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men ;


this charge is groundless : Mr. Mark

“ From his baldric drew ham as a poet is truly original, and

His bugle." * There's only one slight difference between Him and his epic brethren gone before"

“ His bugle from his baldric he unstrung." that two people happened to hit upon

ROBIN HOOD. the same thought, and one made use “ And a fat buck went bounding o'erthe lea.' of it first, that's all. Now let us pro

MARK BAM. duce some parallel passages.

" Its swelling notes went bounding o'er the lea." BFRON.

BYRON, * Eren as the simoom sweeps the blasted plains." "One effort-one-to break the circling host!"

They form-unite-charge-waver--all is lost !" Like the simoom that wither'd as it pass'd."

« One effort now that death-shock to sustain* Through Coron’s lattices the lamps are bright," 'Tis vain-they yield-break-faulter-all is

lost!" MARKHAM. Within Danluce's halls," do. do. do.

“Sweeps his long arm." BYRON * There was a sound of revelry by night, And Belgiam's capital had gather'd then

“ Swept his long arm." Her beauty and her chivalry, and bright The lamps shone o'er fair women and brave

By heaven! it is a splendid sight to see." A thousand hearts beat happily; and when Music arose with its voluptuous swell, Sauft eyes look'd love to eyes which spake * Oh! heaven ! it is a fearful sight to see."

again. And all went merry as a marriage bell ; But hash! hark! a deep sound strikes like a

We think these extracts will estabrising knell !"

lish the resemblance we asserted as

existing between the Author of the " Knights, squires, and nobles, all had gather'd and we have clearly traced striking si

Corsair" and the “ Bard of the Glens," Add courtly dames with hearts as pure as free, milarities to authors dead and aliveAnd joy qosullied sate on every brow. known and anonymous. One only of Now mirth grew loud, and song and revelry, our discovered likenesses remains unBefore whose shrine young hearts with ardour proven, and that is the strong coinciAlong the ball the strains of minstrelsy,

dence of conception in Mr. Markham,

and the Great Unknown” who prola liquid notes, pour'd their roluptuous swell. Why stops the dance ? Hark to th'alarum.bell!” duced that unnatched and unmatchable

lyric, intituled, “ The Groves of Blar"Ah! then and there was hurrying to and fro, And gathering tears, and tremblings of distress,

In the second canto, where MacdoAnd cheeks all pale," &c.

nald is defeated, and Hope commits a

a faux pas And here a scene of wild confusion rose; “ But now the slippery dame had gone astray," Here bosoms throbb'd in agonising throes; Lips clung to lips in long and sad adieu,"

the hero is naturally enough dolo

rous and cast down, and mark the in“ She rose, she sprung, she elung to his embrace." genuity of the plan which the “ Bard

of the Glens” adopts to restore his conFlew to her lord, and clung to his embrace.” fidence. Nothing but the simple ex

pedient of employing an Irish thrush! List ! 'tis the bugle,

“ But while his prospects doubt en wrapt in One kiss--one more-another-oh! adieu !"


A little bird sung in his ear-PERSIST!” " Hark to the bugle's thrilling swell! One kiss--adieu-another-oh! farewell!"

There's a contrivance to renovate









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the drooping spirits of a desponding and let your " Hereditary Bondsmen” gentleman !

abandon Repeal for ever. “ And still unceasingly the little bird,

“ And, tho' like bears they have tied us to a (The leading speaker in his mind's debate,) Cried loudly-PERSEVERE.

Yet e'en in chains we'll red destruction make." Now, although Mr. Markham has This shall close our quotations. Can unfortunately neglected to mark its any one be inore naive and desperate ?

But in one thing the Bard of the species, we, nostro periculo, assert that the bird

Glens is unrivalled, and that is, the was indubitably an Irish thrush, compared with which, for good cursing department of epic poetry. In song and sound sense, Moore's

this we hold ourselves to be excellent

Bird of Åraby” was not worth a brass but- judges. We have heard a Connaught ton. It is not uncommon for birds to priest anathematize a refractory conimitate the human voice, and mimic gregation—we have read the curse of animal noises. The parrot, the jay, the Kahama-heard of that of Cromwell

, whip-poor-will

, the mocking, and the and read Sir Jonah Barrington's vercat-bird are excellent copyists. Plo- sion of “the Glorious Meinory," "the vers repeat the word “ kill-deer” dis- great guns of Athlone,” and the Bitinctly—and the tit-mouse whistles so shop of Cork” included; but before clearly, that a dog mistakes it for his all these give us Mother Macquillan's ! master's call. But for a union of sense

If the reader has a doubt, we refer him with sound, there's nothing like an

to canto 3, stanzas 34, 5, 6, and 7, Irish thrush :

and we will wager our Perryian pen,

(third patent and silver holder), to the It was in Carlow and the month of June,

stump of " a grey goose,” that in the When I walked forth in the afternoon; English language no execration shall I heard a thrush singing in a bush,

be produced to equal“ the Avenged And the song he sung was a jug of punch." Bride's."

Before we take leave of" The Bard of We have almost exceeded our li- the Glens," and we do so reluctantly, we mits of review, and all the while been

must observe, that while perusing The gleaning the bride's beauties to delec- Avenged Bride,"it struck us forciblyhow tate the gentle reader. Yet we can much this interesting poem had suffered not lay down the book without select from an evident dislike on the author's ing some scattered passages remarkable part, to employ occasionally his own for their power and originality. Speak- sweet and euphonious vernacular. Mr. iny of the destruction of an armada Markham must be aware that in the art ship, when

of book-making, the more languages an artist can lug in the better. What, let

us ask, lias obtained for Milady Morgan Is nautic skill, or pers'nal bravery,

so much admiration and abuse ? To break the links of Fate's all-powerful chain; thiny, setting politics and “ her kuight

NoNow the gaunt crew th' appalling danger see, And seek for safety 'mid the foaming main ;

hood” aside, but her happy adaptation But yawning waves choke navigation up.

of divers tongues, foreign and domes. And Heaven's broud vengeance rubs them e'en tic. Whether, while interchanging with of hope."

a cardinal “the top of the morning," This is masterly—“ nautic skill,” the ould Doctor, all is done in good

or requiring a squeeze of lemon from tryiug to break “ Fate's chain," and the « gaunt crew,” contrary to vulgar mark the truth of our critique, we may

French, or very

choice Italian.” To custom, seeking safety at sea, while “ hope” and “ navigation” are ruined wald is killed, and the heroine, per

quote the couplet where Ned Macdotogether.

ceiving that he is demolished, natu“ They passed the causeway-key.stone of the rally enough requests the dead man land,

to tell her so : By which we're to our sister countries bound

“ Edward ! 'tis thine Adelia ; speak, speak, With whin-dyke cables, forged by pature's hand."


Edward! oh, my poor heart, when wilt thou Hear this, ye Corn-Exchangers


break ?"

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Now, when it is remembered that " But I digress-I hope 'twill not seem treason, Mistress Macquillan was a genuine And pray that you will pardon my digression Emeralder, is it to be supposed that And though it may appear here out of season, she would make her lament in simple You'll find in it, perhaps, some rhyme and

Nor useful e'en to give my tale expression, English ? By the mass," not she ; her ebullition would be

It swells the book-now, after this confession, Och, willistro ! arourneen, woat ye spake ?

I hope, my gentle reader, you'll excuse

These little frolics in my wand'ring muse." let the Tell me ye'er kilt or else my heart will brake."

But we have done—and yet we could dally for another hour over these

The notes occupy nearly a hundred delightful pages.

Hitherto we con- pages more, and form an interesting and labi fined our notice to the poetry—but we erudite melange. There will be found

beg to apprise the reader that “ The extracts from Hume, the storming of Avenged Bride” is provided with a

Velore, a genealogy of Fin Macoule, dedication and preface, and certain half a chapter of Genesis

, and an immatter ýcleped“ introductory," amount- portant assurance, that the foundation ing to thirty-two pages of demi 8vo.- of General O'Neill's bathing-lodge is This, no doubt is not only selon le regle,

“ Mica slate,” with a mixture of “ porbut useful too—and Mr. Markham ex- phyry and jaspar.” plains it fully :



About six years have now elapsed Junius; and we well recollect to what siace the powerful and original writer a degree a similar feeling prevailed in whose productions we are about to those of the early Waverley Novels. notice gave to the world the work Something of a similar interest has (Natural History of Enthusiasm) from been felt by those who have duly apwhose authorship he has drawn the only preciated these works—works which designation by which he has thence- have helped to throw a clear and forth chosen to be known. Threet copious light on some of the most others have since appeared, the last of interesting and important subjects which is now before us; and yet, save that can occupy the human mind, that he is a layman, and a member, or and whose possible influence on the at least a well-wisher, of the Church tone of feeling of the present and of England, we have no direct infor- rising generation, it is beyond its mation as to his personal attributes powers to estimate. Few, indeed, which could enable us to discover who can read them without really feeling is the philosopher-nay more, the the strong wish-cura non mediocrisChristian philosopher—to whom we which Horace only feigns when he exare so much indebted. We have many claims-proofs of the extent to which the public

“ Ede hominis nomen, simul et, Romanus an curiosity was excited in the days of hospes;"

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Spiritual Despotism. By the Author of Natural History of Enthusiasm. London, Holdsworth and Ball, 1835. pp. 500.

+ We might say four, as the profound introductory essay to Edwards' Inquiry concerning Freedom of Will, in the edition of that work published by Duncan in 1831, well deserves to be included in the enumeration. We are the more desirous to direct attention to this essay, as, while much less known than the rest of the Author's works, it is equally worthy of attention, both from its own merits, and as enabling us to form a more correct estimate of the extent of his erudition and the soundness of his judgment. The other three are, “ Saturday Evening,” * Fanaticism,” and the subject of the present article. There is likewise a pamphlet entitled “ New Model of Christian Missions,” which we have never seen.

and this question remaining unanswered, prejudice to the merits even of a the next is naturally concerning the Milton, similar feelings might operate reason of the celabitur auctor. Now, here, and the resulting depreciation unfortunately, this is even more diffi- be greater than the advaritage that cult than the former, as it cannot be might be gained by the extrinsic aid of answered without the aid of the author authority. himself, whereas the other perhaps There is yet another case supposable. may. He has not, however, left us The author may have already appeared altogether in ignorance of his mo- before the public in his own name, tives for concealment, as in an ad- and his acknowledged productions may vertisement prefixed to the fifth edition have even been such as were not unof " Natural History of Enthusiasm” worthy of the reputation he subsehe intimates his opinion that he may quently attained in bis anonymous cathereby “ better be the instrument of pacity; and yet, from accident, caprice, effecting good;" and then proceeds as or want of the usual accessory modes follows : “ Those who will still ask, of gaining attention, they may not Why should not the author now de- have been so successful as they deserved. claré himself? may, if they please, Now, suppose farther, that, anxious so suppose that he is engaged in a task to give to the world his opinions on more arduous than the one he has certain momentous points as that they already accomplished, the difficulty and should make the strongest possible impeculiar delicacy of which press so pression, he conceived the most likely heavily upon him, that he is glad to way to succeed would be to stimulate keep free from those secondary motives curiosity by appearing in a mask, and that might disturb him were he to step calling in the aid of mystery; he would out from his obscurity.”

surely act wisely in adopting such a The question, How can the conceal- plan of proceeding. Now, we have a ment of his name the better enable him strong suspicion that our last supposito do good ? involves some curious tion is nearest the truth; and as the considerations, which it may not be author no longer needs any such adamiss to mention. In the first place, ventitious aids, and has, we think, supposing the author to have been pre- completely established his right to viously unknown to the public, as well speak boldly and be listened to rein that capacity as in any other, a work spectfully; if we stretch forth our hand of intrinsic merit could gain nothing it will be to endeavour to pluck off, by having his name appended, and not the wreath that sits with so much might probably lose, by wanting the ad- credit on his brows, but the mask that ditional recommendation of a stimulus has hitherto prevented the world from to inquiry, as well as of the possibility of knowing to whom the credit was due. its emanating from some distinguished When the strangers of Corinth discoindividual. If, under these circum- vered that the Plato whom they so stances, it is successful, its authorship earnestly desired to see was identical then becomes the best claim to public with the pleasing and unassuming inconfidence, which might be eren par- dividual with whom they had been tially diminished by the discovery of holding such familiar converse, their its obscure parentage. If, again, he first emotions of surprise and pleasure were already a public character, it is were perhaps not unmingled with disquestionable whether it might not, on appointment at finding that the rethe whole, suffer more than it could nowned philosopher was not much ungain by being acknowledged. Noue like other men, except in superior but feeble and shallow minds require amiability: but, if men of sense and the passport of a great name ere they correct feelings, they must only have can venture to pronounce a favourable thought the more highly of him afterjudgment-minds like that of the vain wards. We are not singular, either, in critic who condemned as poor and the opinion we are about to deliver, worthless that very poem (Essay on and which, as far as we are concerned, Man) which, had he known it to be is founded principally on a strong simiPope's, he would have been the first to larity in manner and style, wherever extol. On the other hand, as some the subject admitted of it, and a striking strong minds have been blinded by coincidence in sentiment and phraseo

logy, that the author of “Natural infected will show themselves in every History of Enthusiasın" and the author word, in every look ; for, in every word, of “ The Process of Historical Proof" in every look, there will be, at once, an is one and the same person, Mr. Isaac element of extravagance and an element Taylor.

of malignity.......... Where in this epistle It will naturally be expected that [1 Peter) is there the touch of extravawe should produce some of those in- gance ? or where do we discover that stances of coincidence which have led dash of malignity--that envedomed fang is to this conclusion, in order to enable of misanthropy, which is the proper indiour readers to judge for themselves cation of fanaticism ?” how far it was warranted: at all events, we think we shall clearly show that it

Let us next turn to “ Fanaticism," has not been hastily or unadvisedly (1833,) and in pp. 28, 29, 30, 84, 85, deduced. In the extracts we are about and 87, we shall read as follows:to bring forward for this purpose, we “ Discordances, still more extreme, bebave marked in italics the words and long to the popular senses of the word sentences to which we would direct FANATICISM ; for, inasmuch as it takes particular attention on account of their up a more pungent element than the term coincidence.

enthusiasm, it commonly draws some speIn the « Process of Historical Proof," cial emphasis from the virulence or preju(London, 1828,) we find, in pp. 143, dices of the mouth whence it issues....... 144, 145, and 148, the following pas- tive religious emotions were spoken of :

In another volume, spurious and imaginasages :

our present task is to describe the various Though not of the most frequent combinations of the same spurious pietism securrence, yet neither are fanatical ex- with the malign passions. After quite cesses so rare as that their proper charac- rejecting from our account that opproteristics should be unknown. Nor is brious sense of the word fanaticism which there any peculiar difficulty, either in the virulent calumniator of religion and defining the elements, or in describing the of the religious assigns to it, it will be appearances of that state of mind to found, as we believe, that the elementary which the term fanaticism belongs. The idea attaching to the term in its manifold primary ingredient of this vice enthu- applications is that of fictitious fervour in siasa, which, as condected with the reli- religion, rendered turbulent, morose, or gious emotions, may be termed a passionate rancorous, by junction with some one or and unreasoning expectation of supernal more of the unsocial emotions: or if a benefits. Enthusiasm, in its simple state, definition as brief as possible were deis a mild disorder of the imagination. manded, we should say that fanaticism is' But to this element, almost innoxious if enthusiasm inflamed by hatred. ...... done, fanaticism adds a mirture of the But the fanatic, inasmuch as he is an salignant passions; the excitement, thus enthusiast born, must take up yet another sharpened and inflamed by the poison of and a more sparkling element of character; Hatred, becomes in the highest degree and it is nothing else than the supposition dangerous to the subject of it, and mis- of corrupt favouritism on the part of the ekievous to society. Enthusiasm is an deity be worships, towards himself and error ; fanaticism a vice. The one pro- the faction of which he is a member. duces follies; the other crimes. Armed The fanatic—and this we must keep in with power, fanaticism snatches at the mind—is not a simple misanthrope, nor sord, the brand, the rack. Oppressed, the creature of sheer hatred and cruelty : and deprived of the means of active harm, he does not move like a venomous repthe same passion inspires an iron forti- tile, lurking in a crevice or winding silent tude in the endurance of self-inflicted through the grass, but soars in mid heaven torments, or a brazen contumacy in con as a fiery flying serpent, and looks down temning the tortures inflicted by another. from on high upon whom he hates. The same prison-court, or the same hall Imaginative by temperament, his emotions of justice, has not seldom exhibited, at are allied to hope and presumption more hice, both the phases of fanaticism. closely than to fear and despondency: he There sits one fanatic on the judgment firmly believes, therefore, in the favour of Seat! and there writhes another fanatic the supernal powers towards their faithful on the rack! ............ The indications of votaries; and, in expectation of still more the vice with which he (the fanatic] is signal boons than yet he has received,

Vol. VI.

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