charity that I would have offices."

you do; God knows we have had Poor Ellen could scarce yet trust to enough of arms on both sides; enough

of bloodshed and disaster. I am washed away from your name for ever, the chancellor here, Sir John, and and, methinks, from what I have heard my duty to my royal master seconds of his disposition and demeanour, you my own sense of what is just in sanc- cannot but cherish such a good will tioning the vigorous vindication of towards him as might be reasonably his rights ; but I love the land, Sir claimed from you by his father's son. John, and I love the people, and it This then is what I have long desired, is breaking me down worse than age to find a man sincerely willing to serve or sickness to see this fair country all concerned ; such a man, Sir John, defaced, and this brave nation set at I take you to be, for I am bold to say strife and driven into outlawry and that his highness's clemency towards barbarity, as we have been now this you this day will weigh no less on an year back, for the sake of these petty honorable mind than your former begrudges and caprices that weigh more nefits at the hands of the old Earl. I with the prime movers of the war than have, therefore, arranged with my the happiness or misery of thousands. Lord Deputy to entrust you, if you be For what was it but a splenetic rash willing to accept it, with a proposal of jealousy that first spirited on my erring terms to this misguided young noblebrother of Dublin, to practise against man, whom we long to see restored to Kildare? A proud young lord, belike, his allegiance and his natural friends. will not be twitted by a greybeard The terms are strict, but he must without a malapert reply; and for this, suffer the penalty of his violence and which were scarce sufficient cause of folly ; and we trust to you to recomquarrel between two boys at play, we mend them to his consideration by have the Christian bishop trapping the whatever means of persuasion you can king's first servant into rebellion, and urge: alas, you will have no lack of the viceroy of our faith's defender argument riding from Maynooth!- IHimplicated in the murder of his own starr'd young gentleman, you

little metropolitan : and now, when the war dreann who stands this morning beside is halt exhausted by its own violence, your council table, you little think and peace is already almost within our whose standard is flying from your grasp, what but the pride of the un father's flagstaff! But, Sir John, you happy young lord himself

, and the selfish will have worse news to tell Lord Thorivalry of the envoy who had last to deal mas than that Maynooth is taken, news with him, has hindered us of the happy that will go farther to bend his haughty issue that night and day I have prayed spirit than the loss of ten castles—he for ever since this miserable broil has broken his father's heart: the Earl began? Sir John; here in Ireland it is dead, dead for grief on account of is every man for bis own peculiar; but his child's sin and folly! Ah, what a for the commonweal of the nation no lesson to us all, to think that but for man, unless it be one who is too old the vain pride of one headstrong and to care for private gains, or too ob- brainsick youth, Gerald Fitzgerald scure to be drawn into public rivalry. might this day be sitting in his own For military service, for crafty nego- hall, at the head of the prime nobility ciation, for violence and circumvention of his nation, instead of lying at the we have hands enough, but a man well public charge, as he does, in a dis. affected to the king, and yet honestly honored and untimely grave among disposed towards this rebellious family, strangers ! Sir John, I conjure you, if we have not hitherto been able to find, you undertake this mission, as you and without such a man, I fear me loved him who is gone, neglect" no there is little prospect of a termination means, forget no argument to win this to the war. Now, Sir John, you stand unfortunate nobleman to reason : his dearly bound to the old earl: you father's bones can never rest in the were as I hear in some sort his adopted grave till we restore the country that son, and you took arms against the he loved to peace-peace-ah! could king, for love of your benefactor, when I but see that blessing again extended Alan first spread that false rumour of to us I care not how soon my own his murder : with Lord Thomas you bones lie at rest !" have now no quarrel, since the stain “My lord,” said Talbot,“ I thank God of that unhappy bishop's blood is clean for having put it into your heart to

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