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religiosas tablishment of popery?

mantley Berlin gether in his name, there should he say, that in parishes where the numement indes ders be made the standard of right : are endangered by this clause. The everythed i Britain declare herself indifferent to man is utterly ignorant of the state of y religie, et there are forty-nine, it is suppressed. of religious hate, acquiring from bigotry gattento It is in sad and sober seriousness we

be in the midst of them. If religious ber of Protestants but a little exceeds principle be thus abandoned—it nuin- the magic fifty, the lives of Protestants

the diffusion of Protestantism : if con- Ireland, who does not know that in happie ein biscation of ecclesiastical revennes be the minds of her popish population

no longer deemed a violation of the there rankles a deep and inveterate estolis rights of property : if the instruction hatred of Protestantisin. Their hatred

of the rising generation in the errors of a Protestant establishment is the verly

s pot propriation of the Church's funds, and to conciliate. Let, then, the establishLeird so if all this be done, simply because the ment be altogether suppressed ; let her He estat Rotish hierarchy demand it, then, we whole revenues be offered up at ouce it * k, what principle survives the adop- by infidel legislation, a costly sacrifice nepietion of this ineasure that could supply upon the shrine of popish bigotry. But ailes to the shadow of reason against the es- let not the legislature dare to adopt

a clause which will hold out to a peuThe bill of Lord Morpeth includes ple proverbial for their disregard of tie W two distinct and separate measures : value of human life, a direct premium

te for the securing of the revenues upon assassination. Protestant extirpaituite cleof the church : the other for their ap- tion has been proceeding rapidlyenough. icbare propriation. Sir Robert Peel has given Insult and persecution are every day retosus notice of a motion, that it be divided driving Protestants to foreign lands. its peatu into two. The first 57 clauses of the Within the last ten years 200,000 Procon una bill are occupied in making provision testants have left Ireland; and every

Le te cip for the realization of ecclesiastical pro- year the number of emigrants is indella perty. There are many, very many creasing in a fearfully accelerating Hles arr, objectionable enactments in the clauses, ratio. Need we go over again the

* bat upon these we will not now stop melancholy detail of murdered Proulat 04 18 to comment. It is with the confisca- testant ministers, whose profession was ord Wipeol tion of church property that we are now

their only crime? Need we tell of the yliza concerned. Ministers secure the pro- good, and pious

, and charitable clerperty of the Church only that the gyman, barbarously murdered by the rains of their plunder may be certain. very people to whose wants his beneLike Judas' charitable anxiety for the volence had administered ? Need we poor, their concern for her interests is appeal to the sanguinary records of

but with a view to spoliation. And it Irish crime to testify how the dark ina direction is azainst this iniquitous, this ungodly fluence of a baleful superstition can PPT pracha qoliation, that, in the name of the ting its deadly shadow across the bu. humera mode Protestants of Ireland, we protest.

man soul, until the heart becomes black la every parish where there are less as the cloud that rests upon it. How than fifty Protestants, the revenues of the poison of religious bigotry can be the Church are to be sequestrated. In absorbed in the moral constitution,

ktery parish in which,' at any future until, as it circles with the life-blood, I the seas period, the number of Protestants may the whole map is vitiated, and the ul's multo be reduced to less than fifty, such reduc- whole heart depraved, and the kindliest code ton is to be followed by the suppres- feelings of human nature are checked s cakukansion of the benefice. Was there ever in their source, and the most generous en el primer adopted a criterion so arbitrary and ab- emotions of the human breast are peren die sard? Parishes may differ in extent ; verted in their application. And what, if of ter about parishes of the same extent may differ national pride and hereditary hatredand partia e these things are taken into account with the fancied humiliation of a conquered

sten and undeviating regularity, the country, and the indignant sense of ohne unaccommodating standard is ap- imaginary wrongs that burns to avenge plied ; and where there are fifty Pro- a persecuted ancestry—what, if these estants, the benefice remains ; where feelings addtheir influence to the rancour

a darker tinge, and lending to bigotry

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a more ardent motive—who can cal quence? As they value the peace of culate the effect of the combination ? Ireland, as they care for the lives of who can calculate the change that it Protestants—let ministers abandon this will produce in the most amiable man, clause. Let them not tell the murderthe direction that it will give to the ers of Mr. Whitty, the ruthless actors most generous impulses of the mind ? in the tragedy of Carrickshock-that Virtue will be devotion to prejudice, the lives of Protestants are the only justice will shape itself into the desire obstacle to their deliverance from for revenge, and religion itself will that which they teach them to call become the sanction for the darkest oppression. Let them follow the deeds, the excuse for the most iniqui- natural inclination of modern liberality, tous attempts. Ireland is the country and confiscate that property which is where all these fearful elements are at not the property of the church but of

the people believe themselves the Protestants of Ireland—the inen á conquered people, and they hate who have been the only steady friends their conquerors ; they identify Pro- of British connexion. Let then, our attestants with their oppressors, and with tachment be rewarded with spoliation these they deem themselves at war. - let them make a disgraceful alliance The priests cherish this feeling, and with treason, and reserve all their teach them to look forward to a time compassion for traitors—but let ther? when the Saxon and the Sassenach pause before they imitate the murder will be extirpated from the land.* ous policy by which David got rid of the And in such a country—what is the inconvenience of Uriah-let them no ai responsibility of the statesman who place the Protestant inhabitants of re 3 comes forward and says, to a people mote districts “in the front of them governed by such motives, “ You look hottest battle, that they may fall. s. upon the Protestant church as a griev “ Quia BONA ALIENA LARGIRI LIBE:

I will relieve you of it; but I RALITAS-sint sane quoniam ita s 31 can only do so where there are less mores habent liberales ex sociorum for the than filty Protestants in a parish. tunis-sint misericordes in furibus- ja Poor people, you have been very illis nostrum sanguinem largiantur.". badly treated– I wish it was in my Perhaps we shall be told that this power altogether to relieve you, but I is merely Tory declamation-for wit can only do so partially—but as Pro- the radical prints, every argumeut th: testants diminish (for, be it remem- they cannot answer is Toryism, an bered, the bill makes provision for the every appeal to justice or to generosites prospective diminution of Protestant- is déclamation. Fortunately we hav ism) you will gradually get rid of your authority that will certainly shield oppression.” Have we misrepresented from the imputation of Toryism, the language of the bill?--this cer- though it may not protect us from ti tainly is the sense in which it will be charge of declamation. Let us he innderstood by these to whom it is ad- the Edinburgh Review upon the su, dressed. And need we ask the awful ject

. In the number of that periodic, ki se question, what will be the conse for last January, there is the followii


• Before a Committee of the House of Commons, in 1832, Ensign Melvil Gore Watson was questioned as to circumstances which took place upon an occasi when he accompanied a party of military to a chapel in the county Meath; he ga the following account of the transaction :-—“ I was ordered to accompany the s diers to the chapel, and took my place in the gallery. As soon as the clergym came to the altar he looked round and seemed rather surprised at seeing i there. He then went down the chapel to give the holy water to his parishione When he arrived opposite the gallery in which I was seated with my men, he ma a pause, and threw the water up to me, and waited for some seconds; he then turned to the altar, and called out, . Who are those men going out of the chapeaif | I will not allow the house of God to be insulted in this manner. Boys, let them to their own place of worship; I want no one here to overlook what I am say or doing. I will tell you what it is, boys, the tottering fabrics of the heretics falling about their ears, while the Catholic religion is rising in glory every day. I them land was once Catholic Ireland, boys; it will and shall be Catholic Ireland agai

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powerful and eloquent passage-a pas- nearly they were trembling on the verge sage to which it is but fair to acknow. of that numerical line which had been ledge our attention has been called by once ruled to justify their dissolution ? qazotation in the Standard :

“ Not alone for the sake of the Pro- Now, in attempting to ascertain testant minority, but equally for the xbat shall or shall not be considered a sake of the Roman Catholic, do we desinecure, we strongly object to the sole precate the notion of an arrangement adoption of a numerical line. We which would engender feelings of the Fist that the line should be indistinct; worst description, and be fraught with and would infinitely prefer a compli- temptations to violence and crime. cated standard, incapable of exhibition We would not that in that ill-fated in s tabular forin, and founded on a land of bloody brotherhoods-where comprehensive consideration not only the bonds of law have been as flax, and o nombers and proportions, but of the bonds of crime az iron-the Roman distance, situation, and such local and Catholic people should be tempted to sther circumstances as can be justly think that they might do good service taken into the account. We object to to God and their country, if, by intimii numerical line, because its effect dation, or by whatever means a secret vald be decidedly injurious to that league might ruthlessly enjoin, they religious harmony and Christian spirit could reduce the number of Protestants it überality and good-will, which it is in any benefice below that number su desirable to promote among the which had been ouce ruled to justify farious sects in Ireland. We fear that its dissolution. It is also a valid obthe exclusive adoption of such a stand- jection against a numerical line, that and would aggravate the spirit of sec- it would occasion a cry for perpetual arian bitterness, and lend new impulse re-adjustment. There would be pera proselytizing zeal. It would raise petual clamour for the fresh applicathe importance of numerical majorities. tion of a principle which had once I would establish number as the crite- been sanctioned, whenever circumdea of strength. It would stimulate stances, necessarily, fluctuating, apte priest to such interested exertions peared to render such a re-application for the sake of increasing the number favourable to the wishes of the claof his flock, as genuine piety never mourers. wall approve. The slow safe course “ Not only might the Roman Caof conscientious conviction would be tholic point out benefices in which the handoned for the easier method of Protestant population had declined, staining a proselyte through a direct and contend 'that those should be upeal to his interests or his passions. benefices no longer, but with equal The meaus would be disregarded for reason might the Protestant contend, 2e sake of the end ; and religious that, wherever increase of numbers etersion would be perpetually de- had raised what was once a benefice ved by the odious characteristics of a above the former line of proscription, pitical canvass. It would have even such original benefice should be now farse effects. If it were established, restored. Thus, from each contending a because a benefice was found to sect there would be ever and anon re

matain less than a stated number of peated calls for a fresh census and a fresh sal tauunicants, it should on that sole adjustment; and the result would be,

esant cease to be a separate benefice, that restless spirit of agitation and con

het be incorporated with some other tention, which, if not unfavourable to isang the most explicit understanding the growth of sects, is fatal to the

this were made a rule of action, though growth and spirit of true religion. We at it was applicable only to present are not pleading the cause of a sect ; atomstances, and would never be re we are not contending for the ascenspied in future—if Protestant bene- dancy of any church; we address kres were to be dealt with by this these remarks to all denominations of the measure, would not a standard be Christians; we hold forth reasons petually afforded, open to the com which ought to weigh with the Roman heusions of the most ignorant and Catholic as well as with the Protestraoning, by which they might ever ant; we would not only protect the terwards be able to ascertain what Protestants against the Catholics, but spices oug!.t to be extinct, or how the Catholics against themselves.”


We have alluded first to this provi- squandered by their hereditary owney sion of the bill, because it is the estab- perhaps upon the vices of a foreign lishment of a numerical criterion which land. And why should this property strikes with the most deadly certainty be taken from us? No one has asat the peace of Ireland. We feel, serted any claim to its possession-it however, that upon this point, we can is ours-ours by the unbroken prescripadd nothing to the force of the reason tion of upwards of 300 years-ours by ings contained in the splendid passage the solenın declaration of our we have quoted from the Edinburgh ancient legislature, and of the parliaReview. Bad, however, as is this pro- ment of the united kingdom-by the vision, it forms but a small part of the national compact of the act of union evils and dangers of the bill. The unalienably ours. When you confisalienation of church revenues from cate these revenues, you rob us. Tell church purposes is a direct and unholy us not that you are taking away the violation of the rights of the Protes- property of the church, as if this was a tants of Ireland-it is an undisguised matter in which we had no concern. and unpalliated breach of the articles We, the Protestant laity of Ireland, of union-it is an interference with are the church, and it is our property the rights of property that renders you are taking away-property, it is the tenure of all property insecure, and true, with which, as individuals, we it is an abandonment of the principle have no right to meddle, but which of national Protestanism--and an ini. belongs to us as a body—and of which quitous consignment of whole districts our clergy are the trustees—to proof Ireland to the dark and unmitigated cure for us the ministrations of the tyranny of the church of Rome. Gospel of our God.

So many considerations press upon And if we were, for a moment, to us in relation to this measure that we descend from these bigh and holy concan but glance at topics upon which it siderations, and contemplate in another is far more difficult to be brief than to point of view, the interest of laymen in enlarge. We have said that the con church property, we shall find that they fiscation of church property is a viola- have even a temporal interest in these tion of the rights of Protestants. We possessions which are appropriated to have been, perhaps, too much accus the maintenance of the clergy. The tomed to speak of ecclesiastical pro- clergy, be it remembered, are no peperty until in our minds we have con- . culiar caste—they are supplied from founded it with the property of eccle- time to time from among ihe laitysiastics. But of the property of the and long has the church, maintained church, the clergy are but trustees, as an independent profession, offered and they hold it trust for the benefit to the members of the laity not a reof their flocks. To the people, the ward but a provision for piety and Protestant people of Ireland, the talent. While our University extends, church property belongs, and for their with liberal hand, the means of educa benefit it has been laid apart. To tion to the very poorest wbo can show provide for their instruction, and to talent to entitle them to her favoursecure to them the blessings of reli- the humblest Protestant in the land is gious ministration, the wisdom of our not below the possibility of seeing his ancestors consecrated to their use and child an ornament to that churchto the glory of God, a certain portion deriving from her revenues that comof that wealth, which would have been petence which no one has a right 10 otherwise absorbed in some of the ac- grudge him. Well may we say that cumulated masses which pander to the church property is the poor man's pride and minister to the luxuries of fund—a sacred deposit, in which the the great ones of the earth. To give humblest Protestant might assert bis spiritual consolation to the poor man vested rights—the poor man's fund, to provide him with a friend in the not only as it is set apart to prohour of his distress, a counsellor in his vide for him the ministration of that difficulty, an instructor in every time Gospel which was originally preached of his doubt and his perplexity-a small to the poor, and those consolations of portion of those revenues were retained religion which wealth may sometimes which would otherwise have been despise, but which poverty always

needs—but also the poor man's fund to speculations that may lead them to as it offers to talent and piety of the question the right of those who have. humblest origin an honorable station Upon what principle that permits the and a respectable competence. Far confiscation of church property to purbe it from us to put forward any argu- poses of general utility, can the bolder ment that might seem to seculatise the of vast hereditary estates be permitted profession of the minister of God, or to retain his? They may have been ever so remotely to countenance the the gift of some ancient monarch ; but notion that worldly views should influ. when you confiscate church property ence its adoption—but yet we are bold you have made nought of a title as to say, that it has been, although not ancient as the monarchy itself-certhe chief good, yet a beautiful feature tainly us ancient as the constitution of of our church establishment, that the 1688. Long prescription, uninterchild of poor and humble parents has rupted possession is no more of any often taken his place among her minis- avail. Why should the Duke of Bedters, ay, and among her prelates. Many ford retain his property while that of instances there are within our own the Irish church is taken away--Church knowledge, of useful and respectable property may be confiscated! Have ministers—men whose origin was hum- the lands of Woburn or Covent Garble, but whose worth was great-re- den become exempt from the liability spected and looked up to by the gentry in passing into the hands of a usurper? in the very districts where their rela- Has spoliation cured the defect of tives, it may be, are still moving in title ? 'Why should the Duke of Beda lowly sphere. In more ways than ford batten on his thousands per annum, this, too, the church has been the link while thousands of human beings are that connected together the poor and starving in Connaught ? In confiscatthegreat. No matter what differences of ing the revenues of the church, you rank might exist in a parish, there was give up the principle of all possession one man in it who was of none. The —you disturb the inviolability of proequal of the greatest, and yet the perty—you send men back to grants friend of the meanest of bis flock—the that can be no longer valid, to titles clergyman, as he authoritatively rebuked that will not bear examination. You the rices of the peer, and sympathised have destroyed the principle of preas a friend with all the distresses of the scription, you have abandoned the peasant, appeared without disturbing sanctions of national faith, and then any of the just gradations of rank, to you put men upon the inquiry into infuse into all the necessary inequalities the principles of property : you take of society a portion of the spirit of away from property the only solid another and a better world in which ground upon which its claims can for a there shall be no respect of persons. moment rest, and then you call our But all this must be destroyed—we attention to the nakedness of its founsay all for no one is mad enough to dation. believe that their present victory will If the oldest prescription can confer a satisfy the enemies of the church. No! title—if the charters of monarchs can the church will be destroyed—the either give or confirm the right of pospoor man's fund will be confiscated session—if the usage of centuries can and both rich and poor will be left add to its strength--if uninterrupted without any institution to remind them possession can give the right to retain of the hopes or the terrors of another —if the solemnly pledged faith of the world—the one to indulge their haugh- nation be a security, the property of tiness without the restraint, the other the church can never be taken away. to endure their distresses without the If all these concurrent principles be consolations of religion.

insufficient to preserve property from And if church property be con- confiscation, the sooner we apply to fiscated, what property is secure? It national purposes all the estates in the is always unsafe to send the minds of empire the better. Let all who have men back to the origin of possession ; property look well to the case we put. it is dangerous to disturb even the Has not the church prescription in prejudice of its inviolability, and accus- her favour? has she not the grants and tom the minds of those who have not charters of kings ? has she not the

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