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There is one very strange anomaly But happily the alternative is not in the bill, but an omission upon proposed to us—we have precedent for which it is needless to comment, as we a source of appointment which would are willing to believe it originated in at once place it beyond the suspicion an oversight, and will be corrected as of any corrupt or improper bias—the soon as pointed out. Many of the English reform bill left the appointcorporations possess extensive church ment of the revising barrister to the patronage, but under the new bill this judges; and if we needed to be conpatronage will be exercised by bodies vinced of the superiority of this arin which dissenters may have the rangement, we have only to compare majority. The simplest way of obvi- the men so appointed with those noating this monstrous anomaly, is to minated in Ireland by the crown. To take the patronage from the corpora- the judges, then, we would give the aption, and place it, where all ecclesias- pointment of recorders; not to any one tical patronage ought to be vested, in of the judges, but to the entire body ; the

hands of the bishops of the church. perhaps the corporation might be per

The appointment of the recorder mitted to recommend a certain number, is to rest with the crown-this is a pro- from whom the judges should select a vision, the propriety of which we have competent person. We repeat that very great doubts; it will throw in

our experience of government appointmense patronage into the hands of the ments in Ireland, makes us very jeaminister of the day, and it is probable lous of leaving any minor judicial apthat political considerations, much pointment to the crown. more than qualification for the duties of The most objectionable points in the the office will determine the selection. bill are, in our mind, the want of any We have seen quite enough of some qualifications for the councillors and recent appointments of assistant bar- mayor, the frequency of the elections, risters in Ireland, to make us very and the appointment of the recorders by much afraid of leaving to the minister the crown. To its principle we beg to the appointment to small judicial situa- be understood as giving the fullest astions, appointments upon which the sent, and it is solely from a desire to force of public opinion does not act see its ends more effectually secured very strongly, and which, therefore, the that we have ventured to suggest minister may, with impunity, employ to amendments in its details. reward some incompetent and violent The measure for Ireland has not yet partizan, by advancing him to a place been laid before the house-Mr. for which he is utterly unfit. The Perrin has promised the report of the appointments of assistant barristers in Irish corporation commission. and Lord Ireland have latterly been notoriously Morpeth the measure to be grounded political appointments, and in estima- on it. We shall now refrain from all ting the claims of a briefless barrister comment or remark, but we tell the to the place, the very last item that Protestant people of this Protestant nawould be taken into account, would be tion to be upon their guard, and to nis fitness. It is very fair that those pause before they give their assent to in power should dispose of the govern- any measure of Irish municipal reform, ment offices to their own friends, but framed by the allies of O'Connell and every thing connected with the admi- the enemies of our Protestant institunistration of justice should be as far tions. To any measure calculated to above the suspicion of political bias, secure good municipal government we as of local influence—and bad as it will assent in Ireland as readily, as we would be to leave the choice of a re do in England ; but the Protestants of corder to the chances of a borough Ireland will resist, even to the death, election, with all the probabilities of any measure, which under the specious faction and intrigue influencing the name of corporate reform, will throw appointment, we would adopt even corporate power into the hands of the this in preference to permitting the enemies of Protestantism and of Engminister to reward, perhaps, the dis- land--and convert the very institutions graceful services of a lowly partizan, which were formed as the bulwark of by sending him to judge upon the li. our defence into the towers of our berties and properties of freemen. enemy's attack.

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BEFORE these pages meet the eye of has been familiar with such discussions! our readers, the measure introduced --discussions in which we have been by Lord Morpeth, "for the better re- condemned to witness the reckless gulation of ecclesiastical revenues in abandonment of every principle that Ireland," will have been canvassed has hitherto been held sacred ; senators both in the legislature and in the disregarding oaths and mocking at the public journals. But yet it is an occa- faith of treaties—all sanctions, human sion upon which it would ill become and divine, unhesitatingly broken us to remain silent. Unhappily the through-the duties of religion forsubject is one with which, of late, the gotten and the sacredness of prescrip people of this country have been but tion violated--sacrilege, perjury and 100 familiar. Unhappily for the honor perfidy tolerated, encouraged, and of England, the peace of Ireland, the almost unrebuked; all this we have selfare of both! discussions have been been condemned to witness-every multiplied, in which there could be thing, in a word, that could painfully found but little to instruct, if we ex- force upon us the awful conviction cept the sad and humiliating, but yet, that the high and palmy days of it way be, useful lesson which may be Britain's honor are gone by, and that şathered from the contemplation of our country has far advanced in the linnan folly and human crime. We contaminating and demoralizing prohave seen politicians compromising gress of revolution. the greatness and degrading the reli Not that we despair. No! the gion of England for the support of struggle will be a fearful one : but men who avow theruselves the enemies even were matters much worse than of both. We have seen men profess- they are, still the cause of truth would ing to be Protestants, voting that Pro- have nothing to fear but from the testantism be suppressed—and to effect despondency of her friends. Of all this they have interfered with the most the examples that antiquity sets before sacred rights and violated the most us, there is, perhaps, most instruction solemn engagements; and that no to be learned from the conduct of that tinge or colour of moral guilt might Roman senate, who, when the armies be wanting to complete the picture of of Rome had been cut off, and her depravity which is presented to our vanquished general driven from the view, men who had sworu a solemn field returned him thanks on his oath never to use their parliamentary arrival because he had not despaired privileges to injure the church estab- of the safety of Rome. This was a ishment, are uublushingly voting for noble resolution, and worthy of a its spoliation. Well may we say that people who felt that though apparently it is uuhappily for England that she conquered, they could not be put

VOL. VI.

L

per mare magnum,

down; and their confidence had its demands of the Roman Catholics, glorious reward in the success which who is there that forgets the vows by afterwards attended their arms. And if which emancipation was preceded ? heathens, amid all the difficulties This was all the demagogues asked. that surrounded them, after defeats Protestants were found foolish enough that seemed to threaten the extinction to believe them; emancipation is of the Roman name—with but the conceded—and immediately the cry is dim superstitions of Paganism to hint raised for the repeal of the Union and of an overruling power-could yet the extinction of the Church. A time rely with confidence upon the justice is still promised us when agitation shall and sacredness of their cause, and cease, and the country be left to the rousing by their hervic conduct the blessings of tranquillity, and each confainting energies of their fainting coun- cession is to be the herald of the blisstrymen, could summon to the defence ful period ; but, alas ! indefinitely disof their altars and their homes the de- tant that time is receding farther and pressed but still unbroken spirits of an farther from our view ; the land of almost conquered nation-what, we peace is farther from us than when ask, should be the conduct of British we were induced to embark in pursuit patriots in a far less dispiriting crisis, of it upon the boundless and tumultuin a holier cause, with stronger motives ous waters of agitation, to animate, and higher principles to cheer our exertions than heathens ever

Italiam sequimur fugieutem et volvimur undis." knew? Shall we, in the fancied hopelessness of exertion, abandon our altars, But surely the time is now come and wait until it may please our trium- when there should be an end of hypophant enemies to make the next attack crisy on the one side, or at least of upon our homes? No! let us imitate credulity upon the other. We have the noble spirit of the Roman senate, already conceded too many “last deand let us regard as a traitor to the mands” to be fooled any longer by the cause of his country, the man who stale and unprofitable cheat. Indeed dares to despair of the safety of the it appears as if our enemies were tired constitution.

of making us their dupes : perhaps But if the cause of the constitution they are sure of us as their victims. has nothing to fear, except from the We do not recollect that they have inaction of its friends, froin this it has called Lord Morpeth's bill a final meaevery thing to fear. Apprehension sure. Mr. O'Connell accepts of its upon this point is fully justified by the provisions as a small instalment of sad experience of the past. Inroad the debt. This, at least, is honest ; after inroad has been made upon the perhaps we ought to be thankful for it. ancient institutions of the country; The abandonment of the old artifice concession after concession has given will at least save Protestants from one rise to but a new series of demands, disgrace-we will not add another tothe and still there have been found men list of occasions upon which we have mad enough to continue in the delu- fallen into the “unpitied calamity of sion, that by yielding to these demands being repeatedly caught in the same you could buy off the assaults of the snare.” enemies of our institutions. Indolence There could not be a grosser

delustill pleaded for the persuasion that sion than to imagine Lord Morpeth's left an excuse for the want of exertion, bill a final measure-it is morally imand whispered the soft flattery that possible that it should be so. It estabthere was no necessity to resist a demand lishes principles which it does not folthat surely would be the last. And low out ; it commences spoliation well did the leaders of the revolution which it does not perfect: its principle know how to meet this disposition. is to make the Roman Catholic religion Time after time did they protest that the established religion of Ireland, and what they asked was all they sought, to leave the Protestant church a stiand that having obtained one little pendiary body depending on the measure they would be satisfied. Not eleemosynary contributions of the to recall the events of a past genera- state. The farther it is from fully tion, when the possession of the elec- effecting this object, the farther is it tive franchise was the ultimatum of the fruin being a final measure ; for this

priuciple once established, will as- Protestantism upon which it declares suuredly be followed up. Mark the war, or the falsehood of the Popery applause with which this bill has been which it claims as its ally. There was Lailed by the men who declare that a time when British statesmen would they will not rest until the rule is not have dared to put themselves in established, that every man pays his the infidel attitude of arbiters between owu clergyman as he pays his own Popery and Protestantism, and profess phrsician. Of what value is the bill themselves abstractedly indifferent to to these gentlemen, unless as it is a both. And still we talk of Protestant step towards ulterior measures ? To England—and her Protestant constituthen it is utterly worthless for what it tion—and our Protestant state. Let enacts, but they value it for the results this measure pass, and the words are which its principle may produce. The a mockery--the profession is hypocrisy passing of this bill will be but the - England is Protestant no more-txing of the lever beneath the pillars infidel she may be; ready to make of the Protestant establishment of Ire- cominon cause with any superstition land of England; and it is a mockery with which a temporary convenience to tell us that this will be all that will may dictate an alliance ; but never be done in the work of demolition. more can England claim the honoured

We have endeavoured to consider name of Protestant. Her people will the measure with coolness. We con- have abandoned every principle for fass that we have found it difficult to which their forefathers bled--her legis. do so. We have endeavoured to sup- lature will have violated compacts as press those feelings of indignation sacred as the right by which they rule which could not but arise in our minds -her monarch will have broken bis as me perused the iniquitous provi- coronation vows-he will have forfeited sions of this bill—as we found principle the right in abrogating the charter by after principle of Protestantism aban. which he holds his crown. National doned, clause after clause proceeding Protestantism is the only title of the farther in the work of spoliation and House of Hanover to rule over us. insult-cool, deliberate insults Aung Let this be interfered with, and the spoa the faith that we had been ac- government of William the Fourth is customed to revere. Of all these feel- à usurpation. When England ceases ings, though they be but the feelings to be Protestant, the act of settlement of Protestants, we have endeavoured is a nullity; and, we repeat it, when for a moment to divest ourselves; and, Lord Morpeth's measure passes, Engcontemplating the measure with the land is Protestant no more. We will cool indifference of neutral politicians, have thrown disgrace upon the histoa politicians we say, that never was rical recollections that we have been there devised a measure more calcu- accustomed to cherish with all the lated to create in Ireland the elements fondness of national pride—the revoof fierce and unless by the extirpa- lution, which we have so long called tion of Protestants-interminable strife glorious, we will have stigmatized as a -to perpetuate the moral and physical rebellion-or rather, the deeds of our degradation of this wretched country- ancestors are enshrined beyond the to sink her wretched population still power of our degeneracy to tarnish : farther below the point at which ci- they will remain the winess and resi ization commences—and, by aban- proach of that degeneracy: history, doping our country to the uncontrolled indeed, will then be but a series of dominion of the bigot tyrants of the reproaches-every page will record Romish priesthood, to crush for ever the glorious assertion of some noble the last hopes of her regeneration, and Principle which we have shamefully shake to its very foundations the solid abandoned : our very national monustracture of the British empire.

ments and national observances will All this we see not, perhaps, in the testify against us, and the very forms immediate effects, but certaiuly in the of that constitution with which Proultimate results, of Lord Morpeth's testantism was interwoven will remain tapasure; and this we say regarding the the memorials of the piety of our till merely in a political point of view, ancestors and the reproach of the without any reference to the truth of the apostacy of their sons.

When we say that by the passing of habitants, we shall presently speak; Lord Morpeth's measure England will but this very clause is of itself

' sufficient have abandoned the principles of na to prevent the bill from being a final tional Protestantisin, we merely ad- settlement. A final settlement indeed! vance an assertion to which the noble the measure unsettles everything-it mover of the bill himself accedes. If supplies materials in abundance for there be meaning in the words national future discord. The principle of the Protestantism, it is this—that the state bill, as avowed by Lord Morpeth, is recognizes the truth of Protestantisin, this, that the Irish church establishand therefore holds it to be her duty to ment is a nuisance which must be provide for the dissemination of that gradually because cautiously abated ; truth among her people. This prin- and, having established this principle, ciple the bill directly and unhesitatingly the bill professes to be a final settleabandons : it regards the Protestant ment. Its provisious are certainly church in Ireland as a nuisance which strangely at variance with its profesmust be cautiously abated, not as a

sions. It professes to give peace tu useful thing which is to be fostered. Ireland, and it offers a premium upon The convenience of party tactics is assassination-to remove religious disevidently all that prevents the imine- cord and it directly encourages the exdiale extinction of the church-the tirpation of Protestantism—to be a spirit of the bill leads directly to its final settlement, and it contains within subversion. This much we might have itself the elements of indefinite change. understood without the very explicit The abolition of the Irish church and comment of Lord Morpeth, that “were the extirpation of Irish Protestantism not the church already in existence, are the results to which its principle he, being a sane man (?) would never directly leads. That it does not at think of establishing it." With re once accomplish them is owing to ibe gard to the sanity of the noble lord cowardice, not the good intentions, of we express no opinion; but of the the author. The combustibles are prefully and wickedness of bis declaration pared, although they are not at once we have no doubt: of its folly, because to be ignited. Another Popish plot is it strips away at once the disguise in preparation, of which Lord Morpeth which his party have been assuming is the Guy Fawkes in everything but of friendship to the church; of its his daring — with all his malignity to wickedness, because it is the declara- lay the train, he wants his courage to tion of one who, professing to be a apply the match. Protestant, yet does not

care for

We say that the spirit of this bill Protestantism. We know not whe- must, sooner or later, lead to the esther Lord Morpeth comprehended the tablishment of Popery in Irelaud.meaning of what he said; but we know The bill abandonis every principle that the only meaning which his words upon which that establishment could can legitimately bear is this—that he be reasonably resisted. The politicicares for no religion at all.

ans who framed it have cast away all We have already spoken of the ab- attachment to truth for its own sake, surdity of regarding this measure as and instead of that high and holy feela final measure. It contains the ma- ing that looks far beyond the suffrages terials for constant strife, the elements of of the ignorant and unruly multitude perpetnal change. Fixing an arbitrary for the guidance of its conduct, they standard of Protestant population as the have adopted the unworthy calculations criterion of maintaining the Protestant of the coward with whom expediency ministry in each parish, and making is duty, and who regulates his support provision that the ministers should be of truth by the number of her advoremoved as persecution, accident, or cates. They profess to believe in the assassination may reduce the Pro- truth of their religion, and yet they test ints within the prescribed limits, say, we will maintain it only when it furnishes at once the source of perpe- is attended by a crowd--we will abantual altercation, and offers a premium don it when its supporters are but to Popish persecution. Of the danger few, and yet it once was promised of this provision to the peace of Ire- by the Author of our holy religion, that land, to the lives of its Protestant in- where two or three are gathered to

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