The Works of George Berkeley, Том 1

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Стр. 334 - God, the immortality of the soul, and a future state of rewards and punishments have been esteemed useful engines of government.
Стр. 12 - ... neither oblique, nor rectangle, neither equilateral, equicrural, nor scalenon; but all and none of these at once. In effect, it is something imperfect, that cannot exist; an idea wherein some parts of several different and inconsistent ideas are put together.
Стр. 24 - But besides all that endless variety of ideas or objects of knowledge, there is likewise something which knows or perceives them, and exercises divers operations; as willing, imagining, remembering about them. This perceiving active being is what I call mind, spirit, soul, or myself.
Стр. 24 - It is indeed an opinion strangely prevailing amongst men, that houses, mountains, rivers, and in a word all sensible objects, have an existence, natural or real, distinct from their being perceived by the understanding.
Стр. 37 - When in broad daylight I open my eyes, it is not in my power to choose whether I shall see or no, or to determine what particular objects shall present themselves to my view ; and so likewise as to the hearing and other senses, the ideas imprinted on them are not creatures of my will. There is therefore some other Will or Spirit that produces them.
Стр. 37 - The ideas of sense are more strong, lively, and distinct than those of the imagination; they have likewise a steadiness, order, and coherence, and are not excited at random, as those which are the effects of human wills often are, but in a regular train or series, the admirable connection whereof sufficiently testifies the wisdom and benevolence of its Author.
Стр. 26 - But say you, though the ideas themselves do not exist without the mind, yet there may be things like them whereof they are copies or resemblances, which things exist without the mind, in an unthinking substance. I answer, an idea can be like nothing but an idea ; a colour or figure can be like nothing but another colour or figure.
Стр. 96 - But it will be objected that, if there is no idea signified by the terms ' soul,' ' spirit,' and ' substance/ they are wholly insignificant, or have no meaning in them. I answer, those words do mean or signify a real thing — which is neither an idea nor like an idea, but that which perceives ideas, and wills, and reasons about them. What I am myself — that which I denote by the term I — is the same with what is meant by soul or spiritual substance.
Стр. 36 - A spirit is one simple, undivided, active being — as it perceives ideas it is called the understanding, and as it produces or otherwise operates about them it is called the will.
Стр. 25 - If we thoroughly examine this tenet, it will, perhaps, be found at bottom to depend on the doctrine of abstract ideas. For can there be a nicer strain of abstraction than to distinguish the existence of sensible objects from their being perceived, so as to conceive them existing unperceived?

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