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usage of centuries in her favour? That have the legal right to confiscate church she has the solemn and distinct pledge property; but when they do so they of the national faith we shall show actually repeal the Union, as they abpresently. If all these things be of rogate that which is an ESSENTIAL part no avail
, where is the property that of it. The act by which alone the will be held sacred ? If all these titles imperial parliament has the right to be held as nothing when weighed govern Ireland, declares that when against some vague and indefinite church property is interfered with, the notion of the general good, or if they Union is at an end. Where was the be beaten down at the bidding of meaning of the stipulations contained popular discontent, it is time for the in the articles of Union, if these were men of substance in the nation to see not to be regarded as settled beyond and make out some title to their pos- the power of the imperial parliament sessions more certain and secure than to touch. The moment they confiscate these. If they cannot, they must be church property, no Irishman owes the content to hold their estates upon the imperial parliament any further obeperilous tenure of liability to confisca- dience--the compact of the Union is tion whenever it is expedient to apply violated—and the Union is, to all their proceeds to purposes of national intents and purposes, REPEALED. Force utility, or whenever it shall please the may still illegally and unconstitutionally multitude to declare that it is so maintain it, but all justice will be on expedient.
the side of repeal. We know the use We have said that the national faith that may yet be made of this declarais solemnly and distinctly pledged to tion, but we believe it to be true, and the permanence of the church. The we are ready to abide the consequences. fifth article of Union provides, " that When that which is an essential part the continuance and preservation of of any thing is removed, the thing itthe united church, as the established self is destroyed. This is the meaning church of England and Ireland, shall of the word essential. The same aube an ESSENTIAL and FUNDAMENTAL thority that enacts the union between part of the Union.” Here, then, is the the two countries, enacts that the solemn compact entered into between continuance and preservation of the the English nation and the Protestant Church establishment shall be an parliament of Ireland. When the sential part of the Union. Surely, Protestants of Ireland surrendered comment is superfluous. Let ministers their nationality, they stipulated that beware how they place justice upon the their church should be continued and side of repeal—how they make the preserved. Let us not be told that authority of the Imperial Parliament this stipulation is observed when the a usurpation. Do we reason with a imperial parliament take upon them- cabinet whose members once argued selves to adopt a principle of propor- that Roman Catholics should be emantion, and settle according to their cipated in accordance with the treaty discretion where the church establish- of Limerick ? And sball the men who ment shall be maintained. They have thus held that an ancient treaty of no discretion in the matter. The act doubtful authority and of ambiguous of Union has placed it beyond their import, made between the generals of reach. King, Lords and Commons two insignificant brigades, a treaty upon cannot touch the property of the Irish the faith of which the gates of a petty church without destroying an essential town were opened, was yet binding part of the Union, that is, virtually upon the legislature of Great Britain. repealing the Union. We repeat it, Shall these men now utterly disregard this is a matter in which they have no a compact made scarce forty years ago, discretion. They are bound by a between the parliaments of two indepensolemn treaty that precludes them dent nations, and ratified with all the from intermeddling with the property solemnities of legislative assent-a of the Irish church ; if it does not, the compact upon the faith of which was words are a mockery. If they do not surrendered the nationality of Ireland? violate that treaty by taking away any Perhaps their respect for treaties is in portion of the revenues, they would the inverse ratio of their obligations.not violate it by taking away all. They There was an indefiniteness, au indis
tinetness, about an old armistice, con- of ministers, and plead all the oaths, cluded long ago, that lent it a charm the vows, the compacts, by which the in the eyes of the antiquarian ; a great maintenance of our church has been national compact made but yesterday so often and so solemnly guaranteed has pothing of this kind to recommend to us? Shall we tben adopt the it to the notice of refined and specu- last reasoning which men apply to latise intellect. It was something to those with whom every appeal to higher dig out the treaty of Limerick from motives fails, and address ourselves to the rubbish and obscurity in which years their fears? No proposition can be had buried it. But the Act of Union, more plain than this, that wben an esthe compact upon which it was based, sential condition of the Union is vioare subjects too recent and too plain lated, in justice and equity that Union to claim the attention of any but vul- is repealed. Do they know the moral gar souls.
force that right confers upon a cause? But these, alas, are not the days in huw it paralyses the opposition of its which treaties, and compacts, or even enemies? Have they calculated how oaths, will be permitted to keep back many fully impressed with the danger the multitude one moment from the of repeal, would yet cease to resist it gratification of their unruly will. All when it would be just? The Act of the solemn sanctions that have been Union is the grant to the Imperial bitberto held binding between man Parliament of the right to make laws and man, are now held as nought The for Ireland, but that grant has its lispirit of the age is one that tramples mitations. The preservation of the upon all obligation, and disregards Church is the tenure by which that every contract. Were oaths respected parliament holds its power ; let them we would have little cause to fear for confiscate church property, and their the safety of the Church. We are tenure is, upon every principle of jus. tired of denouncing those who have tice, at an end. sworn to be her friends, and yet unblush But apart from this--apart from all ingly exhibit themselves in the senate the moral power which will belong as ber bitter foes. And yet their per- to the advocacy of repeal, when the inijury has found its apologists, and the quitous violation of the treaty of Union madness of faction has forgotten, that shall have made it a righteous causein destroying the sanctity of oaths, let the British government be well asthey were undermining the very foun- sured that other elements will combine dations of our social system. How to add force to that cause. Let them little need we fear in the House of beware how they detach the ProtesCommons, if all its members kept their tant people of Ireland from British oaths ; or need we speak of the se connexion. The Protestants have enlemn vow which our King has taken dured much, but what security is there "to preserve all the privileges of the that they will endure for ever ?-and bishops and clergy of this realm, and when the Irish Protestants join in the of the churches committed to their demand for repeal, repeal must follow. care;" a vow, of which political Jesuits Let not ministers deceive themselves have endeavoured to evade the force by the vain delusion that this question by pretending that they can divide is set at rest—that the spirit of repeal their king into two persons, and that is dead: “it is not dead, but sleepeth ;" the vows which he takes in one ca and terrible to British greatness will be pacity, are not binding on him in ano- the hour of its awakening, if the blackther; as if the God to whom he swore est treachery and the basest ingrati--that God with whom there is no tude have, meantime, lost for ever to respect of persons, would regard kings, the cause of Britain the power that was not in the simple and uncompounded wont to hold its movements in check. character of individual human beings, Once more we will quote the debut as broken into all the multiform and claration of Lord Plunkett; we quote imaginary existences into which it ay it in no spirit of reproach : it is not to please the funcies, or suit the inte- mock with the bitterest of all satire rests of statesmen to divide them. Is his present apostacy. No! we quote it in vain that we appeal to the justice it as the deliberate opinion of one who,
fallen and degraded as he is now, was may be read in the blood-stained once a statesman. Thus spoke Mr. characters that write upon our island Plunketi in 1824 :-
the fearful name, “the land of mur
der ;" they may be traced in the per“Sir, with respect to the Protestant juries, the awful disregard of oaths establishment in Ireland, I think it neces
which characterises the whole popish sary not only that there should be an established church, but that the establish- population of Ireland, from the memment should be richly endowed. Sir, I ber of parliament who numbers himself wish that the establishment should be among the thirty-five, to the peasant richly endowed, to enable the clergy to
who swears himself the occupier of a take their place among the nobles of the freehold that he does not possess. Let land. But
, speaking in a political point him who wishes to see the effects of of view, I have no hesitation in saying, Popery, compare any county in Prothat the existing Protestant establishment testant Ulster, the land of peace aud in Ireland is the grand bond of union order, with Popish Tipperary, where, between the two countries. If ever the in the short space of two years and unfortunate moment shall arrive at which five months, five hundred and fifty-six the legislature shall rashly lay hands upon
murders had been committed. Let the property of the church, that moment him look to the late election for will seal the doom of the Union, and termi. Carlow ; let him look to the present nate for ever the connexion between the state of that once happy but now distwo countries."
tracted county.' There the despotism
of infuriate priests has trampled on all It certainly is not foreign to the the influence of property-has crushed subject upon which we write, to inquire all those relations of social life that what is the nature of the system, mis- interfered with its exercise--and ground called religious, to which ministers down with the merciless cruelty of have determined to sacrifice the pure bigot tyranny all Protestant and all and tolerant church of Ireland. It is Roman Catholic independence. Two of the utmost importance to inquire gentlemen of the highest mural worth, what is the nature of that spiritual men upon whose characters all eulogy instruction, to the uncounteracted influ- is superfluous, attempted to represent ence of which it is purposed to con the county with which all their intesign whole districts of the island. The rests were identified. But the priests commission which was issued under would have it otherwise ; they put in the great seal, directed the commis- nomination a stranger, a man whose sioners to report “such circumstances religious creed appears to be strangely connected with the moral and political unsettled between Popery and Judaism : relation of the church establishment, they exerted all the influence of priestly and of the religious institutions of intolerance—they ballooed on the pasother sects, as might bring clearly into sions of a furious mob, and they triview their bearing upon the general umphed—the fiendish triumph of ruftian condition of the people of Ireland.” agitation-the triumph of haviny disThis certainly is information which turbed the tranquillity of a county-the the legislature should possess before triumph of having prostrated all polithey presume to decide the fate of our tical independence of having set at church establishment; but it was the variance all the classes of societyfolly of the commission to expect that of having disorganized the whole social this information could be procured by system—of having instigated to murder, a few briefless and inexperienced bar- by advice given from the altar of their risters roving in their vagabond kuigbt- God. errantry of spoliation. The effects of
We see no reason now to conceal Popery on the condition of the people or palliate our opinions. Popery is of Ireland, involve considerations the curse of Ireland. The conspiraon which the patriot dreads to reflect, cies of the peasantry are adopted at and which the statesman trembles to the instigation of the priests. Is there approach. They may be read in the any one mad enough to believe that, murders, and the outrages, and the with the boundless influence the priests barbarities which disgrace those dis- possess--with the knowledge they detricts where Popery prevails ; they rive from the confessional—the combi
nasions among the peasantry—sworn to COMPLETE Body of Turology was extirpate Protestants “from the cradle the best book on the subject that could to the cruteh”—could proceed without be republished : as containing the most their ku'a ledge. This appalling fact, secure guidance for such Ecclesiastics even the liberal judge Fletcher, was as may, by reason of the peculiar circumforced to confess, in bis memorable ad- stunces of this country, be deprived of the dress when he passed sentence upon opportunity of referring to public librathe miscreants concerned in the burn- ries, or consulting those who may be placed ing of Wilgoose-lodge. It is vain in authority over them ;-in consequence, to deny that the popish conspiracies, an edition of the work was ordered to which for years have made Protestant be printed by the PRESENT PUBLISHER, life and property insecure, are but the to the number of 3000 COPIEs. The engine by which Popery wields the work is now very rare, and scarcely to physical strength of a superstitious po- be met with. And inasmuch as his pulation to carry into practical effect Grace, Dr. Murray, Dr. Doyle, Dr. her unrecanted,' her unforgotten dog- Keating, and Dr. Kinsella, have made mis of intolerance; and the ecclesias- it the Conference book for the Clergy tical persecution, which was once ad- of the Province of Leinster, the Pubministered by the holy office, now lisher, as well to obviate the difficulty finds its more irregular, but not less effec- experienced by them in procuring the tive agents in the members of the work, as also to advance the cause of lawless confederacy, and of the mid- Religion and Morality in the other night gang.
parts of the Irish Church, is induced If the commissioners have failed to reprint a limited number of copies." to illustrate the bearing of Popery And in the Priest's Directory for the upon the general condition of the last five years, the questions for the people of Ireland, the accidental dis- conferences of the priests are all avowcovery of the standard text-book of edly taken from Dens. In the year the Romish priesthood, has done 1831, the questions are expressly something to supply their defects. We headed “ Dominum Dens auctorem shall endeavour as concisely and clearly sequentes * * discutiemus." This is as possible, to lay before our readers the evidence tending to fasten this the case which has been made out, un- book upon the priesthood. The exculanswered, and unanswerable, against patory evidence that has as yet been the Romish priests of Ireland, with offered, is all contained in two letters, regard to their adoption of Dens' one from Dr. Murray, the Roman Theology as their standard book of Catholic Archbishop, the other from divinity. Perhaps the more brief and Mr. Woods, the priest who arranged the plain is our exposition, the more easily directory. Neither of these letters in it will be remembered and understood. the slightest degree contradicts the eviOf the opinions promulgated by Dens, dence of Mr. Coyne's statement. Dr. we shall speak presently ; but first let Murray states that “ the publication of us state the evidence by which his the work was undertaken by a respectabook is fastened upon the Roman ble bookseller at his own risk ;" and this Catholic hierarchy of Ireland.
in answer to the question, did or did Mr. Coyne, the Roman Catholic not this respectable publisher falsify bookseller to the College of Maynooth, a resolution of all the Roman Cathopublishes each year, in Latin, a priest's lic prelates of Ireland—for this and directory, or almanac, arranged by a this alone is the question. And, in the priest appointed for that purpose by next place, he states that he did not Dr. Murray, for the use of the Romish make it the text book for their theoloclergy. To this calendar, for the year gical conferences ; for” adds the Doctor 1835, this respectable bookseller ap- with a true Jesuitical naivete, "on pended a catalogue of works, among such occasions we have no such book, which he announced a new edition of if by this expression we are to underDens' Theology: stating that “at a stand the ork of any writer whose meeting of the Roman Catholic Pre- opinions ( when not already defined by lates of Ireland, assembled in Dublin the church as articles of faith,) the clergy on the 14th day of September, 1808, are required, or in any manner whatthey unanimously agreed, that Dens' ever expected to maintain. In fact,
our clergy are too well instructed to were acquainted with the matter his have the least notion of submitting to denial of no avail—but Mr. Woods such a restriction."
boldly assumes that the Doctor has given Unfortunately all the exterminat- his unqualified denial-and he puts the ing dogmas of Dens fall within the archbishop's authority very, humouexception so ingeniously insinuated rously against that of a very indefinite in the parenthesis. The duty of personage whom he calls “the printer." extirpating heretics with all the Is this printer Mr. Coyne, “the worthy other intolerant bigotries of which and respectable bookseller " Is the Dens is but the retailer are already priest's directory, too, a forgery? In defined by the church as articles of that directory we find the questions all faith. And Mr. Coyne's statement taken from Dens-but it is merely to remains uncontradicted, that all the follow his order. Mr. Woods, poor Roman Catholic prelates of Ireland dear innocent man-merely wrote recommended Dens' Theology as con- down the questions without ever dreamtaining the fullest exposition of the ing that he was sanctioning any obsoprinciples of their church.
lete opinions. It is strange that the Mr. Woods is a little less Jesuitical very framing of the questions manifest and a little more daring in his denials. on the part of the framer an intimate He plumply and stoutly denies the acquaintance with the work — nay, resolution which Mr. Coyne has each question arises out of the answer printed. Now here we just as plumply to the preceding — while all are ariell Mr. Woods that we do not ranged so as nceessarily to draw forth believe him—and for these reasons the very worst doctrines of the church Mr. Coyne's statement of this resolu- of Rome. Was it by mere accident tion was for some time printed, but that Mr. Woods-sworu himself to reremained up to the 11th of July, un- ceive the Councils of Lateran, of Concontradicted. If Dr. Murray felt the stance, and of Trent-preparing subabhorrence of these doctrines which he jects of discussion, for the meetings of now professes-why did he permit them men similarly sworn-propounded questo circulate with the sanction of his tions involving the lawfulness of toleratname? If Mr. Coyne had dared, for the ing the worship of heretics—the proper venal purposes of traffic, thus to forge a punishment of heretics—the duties of resolution of the hierarchy of his church Catholic jurors under a heretic govern—there is no reason why Dr. Murray ment - with many other points of should call him a respectable man, similar import—which it is needless but there would be every reason why to enumerate. If Mr. Woods has the worst and most indignant censures thus started these questions by acciof the church, whose discipline he had dent, without knowing the conseoutraged, should be visited upon him; quences to which they lead—if be thus and while Mr. Coyne remains un visited becaine the blundering circulator of by the ban of excoinmunication, which, if moral poisons-he has exhibited a deMr. Woods' statement be true, he richly gree of stupidity as gross and at the merited, nay more, while he is called same time as mischievous as the druga respectable individual both by Dr. gist who labelled and sold as medicine Murray and Mr. Woods—there is not the most deleterious poisons. a man of common intelligence in the If further proof is wanting is it not kingdom, who will believe Mr. Woods' to be found, in the simple fact, that an statement to be true.
edition of 3,000 copies of this expenEither Mr. Coyne is one of the sive work has been sold among the most infamous and sacrilegious furgers priests of Ireland? Here, however, is that ever disgraced the epithet re- the direct and unequivocal evidence of spectable man,” or the statement of the Reverend Mr. Croly-a Roman Mr. Woods is untrue.
Catholic priest, but an honest man The part of Mr. Woods' letter relat- upon this very subject. In a postscript ing to the adoption of Dens, as the to a new volume which has issued text book for the conferences is still from the pen of this extraordinary more whimsically absurd—Dr. Mur- man, we find the following: ray’s denial was guarded by a cautious “ PostsCRIPT.-- OMNIBUS QUORUM parenthesis which made to those who INTEREST.—' The Theology of Peier