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SCHOOLS. Rev. Sir,—You consider this subject one of much importance, and, as I perfectly agree with you in this opinion, I renture to trouble you with the following observations. My arguments relate only to the question of long hair or short ; and therefore I shall not discuss the meaning of the texts referred to by your correspondent W. B. A., which relate to broidered hair. Surely hair may be long without being broidered.

In determining how we are to deal with children while they are children, it is necessary to have regard, as far as may be, to all the circum. stances and pecaliarities of the situations they will occupy when they grow up. And the girls in our schools will (whether the scriptures enjoin the practice or not), in compliance with universal custom, wear long hair when they come to the years of maturity.

Now if it is the business of education to inure children to such habits, whether in relation to the souls or bodies, as will prove profitable and useful to them when they grow up; does not common sense tell us, that we ought to be particularly careful to bring up females in cleanly and tidy habits in every respect, and especially as it regards their hair?

If it is answered, that young women will learn of their own accord to keep their hair clean and tidy in due time; I reply, that experience proves the contrary, as stated by your correspondent W. B. A.," the cottages of the poor being in general but scantily supplied with those useful articles by which alone a profusion of hair can be kept in any creditable order.” The reason that the women in the lower ranks of life habitually live without these simple articles, so necessary for common cleanliness, is, that they have always been accustomed to live without them. It would be idle to say that they are too expensive or too difficult to be procured; for the cost of them would not be regarded for a moment by any woman, however poor, who was sensible of the necessity of possessing them. The poor, however, are in general not sensible of this necessity, because they have never been taught it Amongst all the evils, then, prevailing amongst the poor which we are now trying to remove, must we say in despair that this one is without a remedy ? Must we make up our minds always to see the females of the lower class with dirty heads and untidy hair, knowing that they are unprovided with the trifting articles necessary to preserve cleanliness

! And with the children in our schools must we necessarily abandon the nobler aim of making them cleanly, by teaching them the moral obliga. tion of cleanliness, 2_!"mit our et inh temporary and superficial expedient



tions for themselves, merely upont

I thought there any necessity

d to the practic working of th I will merely actually less diffi

I leave you


without difficial



where long hair is worn than in those where the hair is kept short. There could be no difficulty is showing, that we might reasonably and naturally expect the same result wherever the experiment is fairly tried; and I firmly believe that any one, who will try the experiment fairly and upon its right grounds, will find his experience corresponds with mine.

With regard to the propensity for “adorning the hair,” I will also boldly say, that this propensity is likely to be more dangerous to young girls who first come into possession of this ornament at the age of 13 or 14, having up to that time been prohibited the use of it, than to those who have from their childhood been accustomed to wear it. The policy of providing against the abuse of long hair in girls by cutting it off, appears to me very like the policy of the rich man who keeps his eldest son almost penniless till he comes into his inheritance. A far higher wisdom would it be to train up a girl to use rightly that ornament, which, if life be spared, she will one day inevitably possess, and which the voice of nature and the words of holy writ agree in teaching her to regard as no mean treasure.

Your faithful servant,

M. B. H.



Sır,—As you did me the favour to insert in your Journal the account I sent you of the origin of the Ickleford school; I now send you an account of its state during the three months previous to the present harvest.

In March last, a gentleman and lady resident in the parish induced the parents to send their children to the school, by making it a condition of their having gardens, and the advantage of a clothing club. In consequence of this, the woman who kept the plaiting school was induced to accept 78. a week to overlook the work in the national school. The two schools, thus united, contained 126 children, and there was, until the harvest, an average attendance of 110 children. In order to provide for this number, I altered the relative situations of the Ist and 2nd classes of girls, so as to convert their side of the school into a gallery, where all the children were assembled. At five minutes before 9 the names were called over, after which prayers were read. The instruction was wholly given by the mistress and a girl, aged 16, whom we engaged as assistant, except that another girl was sometimes employed to teach the letters. After prayers the 1st class was taught writing by the mistress; all the rest repeated verses after **tant, working at the same time; from half-past 9 to 10, the

arithmetic by the mistress ; all the rest read hoard after the assistant. From 10 to half-past ed to play; the mistress heard the 3rd class,

uri the assistant the 4th, the 1st and 2nd working. From half-rest il to it the mistress heard the zod, the assistant die intant or 5th mokas, the ist and 3rd working. Fra Il to bait-past 11 the infants Wir wowed to play; the mistress heard the 1st ciasa tead, the assis. imut mund the 2nd class writing, the 3rd and #th working. From Bulnes if to 13 the mistress tacyht the Ind class artibetic, the RONILG***cht all the rest arithmetical tables while at work. From v stres read over the paces, the assistant contiaced the in. Niceva in writing and arithmetic. From quarter-past 12 to 1 the mught the st class Russell's English grammar while at work, The stunt taught all the rest the vegetabis kingdom while at work. 4: the school was dismissed.

From 2 to half-past 2 the whole school was taught geography. From has past 2 to 4 the classes were all heard ; at + the names were called trer. From quarter-past 4 to quarter to 5 the Ist class was taught Erstish grammar by the mistress, and the rest scripture history from # scripture print, by the assistant. After this all the children were meumbled in gallery and prayers were read, and the school dismissed.

I beg leave through your Journal to suggest this plan, as a substitute for the monitorial system. Icicond Rectory,

Yours faithfully,
S. 5, 154+.


Ertracts from Charge.

II. EDUCATION. Tren?Na ta on schools, I have to state, that through the able, patient, and

nued assistance of the reverend the rural deans, the returns kindly furmindai by t're clent have been thrown into a form, which renders comparaticis easy the arratzements of a far more difficult and complicated report Tiv Teturns out anday schools have alone required some further elucidation. Some TEN TEUER Dù brethren, following the national school enquiries, had re

1. ned the extra o surplus attendance on Sunday only, over and above the week's sales suming, as the thought, a double return. But my inquiry hem have to pay GITATU nierpreted, as I intended it, of the whole attendance not the onest and i canse juence, except in those instances which they have allowed me v rent in cortespondence, I have found the double retum I mhari H MINI DEDOR that I am enabled to satisfy the very important #116 branding inuur hoe mer children throughout the county are actually mindre suik ini, ki Wli bow many under weekly education ? Vay Il sliper u stau pe bhich 1.31 Inch may be gained in the actual Inom

i rur mutatucuc). INILUISTER by ihis more simple arrangementer

fost the number hosttend end und weekly s Teise the

Under the head of weekly attendance, I have ranged the contents of infant
schools, dames' schools, national schools, and all other classes of instruction re-
ported to me, of which the clergy are professionally cognisant. Weekly schools,
under the superintendence of Dissenters, bear at present, a very small propor-
tion to church schools, and are by no means always found where destitute popu-
lations might seem to have especially invited them. They may soon become
much more considerable upon the self-supporting principle. Their Sunday
scholars we must all feel to be, as it were, wanderers from our own fold. We
cannot, nor indeed should we feel easy, in counting over such a deduction from
our own church and sabbath classes.

The particular cases of defective church education, weekly or sabbath, arise
from a variety of causes hereafter to be noticed, which would render such par-
ticular enumeration, as we have made under the head of church room, clearly
invidious. Suffice it to premise, that, where all primary impediments in point
of church and school room have been removed, and where the best means are
provided and put in operation, we may reckon that a proportion of children,
amounting to one-sixth upon any entire numerical population, is attainable in
our sunday schools, and upwards of one-fifth in our daily schools.* These
last I divide into infant or dames' schools, and national or juvenile schools :
then of infants, from two years old to six or seven, I ask for rather more than a
tenth ; and of all other juvenile classes, without reckoning adult or confirma-
tion classes, about one-eighth of the population of the parish or district. Thus,
in a population of 600, I should wish to find 100 children, of all ages, invited
into the Sunday school, and placed at church ; and in the week-day infant or
dames' schools, 60 inmates between two and six or seven years of age; and in
a national, or other juvenile establishment, 75 pupils, male and female; in all,
135 marked for weekly training. In many individual cases, more especially
where infant schools have been in active operation, these proportions have been
verified in my returns; and consequently, when not so, it must be admitted
that a proportionate number are existing, though for some reason beyond the
pale of regular church education. The causes will be hereafter adverted to:
as, on the other hand, I cannot but congratulate such of my reverend brethren
as are enabled, by the removal of all impediments, to count (taking larger pro-
portions), for every 1,000 in their parish, 166 children assembled in their church;
and in their weekly schools, 100 infants, and 125 juvenile pupils.f

can scarcely be numbered among those who are receiving education; whilst, however,

the very important object of church going, and, it may be, catechising, are for the

time attained.

* I mean at least on our school books. The average attendance will of course

Vary; but it is an advantage to have the very defaulters under notice in our list of


† If the above proportion may seem to exceed our just demands, or at least reason-

able expectations, in the larger populations, I still leave them as delivered, in order

to direct attention to the actual amount of the youthful tribes, for whose spiritual

improvement, and good education, it will ever be the desire of our faithful ministry

to see and know some proper means are provided. I have abstained purposely from

any specification of parishes in my present address. But I may be allowed to state,

that of the first nine rural deaneries (the second having rone), the large towns or

villages above 1,000, amounting to 24, containing a population of 47,108, or about

2,000 each, on the average. Of these I specify three-- Romsey, the largest, 5,347

with its magnificent church, (I hope soon to be restored to its pristine grandeur by

the munificence of the county), having its sunday schools of 681 children, and na-

tional and other strictly church schools, near 400; Fordingbridge, population 3,078,

with 327 in its sunday classes, and 379 weekly; Havant, 2,101, with 264 under sun.

day, 324 under weekly instruction. Alton and Crondall also might be mentioned,

with some others in similar proportions.


The nearer approximation to this desired result, in the several rural deaneries I proceed with pleasure to state, following the same numerical course as before (for I believe church room and school education will be found to run very nearly of themselves in the same graduated proportions). In No. 1, I find an aggregate of population in five parishes, amounting to 2,639, which exhibits under weekly instruction 477 children, of all ages, or one-fifth and a half on the population, and 429 sunday scholars, or one-sixth. The entire population of the rural deanery is, as we have seen, 4,741 ; while the gross average of the whole weekly instruction stands at one-sixth and a half, and sunday scholars one-eighth. In No. 2, an aggregate of 2,321 in four parishes, exhibits an average of 339 or one-seventh in weekly instruction, and of 372 Sunday attendants, or one-sixth and a half; whilst the entire population of the rural deanery, standing at 6,004, yields a gross average of weekly instruction at one-ninth and a half, and of Sunday at one-eighth and a half. Nos. 3 and 4, in like manner, give, in a smaller aggregate of parishes respectively-one-seventh and one-fifth for weekly instruction, and one-seventh, both, for Sunday; while their entire populations give the general average of instruction in both at one-eighth for the weekly, and at one-ninth and a half, and one-ninth respectively, for the Sunday classes. The above four rural deaneries contain about 8,015; and added to three others, Nos. 5, 6, and 11, whose populations together amount to 37,760, and exhibit nearly the same gross average of instruction, form a total of 66,775, or beyond one-sixth of the population within the limits of the archdeaconry; that portion, therefore, which may be regarded as in the most adranced state of regular church education. It may be sufficient to add, respecting seven other rural deaneries, whose population together amounts to 113,661, that the numbers under education vary generally from one-tenth to one-thirteenth and a half weekly, and in the Sunday attendance to one-thirteenth; whilst in the last four rural deaneries, containing together a population of 170,633, or about one-half of the inhabitants within the limits of the archdeaconry, exhibit the average attendance on the week day of 1-12, 1-9, 1-15, 1-8.; and on the Sunday of 1-15, 1-161, 1-23, 1-18.

As it has been usual in school summaries to give the entire amount of schools, and of scholars under their various heads, I further subjoin-that the number of infant schools reported to me have been in the whole, 44, with an aggregate of scholars, 2,105. The dames' schools I do not enumerate, as I believe very few parishes are really without them; and the numbers, in the large populations, are reported as being from

“ several schools." The amount of the scholars is 6,708. The national schools number about 153 daily, besides those in connection on Sunday; and their weekly scholars stand at 16,960. The number of sunday schools I am happy also to be under no necessity of stating, being (with scarcely one accidental exception on the average in each deanery) found in every parish. The number of sunday scholars, composed of the weekly, and of all additional ones, after the best enquiries I have been able to make, gives a gross sunday attendance of 26,455.* Other schools, weekly (not under Dissenters), are reported at 76, and the scholars at 5,022. The entire return of weekly sekolars becomes therefore 30,795.

The high average in education of many of our rural deaneries, and some

An easy illustration here occurs of the ambiguity of school averages: call it for round numbers, 27,000 sunday scholars in a population of 360,000, this gissa average of sunday education of three in 40, or one in 13, through the the suppose in a sixth part, or 60,000, of the population, one in seven he tion; this takes 8,591 pupils out of the whole amount; leavimo 18,000 pupils for the remaining five sixths, or 300,000, of the gives the low average of about three in 50, or one in 17; and the large remainder recedes from one in 13 to one in 17

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